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dren of Israel manna any more, but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.


We have in the beginning of this section a farther account of the effects of the terror or fear of the LORD.

The rite of circumcision had been discontinued for a number of years, perhaps from the time that the Israelites provoked God to sentence them to die in the wilderness. It was a sign of faith and trust in God, the seal of his covenant, which those rebellious persons, who despised the promises of the Lord, had broken, therefore they were not allowed the privilege of transferring the covenant to their children ; but when the Lord renewed the covenant with their posterity, he restored the rite of circumcision, and thereby qualified them to partake of that holy ordinance, which was instituted in commemoration of God's delivering the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, from Egyp. tian bondage. This was the third passover, one had been distinguished by some remarkable event. The first was at the departure of the children of Israel from Egypt; the second at the dedication of the tabernacle, soon after which the Israelites committed the sin that excluded them from Canaan; and then it was suspended till the present joyful occasion.

After the celebration of the passover, Manna ceased, for they had no longer need of miraculous food, as the land would supply them plentifully, for it was harvest time, and the country people had deserted their corn, because their fears impelled them to take shelter ią Jericho. The ceasing of Manna was a very remarkable cir

cumstance; * Marginal translation,

and every

cumstance; it served to shew the Israelites, that the failing of it was an act of God's providence, and not the effect of natural causes. It also proves, that God does not work miracles unnecessarily.




From Joshua, Chap. vi. And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lift up his eyes and looked, and behold, there stood a man over against him, with his sword drawn in his hand; and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us or for our adversaries ? and he said, Nay; but as Prince * of the host of the Lord am I

now come.

And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith


LORD unto his servant ? and the Prince of the Lord's host said unto Joshua, Loose thy shoe from off thy foot; for the place whereon thou standest is holy. And Joshua did so.

Now. Jericho was straitly shut up, because of the children of Israel : none went out, and none came in.

And the Lord said unto Joshua, See I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour. And ye

the city, all ye men of war, and

go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days.

And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams horns: and the seventh day ye shall

shall compass


compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

And it shall come to pass that when they make a long blast with the rams horns, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout, and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.

And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams horns before the ark of the LORD, And he said unto the people, Pass on, and

compass the city; and let him that is armed pass on before the ark of the LORD.

And it came to pass when Joshua had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams horns passed on before the LORD, and blew with the trumpets ; and the ark of the covenant of the LORD followed them.

And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the rere-ward came after the ark, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout: then shall


shout. So the ark of the LORD compassed the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged

in the camp:

And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took


the ark of the LORD. And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually,


and blew with the trumpets ; and the armed men went before them ; but the rere-ward came after the ark of the Lord, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.

And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp : so they did six days.

And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner, seven times : only on that day they compassed the city seven times.

And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, shout, for the Lord hath given you the city.

And the city shall be accursed, even it and all that are therein, to the LORD; only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.

And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.

But all the silver and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are consecrated unto the LORD ; they shall come into the treasury of the Lord.

So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets; and it came to pass when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.

And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox,

and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword. But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied


out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye Sware unto her.

And the young men that were spies, went in, and brought out Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all that she had : and they brought out all her kindred, and left them without the camp of Israel.

And they burned the city with fire, and all that was therein: only the silver and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the LORD).

And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had :- and she dwelleth in Israel even unto this day; because she hid the

messengers which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho. And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the LORD, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his first-born, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it.

So the LORD was with Joshua, and his fame was noised throughout all the country.


He who appeared to Joshua could be no other than the Lord God; for had it been one of the heavenly host, he would not have received the adoration of Joshua, which was due to God alone. And we find that Joshua was commanded to shew the utmost reverence, by pulling off his shoes, as the place he stood on was sanctified by the appearance of the Lord of all things. Joshua gladly submitted to this heavenly commander, convinced that he was the same good Being who had guided


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