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JOSHUA APPOINTED TO THE GOVERNMENT BY THE
LORD, AND ACCEPTED BY THE PEOPLE.
From Joshua, Chap. i.
Now after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, it came to pass, that the LORD spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel.
Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I said unto Moses.
From the wilderness and this Lebanon, even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea, toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast.
There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: As I was with Moses, so will I be with thee; I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
Be strong and of a good courage; for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land which I sware unto their fathers to give them.
Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses, my servant, commanded thee; turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest.
This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth, but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein ; for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success.
Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage, be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the Lord thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest.
Then Joshua commanded the officers of the people, saying, Pass through the host, and cominand the people, saying, Prepare you victuals : for within three days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land which the LORD your God giveth you to possess it.
And to the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to half the tribe of Manasseh, spake Josliua, saying, Remember the word which Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, saying, The LORD your God hath given you rest, and hath given you this land : Your wives, your
your cattle, shall re.. main in the land which Moses gave you on this side Jordan; but ye shall pass before your brethren armed, all the mighty men of valour, and help them :
Until the Lord have given your brethren rest, as he kath given you, and they also have possessed the land which the LORD your God giveth them : then ye
shall returp unto the land of your possession, and enjoy it which Moses the Lord's servant gave you on this side Jordan toward the sun-rising.
And they answered Joshua saying, all that thou commandest us we will do, and whithersoever thou sendest us we will go.
According as we hearkened unto Moses in all things, so will we hearken unto thee: only the LORD thy God be with thee, as he was with Moses.
Whosoever he be that doth rebel against thy commandment, and will not hearken unto thy words, in all that thou commandest hin, he shall be put to death : only be strong and of a good courage.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.
Joshua was the properest person in the world for the important office he was appointed to, because he had for some time been the constant companion of Moses, and received ample instructions from him : he was likewise a man of exemplary life and conversation. To conquer Canaan, and govern Israel, were great undertakings; but he had every degree of encouragement that he could desire, for he had received infallible assurances that the LORD would strengthen him to perform whatever he required him to attempt.
The enterprize of passing the river Jordan was cer. tainly (according to the common course of things) very unlikely to be attended with success, as there was no bridge by which they could march across it; neither were they furnished with boats to pass it; and the river though not broad, was too rapid for armed men to swim over; notwithstanding these obstacles, Joshua made not the least objection to the undertaking, knowing that all things are possible to God. 'l he people were in a most excellent disposition of mind, for they willingly submitted to his authority, and devoutly wished for the PRESENCE of God amongst them, encouraging Joshua to pursue the work he had engaged in with stcadiness and chearfulness.
Joshua on this occasion commanded the people to prepare them victuals; from which we may conclude, that the Lord had informed him manna would cease. We find that the Reubenites and Gaciles attended, according to the covenant they had made with Moses ; but as their tribes composed an army of an hundred thousand fighting m n, he took only half of them, leaving the rest to defend their new possessions and their families. H 4
From the Lord's injunction to Joshua, to meditate on the book of the law day and night, we may understand that a diligent study of the Scriptures, with a view to the regulation of our lives and actions, is the way to obtain prosperity. Of this we may be certain, that it is the only likely method to secure our eternal happiness.
JOSHUA SENDS SPILS TO JERICHO, WHO ARE CON
CEALED FROM THEIR PURSUERS BY RAHAB.
From Joshua, Chap. ii.
And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men, to spy secretly, saying, Go, view the land, even 'Jericho: and they went and came into an harlot's house, named Rahab, and lodged there.
And it was told the king of Jericho, saying, Behold, there came men in hither to night of the children of Israel, to search out the country.
And the king of Jericho sent unto Rahab, saying, Bring forth the men that are come to thee, which are entered into thine house; for they be come to search out all the country.
And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, There came men unto me, but I wist not whence they were: and it came to pass about the time of shutting the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went, I wot not; pursue after them quickly, for ye shall overtake them.
But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof. And the men pursued after them the way to Jordan,
unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued after them were gone out, they shut the gate.
And before they were laid down, she came up unto them upon the roof; and she said unto the men, I know that the Lord hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you.
For we have heard how the Lord dried the water of the Red Sea for you, when you came out of Egypt; and what you did unto the two kings of the Amorites that were on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed.
And as soon as we had heard these things our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, he is Gop in heaven above, and in earth beneath.
Now, therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the Lord, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father's house; and give me a true token : and that
my father, and my mother, and my brethren, and sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our lives from death.
And the men answered her, Our life for yours, if ye utter not this our business. And it shall be when the Lord hath given us the land, that we will deal kindly and truly with thee.
Then she let them down by a cord through the window: for her house was upon the town wall, and she dwelt upon
the wall. And she said unto them, Get you to the mountain, lest the pursuers meet you; and hide yourselves there three days, until the pursuers be returned; and afterward
may ye go your way. And the men said unto her, We will be blameless of this thine oath which thou hast made us swear.