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members as obey not the laws of it, or disturb its order.
And this, I think, is the whole end, latitude, und er. tent of ECCLESIASTICAL POWER AND RELIGIOUS SOCIETY.
This being, as I suppose, the distinct bounds of church and state, let us a little compare them together ;
1. The end of civil society 1. The end of church is present enjoyment of what communion, is future expecthis world affords.
tation of what is to be had in another world.
2. Another end of civil 2. The preservation of the society, is the preservation of society in religious communithe society or government on, is only in order to the itself for its own sake.
conveying and propagating those laws and truths which concern our well-being in another world.
8. The terms of communion must be the same in all societies.
4. The laws of a commonwealth are MUTABLE, being made within the society by an authority not distinct from it, nor exterior to it.
4. The laws of religious society, bating those which are only subservient to. the order necessary to their execution, are immutable, not subject to any authority of the society, but * * * made by a lawgiver without the society, and paramount to it.
[ 5. The proper means to 5. The proper means to procure obedience to the law procure obedience to the of the civil society, and there laws of religion, are the reby attain the end, civil hap- wards and punishments of the
piness is force or punishment. other world; but CIVIL ÞUN:
i. It is effectual and ade- ISHMENT is not so. quate for the preservation i. Because it is ineffectual of the society, and civil to that purpose; for punhappiness is the immedia ishment is never sufficient ate and natural consequence to keep men to the obedi.. of the execution of the law. ence of any law, u here the ii. It is just, for the breach evil it brings is not certains of the laws being mostly ly greater than the good the prejudice and dimin which is obtained or expectution of another man's ed from the disobedience ; right, and always tending and therefore, no temporal to the dissolution of the punishment can be sufficient society, in the continuance to persuade a man to, or whereof, every man's par from a way which he beticular right is compre lieves leads to everlasting hended, it is just that he happiness or misery. who has impaired another ii. Because it is unjust, man's good, should suffer that I should be despoiled the diminution of his own. of my good things of this
world, WHERE I DISTURB NOT IN THE LEAST, THE ENJOYMENT OF OTHERS; for my faith or worship hurts not another man in any (temporal) concernment of his.
NATIVE SPEECH. In the summer of last year, the Rev. A. Buzacott of Raratonga visited Sydney in company with Makea, a con- . verted chief of the station in which he had been labouring. This pious native, who, although of the same name, must not be confounded with the Makea of whom mention is so frequently made in the “Missionary Enterprises,” was a boy when the island was discovered; but he became an attendant upon the first Sabbath's service which was conducted at Ra. ratonga, entered the Sabbath-school at its formation, and has from that time, to use Mr. Buzacott's words, “ been a steady friend of missionaries and missions, has made himself useful in a variety of ways, has maintained a consistent walk as a
member of the church, and promises to be a blessing to his countrymen on the island.": At at public meeting, held at Sydney on the 24th of August, 1842, this excellent native delivered the following address, the sentiments of which impart to it more than a local or limited interest:
“Sons and daughters, and those among you who are chiefs and members of the churches, your attention I crave while I make known to you a little speech. I think you will not despise me in consequence of my colour, although you are different from me, but will have patience while I tell you something of what God has done for me and my people. I wish to make known some of the evils which formerly grew in my own land, such as wars, Cannibalism and plurality of wives, and the way in which God has been pleased to remove these evils. I do not wish to dwell upon these evils, betause they are now abolished; but to make known to you, how God was pleased to send his messengers, who came with the Word of life in their hand, and said, “ This is the Word of God," though we did not know what was meant by it. After Papeiha, Mr. Williams arrived among us, and idolatry was abolished, but not the evils connected with it. Many of these remained, and were practised secretly in a very great degree. When Mr. Williams came, he explained to us more fully the love of God in sending his Son Jesus Christ; but still we were in partial darkness, as to these great and wondrous things. When the teachers explained more fully the true God, some of the people said that they were deceiving us, that Jehovah was a deceiver, and that their gods of wood (striking the table before which he stood,) such as this, were true gods; but now these things are more clearly revealed to us, and we have abandoned our gods of wood and stone. You understand what I have already said that the gods we formerly worshipped were deceivers. Still it was not soon that we could abandon the evil things connected with idol worship, and had it not been for the power of Jehovah, these things would still have remained. But this power has operated not merely in an ontward degree. It has shewn us the evilofour natures, and led us to forsake our wicked courses. I hope you will bear with me, while I endeavour to explain the means which God has employed in causing the good Word to grow in our land, and in destroying the evils which remained. The people had embraced the gospel in name, but knew little of its power, but they have been visited by afflictions, those affictions have been sanctified. And now I stand here before you as a Christian, and to what are we to attribute it--to your love ?-to your compassion ? No! It is in consequence of the love of God--the mercy of a Saviour, that I have been made a Christian, and stand before you this day as an evidence of what the work of God has been amongst us. You are well acquainted, dear friends, with that passage of the Word of God, spoken by Paul, which well applies to us. “We were once darkness, but now are we light in the Lord." Formerly we had bad gods, we were bad men, had bad clothes, bad bread, bad water, and lived in bad houses ; but now we know the true God, and have good clothes, good, food, good water, and good houses to dwell in. You know the good God: and have good clothing, and every thing good. It all follows in the train, but though we are of a different colour, God does not look at that. He has not prepared heaven for one colour only; God is no respecter of persons; he looks at the heart. Why is it that you have not understood the command of Jesus Christ:-“Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature ?" How is it that none from Sydney have been sent ?--that none from the church here have been qualified for this great work ?-Why leave it to ignorant natives such as myself? We may do very well to go before, to prepare the way, but Missionaries are wanted. At every land we come to, the door is open: every one saying, " We want to know what is the Word of God." Let them not die for want of help. I have done-I am much delighted to look upon your faces ; I have seen something, which neither my father, my grandfather, my great grandfather, nor any of my ancestors have seen. They all perished in darkness, and only saw evil, such as killing and eating each other, but in consequence of knowing Jehovah as the true God I now stand before you, and behold this beautiful house, these beautiful lights, and these friends who make my heart rejoice. I have only one more little word to say, that is, I commend you to God and the Word of his grace do not forsake the Word of Life This is what I have to say. These are the subscriptions from the church at Raratonga. It is very little, but we have not money as you have. What we get, we are happy to give. Mr. Williams told us something about what the people of England did ; how they collected money for the Society to send forth the gospel. When we knew this, our de. sire began to grow for other heathen lands which have not known the true God, and therefore having been told how we might set to work, we planted some land, and sold the produce. This is the result. The sum is about £90."
SUNDAY-SCHOOLS, SUNDAY-SCHOOL CLOTHING FUND. The annual distribution of the clothing, fund tickets has just taken place in the boys' school connected with the new Independent chapel, Chelmsford ; (Rev. J. Mark’s.) We give the plan pursued in this institution, as other schools may perhaps find it advisable to act in a similar manner, though various modifications may be introduced. The following are the rules :
1. The Children who subscribe, must attend in time, both parts of the day; and repeat their lessons perfectly, as soon as called upon by their teachers. A"clothing fund” Ticket will then be given to them, each Sunday. .
2. Two of these Tickets will entitle each child to pay in two-pence, to be entered in the first column, and the amount so entered, will be doubled at the end of the year, except as after stated.
3. Any misconduct, either in the school, chapel, or streets, which may be reported by the Teachers, will be noticed, and proportionate deductions made at the end of the year.
4. Any additional sums may be subscribed, which will be entered in the second column.
At Christmas, the cards are taken in and the amounts made up, and the value delivered to the children in tickets, for one shilling each ; upon which are the names of various tradesmen, at whose shops they are taken, and pass as money. This mode is considered better than payment in goods as it creates much less trouble and confusion, and the parents are better satisfied in laying the money out themselves. The tickets are afterwards cashed by the secretary or treasurer of the school : they are then re-sorted and again issued the following Christmas, and the names of the children not being put upon them, they thus last for several years and save the expence of re-printing.
The effect of this plan upon the attendance of the children is very manifest, for the average number of absentees is under twenty out of a school hardly exceeding one hundred. The additions made cannot (under our rules) exceed four shillings in a year, there being two or three sundays when no payments are received.
The amount just distributed in the boys' school alone is above forty pounds, and during the last ten years upwards of three hundred pounds have been dispensed in this manner.