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TROY WEIGHT.

Marked 24 Grains

make
1 Pennyweight

Sgr.

1dwt. 20 Pennyweights

1 Ounce ....

0%. 12 Ounces

1 Pound............ Ib. Grains.

24 1 Pennyweight 480 20= 1 Ounce.

5760 240= 12=1 Pound. By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, Electuaries, and all Liquors.

N. B. The Standard for Gold Coin is 22 Carats of fine Gold, and 2 Carats of Copper, melted together. For Silver, is 110m 2 d:vts. of fine Silver, and 18 dwts. of Copper. 25 lb. is a quarter of a 100 lb. 1 cwt.

20 cwt. 1 Ton of Gold or Silver.
AVOIRDUPOISE WEIGHT:

Marked 16 Drams

make

1 Ounce....... 16 Ounces

1 Pound.......

lb. 28 Pounds

2
1 Quarter....

grs. oly Quarters or 112 lb.

1 Hundred Weight 20 Hundred Weight

1 Ton.........

Ton. Drams.

16= 1 Ounce. 2565 1651Pound, 7168= 448= 28= 1 Quarter. 28672 1792= 112= 4= 1 Hund. Wcight. 573440=35840—2240=80=20 =1 Ton.

There are several other Denominations in this Weight, that are used in some particular Goods, viz. lb.

IS. A Firkin of Butter

56 A Stone of Iron Shot or
Soap........ 64 Horseman's wt.
A barrel of Anchovies 30 Butchers Meat
Soap

256 A Gallon of Train Oil.......
112 A Truss of Straw

36 A Puncheon of Prunes... 1120

New Hay 60 A Fother of Lead, 19 cwt.

Old Hay...... 56 36 Trusses a Load.

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Raisins ......

........

2 grs.

CHEESE AND BUTTER.

A Clove or Half Stone, 8 lb. A Wey in Suffolk,

lb, A Wey in Essex, 32 Človes, or .........

256 42 Cloves, 01...

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WOOL.

lb. A Wey is 6 Tod and 11 A Clove........

7 Stone, or A Stone

.....14 A Sack is 2 Weys, or A Tod........

... 28 A Last is 12 Sacks, or 4361 By this Weight is weighed any thing of a coarse or drossy Nature ; as all Grocery and Chandlery Wares, Bread, and all Metals, but Silo - and Gold

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APOTHECARIES WEIGHT.

Marked. 20 Grains

make 1 Scruple........... 3 Scruples

1 Dram.... 8 Drams

1 Ounce................ 12 Onnces

1 Pound........... Grains. 20= 1 Scruple. 60= 3= 1 Dram.' 480= 94% 8= 1 Ounce. 5760=288=96=12=1 Pound.

Note. The Apothecaries mix their Medicines by this Rule, but buy and sell their Commodities by Avoirdupoise Weight.

The Apothecaries' Pound and Ounce, and the Pound and Ounce Troy, are the same, only differently divided and subdivided. CLOTH MEASURE.

Marked. 4. Nails make

I Quarter of a Yard 1958. 3 Quarters

1 Flemish F.ll.......... Fl. E. 4 Quarters

1 Yará....

yd. 5 Quarters

i English Ell......

E. E 6 Quarters

1 French Ell...

F. E. Inches.

21= 1 Nail. 9 = 4=1 Quarter. 36 =16=4=1 Yard, 27 =12—3=1 Flemish Ell. 45 =20=5=1 English Ell. 54 2456=1 French Ell. LONG MEASURE.

Marked 3 Barley Corns make

n.

1 Inch......... }. Man

bar.

.

Marked. 12 Inches inake 1 Foot

feet. 3 Feet

1 Yard

yd. 6 Feet

1 Fathom

sth. 64 Yards

I Rod, Pole, or Perch rod p. 40 Poles

1 Furlong

fur. 8 Furlongs

1 Mile

mile. 3 Miles

1 League

lea. 60 Miles

I Degree

deg.
Barley Corns.
3

1 Inch
36 12 1 Foot
108 36 3 1 Yard

594 198 164 54 1 Pole
23760 7920 660 220 40 1 Furlong.
190080 63360 5280 1760 320 8 1 Mile.

N. B. A Degree is 69 Miles, 4 Furlongs, neurly, though commonly reckoned but 60*Miles.

This Measure is used to measure distance of Places, or any thing else that has length only.

VESSELS USED FOR WINE, &c.

(DUTY 4s. 100. TER GAL.) Names of Price in the

Wine.

Docks. 52 Gallons 1 Hogshead, Tent

£ 20 to 40 S9 1 Pipe,

Fayal

11 15
92
Ditto

Madeira 15 40
93
Ditto
Sicilian

10 20
100
Ditto
Teneriff

11 28 115 Ditto Port

24 68 -117 Ditto Lisbon

26 42 105 1 Butt

Malaga

15 25 JOS Ditto

Sherry 16 85 Hock, Moselle, are Sold at per Aulm, or

10 35 and Rheinish } Ohlm, of 30 Gallons. Spanish Red and other Wines, are Sold

16 21 per Tun of 210 Gallons. Claret, and other Bourdeaux, per Hogs

40 - 65 head of' 46 Gallons.-Duty 78. 3d. Cape, 92 gallons, (Duty 2s. 50.)

11 10lb Avoirdupois weight of distilled water, weighed ji AIR, at the temperature of sixty-two degrees of FAHRENHEIT'S Thermometert, the Barometer be. ing at thirty inches, is one gallon, which is 277,274 square inches—the Gauger's Points 16,65.

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These Prices are for the Wine only, the duty is also to be paid. # An instrument for measuring the heat of the AIR, or any matter.

An instrument for measuring the weight of the ATMOSPHERE, and also shews the changes of the weather.

This is the only Standard Measure of Capacity, from which all ther Measures of Capacity are derived, as well for WINE, Beer, ske, Spirits, and all sorts of Liquors, and dry goods NOT HEAPED.

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4 Gills

make i Pint

gls.

pts. 2 Pints

1 Quart qts. 4 Quart3

1 Gallon

gal. 44 Gallons*

1 Firkin fir. 9

I Firkin fir. 18 or 2 Firkins

1 Kilderkin kil. 36 or 2 Kil. or 4 Fir.

1 Barrel bar. or ) Bar, or 3 Kil. or 6 Fir.

1 Hogshead hhd. 72 or 2 Bar. or * Kil. or 8 Fir.

1 Puncheon

pun. 108 or 2 Hhd. or 3 Bar, or 6 Kil. or 12 Fir. 1 Butt

butt, • This Vessel is only used by Table Beer Brewers. Cubic Inches. Gills.

4 1 Pint
8 2

I Quart 277,274 32

4 1 Gallon 288

72 36 9 I Firkin 576 1.14 72 18 2 1 Kilderkin 1152 288 144 36 4 2 1 Barrel 1728 432 216 54 6 3 13 1 Hogshead 2304 576 288 72 8 4 3 1 1 Punche.

3456 864 432 108 12 6 3 2 1 1 Butt "UN is a term used, being equal to to 2 BUTTS (216 GALLONS

but there are no such Vessels in use. This Tun of Liquor (as it is called) weighs 2161 lb. which, added to the weight of the 2 Casks, will rather exceed a regular Ton of 20 Cwt. or 2240fb.

N. B. The price of a Butt of Deer is 1358. Stout, 1658. Double Stout, 1958. to Publicans, and 158. more to other persons. Ale is 60, 70, and 80s. per Barrel.

A Merchant who exports is alowed a discount of £5 p Centand the Drawback also.

COAL MEASURE.

4 Pecks make

1 Bushel. 3 Bushels

1 Sack.
9 Bushels

1 Vat.
12 Sacks, or 36 Bushels 1 Chaldron.
51 Chatdrons

1 Room.
8 Chaldrons

1 Keel. 21 Chaldrons

1 Score. The Bushel for EVERY ARTICLE is 18: Inches Inside, and 81 Inches deep; but it must be made so as to measure 191 Inches from outside to outside ; viz. the rim must be lalf an Inch, and is to be heared to me height of six inches in the shape of A CONE; the outside of the bushel to be the extremity of the base of such cone. The goods may rest upon, but not hang over the outside of the bushel.

DRY MEASURE.

Marked. 4 Gills

make

I Pint gls. pts. 2 Pints

1 Quart

qut 2 Quarts

I Pottle

pot. 2 Pottles

| Gallon

yal. 2 Gallons

1 Peck

peck. 4 Pecks

I Bushel bu.. 2 Bushels

I Strike

strike. 4 Bushels

1 Cocmb coomb 2 Coombs or 8 Bushels

I Quarter .

gr 4 Quarters

| Chaldron chal. 5 Quarters

wey. 2 Weys

1 Last

last. Gills. 4

1 Pint S 2 I Quart 16 4 2 1 Pottle 32 8 4 2 1 Gallon. - 64 16 8 4 2 1 Peck 256 64 32 16 8 2 1 Bushel 512 128 64 32 16 8 4 1 Strike 2048 512 256 128 64 32 8 4

1 Quarter 10240 2560 1280 640 320 160 40 20

5 i Wey 20480 5120 2560 1280 640 320 SO 40 10 2 1 Last

1 Wey

The old dry Gallon contained 269,8 Cubic Inches, the new Gallon is 8,474 Inches more than the old, which is One 31,72nd part of the old Gallon) and equal to £3. 38. Od. p Cent. (or 7fd. in the £.) adva..je on the merchandize.

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