........... TROY WEIGHT. Marked 24 Grains make Sgr. 1dwt. 20 Pennyweights 1 Ounce .... 0%. 12 Ounces 1 Pound............ Ib. Grains. 24 1 Pennyweight 480 20= 1 Ounce. 5760 240= 12=1 Pound. By this weight are weighed Gold, Silver, Jewels, Electuaries, and all Liquors. N. B. The Standard for Gold Coin is 22 Carats of fine Gold, and 2 Carats of Copper, melted together. For Silver, is 110m 2 d:vts. of fine Silver, and 18 dwts. of Copper. 25 lb. is a quarter of a 100 lb. 1 cwt. 20 cwt. 1 Ton of Gold or Silver. Marked 16 Drams make 1 Ounce....... 16 Ounces 1 Pound....... lb. 28 Pounds 2 grs. oly Quarters or 112 lb. 1 Hundred Weight 20 Hundred Weight 1 Ton......... Ton. Drams. 16= 1 Ounce. 2565 1651Pound, 7168= 448= 28= 1 Quarter. 28672 1792= 112= 4= 1 Hund. Wcight. 573440=35840—2240=80=20 =1 Ton. There are several other Denominations in this Weight, that are used in some particular Goods, viz. lb. IS. A Firkin of Butter 56 A Stone of Iron Shot or 256 A Gallon of Train Oil....... 36 A Puncheon of Prunes... 1120 New Hay 60 A Fother of Lead, 19 cwt. Old Hay...... 56 36 Trusses a Load. { dr } 14 8 ... ......... Raisins ...... ........ 2 grs. CHEESE AND BUTTER. A Clove or Half Stone, 8 lb. A Wey in Suffolk, lb, A Wey in Essex, 32 Človes, or ......... 256 42 Cloves, 01... } WOOL. lb. A Wey is 6 Tod and 11 A Clove........ 7 Stone, or A Stone .....14 A Sack is 2 Weys, or A Tod........ ... 28 A Last is 12 Sacks, or 4361 By this Weight is weighed any thing of a coarse or drossy Nature ; as all Grocery and Chandlery Wares, Bread, and all Metals, but Silo - and Gold 1 ....c APOTHECARIES WEIGHT. Marked. 20 Grains make 1 Scruple........... 3 Scruples 1 Dram.... 8 Drams 1 Ounce................ 12 Onnces 1 Pound........... Grains. 20= 1 Scruple. 60= 3= 1 Dram.' 480= 94% 8= 1 Ounce. 5760=288=96=12=1 Pound. Note. The Apothecaries mix their Medicines by this Rule, but buy and sell their Commodities by Avoirdupoise Weight. The Apothecaries' Pound and Ounce, and the Pound and Ounce Troy, are the same, only differently divided and subdivided. CLOTH MEASURE. Marked. 4. Nails make I Quarter of a Yard 1958. 3 Quarters 1 Flemish F.ll.......... Fl. E. 4 Quarters 1 Yará.... yd. 5 Quarters i English Ell...... E. E 6 Quarters 1 French Ell... F. E. Inches. 21= 1 Nail. 9 = 4=1 Quarter. 36 =16=4=1 Yard, 27 =12—3=1 Flemish Ell. 45 =20=5=1 English Ell. 54 2456=1 French Ell. LONG MEASURE. Marked 3 Barley Corns make n. 1 Inch......... }. Man bar. . Marked. 12 Inches inake 1 Foot feet. 3 Feet 1 Yard yd. 6 Feet 1 Fathom sth. 64 Yards I Rod, Pole, or Perch rod p. 40 Poles 1 Furlong fur. 8 Furlongs 1 Mile mile. 3 Miles 1 League lea. 60 Miles I Degree deg. 1 Inch 594 198 164 54 1 Pole N. B. A Degree is 69 Miles, 4 Furlongs, neurly, though commonly reckoned but 60*Miles. This Measure is used to measure distance of Places, or any thing else that has length only. VESSELS USED FOR WINE, &c. (DUTY 4s. 100. TER GAL.) Names of Price in the Wine. Docks. 52 Gallons 1 Hogshead, Tent £ 20 to 40 S9 1 Pipe, Fayal 11 15 Madeira 15 40 10 20 11 28 115 Ditto Port 24 68 -117 Ditto Lisbon 26 42 105 1 Butt Malaga 15 25 JOS Ditto Sherry 16 85 Hock, Moselle, are Sold at per Aulm, or 10 35 and Rheinish } Ohlm, of 30 Gallons. Spanish Red and other Wines, are Sold 16 21 per Tun of 210 Gallons. Claret, and other Bourdeaux, per Hogs 40 - 65 head of' 46 Gallons.-Duty 78. 3d. Cape, 92 gallons, (Duty 2s. 50.) 11 10lb Avoirdupois weight of distilled water, weighed ji AIR, at the temperature of sixty-two degrees of FAHRENHEIT'S Thermometert, the Barometer be. ing at thirty inches, is one gallon, which is 277,274 square inches—the Gauger's Points 16,65. 26 These Prices are for the Wine only, the duty is also to be paid. # An instrument for measuring the heat of the AIR, or any matter. An instrument for measuring the weight of the ATMOSPHERE, and also shews the changes of the weather. This is the only Standard Measure of Capacity, from which all ther Measures of Capacity are derived, as well for WINE, Beer, ske, Spirits, and all sorts of Liquors, and dry goods NOT HEAPED. 9 4 Gills make i Pint gls. pts. 2 Pints 1 Quart qts. 4 Quart3 1 Gallon gal. 44 Gallons* 1 Firkin fir. 9 I Firkin fir. 18 or 2 Firkins 1 Kilderkin kil. 36 or 2 Kil. or 4 Fir. 1 Barrel bar. or ) Bar, or 3 Kil. or 6 Fir. 1 Hogshead hhd. 72 or 2 Bar. or * Kil. or 8 Fir. 1 Puncheon pun. 108 or 2 Hhd. or 3 Bar, or 6 Kil. or 12 Fir. 1 Butt butt, • This Vessel is only used by Table Beer Brewers. Cubic Inches. Gills. 4 1 Pint I Quart 277,274 32 4 1 Gallon 288 72 36 9 I Firkin 576 1.14 72 18 2 1 Kilderkin 1152 288 144 36 4 2 1 Barrel 1728 432 216 54 6 3 13 1 Hogshead 2304 576 288 72 8 4 3 1 1 Punche. 3456 864 432 108 12 6 3 2 1 1 Butt "UN is a term used, being equal to to 2 BUTTS (216 GALLONS but there are no such Vessels in use. This Tun of Liquor (as it is called) weighs 2161 lb. which, added to the weight of the 2 Casks, will rather exceed a regular Ton of 20 Cwt. or 2240fb. N. B. The price of a Butt of Deer is 1358. Stout, 1658. Double Stout, 1958. to Publicans, and 158. more to other persons. Ale is 60, 70, and 80s. per Barrel. A Merchant who exports is alowed a discount of £5 p Centand the Drawback also. COAL MEASURE. 4 Pecks make 1 Bushel. 3 Bushels 1 Sack. 1 Vat. 1 Room. 1 Keel. 21 Chaldrons 1 Score. The Bushel for EVERY ARTICLE is 18: Inches Inside, and 81 Inches deep; but it must be made so as to measure 191 Inches from outside to outside ; viz. the rim must be lalf an Inch, and is to be heared to me height of six inches in the shape of A CONE; the outside of the bushel to be the extremity of the base of such cone. The goods may rest upon, but not hang over the outside of the bushel. DRY MEASURE. Marked. 4 Gills make I Pint gls. pts. 2 Pints 1 Quart qut 2 Quarts I Pottle pot. 2 Pottles | Gallon yal. 2 Gallons 1 Peck peck. 4 Pecks I Bushel bu.. 2 Bushels I Strike strike. 4 Bushels 1 Cocmb coomb 2 Coombs or 8 Bushels I Quarter . gr 4 Quarters | Chaldron chal. 5 Quarters wey. 2 Weys 1 Last last. Gills. 4 1 Pint S 2 I Quart 16 4 2 1 Pottle 32 8 4 2 1 Gallon. - 64 16 8 4 2 1 Peck 256 64 32 16 8 2 1 Bushel 512 128 64 32 16 8 4 1 Strike 2048 512 256 128 64 32 8 4 1 Quarter 10240 2560 1280 640 320 160 40 20 5 i Wey 20480 5120 2560 1280 640 320 SO 40 10 2 1 Last 1 Wey The old dry Gallon contained 269,8 Cubic Inches, the new Gallon is 8,474 Inches more than the old, which is One 31,72nd part of the old Gallon) and equal to £3. 38. Od. p Cent. (or 7fd. in the £.) adva..je on the merchandize. |