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RELATING PRINCIPALLY TO THE FOREIGN MISSIONS CARRIED ON UNDER
THE DIRECTION OF THE METHODIST CONFERENCE.
MISSIONS IN POLYNESIA.
NEW-ZEALAND. The brief notice of the return of the “ Triton” from Feejee, contained in Mr. Lawry's letter of the 20th of December, is accompanied by the most harrowing statements of the proceedings of hostile parties of the heathen nations. How necessary that we hasten to give them
Gospel of peace !” How delightful the contrast to heathen Feejee is Christian New-Zealand, which was once equally distinguished for cannibalism and exterminating wars ! Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Walter Lawry, dated Auckland,
New Zealand, December 20th, 1844. THE “ Triton” came in last night either has already or soon will, no doubt, just in time to enable me to write by the take place: even the Chiefs are to be “ Bolina,” which has deferred her sail- eaten, which is a step further than they ing one day on my account. So devas- have been accustomed to go. The Chiefs tating was the war at Feejee, that they say, “We are devoted to be eaten, and have been obliged to remove the press we shall be eaten; but we will die fightfrom Rewa to Bau, with Mr. Jaggar, ing :” and so say their people. But and all his family and things. This what is very remarkable, at this place, or they did under a brisk fire from the in its immediate neighbourhood, is, the invading party, during eight or nine grace of God triumphs, and sound scripdays, the shots whistling around them ; tural conversions are frequent among but not a hair of their head was injured. these people. When the Romish Priests It seems the natives are bad marksmen, came, Mr. Jaggar was obliged, by the and Providence ruled; but they ate influence which he had acquired, to use twenty-seven human bodies the day be all his efforts to prevent them from being fore the “ Triton ” left Rewa, and were eaten ; and we shall soon see how they resolved to eat all the people and burn will repay their benefactor. the town, which, Captain Buck says, NEW-ZEALAND.—Extract of a Letter from the Rev. Walter Lawry,
dated Auckland, December 18th, 1844. By the divine blessing, we are all new scale, and see no very great or insuwell, so far as I am informed, through- perable difficulties in the way of keeping out all our Mission establishments in quite within your limits. this land ; and, indeed, in the islands We are nearly out of paper again, at a also, up to Septeinber 22d, when I last time when I am very anxious to have heard from them, with a slight interrup- the press going more rapidly than usual. tion in the cases of Mr. Kevern and Mrs. Sin, in every forin, has to be met and Wilson.
The “ Triton” is not yet rebuked from the press. The ignorance come in from the Feejees, though over- of the natives, the wickedness of the due by at least a fortnight. I shall do my emigrants, the assumptions of Puseyism, best to induce Captain Buck to retain (rampant here,) and the daring blasthe command, at least another voyage. phemy of “the man of sin,” all call
I have been favoured with letters from upon us to witness for God and his you, several of them in duplicate. AC- Christ. But the lack of paper cramps cept my sincere thanks for so much at- our operations. I trust you have sent tention. And it affords me very high off, long since, the two hundred reams of gratification to inform you, that I shall demy printing-paper which former letters be able to carry out your views, as fully have strongly urged as needed here. explained in your letter of March 7th, I feel very deeply the importance of 1844. At least I have entered upon the our new training-school, or Native Insti
tution; but I also feel its pressure and took to guide me by the light of the weight. We are all of one judgment moon, over hill and bog and four rivers, here as to its being the design of the to the point I had arranged to reach that Lord that persons so well qualified, in night. I was carried across the rapid many respects, as these hopeful natives streams, now swollen by the late rains; are, for giving religious instruction to and it was just as much as the strong their countrymen, under the care and New Zealander could do to stand against direction of the Missionaries, ought to the rush of waters, taking him far above have all the preparatory training and ad- the middle; and had he made only one vantages within our reach. The Go- false step, we must have gone over the vernor has given us a suburban allotment falls, with little chance of escape from of seven acres, close by Auckland ; that the foaming torrents. I trembled, and is, within one mile ; and about five miles prayed that the Master would care for off he has given the Society a fine piece And so it came to pass, that, after of land, somewhere about two hundred hard toiling, we saw a glimmering light acres, not yet surveyed, for the purpose in the house of Mr. Kemp, an excellent of cultivating their own food. The man connected with the Church Mission buildings I will pay or beg for; so that, here. Never was I more grateful than while they are secured to the Society for at this cheering prospect.
Having ever by grant from the Crown, (I have it tasted nothing during the last twelve already in my iron chest,) these fine pre- hours, I was prepared to enjoy the firemises will cost the Wesleyan Missionary side and suitable repast of a Christian Society nothing. At the same time, we family, whom I had not seen for some cannot avoid expense in clothes, salt, three-and-twenty years, when we met soap, and, now and then, a little rice and each other in New South Wales. flour. If you could let us have £200 30th. By the grey light of the morna year, for the entire expenses of this In- ing, and while the ground was covered stitution, I should feel my heart glad over with hoar-frost, I set off, with two and grateful before the Lord and his natives and one European, to cross the servants. Flannel or cotton shirts will island of New Zealand in one day, and be very acceptable. Jackets, trousers, in the depth of winter, being bound for and shoes will be of great consequence to
the Mission-station at Mangungu, to them, when they feel the winter wet and join the Missionaries at their annual cold. Twenty men are either already on District-Meeting. the spot, working as native carpenters, or
About one half of our way was over a are soon expected from end to end of barren waste, on which grew here and there New Zealand, the cream of our churches, a few ferns only. But at our left lay the and very hopeful characters.
Waimate, where there is some cultivated land, a few buildings, and a lake of seve
ral miles extent. Bishop Selwyn lives July 24th, 1844.-I left Auckland for here, and has what is called a Cathedral Hokianga, and was ill nearly all the and a College. At two o'clock we got way to the Bay of Islands ; not from into a dense forest, the horrors of which sea-sickness, but from a spasmodic affec- will never be forgotten by me. We tion; and, as the accommodations on were threading our way through this board were not very good, this part of wood till some hours after dark, and had my journey was very trying. A tho- to cross one river ten times, and creeks rough storm of wind and rain detained without saying how many. I have not me two days at the Bay, where I was the least hope of giving anything apquite at home in the house of Mr. and proaching to an adequate idea of bushMrs. Addeman, who were members of travelling in New Zealand; but let the our society in England, and who are reader try to imagine hills so precipitous found faithful in New Zealand; but that walking gives way to all fours ; for they talk of leaving this colony for some this is a singularly rugged and broken other, a step which I shall be glad if country: many of the mountains have been they do not one day see cause to regret. thrown up by volcanic action, and are We can ill afford to part with such well- very difficult of ascent. The appearance tried Christians.
of the country, from one of these lofty 29th. I started in a boat up the cones, is not unlike a multitude of tents, Kiddy-Kiddy river; but, after hard pitched near together, each one rising toiling for seven hours, the gale, which from five hundred to several thousand threatened our destruction every moment, feet high. At the foot will generally be drove us into a creek on the north side of found a bog. The roots of the trees are the river, where two natives under generally thickly webbed upon the sure
face, and tend greatly to obstruct the peach-trees, with pouitry, and a few traveller ; the trees, with underwood and domestic animals, around their village, various vines, are so close together, that among which were some good horses. a passage through is a tedious and diffi- All these things have followed in the cult matter. The clay below is seldom rear of the triumphing Gospel, and more dry, and yields to the foot : so that one are yet to follow. I could not utter half is in no small danger of being made fast the delight that I felt while comparing at both ends at once; the feet in the clay, these things with what I witnessed bere and the head entwined with vines and two-and-twenty years ago, when war woodbines. It is here that honesty is was rife, and man ate man without a no protection from being hanged. The shudder : I saw them do it. But since knife or axe came often into play among
then, these various obstructions of our rude
“Our conquering Lord Hath prosper'd his word, paths. Riding in such a place is out of
Hath made it prevail, the question; and yet it is truly asto
And mightily shaken the kingdom of hell." nishing to see how expert the unshod horse becomes in climbing the rugged From early dawn till eleven at night, steeps, and hobbling over the roots and we continued our journey, the last seven fallen trees of the forest. The worst miles of which were performed in a boat part is, that one cannot travel here with- down the river Hokianga. Being wet out being thoroughly wet from head. to and wearied enough, I was quite willing foot; and at night you have ferns for to lay me down to rest, though the Misyour bed, and in the morning your wet sion families got up and half roasted us clothes, unless you carry a change. Food with large wood-fires on the hearth, and for the journey is conveyed by the in every possible way showed how glad natives, and also a tent, with all things they were to see a friend from home. needed by the traveller : these burdens Mr. Woon ran out in undress, while cost very considerable payment, and are Mrs. Woon, who is an old friend of a heavy tax upon the Missionaries. mine, came quickly after in full attire. Such travelling is wasting and cheerless Mr. Hobbs, with Dr. Day, and my son, beyond all the power of graphic delinea- were soon on their verandah ; and very tion : there is, however, nothing better great was our mutual joy at meeting for these devoted men, who, year after under such circumstances. At this our year, wander up and down these hills oldest Mission-station in New Zealand, and woods, seeking that they may save there was exercised a sound judgment in souls. And, thank God, they have not the selection of the locality ; but the laboured in vain : for them the wilder- land in all these parts, so far as I went, ness and solitary place are often glad, is not good, and the few settlers who because the moral impression which they have come to it are suffering from a long have succeeded in making, by the divine and deep depression. Indeed, as a setblessing, is so manifest, that all men see tlement, this part of New Zealand has and admire it. Their preservation, too, only one advantage, which is its lofty is only to be attributed to the care of and valuable timber ; but at present Providence, always watching and guard they meet with only a few who purchase ing his honoured servants. In the next from them. Better days, I trust, await world a faithful New Zealand Mission- them at an early period. The few imary will be no ordinary character.
provements on the Mission-lands show About an hour before sun-down, we that the brethren here have been devoted crossed a river, and landed amid a few to some other kind of cultivation ; and native sheds, where I was surprised to the moral state of the natives clearly see the smile of recognition on every indicates the presence of labourers in the countenance, which, though deeply ta- Lord's vineyard. I saw, however, notooed, was lighted up with glowing thing of which the Missionaries had any benevolence. Two fine Chiefs were cause to be ashamed, as to temporal among them, Tomate and Patuone, who things. The station is on a bed of pressed us to stay for the night; but clay, and very dirty in wet weather. cheerless was their tenement; and there- Their roads, I hope, will be improved fore, having drunk water out of their when I see them again. Just behind calabash, we urged them to be strong in the station is a deep, dense wood, which the Lord, and pursued our wretched will probably so remain till the earth is path towards the Mission-station, where
There is an air of poverty these Christian natives worship on the about the natives, in some instances, Lord's day. I was glad to observe that which is truly deplorable, and may per. they had wheat growing, and some haps be accounted for on the ground of
their having lost the timber.trade, which, know that I was a sinner. I worshipped when it flourished, was the source of con- long before I felt a sense of my sins ; siderable gain ; and new wants arose, but then I felt great pain in my heart, and new habits were formed,-smoking and sought mercy of God. I find great among the rest; their own flax-mats comfort from the words of Christ to were but rarely manufactured, because Peter, 'I have prayed for thee.' It is the blankets and European clothing were my desire not to trust in my own righpreferred ; but now they feel the absence teousness, but to the righteousness of of means to buy what they can Christ." longer do without; and thus their trans- Edward Marsh (Patuone) :-" This ition-state is accompanied by difficul. is my thought : I am from the seat of ties and disappointments, of which they wickedness. When I heard of the Gosloudly complain. Christianity alone pel, I thought to myself, I would recline could restrain those people, even in this upon it. God hath made the world, the advanced stage of instruction. But for trees, the grass ; and he has given us his the Missions in New Zealand, there could word; and I will seek to be saved by it. have been no colonization otherwise than This is all I have to say." by exterminating, or at least crippling, Manoi :“When I first worshipped the aboriginal race.
God, I was ignorant of the nature of After sitting twelve hours every day sin. By and by I learnt that disobein the District-Meeting, we were glad of dience was sin; that rebellion against the approach of the holy Sabbath ; and God's servants was sin; that falsehood to me it was peculiarly interesting to was sin. Then I reflected upon my own witness the fleet of canoes nearing the conduct, and I saw that if these things station on the whole of Saturday. At were all sinful, then I must be a very early dawn on the Lord's day the na. great sinner. Then I felt great pain in tive prayer-meeting began, which was my heart, and was greatly afraid. I attended by about one hundred persons, feared greatly, and sought unto God for notwithstanding the frost. They sing mercy, and prayed for strength, that I very badly, but with evident interest might believe ; and this continue to and devotion. At ten o'clock the large do even to this day.” chapel was crowded with natives. Air. Paul Matangi :-“My thoughts are Woon read the abridged service, and at little to-day, because I have sinned the request of the brethren I preached in in those days that are past against my English, Mr. Hobbs interpreting. Im- heavenly Father. But I have again mediately after the public service ended, entered into covenant with God. the love-feast began ; nor was any time thoughts now recur to my father, the lost; for the biscuits soon disappeared, father of my body, and my relatives who and the speaking of the native Christians have died in the faith. They were not was very earnest and uninterrupted for left to die in their sins, but they departed about an hour and a half. At my re- in the faith of the Gospel ; and I desire quest, Mr. Buller took down several to follow them by fulfilling the injuncof their speeches : they were the fol- tion of the Apostle Paul to the Ephelowing
sians : Stand therefore, having your Hakopa Taitua :-" This the loins girt with truth, and having on the thought of my heart when Mr. Lawry breastplate of righteousness; and your was preaching this morning, “I surely feet shod with the preparation of the shall not live on account of my igno- Gospel of peace; above all, taking the rance, my darkness, my slothfulness. In shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be the Scriptures I see many wonderful able to quench all the fiery darts of the things recorded of God. Although man wicked. And take the helmet of salva. cannot see my heart, yet God knows it.” tion, and the sword of the Spirit, which
Mary Ann Woonoi :-“The Spirit of is the word of God: praying always with God showed me all the sins of my heart, all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and my heart became dark and pained. and watching thereunto with all perseI thought all things here were perishing, verance and supplication for all saints.'” and I cannot live by them ; but the The first who spoke was deeply taword of God endures for ever. This tooed, and clothed with dog-skins, of was my thought when I heard the word many colours : the second was wrapped of God: therefore I gave my sins to round with a blanket, and the third with Christ, and consented unto him ; and if a counterpane. This may be taken, not I be obedient unto him till death, I shall as an inventory, but as a fair specimen. live."
It is pleasing to see that, while the midTipene Toro :_“I did not formerly dle-aged and old people are disfigured
by the tatoo, the young folks are uni- I feel myself at home in New-Zealand, formly without it, except in the case of because I am fully satisfied that I am one tribe, in the vicinage of Auck- here by the will and appointment of land : these are again taking up their Christ and his church. heathen custom, a striking illustration of August 6th.-Having finished the buthe moral results of bad associations. siness of the District-Meeting, I preBut for these sad obstacles, one genera pared for my bush-journey, but not tion would scarcely have had to pass without some, perhaps unnecessary, away before the tatoo would be a rare dread. During the sittings of the brething in New-Zealand.
thren, nothing occurred to interrupt for At half-past two the English service one moment the high Christian feeling began; the congregation, composed of of brotherly love with which we had the Mission-families, and the few set- bowed together at the table of the Lord. tlers
up and down the river, amounting It is delightful to review such scenes as to about fourscore, some of whom had had passed before me and the brethren, come in their boats from several miles' while we had the pleasure and benefit distance, and from many a creek and of mingling together at this our first river branch. Some of the natives who station in New Zealand. knew a little English also attended. I As the weather was threatening, we was much impressed and gratified, while pushed on with vigour till night-fall, I observed the proper Christian way of and then made our fern-bed in the the natives, to a man, in keeping holy tent, the natives kindling a large fire. the Sabbath-day. In the evening the We soon made an end of our fruchapel was again filled with natives, gal meal, and commended ourselves to when, at the request of the brethren, i the care of our ever-present Lord and ordained, by imposition of hands, those Master. A letter just received from my of them who had not been so ordained son, who is staying for a few weeks at in England : the sacrament of the Mangungu for the better acquirement
was then administered of the native language, informs me that to the society, and an address delivered we had been pursued, on the day of our to the natives, after they had been at starting, by several New-Zealanders, not the Lord's table. This was a high day now, as formerly, with hostile purposes ; at Mangungu; and richly was I repaid for they said, “Great is our love to for my toils across the great wilderness. hiin ; and, to prevent his walking over the Thank God for the moral triumphs land, we wish him to take our horses." which I have witnessed over some hun- They, however, did not overtake us. dreds of these cannibal warriors ! I While pulling up the river, I observed could not help wishing that my fathers a fine-looking and very powerful native and brethren at home, with the Collectors making extraordinary strokes with his and subscribers to our Missions, could oar, and soon found that at the time of his see the cheering harvest which here pre- baptism he had chosen the name of one sented itself as the result of their com- of the greatest, best, and most useful bined and Christian labours in the name men I know upon earth ; for, upon my of the Lord. The crowded assembly asking him his name, he pronounced, of subdued and devout worshippers, with a full, clear voice, Robert Newton.” with benevolence in their fine open coun- 7th.-We were in motion at daytenances, formed a striking contrast to break ; and having passed over a dreary that which I witnessed here less than a waste of some fifteen miles, reached quarter of a century ago. To their again the house of our kind friends, Mr. Missionaries, whose crown of rejoicing and Mrs. Kemp, where I was refreshed, they will be in the day of the Lord and felt myself at home. But some of Jesus, such a sight must be one of no the bogs and precipices were ordinary interest.
thoroughly frightful and dismaying. I Our District-Meeting had begun at shudder when I think of them ; but the the same hour that the Conference met cloud of His presence was our protection. at Birmingham : only here it was nine In passing over the sixteen miles of o'clock at night. We united in earnest water between the Kiddy-Kiddy and Rusprayer for our honoured and beloved sell, we encountered a heavy gale from the brethren, at home and abroad, and did north : the sea rolled awfully, and broke not forget the excellent Barnsley family, over our boat, on one occasion bringwith whom I was lodged so comfortably ing on board a small sword-fish. The at the first Birmingham Conference, and natives fell sick, and were useless ; but, by with whom I should have been happy God's mercy, we escaped the Bampton again had I remained in England. But reef on our lee, on which had we struck,