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For the Lord hath driven out from before you great mations and strong; but as for you, no man hath been able to stand before you unto this day.

One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.

Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God. Else if

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any wise back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you;

Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish frem off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

And behold, I am going the way of all the earth, and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you; all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof.

Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God premised you: so shall the LORD bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.

When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them: then shall the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.


ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. We are not informed where Joshua was when he made this exhortation, but it is most likely that there was a general assembly of the people at Shiloh, to ceJebrate one of their great feasts: and that he took this opportunity of reminding them of their duty.

Israel had now had experience of the good things which the Lord had given them, and knew their value; but as continued prosperity is very apt to draw the mind from God, Joshua thought it necessary to admonish them, lest they should after his death commit those sins for which the Lord had threatened to send curses upon

them. There is no need to enter into a particular explanation of this pathetic address, as it is very easy to be understood, and will naturally suggest proper reflections.




From Joshua, Chap. xxiv.

AND Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God.

And Joshua said unto all the people, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah the father of Abraham and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods.

And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land

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of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac.

And I gave unto Isaac, Jacob and Esau : and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt.

I sent Moses also and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt, according to that which I did amongst them: and afterward I brought you out.

And ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, and I delivered them into your hand.

And I sent the hornet before you, which drave them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with thy sword nor with thy bow. And I have given you a land for which


did not labour, and cities which



dwell in them : of the vineyards and olive yards which ye planted


eat, Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve him in sin. cerity and in trath: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD.

And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD; choose ye this day whom ye


serve, whether the gods which


fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land


dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.

And the people answered, and said, God forbid that we should forsake the LORD, to serve other gods.

For the Lord our God, he it is that brought us up and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house


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of bondage, and which did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein we went, and among all the people through whom we passed.

And the Lord drave out from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land: therefore will we also serve the Lord; for he is our God.

And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD; for he is an holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions, nor your sins.

If ye forsake the Lord and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do


hurt and consume you, after that he hath done you good.

And the people said unto Joshua, Nay; but we will serve the LORD.

And Joshua said unto the people, Ye are witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD to serve him. And they said, we are witnesses.

Now therefore put away, said he, the strange gods which are among you, and incline. your heart to the LORD God of Israel.

And the people said unto Joshua, The Lord our God will we serve, and his voice will we obey.

So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem.

And Joshua wrote these words, in the book of the law of God, and took a great stone, and set it up there, under an oak that was by the sanctuary of the Lord.

And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the Lord which he spake unto us; it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny

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So Joshua let the people depart, every man unto his inheritance. And it came to pass, after these things, that Joshua K 3


the son of Ne, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old.

And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Tinmath-serah, which is in mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash.

And the bones of Joseph which the children of Is-, rael brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem, for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph.

- And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill that pertained to Phinehas his son, which was given him in mount Eplıraim.

And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.

And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had known all the great work of the LORD, that he did for Israel.


This was a very solemn assembly; it consisted of the elders, heads, judges, and officers of the people of Israel, to whom Joshua in the name of the Lord gave his last exhortation. They met at Shechem, where Abraham settled at his coming to Canaan, and where God appeared to him; it was therefore a very proper place to remind them of God's promises, and of their own engagements.

As it is said that the people presented themselves before God, we may conclude that there was a place of public worship at Shechem, though the ark of the Lord


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