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night, that is to say, in the space of twelve or fifteen hours, there die many thousand people. Who can say whose name is not in the list of those which death will remove out of this world? Now I leave it to the decision of every one's heart, what they would have done, if in the midst of their sleep, they had been called upon to appear before the tribunal of divine justice !
THE starry sky is an admirable scene of the wonders of the Most High, in the eyes of every one who loves to reflect on the works of Omnipotence. The order, the greatness, the multitude, and the brilliant splendour of those heavenly bodies, must be a most pleasing spectacle to an attentive observer. The sight of the stars alone, supposing that we knew nothing of their nature and use, would be sufficient to fill the mind with admiration and delight. For what can be seen more magnificent and beautiful than that immense expanse of the heavens, illuminated by numberless lights, which the azure sky makes appear still more brilliant; and which all differ from one another, both in size and lustre. But, would à Being infinitely wise have adorned the celestial vault with so many bodies of an immense size, merely to please our eyes, and afford us a magnificent sight? Would he have created innumerable suns, merely that the inhabitants of our little globe might have the pleasure of seeing in the sky. some luminous specks, the particular nature and purpose of which they very imperfectly know? Such an idea cannot be formed by any body who considers, that there is, throughout all nature, an admirable harmony between the works of God and the purposes he designs them for; and that in all he does, he has in view the advantages, as well as the pleasure of his creatures. Indeed we cannot precisely determine all the particular ends the stars may answer; but, at least, it is easy to believe, that they must be designed for the advantage as well as the ornament of the world; and the following considerations will be sufficient to convince us of it. Among the stars that are easiest to be distinguished, there are some which we see constantly in the same part of the sky, and are always over our heads. These serve to guide travellers by sea and land, in the darkness of night. They point out the way to the navigator, and tell him when he may undertake his voyages with least danger. Other stars vary their aspect; and though they always hold the same situation, as to one another, they change the order of their rising and setting, from day to day. Even these changes, which never vary in their regularity, are of great use to us; they serve to measure time, and to determine it by settled rules. The regular revolutions of the stars mark precisely the return and the end of the season. The ploughman knows ex. actly, by this means, when he ought to sow seeds in the earth, and the whole progress of the country labours. However considerable the use of the stars is to our earth, it may well be presumed, that it is not the only, nor the most important object, which the Deity proposed to himself in producing so many globes of a prodigious size. Can it, indeed, be supposed, that the wise Creator strewed the immense exa panse with so many millions of worlds and suns, merely that the small number which inhabit the earth should be informed of the measure of time, and the return of the seasons? Undoubtedly these innumerable globes are for more sublime purposes; and each of them has its particular destination. All the stars being so many suns, which can give light, animation, and heat to other globes, is it probable that the Almighty should have given them that faculty for no purpose? No, certainly: perhaps each of these fixed stars, which we see by myriads, has its worlds moving round it, for which it has been created. Perhaps, these spheres which we see above us, serve as abodes for different sorts of creatures; and are peopled, like our earth, with inhabitants, who admire and praise the magnificence of the works of God. Perhaps, from all these globes, as well as from ours, there rises continually towards the Creator, prayers and hymns of praise and thanksgiving. How sublime is this thought, that, exclusive of the small number of rational creatures which inhabit this globe, there are innumerable numbers of them in those worlds, which appear from hence to be but mere luminous specks. It must be indeed out of the question, that the empire of the Most High should not be beyond the limits of our earth. Beyond this world there is an immensity, in comparison of which our globe, large as it is, can be but reckoned as nothing.
The wonderful make of the Eye. The eye infinitely surpasses all the works of the industry of man. Its formation is one the most astonishing things the human understanding has been able to acquire a knowledge of. We cannot, it is true, perceive clearly the whole art of Divine Wisdom in the formation of this fine organ; but the little we do know is sufficient to convince us of the infinite knowledge, goodness, and power of our
Creator. The most essential point is for us to make use of this knowledge, weak as it is, to magnify the name of the Most High. .
The very disposition of the eyes is admirable. They are placed in the head at a certain depth, and surrounded with hard and solid bones, that they may not easily be hurt. The eye-brows contribute also very much to the safety and preservation of this organ. Those hairs which form an arch over the eyes, prevent dust or any such thing falling from the forehead into them. The eye-lids are a security; and by closing in our sleep, they prevent the light from disturbing our rest. The eye-lashes still add to the preservation of the eyes. They save us from too strong a light, which might offend us; and they guard us from the smallest particles of dust, which might otherwise hurt the sight. The internal part of the eye is composed of coats, of humours, of muscles, and veins. The tunica, or exterior membrane, which is called cornea, is transparent, and so hard, that it can resist the roughest shocks. Behind that there is another within, which they call uvea, and which is circular and coloured. In the middle of it there is an opening, which is called the pupil, and which appears black. Behind this opening is the crystal, which is perfectly transparent, and composed of several little flakes, very thin, and arranged one over another. Underneath the crystal there is a moist and transparent substance, which they call the vitreous humour, because it resembles melted glass. The cavity between the cornea and the crystal, contains a moist humour, and liquid as water, for that reason called the watery humour ; which can recruit itself when it has run out from a wound of the cornea. Six muscles move the eye on all sides, raise it, lower it, turn it to the right or left, obliquely, or round about, as occasion requires. What is most admirable is the retina, a membrane which lines the inside of the bottom of the eye;
this is a web of little fibres extremely fine, fastened to a nerve or sinew, which comes from the brain, and is called the optic nerve. It is in the retina that the vision is formed, because the objects paint themselves at the bottom of the eye on that tunica or coat: and though the images of exterior objects are painted upside down on the retina, they are still seen in their true position. Now, in order to form an idea of the extreme minuteness of this picture, we need only consider, that the space of half a mile, that is to say, of more than eight hundred yards, when it is represented in the bottom of the eye, makes but the tenth part of an inch..
My soul acknowledges the infinite power, goodness, and wisdom of my Creator, in providing me with such a useful member. And when I see the many evils and miseries of my fellow-creatures, let not my eyes refuse them tears, nor my heart be-shut to compassion. Thus shall I fulfil the views of his goodness, and make myself worthy of his approbation.
AMONGST the many meteors seen in winter, one of those which merit particular attention is the fog. It is composed of watery and sulphureous vapours, which fill and thicken the air. This condensation is principally occasioned by cold; and in order to form fogs, the air must be sensibly colder than the earth, from whence there arise continual exhalations. All that we see, far 'or near, the sky or earth, appears confusedly wrapped up in a grey curtain. The eye wanders everywhere, without