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As the LORD commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so did Joshua: he left nothing undone of all that the LORD commanded Moses.

So Joshua took all that land, the hills and all the south country, and all the land of Goshen, and the valley, and the plain, and the mountain of Israel, and the valley of the same ; even from the mount Halack, that goeth up to Seir, even unto Baal-gad, in the valley of Lebanon, under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them and slew them.

Joshua made war a long time with all those kings.

There was not a city that made peace with the chil. dren of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battie.

For it was of the LORD to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the LORD commanded Moses.

And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel, Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.

There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained some of them.

So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and the land rested from


And the number of kings which Joshua and the children of Israel slew on this side Jordan, was thirty and one,


ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. The Canaanites were very obstinate in making such resistance; for we may judge, from the case of the Gibeonites, that if other nations would have humbled themselves, and embraced the true religion, they might have been spared, and perhaps they might have had better terms than the Gibeonites were allowed; but they generally came out against Joshua first, and none would listen to conditions of peace.

It is supposed that Joshua's wars, though the history is comprized in so short a compass, lasted five years; agreeably to the words of God, that he would “ subdue the nations before them by little and little.” Even the Anakims at length fell a prey to his victorious arms, notwithstanding they fortified themselves in the strongest manner, and made use, without doubt, of every stratagem they could devise. These were the men whose gigantic appearance struck such terror into the spies that searched the land in the days of Moses.

Thus the Lord drove out the nations from before his people, enabled them to smite the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and gave them possession of their land, according to His promise to Abraham.

We read that Joshua's army slew one-and-thirty kings; it seems that each of these presided only over one city and its towns and villages, and that when any one was in danger from an enemy, many of them united together for the common safety.

The punishment of the kings appears very severe; but even the crowned head that exalteth itself against the LORD deserves to be laid low.




From Joshua, Chap. xiii. Now Joshua was old, and stricken in years; and the Lord said unto him, Thou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed.

This is the land that yet remaineth ; all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri. From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, which is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites : From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah, that is beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites: and the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon toward the sun-rising, from Baal-gad under mount Hermon, unto the entering into Hamath.

All the inhabitants of the hill-country from Lebanon unto Mizrephoth.maim, and all the Sidonians, them will I drive out from before the children of Israel: only divide thou it by lot unto the Israelites for an inheritance, as I have commanded thec.

Then the children of Judah came unto Joshua in Gilgal : and Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite said unto him, Thou knowest the thing that the LORD said unto Moses the man of God, concerning me and thee in Kadesh-barnea.

Forty years old was I when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadesh-barnca, to espy out the land; and I brought him word again as it was in mine heart, Nevertheless, my brethren that went up with me


made the heart of the people melt: but I wholly fol. lowed the Lord


God. And Moses sware on that day, saying, Surely the land whereon thy feet have trodden shall be thine inheritance, and thy children's for ever; because thou hast wholly followed the Lord my Gov.

And now behold, the Lord hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Is. rael wandered in the wilderness : and now lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old.

As yet I am as strong this day as I was in the day that Moses sent me: as my strength was then, even so is my strength now, for war, both to go out and to

come in.

Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day. how the Anakims were there, and that the cities were great and fenced : if so be the LORD will be with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said.

And Joshua blessed him, and gave unto Caleb the Bon of Jephunneh Hebron for an inheritance.

Hebron therefore became the inheritance of Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite unto this day : because that he wholly followed the LORD God of Israel,

And the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba, whick Arba was a great man among the Anakims. And the land had rest from war,


As Joshua had attained a good old age, and had fought the battles of the LORD with so much intrepidity


and constancy, it was intended by his. Divine Commander that he should be released from his Jabours ; and, after receiving the reward promised to him in the land of Canaan, that he should be removed to a still better place, and enjoy an eternal inheritance : previous to his departure from earth, he was required to settle the division of the conquered countries, and also of those which were yet unsubdued, but promised to their future conquest, if Israel continued faithful to the Lord. It was highly necessary that such a division should be made, as it was very unlikely that so large a body of people would

agree if they had all things in common; besides, they were to consider the country as an inheritance, because it was granted by God to their fore. fathers, who in consequence of this grant bequeathed it to their posterity.

Abrahain left it to Isaac, Isaac to Jacob, and Jacob at his death was enabled, by the spirit of prophecy, to allot the different portions of each tribe: to the tribe of Judah be, by the Lord's direction, assigned a country abounding with vines and pasture grounds; to that of Asher, one plenteous in oil, iron, and brass ; to that of Naphtali, one extending from the west to the south of Judea ; to that of Benjamin, one on which the tem. ple of the LORD should afterwards be built; to those of Zebulun and Issachar, such as had plenty of seaports; to those of Simeon and Levi, no particular countries at all; the 'former were to have a portion with Judah, and the latter to be interspersed among the other tribes t.

Caleb's request plainly indicated, that his bravery and confidence in God remained unshaken, and that

* See Sect. liii. vol. i. † The prophecy of Moses at his approaching death agreed with it. See Deuteronomy xxxiii.

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