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'through, both before their return, and
* also in the wxWerness, in their passage up 'thither, will be fulfilled at the time of 'their first going up, we cannot pretend to 'determine.
'If,' continues the author, * the follow
* ing prophecy of Daniel ix. 25,' instead of pointing to the first coming of the Mesjiab, as I have supposed, 'relate to these times, 'know also and understand, that from the
* going forth of the commandment, to cause to
* return, and to build Jeru/alem, unto the 'MeJJiah the prince, stall be seven weeks;
* so it should be translated, then, if we
* reckon a day for a year, (fee Numbers xiv. '34. Ezekiel iv. 4, 5, 6, 7, &c.) it will 'be forty-nine years from the going forth 'of this commandment for their return to 'the coming of the Messiah as their prince.
* From whom this commandment will go 'forth for their return is very uncertain. 'Since, says Sir Isaac Newton, 'the coms mandment to return and to build Jerusalem,
* precedes the Mejfiab, the prince, forty-nine.
* years, 'years, it may perhaps come forth, not front
* the Jews themfehes, hut from some other
* kingdom friendly to them, and precede their 'return from captivity, and give occasion to
* it. See Newton on the prophecies, page
* I32, *33, and I34
'Now the 50th year was always the Jubi
* lee, when every one returned to their own
* possessions; at the end of which they be*
* gan again to sow and plant for six years; 5 then the seventh was a sabbath, or year of
* rest, to the land, and after seven such
* sabbaths, the jubilee year began again. -f And the coming of the Messiah as the 'prince of the Israelites seems to be at the
beginning of the first Jubilee, being at the
* end of forty-nine years after their return; 5 and indeed what can be a more proper 'period for the beginning of a jubilee, than. *- when the reign ef the Messiah upon earth, 'as the king of the Israelites begins? 1
* "1 • . ..
'Now that this coming of the Messiah
'will be at the time of this destruction of
f the Turks, and that the return of the rest: 'of the children of j Israel will immedi
* ately succeed his coming, we shall en'deavour to shew in its proper place.
u - i
• Let us now enquire into their state and
* condition in the land, from the time of 'their first going up thither, till the Turks 'come against them. And here we find, 'they will dwell at ease, in peace and plenty, 'in safety and security, increasing in goods, 'cattle and riches: For Ezekiel xxxviii. 8.
* 16, II. In the latter days thou foalt come
* into the land, &c. &c. addressing himself
* to their enemies, at the time of their fu
* ture invasion of this country, and calling
* them by the name of Gog, by which we
* shall hereafter shew the Turks are meant, 'delivers a prediction of the slate of the Ir% -* raelites at that time. They will dwell it
* rest and in safety, having no fortified dr 'even walled towns, except perhaps je
* And * And what seems farther to'consirm their * peaceable and happy state, and that they 'will be blest with plenty and prosperity 'during this period, is the riches they shall 'be possest of at the time of Gog's invasion 'of the laad: For thus the prophet goes r on, speaking to Gog, and telling him, that his design will be to take a spoil, and to take a prey, to turn his hand upon the desolate places, which are now inhahited,&cc. &c. Ezekiel xxxviii. 12, 13,
'Add to this another argument for their peace and quiet during this period, I mean the necessity of it, in order to settle their state, to build their villages, and the city of Jerusalem, with the temple, in the manner God has directed them by Ezekiel.
These things, we think, they will begin upon immediately after their return, but will require many years peace and quiet to complete and finish. And as their numbers will probably be very considerable, and the Turks will be engaged in wars with an eastern and northern
'power, 'power, as we (hall mew hereafter, so this
* seems to be one reason why the Turks 1 will not molest or disturb them for so many 'years.'
The author then proceeds to consider their future civil state and government after their restoration, which, he says, will resemble the original civil constitution of the Israelites, 'as settled by Moses, accord'ing to the command of God,' a constitution 'excellently and wisely adapted to 'make the whole nation happy, to preserve 'liberty and property, and to prevent am'bition, pride, and luxury,' by an equal division os the land among them, continued to their posterity by unalienable possession. He admits, however, this difference between their former and suture political state, namely, 'that they will then,' at their restoration, 'appoint themselves one head, 'or prince, to be their chief judge and
* governor, till the coming of the Messiah; 'and who will then also probably continue
* their chief head under him. The power