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months in fight of us: its general, tranquil at prefent within his entrenchments, impatiently waits, until, forced by famine, Í fhall furrender myself at discretion.

| powerful Deity, if a God, the protector of Poland, has infpired me with this hardy project, to terminate her evils; if thy good fortune fball procure a fuccefs equal to thy courage, what a glorious profperity will be achieved by means of this noble daring!

Behind my camp are marfhes which he thinks impracticable: the moment that it is night, we fhall traverse them. I have difpofed of every thing in fuch a manner that the enemy will be deceived, and not perceive my retreat until it is too late. I hope therefore to be able to steal more than an hour's march upon them, and, if fortune feconds me, perhaps a whole day. I fhall advance ftraight forward to Warfaw by the great road that

M. de P* ** will no fee, in my camp, other than citizen-foldiers, the foes of foreigners, but ftill faithful to their king: under my patriotic tents, he will respire, as it were, the air of liberty, and the love of his country: the enemies of the ftate fhall become his; our brave nobility, afhamed of their indolence, will readily combat un

leads to that capital, notwithstand-der the royal banners, for the common caufe; the Ruffians fhall either be cut in pieces, or be obliged to pafs the frontiers :-my friend, in thy country fhall behold her faviour!

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N

ing the efforts of the little Ruffian
bands who hover continually in its
neighbourhood. I fhall either en-
counter and conquer thefe feparate-thee
ly, or, if they form a junction on
purpose to ftop my progrefs, I fhall
at least be able to occupy their at-
tention in such a manner that they
will not be able to impede your
operations.

*

*

*

In the mean time, Lovzinfki, you will have preceded me. Your forty followers, difguised, and armed only with fabres, poniards and piftols concealed under their clothes, stall have arrived at Warfaw by different roads. You must wait there until the king has left his pa face; you are then to carry him off, and to bring him to my camp. The enterprise is bold-rafh, if you pleafe fo to term it; the march to Warfaw is difficult; the ftay in it ever: I advise you, therefore, to be dangerous; the return from it ex-gone, without bidding her farewell. tremely perilous. If you are vanquifhed, if you are taken prifoner, you will perish, Lovziniki! but you will perith a martyr to liberty and Pulauki, jealous of fo glorious an end, fighing at being obliged to furvive you, fhall fend Ruffians, thousands of Ruffians, to accompany you to the tomb ! But on the contrary, if an all

Pulaufki kept his word. That very night he accomplished his retreat, with equal fkill and fuccefs, by traverfing the marches in profound filence. My friend, laid my father-in-law to me, as foon as we were out of the reach of the enemy, it is now time that you should leave us. I know well that my daughter has more courage than another woman; but he is a tender wife, and an unfortunate mother. Her tears will affect you, and you will lofe in her embraces that strength of mind, that dignity of foul, which now be come more necessary to you than

Pulaufki preffed me, but in vain, for I was unable to confent. As foon as Lodoifka knew that I should depart a one, and perceived th we were refolved not to inform her whither, the thed torrents of texes, and strove to detain me. 1 bej. to hefitate.

Lovzinski, cries

father-th
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at this critical moment, Lov

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After this fhort harangue, we prepare to depart. Kaluviki forewarned of our design had already procured twelve waggons, loaded with hay and ftraw, each of which was drawn by four good horfes.` We inftantly difguife ourselves as peasants; we hide our clothes, qur fabres, our piftols, and the faddles of our horfes, in the hay with which our waggons were partly filled; we agree upon certain figns, and I give them a watch-word, to be ufed according to circumstances. -Twelve of the confpirators, commanded by Kaluvski, enter into Warfaw, accompanied by as many waggons, which they themfelves conduct. I divide the rest of my little troop into feveral brigades, on purpose to avoid fufpicion: each is ordered to march at fome ditance from the other, and to gain the capital by different gates.

We depart, and on Saturday the 2d of November, 1771, arrive at Warfaw, and lodge together at a convent belonging to the Domini

cans.

On the next day, which was Sunday, and which will for ever form a memorable epoch in the annals of Poland, one of my people , of the name of Stravinski, being covered with rags, places himself

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at each door, two heydukes running by the fide of the equipage, and three footmen, in the royal livery, behind.

The king proceeds flowly part of my people affemble at fome diftance; twelve of the moft determined fpring forward: I put my felf at their head, and we advance at a good pace.

As there was a Ruffian garrifon at that very moment in Warfaw, we affect to speak the language of

thofe foreigners, fo that our pettyfolves; I clap fpurs to my horse, troop might be mistaken for one of overtake the little band, cry out to their patroles. them to ftop, and threaten to kill the first person who fhould dare to difobey me.

We overtake the carriage at about a hundred and fifty paces from the grand chancellor's palace, and exactly between thofe of the bishop of Cracow, and of the late grand ge⚫neral of Poland.

That God who is the protector of good kings, watched over the fafety of M. de P - Kaluvfki and his followers ftop at the found of my well-known voice. We mount the king on horseback, make off at full fpeed, and regain the ditch that furrounded the ci y, which the monarch is constrained to leap, in company with us.

At that moment a panic terror takes poffeffion of my troop; at fifty paces diftant from the ramparts, there were no more than feven who turrounded the perfon of the king.

The night was dark and rainy, and it was neceflary to difmount at every inftant, on purpose to found the morafs with which we were furrounded.

All of a fudden we pass the heads of the foremost horfes, fo that thofe who preceded, found themfelves feparated from those who furrounded the royal equipage.

I inftantly give the fignal agreed upon. Kaluviki gallops up with the remainder of the confpirators: I prefent a piftol to the poftil on who inftantly ftops; the coachman is fired upon, and is precipitated beneath the wheels. Of the two heydukes who endeavoured to defend their prince, one drops, pierced with two balls; the other is overturned by means of a back-handed ftroke from a fabre, which he receives on the head; the fteed be longing to the efquire falls down covered with wounds; one of the pages is difmounted, and his horfe taken; piftol balls fly about in all directions-in fhort, the 'attack was fo hot, and the fire fo violent, that I trembled for the king's life.

the hair; feven or eight of the confpirators furround, difarm, overpower him, and preffing him between their horfes, make off at full gallop, towards the end of the Street.

He himself, however, preferving the utmoft coolnefs in the midft of the danger, had now defcended from his carriage, and was ftriving to regain his uncle's palace on foot. Kalaviki arrefts and feizes him by,

During this moment, I confess to you, that I thought Pulauki had bafely deceived me; that the death of the monarch was refolved upon, and that a plot had been formed to affaffinate him.

All of a fudden I form my re

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The horse on which the monarch rode fell twice, and broke his leg at the fecond fall during thefe violent movements, his majefty loft his peliffe, and the fhoe belonging to his left foot.

If you wish that I fhould follow you, fas he to us, you must furnish me with another horse and a pair of boots.

We remount him once more, and, on purpose to gain the road by which Pulaufki had promised me to

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advance, we refolve to pass through a village called Burakow : but the king exclaims, Do not go that way; there are Ruffians there!

I immediately change our route; But in proportion as we advance through the wood of Beliany, our number continues to diminish. In a fhort time I perceive nobody around me but Kaluvski and Stravinski a few minutes after, we are challenged by a Ruffian centinel on horfeback, at whole voice we inftantly ftop, greatly alarmed for our fafety.

Let us kill him! cries the ferocious Kalaviki, pointing to the king. I inftantly avow to him, without difguile, the horror which fuch a propofition infpired me with. Very well, you may then take upon you the tafk of conducting him, adds this cruel hearted man, who immediately after precipitates him. felf into the woods. Stravzintki follows him, and I alone remain with the king.

(To be continued.)

On AMBITION.
"The thirft of Fame is violent, the

defire of Honour is powerful; and
he who gave them to us, gave them
for great purposes."
OECON. of HUMAN LIFE, Part II.

effects of which are eafieft to be feen, is ambition.

As this paffion fometimes grows fo violent, as to abforb all the powers of the mind, fo it is oftentimes of the greatest benefit to mankind in general, and to thofe who are governed by it; nor does it féem reafonable to fuppofe that the benevolent Author of our being fhould have implanted in us paffions fo powerful, as at times to be beyond the reach of reason, were it not to fome ufeful purpofe, and contributory to our happiness.

The defire of glory is not blameable in it elf, but worthy of praise; therefore, if ambition can be in any wife accounted criminal, it must be from its effects, which are ufually pure as the fpring from whence they flow. It may, indeed, be urged, that it has been the occasion of much mifchief, and that it fometimes pufhes men on to commit unjuft actions, to obtain the object of its with; but this is not often the cafe, fince difhonour always attends on injustice, and it confequently counteracts its own ends. Though in fome cafes it may have been the cause of injustice, yet it is, on the contrary, generally the fource of the greatest and noblest achievements. in youth, when reason is not yet in its bloffom, it fires the mind of man, and haftens him on in the purfuit of glory, to acts worthy of reafon the moft refined and exalted; and when he arrives at a mature age, then reafon affumes her authority, and what in the beginning was only an enthusiastic paflion, ends in the most solid and

permanent virtue.

Were we strictly to examine the conduct of our greatest men, both ancient and modern; could we lay open their hearts before us, and view them in every part, it would in moft cafes appear, that ambition was their grand and primary mo. tive of action: we fhould fee them

dif

T may be obferved, that though man is a being endowed with the power of reafoning; and though it is this, which principally diftingu flies him from the brute creation; yet reafon, in the affairs of life, hath but fall influence over us, almost all our act ons being directed by the pallions. Every man has fome predominant paffion, which directs the exertion of his active powers to good or bad ends; but that which gains the afcendancy in the generality of mankind, or the

difdaining a difhonourable action, not from any confcientious motives, but merely for the prefervation of that ineftimable gem, their honour; and thus grafping at fame, at length fatiate themselves with the fhadow of virtue, and purfue the original itfeif; fenfible by experience, that this alone is the foundation of all their hopes. Inftead of complaining of what we conceive to be imperfections, we fhould confider, that, the great Being who gave us all the paffions, likewife gave us reafon to direct them; and no doubt but all was for our good. We examine but one fide of the object, and immediately pronounce our judgment; but were we thoroughly to confider and inveft gate his works, we should find,

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'N the year 1637, judge Crook having a cau.e to fettle concerning fhip-money, and being fearful of expofing him elf to the refentment of a wicked and powerful miniftry, had determined to give judgment for the king; but his wife, a woman of true virtue, addreffing him in a flyle of Spartan magnanim.ty, conjured him not to err against his confcience and his honour, for fear of incurring danger

or

poverty. For herself, the would be content to tuffer want, or any

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