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whole harem under restraint, and in which case, it becomes the wellhowever some particular favourite bred physician to turn his eyes anmay be gratified by the particular other way. attention of her lord, the rest of the Upon entering the chamber, he women are apt to lament the liberty finds his patient covered with a they are deprived of by his re- loole veil; and it being a vulgar nomaining too much at home.

tion that the malady may be dirThe grandees, if flightly indis- covered from the pulse t, he is no posed, continue to see company in sooner seated than the naked wrist the cuter apartments; but when the is presented for his examination 1. dio:der becomes serious they seat She then describes her complaints, into the harem, to be nuríed by and if it be necessary to look at the their women; and in this situation, tongue, the veil is for that purpose besides their medical attendants, and removed, while the assistants keepvery near relations, no person what the rest of the face, and especially ever can have access, except on

the crown of the head, carefully covery argent befinels. They make vered. The women do not hesitate choice of the females they with toto expose the neck, the bosom, or have more immediately about their the stomach, when the case requires puriins, and one in particular is those parts to be inspected; but appointed to give an account to the never without extrene reluctance physician of what happens in the consent to uncover the head. Ladies inte: vals of his visits, to receive his, whom I had known very young, directions, and to see them duly and who, from long acquaintance, obeyed.

were careless in concealing their Medical people, whether Eu- faces from me, never appeared sopeans or natives, have access to the without a handkerchief, or some harem at all times when their atten- other fight covering thrown over dance is requisite. The physician, the head. So far as I could judge after being announced, is obliged from general practice, it seemed to to wait at the door till the way is be considered, in point of decorum; ceared"; that is, till his patient, of more consequence to veil the head when a female, her company and than the face. attendants, and others who might The physician is usually enterhappen to be in the courts through tained with tobacco and coffee, which he melt pais, have either which, being intended as a mark of veiled or retired out of fight. He respect, cannot in civility be declinis thin conducted to the chamber of ed, though the compliance leads to the fick lady by a flave, who cons an intemperate use of both. After tin-es in a loud voice to give Warning of his approach, dirb, dirb, al

+ The native practitioners give 2 hakeen gia-y, way, way, the doctor fan&tion to this foolish xotion. I fol. is coming : a precaution which does lowed in that respect the example of my not always prevent the unveiled la: brother, who, except in fevers, alway's dies, who have not been apprized, insisted on the fick giving an account of from accid. n:ally croling the court, their complaints, before he would teet

the pulse. When it is known that the physi- I I have been offered sometimes the cian is about to enter, the Dive who wrist covered with thin mullin, but the undertakes to clear the way, gives no. Aleppo ladies, in general, ridicule that tice by calling Anel Dirb? Amel punctilio, and I always refused com. Dirb!'Make way, make way, and pliance with a piece of prudery not seturning after (me time, says Fi dirb! sanctioned by cullon. ibe way is clear.


he Vol. XXVI.

he has examined, and given direc-than a handkerchief thrown over tions concerning his patient, here. the head, one corner of which is quefis leave to retire, but is feldom held in the mouth ; but in order to allowed to escape without hearing avoid even that trouble, they frethe incurable complaints of as many quently place themselves behind a valetudinary visitanis as happen to door, or a window-shutter half open, be present, who either fit ready in which situation thrusting out one veiled, or talk from behind a cur- arm, they ir fist on having the pulse tain occafionally suspended in the examined. It fometimes happens, chamber. These ladies always con- in the great harems, that another Gider themselves entitled to verbal obacle must be encountered before advice, or at least to an opinion of regaining the gate. This arises such remedies, as have been recom- from some of the younger ladies, or mended by others; and a principal llaves, who are at work in the court, part of the medical art, among the refusing peremptorily either to veil native practitioners, corlifts in being or retire ; which is done merely in able to acquit themselves dexterously sport, to vex the conductress, who is in such incidental consultations. obliged of course to make a halt.

In families which the European In vain the bawls dirb ! and makes physician has been accustomed to use by turns of entreaty, threat, attend, and when his patient is on and reproach ; till finding all in the recovery, he is fonetimes in vain, the gives fair warning, and duced to protract the visit, and to has recourse to a never-failing ftra. gratify the curiosity of the ladies, tagem. She marches on, and bids who ask numberless questions con- the doctor. A complete rout encerning his country. They are par- sues; the damsels scamper different ticularly inquisitive about the Frank

ways, catch hold of whatever offers women, their dress, employments, first, by way of veil, or attempt to marriages, treatment of children, conceal themselves behind one anand amusements. In return, they other. It is only when none of the are ingenuously communicative, and men are in the harem, that this display talents, which being little scene of romping can take place. indebied to artificial cultivation, ap- When the physician is conducted by pear, as it were, to expand naturally the aga hinself, every thing passes under a clear sky, and the influence in orderly filence, and, in the of a delicious climate. Their ques- chamber of the lick, none beside the tions are generally pertinent, and clderly er married relations offer to the remarks they occafior ally make | join in the conversation : but it is on manners cittering so widely from fildom that the aga himself takes their own, are often sprichtly and the trouble, after the few first visits, judicious.

except the dcétor be a tranger 10 When the visit is at length con- the family. cluded, notice being given to clear Women of distinction pafs much the way, the physician fets out, of their time at home. They have preceded as before by the flave. a bath for ordinary cccasions, within But it rarely happens that he is not the harem ; the purchase of housemore than once stopped, to give hold nccessaries does not lie within advice to some of the domestics, their province, and mercery, drawho wait his return; for however pery, and trinkets are either sent fightly they may be indifpoled, the from the shops to be chofen, or are temptation of teling theircomplaints brought in by the female pedlars to a, dottor is irresistible. These formerly mentioned. They are not damsels feld. m have any other veit however idle within docrs ; the fl

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perintendance of domestic affairs, innumerable errors and misreprethe care of their children, with their sensations relating to them, which Leedle and embroidery, furnish am- are to be found in the works of ple employment.

travellers in other respects of good They are taught when young, to

credit. read, and sometimes to write the Their usual games are mankala, Arabic, but are very apt, when taken tabuduk, draughts, and sometimes from school, to neglect both; fo chess; but, as was before remarked that reading ought not to be reckon of the men, they play merely for ed a common female amusement, amusement, in the winter evenings, and is never a study. I have known while the men are engaged in the however some exceptions to this. outer apartment, the ladies often A daughter of the late grand vizir, pass the time in attending to AraRizab Balhaw, had made (as he bian tales, which are recited, but aflared me) a surprising progress in more commonly read, by a person Arabic literature, and he sheived who has a clear, distinct voice, and me a manuscript very beautifully occafionally sings the flanzas interwritten with her own hand. Des woven with the story,- It has been votion does not appear to take up already mentioned, that the Arabian much of their time; they never go Nights Entertainments, known in to mosque ; and, except the elderly England, were hardly to be found ladies, and those who have, they are in Aleppo. A manuscript containnot so punctual in their prayers at ing two hundred and eight nights, home as the men.

was the only one I met with, and, as This is asserted only as it appear a particular favour, procured liber. . ed to me. On the public days, the ty "to have a copy taken from it. women may often be seen praying This copy was circulated successfulin the gardens, but it is only a small ly to more than a score of harems; number out of a crowd. In the and I was assured by some of the harem, there is not the same opper- ullama, whom the women had some. tunity of seeing them at prayer times induced to be of the audience, as there is in respect to the men. that till then they were ignorant that My opinion was formed from being such a book existed. fo seldom obliged, on visiting at The toilet confiits of a divan noon, or sun-ser, to wait till prayers cushion reversed, upon which a small were over, and, on going into the mirror is placed. They do not embarem immediately before the times ploy much time at it ; for the attire of prayer, from finding so few pre- of the head inay be taken off, and pared by ablution ; for when they preserved entire, and the braiding have once performed the wodou (a of the hair, which is rather a tedious kind of ablution) they cannot per operation, is always performed in the mit a christian to touch their pulse, hummam. They dress neatly for without being obliged to wath over the day, early in the morning, exagain. Indeed allowance should be cept on days when they go abroad made for a circumstance peculiar on ceremony, or to the public 10 the sex, which disqualifies them bath, and then the alteration made periodically from acts of devotion. | in dress does not require much time, Sun-set seemed to be the time when They are fond of Aowers and the women chicfly prayed,

odoriferous plants, which are some. It does not seem necessary to en- times cultivated under their own ter upon the argument concerning care, but for the most part pur. the exclusion of the Mohammedan

chaled of those who raise them for women from paradise, with other al.. They preseive them in chi


na or glass Aower-pois arranged on | presenting it, as if the rejected wooden pyramids placed in the mid- threads were improper, dle of the divan, and form them Lady Mary Wortley Montague, in when required into elegant nosegays. her 4oth letter, has given a specimen When the ladies send a congratu- of this mode of gallantry, is there latcry message, or a ceremonious is no colour, no weed, no fiower, invitation, it is usually accompanied no fruit, herb, or feather, that has with a nole: ay wrapt up in an em- not a verse belonging to it; and you broidered handkerchief. The mer.

may quarrel, reproach, or fend let. fage is ve.bal, and often delivered ters of paffion, friendihip, or civiliin the first person". Thus says my !y, or even of news, without cver mistress, I will have no excuse--and, inking your not tell me - did you not promise The ladies at Aleppo are not me ? &c.?' This however is not the fuch proficients as her tadyship constant practice, but it is always describes those at Conftantinople; delivered precisely in the words in but the verses and alla fions are much which it is given. The person re- the fame, expreffed only in the Araceiving the molage takes out the bic instead of the Turkin language, fower with her own hand, and care- The colour of the filk thread denotes fully folding up the handkerchief, fcar, doubt, jealousy, impatience, returns it by the ineffenger. They or despair. preserve deciduous flowers in the Amid domestic occupations, serious summer, by wrapping them in a or amusing, the ladies find themmuflin handkerchief sprinkled with felves fully employed, and seldom waten which is laid in a metal bason, complain of time hanging heavy. and placed in a cool cellar. The flow- But various occafions call them ers of the orange, the Arabian jal. abroad. They visit ncar relations mine, and the muk rose, are in this several times in the year, as also manner kept fresh for many hours. when in childbed or in fickne's ;

The young Indies amuse them they affift at nuptial and funeral ceselves by tying their nosegays with remonies; and, at etablithed hours, filli threads of certain colours, which, go to consult their physician at his in the same manner as the affort. house, when the care does not remert of particular flowers, are fup:quire his attendance at the harem, posed to convey fome emblematical Thus women above a certain rank allufior. But there are by the wo- are, in proportion to the extent of men fo generally understood, that their connections, more or less enthe artifice seems to be unfit for the giged, while those of the lower purpose of fecret correspondence ; clats are often obliged to go out to and a proof that the colours are for market, and constantly to the ba. the moit part regarded as indifferent, gnio : the last indeed, brings all the is the practice of the men, who uomen abroad ; for even those who receiving nosegays from their ladies, have baths at home, are, in cases of either of their own

wn making, or ceremonial invitation, obliged to refuch as have been sent to them from pair to the public baths. other harems, give them away, or Mondays and Thursdays are the interchange the in with their vificors. women's licensed days, for visiting It may be remarked, however, that, the tombs, and, with their children for the most part, the men inter- and liaves, for taking the air in the change fingle flowers, or fields or gardens. The flaves carry three talks antied, and that the la- | carpets, pipes, coffee equipage, and dies sometimes make an alteration provisions : the garden lupplies in the binding of a nolegáy, before lettuces, cucumbers, or fuch fruits as are in season. Some take pofel- return at fun-fet. A numerous fea of the garden or summet-houses, train of flaves or servants avail ders place themelves under the themselves of the opportunity to hade of trees, and all pass the day I make merry, and the day is conit high festivity. In the spring lidered as one of licensed frolic. Saloa, the gardens in the neigh- Musicians, dancers, and buffoonis, bourhood are crowded with women, are among the feinale attendants, and, towards evening, the several and their music and ziraieet may be arerucs of the cova are filled with heard at the diface of a mile. IK2, returnirs bome. Some par- The gardener, in the mean while, ties of the better class are preceded has little reason to wifi for parties by a band of singing women, the of this kind, being by no means 13:25 tarmfulves walking behind adequately recompenfed for the milwah a low and stately tep; but the chief done his fruit-trees, tha baru peple are less formal; they branches in bottom being broken adrance in groups, singing as they without mercy, and inc fruit gatherwzik along, and with the tympanum, ed before it is half ripe. and the zıraleet make the air retound From what has been said, it would on all hands. Ladies of distinction appear that the Turkih ladies are co these occasions dress in the plain- not in fact so rigorously confined as et manner, and wear the ordinary is generally imagined; it may be ftriped veil instead of the white fur- added, that habit, and the idea of ragi; but most of the others dress decorum annexed to their reílraints, in their gayest apparel, and when at render them less irksome. Their a little diftance from town, being ignorance of the female privileges more carelefs of the veil, they give enjoyed in many parts of Europe, accidental opportunity of seeing precludes any mortifying comparimore of their faces, than at any fun, and when told of those priviother time.

two or

leges, they do not appear very deAs men on these public days are firous of a liberty which in many not excluded from the gardens, instances they regard as inconsistent numbers are of course found Itrolling with their notion of female honour in the walks, which obliges the wo

and delicacy. inen to be more on their guard, and to remain mulled up. But there are select parties, on other days, exempt from that disagreeable re. THOUGHTS on Dogs, traint, and in all respects more elegant. These are composed of (By tbe late Governor Livingston, of

New Jersey.) the ladies belonging to two or three harems, who hire the garden for

" Impasta fugifis aves rabidamque the day. The divans in the summer

canum vim," houses of the gardens are furnished

STATIUS, from the city { cooks are sent to prepare the entertainment; the ha- HAVE, I must own, no small teai-Kchia isi, with some pages, at- veneration for the memory of tend at the gate, to prevent the in- Argus, a favourite deg of Ulyfies, trafion of frangers, and, the gar- | thai, upon the testimony of Homer, deners being obliged to keep out recognised his matter after twenty of the way, the ladies are obliged cars absence-an aftectionate dog, to walk about more negligently who by wagging his tail, and giving veiled. The company fet every other token of joy that a dog frorn town by dawn of day, and cao give, welcomed that celebrated

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