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Q. 3. Whether we must take the Romishi clergy for a true
ministry? ..

Q. 4. Whether it be necessary to believe that the Pope is the

Q. 5. Whether we must hold that a Papist may be saved ? 263
Q. 6. Whether those that are in the Church of Rome are

bound to separate from it? And whether it be lawful to go
to their mass or other worship? ...

Q. 7. Whether the true calling of the Minister by Ordination

or Election be necessary to the essence of the church? .. 266
Q. 8. Whether sincere faith and godliness be necessary to the

being of the ministry? And whether it be lawful to hear
a wicked man, or take the sacrament from him, or take
him for a minister ?

Q. 9. Whether the people are bound to receive or consent

to an ungodly, intolerable, heretical pastor, (yea or one far
less fit and worthy than a competitor) if the magistrate
command it, or the bishop impose him ?. ...

Q. 10. What if the magistrate command the people to receive

one pastor, and the bishop or ordainers another, which of
them must be obeyed ? ..

Q. 11. Whether an uninterrupted succession either of right

ordination or of conveyance by jurisdiction, be necessary to
the being of the ministry, or of a true church ? ...

Q. 12. Whether there be or ever was such a thing in the world

as one Catholic church, constituted by any head besides or
under Christ? ...

Q. 13. Whether there be such a thing as a visible Catholic
church, and what it is?

Q. 14. What is it that maketh a visible member of the univer-

sal church, and who are to be accounted such ?.....: 282
Q. 15. Whether besides the profession of Christianity, either

testimony or evidence of conversion or practical godliness
be necessary to prove a man a member of the universal
visible church?...

Q. 16. What is necessary to a man's reception into member-

ship in a particular church, over and above this aforesaid

title? Whether any other trials, or covenant, or what ?.. 285
Q. 17. Wherein doth the ministerial office essentially consist ? 287
Q. 18. Whether the people's choice or consent is necessary

to the office of a minister in his first work, as he is to con-
vert infidels and baptize them? And whether this be a
work of office, and what call is necessary to it?..


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Q. 19. Wherein consisteth the power and nature of ordina-

tion? And to whom doth it belong? And is it an act of

jurisdiction? And is imposition of hands necessary in it?
Q. 20. Is ordination necessary to make a man a pastor of a

particular church as such? And is he to be made a gene-
ral minister, and a particular church elder or pastor at once,

and at one ordination ? .....
Q. 21. May a man be oft, or twice ordained ?
Q. 22. How many ordainers are necessary to the validity of

ordination by Christ's institution, whether one or more ?
Q. 23. What if one bishop ordain a minister, and three, or

many, or all the rest protest against it, and declare him no
minister or degrade him, is he to be received as a true mi-

nister or not? ..
Q. 24. Hath a bishop power by Divine right to ordain, de-

grade or govern, excommunicate or absolve in another's
diocese or church, either by his consent or against it? And
doth a minister that officiateth in another's church, act as
a pastor, and their pastor, or as a private man? And doth
his ministerial office cease when a man removeth from his

Q. 25. Whether canons be laws, and pastors have a legisla-

tive power?
Q. 26. Whether church-canons or pastors' directive deter-

minations of matters pertinent to their office, do bind the
conscience, and what accidents will disoblige the people ;
you may gather before in the same case about magistrates'
laws in the Political Directions ; as also by an impartial
transferring the case to the precepts of parents and school-
masters to children, without respect to their power of the

rod, (or supposing that they had none such) ?
Q. 27. What are Christ's appointed means of the unity and

concord of the universal church, and consequently of its
preservation, if there be no human universal heal and go-
vernor of it upon earth ? And if Christ hath instituted
none such, whether prudence and the law of nature oblige
not the church to set up and maintain an universal ecclesias-
tical monarchy or aristocracy; seeing that which is every

man's work, is no man's, and omitted by all ? .....
Q. 28. Who is the judge of controversies in the church ? 1.

About the exposition of the Scriptures and doctrinal points
in themselves. 2. About either heresies or wicked prac-




tices, as they are charged on the persons accused of them :
that is, 1. Antecedently to our practice, by way of regula-
tion. 2. Or consequently by judicial sentence (and execu-
tion) on offenders ?

Q. 29. Whether a parent's power over his children, or a pas-

tor's, or many pastors or bishops over the same children as
parts of their flocks, be greater, or more obliging in mat-
ters of religion and public worship? ...

Q. 30. May an office-teacher or pastor be at once in the stated

relation of a pastor, and a disciple to some other pastor ?.. 315
Q. 31. Who hath the power of making church-canons ? .. 316
Q. 32. Doth baptism as such enter the baptized into the uni-

versal church ; or into a particular church, or both ? And

is baptism the particular church-covenant as such ? .... 317
Q. 33. Whether infants should be baptized, I have answered
long ago in a Treatise on that subject ? .

Q. What infants should be baptized ? And who have right to

sacraments? And whether hypocrites are unequivocally or
equivocally Christians and church-members, I have resolved

in my “Disputation of Right to Sacraments." .... ibid.
Q. 34. Whether an unbaptized person who yet maketh a pub-

lic profession of Christianity be a member of the visible

church? And so of the infants of believers unbaptized ? ibid.
Q. 35. Is it certain by the Word of God, that all infants bap-

tized, and dying before actual sin are undoubtedly saved ?
Or what infants may we say so of? ...

Q. 36. What is meant by this speech, that believers and their

seed are in the covenant of God; which giveth them right
to baptism?

Q. 37. Are believers' children certainly in covenant before

their baptism; and thereby in a state of salvation; or not
till they are baptized ? ....

Q. 38. Is infants' title to baptism and the covenant benefits

given them by God in his promises upon any proper moral
condition, or only upon the condition of their natural rela-
tion; that they be the seed of the faithful ? .....

Q. 39. What is the true meaning of sponsors, ('patrimi'), or

godfathers, as we call them; and is it lawful to make use
of them ? ......

Q. 40. On whose account or right is it that the infant hath

title to baptism and its benefits? Is it on the parent's, an-
cestor's, sponsor's, the church's, the minister's, the magis-
trate's, or his own ?....



Q. 41. Are they really baptized who are baptized according to

the English liturgy and canons, where the parent seemeth
excluded, and those to consent for the infant who have no
power to do it?

Q. 42. But the great question is, How the Holy Ghost is

given to infants in baptism, and whether all the children of
true Christians have inward sanctifying grace? Or whether
they can be said to be justified and to be in a state of sal-
vation, that are not inherently sanctified? And whether
any fall from this infant state of salvation ?

Q. 43. Is the right of the baptized (infants or adult) to the

sanctifying operations of the Holy Ghost now absolute; or
suspended on further conditions ? And are the parents'
further duty for their children such conditions of their
children's reception of the actual assistances of the Spirit?
Or are children's own actions such conditions ? And may
apostate parents forfeit the covenant benefits to their bap-
tized infants or not?

Q. 44. Doth baptism always oblige us at the presents and

give grace at the present, and is the grace which is not
given till long after, given by baptism, or an effect of bap-

Q. 45. What is a proper violation of our baptismal covenant ? 361
Q. 46. May not baptism in some cases be repeated; and when? 362
Q. 47. Is baptism by laymen or women lawful in cases of ne-

cessity; or are they nullities, and the person to be re-bap-
tized ?

Q. 48. May Anabaptists that have no other error, be permit-
ted in church-communion ?......

Q. 49. May one offer his child to be baptized, with the sign

of the cross, or the use of chrisms, the white garment,
milk and honey, or exorcisms as among the Lutherans,
who taketh these to be unlawful things ?..

Q.50. Whence came the ancient universal custom of anoint-

ing at baptism, and putting on a white garment, and

tasting milk and honey; and whether they are lawful to us ? 367
Q. 51. Whether it be necessary that they that are baptized in

infancy, do solemnly at age review and own their baptis-
mal covenant before they have right to the state and pri-
vileges of adult members; and if they do not, whether
they are to be numbered with Christians or apostates ?.... 369


Q. 52. Whether the universal church consist only of particu-
lar churches and their members ?

Q. 53. Must the pastor first call the church and aggregate

them to himself, or the church first congregate themselves
and then choose the pastor ?

Q. 54. Wherein doth a particular church of Christ differ
from a consociation of many churches ?..

Q. 55. Whether a particular church may consist of more as-

semblies than one ; or must needs meet all in one place ? 372
Q.56. Isany form of church-government of Divine institution? 373
Q. 57. Whether any forms of churches and church-govern-

ment or any new church-officers may lawfully be invented
and made by man?

Q. 58. Whether any part of the proper pastoral or episcopal

power may be given or deputed to a layman, or to one of
any other office ; or their proper work may be performed
by such?

Q. 59. May a layman preach or expound the Scriptures; or
what of this is proper to the pastor's office ?

Q. 60. What is the true sense of the distinction of pastoral

power'in foro interiore et exteriore,' rightly used ?...... 400
Q. 61. In what sense is it true, that some say that the ma-

gistrate only hath the external government of the church,
and the pastor the internal ?

Q. 62. Is the trial, judgment, or consent of the laity neces-

sary to the admittance of a member into the universal or
particular church?

Q. 63. What power have the people in church-censures
and excommunication ?

Q. 64. What is the people's remedy in case of the pastor's
mal-administration? ..

Q. 65. May one be a pastor or a member of a particular

church who liveth so far from it, as to be incapable of
personal communion with them?

Q. 66. If a man be injuriously suspended or excommunicated

by the pastor or people, which way shall he have remedy? 406
Q. 67. Doth presence always make us guilty of the evils or

faults of the pastor in God's worship, or of the church ?
or in what cases are we guilty ? ...

Q. 68. Is it lawful to communicate in the sacrament with
wicked men ?


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