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at my period of life, but must be happy or otherwise according to the good fortune and good conduct of those near relatives who rise around them. " I wish much to know if you are lucky in a servant.

Trust him with as little cash as possible, and keep short accounts. Marty a goot servant is spoiled by peglecting this simple precaution. The man is templed to some expense of bis own, gives way to it, and then has to make it up by a system of overcharge and peculation ; and thus mischief begins, and the carelessness of the master makes a rogue out of an honest lad, and cheals himself into the bargain.

“I have a letter from your uncle Tom, telling me bis eldest daughter is to be forthwith married to a Captain Huxley of his own regiment. As he has had a full opportunity of being acquainted with the young gentleman, and approves of the match, I have to hope that it will be a happy one. I fear there is no great fortune in the case on either side, wbich is to be regretted,

“Of domestic affairs I have lillle to tell you. The harvest has been excellent, the weather delightful; but tbis I must often have repeated. To-day I was tbinning out fir-{rees in the thicket, and the men were quite exhausted with the beal, and I myself, though only marking the trees, felt the exercise sufficiently warm. The wood is thriving delightfully. On the 28th we are to have a dance in honour of your birthday. I wish you could look in upon us for the day at least-only I am afraid we could not part with you when it was over, and so you would be in the guise of Cinderella, when she outstaid ber time at the ball, and all ber finery returned into its original base materials., Talking of balls, the girls would tell you the Melrose hop, where mamma presided, went off well.

“I expect poor Erskine and his daughter next week, or the week after. I went inló town to see him—and found him bearing bis great loss with his natural genHeness and patience. But he was sufficiently distressed, as he has great reason to be. I also expect Lord' and Lady Melville here very soon. Sir William Rae (now Lord Advocate) and bis lady came to us on Saturday. On Sunday Maida walked with us, and in jumping the paling at the Greentongue park contrived to bang himself up by the land leg. He howled at first, but seeing us making towards him he stopped crying, and waved his tail by way of signal, it was supposed, for assistance. He sustained no material injury, though his leg was strangely twisted into the bars, and he was nearly hanging by it. He showed great gratitude, in bis way, to his deliverers.

“This is a long letter, and little in it; but that is nothing extraordinary. All send best love-and I am ever, dear Walter, your affectionate father,


To Thomas Scott, Esq., Paymaster 70th Regiment, Canada.

Abbotsford, 16th Oct. 1819. “Dear Tom - I received yesterday your very acceptable letter, containing the news of Jessie's approaching marriage, in which, as a match agreeable to her mother and you, and relieving your minds from some of the anxious prospects which haunt those of parenls, I take the most sincere interest. Before this reaches you, the event will probably have taken place. Mean time, I enclose a letter - to the bride or wise, as the case may bappen to be. I have sent a small token of good-will lo ballast my good wishes, wbich you will please to value for the young lady, that. she may employ it as most convenient or agreeable to her. A little more fortune would perhaps have done the young folks no harm; but Captain Huxley, being such as you describe him, will have 'every chance of getting forward in his profession; and the happiest marriages are often those in which there is, at first, occasion for prudence and economy. I do certainly feel a little of the surprise which you bint at, for lime flies over our heads one scarce marks how, and children become marriageable ere we consider them as out of the nursery. My eldest son, Walter, has also wedded himself—but it is to a regiment of hussars. He is at present a cornet in the 18th, and quartered in Cork barracks. He is capital at most

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exercises, but particularly as a horseman. I do not intend he shall remain in the cavalry, however, but shall get him into the line when he is capable of promotion. Since he has chosen this profession, I shall be desirous that he follows it out in good earnest, and that can only be done by getting into the infantry.

‘My late severe illness has prevented my going up to London to receive the honour which the Prince Regent has announced his intention to inflict upon me. My present intention is, if I continue as well as I have been, to go up about Christmas to get this affair over. My health was restored (I trust permanently) by the use of calomel, a very severe and painful remedy, especially in my exhausted stale of body, but it has proved a radical one. By the way, Radical is a word in very bad odour here, being used to denole a set of blackguards a hundred times more mischievous and absurd than our old friends in 1794 and 1795. You will learn enough of the doings of the Radical Reformers from the papers. In Scotland we are quiet enough, excepting in the manufacturing districts, and we are in very good hands, as Sir William Rae, our old commander, is Lord Advocate. Rae has been here'two or three days, and left me yesterday-he is the old man, sensible, cool-headed, and firm, always thinking of his duty, never of himself. He enquired kindly after you, and I think, will be disposed to serve you, should an opportunity offer. Poor William Erskine has lost his excellent wife, after a long and wasting illness. She died at Lowood on Windermere, he having been recommended to take her upon a tour about three weeks before her death. I should scarce forgive a physician who should contrive to give me this addition to family distress. I went to town last week to see him, and found him, upon the whole, much better than I expected. I saw my mother on the same occasion, adinirably well indeed. She is greatly better than this time two years, when she rather quacked herself a little too much. I have sent your letter to our mother, and will not fail to transmit to our other friends the agreeable news of your daughter's settlement. Our cousin, Sir Harry Macdougal, is marrying his eldest daughter to Sir Thomas Brisbane, a very good match on both sides. I have been paying a visit on the occasion, which suspends my closing this letter. I hope to hear very soon from you. Respecting our silence, I like a ghost only waited to be spoken to, and you may depend on me as a regular correspondent, when you find time to be one-yourself. Charlotte and the girls join in kind love lo Mrs Scott and all the family. I should like to know what you mean to do with young Walter, and whether I can assist you in that matter. Believe-me, dear Tom, ever your affectionate brother,

W. SCOTT." To Daniel Terry, Esq., London.

Abbotsford, Nov. 10, 1819. “My dear TERRY,-) should be very sorry if you thought the interest I take in you and yours so• slight as not lo render your last letler extremely interesting. We have all our various combats to fight in this best of all possible worlds, and, like brave fellow-soldiers, ought to assist one another as much as possible. I have lillle doubt, that if God spares me till my little namesake be fit to take up his share of the burden, I may have interesi enough to be of great advantage to bim in the entrance of life. In the present state of your own profession, you would not willingly, I suppose, choose him to follow it; and, as it is very seductive to young people of a lively iemper and good taste for the art, you should, I think, consider early how you mean to dispose of liille Walter, with a view, that is, to the future line of lise which you would wish him to adopt. Mrs Terry has not the good health which all who know her amiable disposition and fine accomplishments would anxiously wish her; yet, with impaired health and the caution which it renders necessary, we have very frequently instances of the utmost verge of existence being attained, while robust strength is cut off in the middle carcer. So you must be of good heart, and hope the best in this as in other cases of a like affecting nature. I go to town on Monday, and will forward under Mr Freeling's cover as much of

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Ivanhoe as is finished in print. It is completed, but in the hands of a very slow transcriber ; when I can collect it I will send you the MS., which you will please to keep secret from every eye. I think this will give a start, if it be worth taking, of about a month, for the work will be out on the 20th of December. It is certainly possible to adapt it to the stage, but the expense of scenery and decoration would be great, this being a tale of chivalry, not of character. There is a tale in existence, by dramatizing which, I am cerlain, a most powerful effect might be produced : it is called Undine, and I believe has been translated into French by Mademoiselle Montolieu, and into English from her version : do read it, and telt me your opinion ; in German the character of Undine is exquisite. The only objection is that the catastrophe is unhappy, but this might be altered. I hope to be in London for ten days the end of next month; and so good by for the present, being in great haste, most truly yours,

W. Scott." I conclude this chapter with a letter, written two or three days before Scott quitted Abbotsford for the winter session. It is addressed to his friend Hartstonge, who had taken the opportunity of the renewal of Scott's correspondence to solicit his opinion and assistance touching a MS, drama; and the reader will be diverted with the style in which the amiable tragedian is treated to his quietus :

,66 To Matthew Weld Hartstonge, Esq., Dublin.

Abbotsford, 11th Nov. 1819. -- My Dear Sir,-1 was duly favoured with your packet, còntaining the play, as well as your very kind leiter. I will endeavour (though extremely unwilling to offer criticism on most occasions) to meet your confidence with perfect frankness. I do not consider the Tragedy as likely to make that favourable impression on the public which I would wish tbat the performance of a friend should effect-and I by no means recommend 10 you lo bazard it upon the boards. In olher compositions the neglect of the world takes nothing from the merit of the author; but there is something ludicrous in being affiché as the author of an unsuccessful play. Besides, you entail on yourself the great and eternal plague of altering and refrenching to please the humours of performers, who are, speaking generally, extremely ignorant, and capricious in proportion. These are not vexations to be voluntarily undertaken; and the truth is, that in the present day there is only one reason which seems to me adequale for the encountering the plague of trying to please a set of conceited performers and a very motley audience,- mean the want of money, from which, fortunately, you are exempted. It is very true that some day or other a great dramatic genius may arise to strike out a new path; but I fear till this happens no great effect will be produced by treading in the old one. The reign of Tragedy seems to be over, and the very considerable poetical abilities which have been lately applied to it have failed to revive it. Should the public ever be indulged with small theatres adapted to the hours of the better ranks in life, the dramatic art may recover ; at present it is in abeyance--and I

do therefore advise you in all sincerity to keep the Tragedy (which I return under • cover) safe under your own charge. Pray think of this as one of the most un

pleasant offices of friendship-and be not angry with me for having been very frank, upon an occasion when frankness may be more useful than altogether palatable.

“I am much obliged to you for your kind intentions towards my young Hussar. We have not heard from him for three weeks. I believe he is making out a meditated visit to Killarney. I am just leaving the country for Edinburgh, to altend my duty in the courts; but the badness of the weather in some measure reconciles * me to the uppleasant change. I have the pleasure to continue the most satisfac- tory accounts of my health; it is to external appearance as strong as in my, strongest days—indeed, after I took once more to Sancho's favourite occupations of eating and sleeping, I recovered my losses wonderfully. Very truly yours,



Political Alarms—The Radicals-Levies of Volunteers--Project of the Buccleuch

Legion-Death of Scott's Mother--Her Brother Dr Rutherford—and her Sister Christian-Letters to Lord Montagu-Mr Thomas Scott-Cornet Scott-Mr Laidlaw and Lady Louisa Stuart-Publication of Ivanhoe-1819.

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TOWARDS the winter of 1819 there prevailed a spirit of alarming insubortlination among the mining population of Northumberland and the weavers of the west of Scotland; and Scott was particularly gratified with finding that his own neighbours at Galashiels had escaped the contagion. There can be little doubt that this exemplion was principally owing to the personal influence and authority of the Laird of Abbotsford and Sheriff of the Forest; but the people of Galashiels were also fortunate in the qualities of their own beneficent landlords, Mr Scott of Gala, and Mr Pringle of Torwoodlée. The progress of the Western Reformers by degrees led even the most important Whigs in that district to exert themselves in the organization of volunteer regiments, both mounted and dismounted ; and, when it became generally suspected that Glasgow and Paisley maintained a dangerous correspondence with the refractory colliers of Northumberland-Scott and his friends the Lairds of Torwoodlee and Gala determined to avail themselves of the loyalty and spirit of the men of Eltrick and Teviotdale, and proposed first raising a company of sharpshooters among their own immediate neighbours, and afterwards—this plan receiving every encouragement a legion or brigade upon a large scale, to be called the Buccleuch Legion. During November and December, 1819, these matters formed the chief daily care and occupation of the author of Ivanhoe; and though he was still obliged to dictate most of the chapters of his novel, we shall see that, in case it should be necessary for the projected lev.y of Foresters to march upon Tynedale, he was prepared to place himself at their head.

He had again intended, as soon as he should have finished Ivanhoe, to proceed to London and receive his baronelcy; but as that affair had been crossed at Easter by his own illness, so at Chrismas it was again obliged to be put off in consequence of a heavy series of domestic afflictions. Within one week Scott lost his exellent mother, his

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uncle Dr Daniel Rutherford, Professor of Botany in the University of Edinburgh-and their sister, Christian Rutherford, already often mentioned as one of the dearest and most esteemed of all his friends and connexions.

The following letters require no further introduction or comment.


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To the Lord Montagu, Buxton.

6 Abbotsford, 12th Nov. 1819. “ My Dear LORD,–* I wish I had any news to send your Lordship, but the best is we are all quiet here. The Galashiel weavers, both men and masters, have made their political creed' known 10 me, and have sworn themselves antiradical. They came in solemn procession, with their banners, and my own piper at their head, whom they bad borrowed for the nonce. But the Tweed being in flood, we could only communicate like Wallace and Bruce across the Carron. However, two deputies came through in the boat, and made me acquainted will their loyal purposes. The evening was crowned with two most distinguished actions--the weavers refusing, in the most peremptory manners, to accept of a couple of guineas to buy wbiskey, and the renowned John of Skye, piperin ordinary to the Laird of Abbotsford, no less steadily refusing a very bapdsome collection, which they offered him for his minstrelsy. All this sounds'very nonsensical, but the people must be humoured and countenanced when they take the right turn, otherwise they will be sure to take the wrong. The accounts from the West sometimes make me wish our liule Duke five or six years older, and able to get on horseback. It seems approaching to the old song-.

Come fill up our cup, come fill up our can
Come saddle the horses, and call up our men,
Coine open the gates, and let us go free,

And we'll show them the bonnets of bonny Dundee.' ،،

am rather too old for that work now, and I cannot look forward to it with the sort of feeling that resembled pleasure—as I did in my younger and more healthy days. However I have got a good following here, and will endeavour to keep them together till times mend.

My respectful compliments aliend Lady Mon!agu, and I am always, with the greatest regard, your Lordship's very faithful


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To Cornet Walter Scott, 18th Hussars.

Edinburgh, 13th Nov., 1819.. * DEAR WALTER,-) am much surprised and rather hurt at not hearing from you for so long a while. You ought to remember that, however pleasantly the time may be passing with you, we at home have some right to expect that a part of it (a very small part will serve the turn) should be dedicated, were it but for the sake of proprieiy, to let us know what you are about. I cannot say I shall be flaitered by linding myself under the necessity of again complaining of neglect.. To write once a weck to one or other of us is no great sacrifice, and it is what I earnestly pray you to do.'

“We are lo have great doings in Edinburgh this winter. No less than Prince Gustavus of Sweden is to pass the season here, and do what Princes call studying. He is but half a Prince either, for this Northern Star is somewhat shorn of his beams. His faiher was, you know, dethroned by Bonaparle, at least by the influence of his arms, and one of his generals, Bernadotte, made heir of the Swedish throne in his stead. But this youngster, I suppose, bas his own dreams of royalty, for be is nephew to the Emperor of Russia ( by the molber's side), and that is a likely connexion to be of use to him, should the Swedish

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