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the preference is given to the green frog. The vulgar opi- so met with the fate that awaited him. You may now go on nion that Frenchmen eat frogs for want of better food is your walk; and if a common frog cannot interest you, take quite erroneous ; the contrary is the fact; for a fricassee of care of the lily white duck.”

B. these animals is an expensive dish in France, and is considered a delicacy. Its chief merit appears to me to be its freedom from strong flavour of any kind ; a delicate stomach may

GARDENS FOR THE LABOURING CLASSES. indulge in it without fear of a feeling of repletion. In this country the foolish prejudices which forbid the use of many | The advantage which the working man, possessed of a little attainable articles of wholesome food, applies with force to patch of land at a moderate rent, has over him who is without frogs. Our starving peasants loath what princes of other pations would banquet on, and leave to badgers, hedgehogs, any, or holds it at a rate greatly above its value (a common buzzards, herons, pike and trout, sole possession of a very nu

case with the Irish labourer), can only be fully understood by tritive and pleasant article of food. When devoured by the those who have narrowly observed in England the respective heron, it is in part converted into a source of wonder to the conditions of the field labourer, with his allotment of a rood or unenlightened for the curious masses of whitish jelly found half a rood of garden, and the workman in a town factory. It on the banks of rivers and other moist places, and said by the country people to be fallen stars, are, so far as I have been is very obvious that the garden gives healthful recreation to able to observe, masses of immature frog spawn in a semi-di- the family, young and old, who have always some little matter gested state ; and they seemed to me to have been to perform in it, and if they really like the light work of culherons, just as we see hawks and owls reject balls of hair, tivating kitchen vegetables, fruits and flowers, they combine feathers, or other indigestible portions of their prey.

pleasure with profit. Here is something on which they can While on the subject of eating frogs, one of many of my always fall back as a resource if a day's work for hire is interadventures with the animal comes upon me with something like a feeling of compunction. When I was at school, it happened rupted—they can make up at home for so much lost time—the on a great occasion that a party of the big boys' were al- children have something rational and useful to do, instead of lowed to sit up much beyond the ordinary time of retiring. blackguarding about roads and streets—they help to raise the Finding it cold, it was proposed to adjourn to the kitchen, poke potatoes and cabbages, &c, which with prudent management up the fire, and make warm before going to bed. Proceeding materially assist their housekeeping. accordingly, we were startled by the repetition of some heavy sounds on the floor, and on getting up a blaze we discovered

The benefits which have arisen to the labourer and all the a frog of gigantic proportions jumping across the room.

He rural poor in England who have obtained from ten to forty was seized, and a council being held upon him, it was resolved perches of garden from land-proprietors or farmers, or those that he should be killed, roasted, and eaten ; and this awful who have the privilege of encroaching upon commons for the sentence was at once put into execution--the curious for curiosity, the braggarts for bravado, and the cowards, lest they purpose, is truly surprising. Much of this is attributable to the be thought so, partaking of the repast. We discovered next

exertions of the London Labourers' Friend Society, who, in day that the unfortunate devoured had been for three years a

an age when party violence divides man from his fellows, and settled denizen of the kitchen, where he dealt nightly havoc excites from some quarter or other opposition to every syson the hordes of crickets and cockroaches it contained. item designed for the common good, have quietly but steadily have had for three years a frog in confinement where his food pursued their own way. is not very abundant, and he has grown proportionally slowly, being still of a very diminutive size. Linnaeus and others dis

I have had occasion more than once to press upon the attinguished ours as the mute frog, believing it did not possess tention of those who have the disposal of land in Ireland, the a voice. They were mistaken : you hear our captive, when I great benefits which would result to our poor if they would press his back, give utterance to his woes; but if you desire act upon the principle which actuates this benevolent society; to attend his concert, get up some bright night in spring, seek and strange though it be, the fact is, that some landlords out his spawning place about the witching hour, and will then hear sounds, of strange power, which seem to make possessing estates both in England and Ireland are at pains the earth on which you stand to tremble. On investigation to secure to the English labourer advantages which they take you will find it to proceed from an assembled congregation of no trouble to provide for the labourer on the soil of Ireland. frogs, each pronouncing the word Croak, but dwelling, as a I have referred to the principle which guides the society. musician would say, with a thrill on the letter r. When It is, that the labouring classes should have such allotment of speaking of the tadpole, I forgot to allude to the fact, that land as will not interfere with their general course of fixed recent experimenters find that by placing them in covered jars, labour, nor render them at all independent of it, but merely the developement of the frog is arrested. The tadpole will give them employment during those hours which they have at continue to grow until it reaches a size as great as that of an command in the intervals of their more profitable occupations. adult frog. This has been attributed by the discoverer to a I have myself seen innumerable instances of the happy effects withdrawal of the agency of light; but it strikes me he has, of giving to the labourer or little mechanic even half a rood of in his anxiety to prop a theory, lost sight of the true reason, land, which he generally has in the highest state of producwhich appears to be, that while he excluded the young ani- tiveness, and from it his table is frequently supplied; while mal from light, he also put it in such a situation as to compel gooseberry and currant trees, in luxuriant bearing, and it to breathe alone by its gills, and afford it no opportunity for flowers close to the road, and without a higher fence than a the developement of its lungs, and so it retained of necessity its paling or hedge three feet high, attest the high degree of hofish-like functions. As you are probaby more of a sportsman nesty and decorum which the habit of having such productions than a naturalist, you have observed in rail shooting, your in this unprotected way undoubtedly generates. pointer, after a show of setting, roll on the ground: if you had The local poor-rates have in all instances been greatly les. examined, the chances are you would have found a dead frog sened by this mode of enabling labourers to help themselves ; of no very pleasing perfume. Why the dog so rolled, I cannot and if in this country the compulsory system of providing say, unless it be, that he like other puppies wished to smear food or employment for the sick or hungry poor had prevailed his hair with nasty animal odours. I have now I think worked long ago as in England, the landlords would have found means out your patience; and though I could dwell much longer on to guard against those dreadful realities of destitution with the subject, and eke out much from ancient lore, I will end which we have been familiarized. Not that it is desirable to by a less pompous quotation of part of a well-known song- give a very open invitation to the parish manger, for this deA frog he would a-wooing go,

stroys the feeling of self-dependence and weakens the motives Whether his mother would let him or no.'

to economy and industry. But there should have long since And the catastrophe,

been more practical exertion to place the labourer within

reach of reasonable comforts. • A lily white duck came and gobbled him up.'

What are the circumstances of tens of thousands of work. Pray apply the moral. Had the said frog had his mind cul- ing people in the great manufacturiug towns of Great Britain, tivated, and had he been acquainted with nature, he would in which no land can be given to them? Families so circumpot have engaged in a thoughtless courtship, that could have stanced wear out their health and existence in unvarying lano good end, nor have disobeyed the voice of experience, and I bour---not requiring much immediate exertion of strength, it is

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true; but wearisome from its continued sameness, which gives give a portion of it) to the editor of the Labourers' Friend no exercise whatever to the mind.

Magazine, says, “ In regard to the allotment system in parti. The many pictures presented to us of the mental and phy. cular, as a mode of giving the labourer à stake in the sical condition of a great portion of our fellow-creatures kept hedge,' I have learnt nothing here which induces me to change at the slave-like labour of the factory, are appalling, and I my opinion of its value: on the contrary, I feel rather confear they are true: this is unquestionably so, that children firmed in the belief, that where population and capital exist in from nine to twelve years of age (and many have been worked a high degree, no other practicable mode has yet been pro. from the age of five) are locked up for six days in the week, posed, so calculated to prevent the labouring classes from fallfor twelve hours every day, in a warm artificial temperature, ing into the degraded position, with all its train of ill coninstead of breathing the free air of heaven; they are looked sequences, of being mere machines in the hands of the capiupon as parts of the machinery, and must move accordingly; talists; or if they have already so fallen, so adapted to restore with this difference, that while human genius is always at them to a higher moral state. work to devise improvements in inanimate complications, and I believe that a much greater proportion of the labouring to keep them in the highest state of order, the condition of classes of Saxony possess some stake in the hedge' than the living soul and body is in too many instances neglected those of England. I am sorry, however, to add, that altogether. There is a wear and tear of human life, and an Saxony appears to me, by the increase that is taking place in accumulation of moral corruption, which it is frightful to her population, and by her efforts to push her manufactures, think of.

to be approaching the evil which we have long suffered under When work is in good demand, the joint labours of the in England, that of having the sole interest of a great portion parent and their children earn considerable weekly wages. of her people dependent entirely on the amount of weekly There is then plenty of bread and butter and some bacon for wages that they can obtain. the children, and beer and gin besides for their parents; but During three months of last year I resided in a village at nothing is saved for less prosperous times, and the family is some distance from Dresden, and in every sense a rural one, not eventually the better for the short run of high earnings. the occupations of the inhabitants, of which there were be

The want of a bit of land is more serious than many will tween seven and eight hundred living in about one hundred believe, not only in its effect upon health, but upon moral houses, being confined to agriculture, with the exception of conduct also.

some handicraftsmen, such as shoemakers, tailors, blacksmiths, Among some facts published by the London Labourers' &c. and a few who worked in some stone quarries. Besides Friend Society, are the details of the complete reformation of two considerable estates belonging to two persons who stood twelve men, who had been severally committed to gaol for in the position of esquires, and shared the manorial privileges, different offences of a very serious nature, in consequence of the land was much divided, two or three persons having as their obtaining portions of land, varying from two acres and much as 140 acres, but the greater part only from one to five a half to one rood; and I may add, that out of eighty occupants acres, which were held under a sort of feudal tenure; and all of land-allotments in the same neighbourhood, there has been the cottages had at least gardens. The appearance of general only one case of robbery within seven years.

comfort and happiness certainly exceeded that which I have Some of the foregoing remarks tend to show that the Irish ever seen in an English village of the same kind and size. poor would not gain in happiness by the establishment of the The inhabitants were healthy-looking : their houses were all modern British factory system among them, unless the advan- good substantial ones, provided (at least several that I entered) tage of a little land could be afforded them at the same time. with decent furniture, and they were invariably well clothed. A proof of this exists in the altered circumstances of the people The two latter points are remarkable in Saxony. I have who were once employed in the domestic manufacture of linen never seen a row of cottages, or rather huts here, and very in Ulster. These had a patch of land, to which they could rarely a raggedly-dressed person. I will here add, also, that at pleasure turn from the loom and the reel; and as the the Saxons who visit rich England are particularly struck with labour of their children was not prematurely demanded, they the numbers of persons they see in rags and tatters. I found, could enjoy the green fields or the garden, and be employed however, that there were several persons, and even families, in school, with a certainty of substantial food (instead of bad who had merely lodgings in the cottages without any land, and coffee and adulterated tea), until they attained the age of these were invariably in bad circumstances. In fact, they were thirteen or fourteen, when they could take an active part in the dependent solely on wages ; and here was the commencement labour of the loom.

of that evil to which I have before adverted, and for which I When field or garden labour can be combined with factory can think of no other effectual remedy than the allotment work, the miseries of the manufacturing system are much system.” removed, and manufactures in such a case become serviceable under judicious and moral management: the present state of

Irish BRAVERY AND HONOUR.-On the surprise of Crethe town of Lancaster affords some illustration of this. It mona by Prince Eugene in 1702, when Villeroy, the French verges on a purely agricultural district, and now contains general, most of the officers, military chests, &c. were taken, both manufacturing and farm labourers. Upon the introduc- and the German horse and foot in possession of the town, tion of cotton manufactures (and half the few mills now exist- excepting one place only, the Po Gate, which was guarded by ing there were established only seven years ago), the wages two Irish regiments commanded by O'Mahony and Bourk, of each individual workman were rendered less than they had before the Prince commenced the attack there, he sent to exa been before, but the earnings of his whole family increased postulate with them, and show them the rashness of sacriconsiderably. Children before that period were burdensome to ficing their lives where they could have no probability of their parents, who when making application for parish aid relief, and to assure them if they would enter into the impepleaded the number of their family. Now children are sources

rial service, they should be directly and honourably promoted. of increased comfort to such parents ; and even step-children, The first part of this proposal they heard with impatience, grand-children, nephews, and nieces, who were formerly the second with disdain. Tell the Prince," said they, “ that pressed into the list of mouths to be fed from the parish rates,

we have hitherto preserved the honour of our country, and that are now studiously kept out of sight, because they earn wages,

we hope this day to convince him that we are worthy of his and contribute to the support of those who would otherwise esteem, While one of us exists, the German eagle shall not shift them off their hands. On the whole, those with families be displayed upon these walls. This is our deliberate resoluare better off than if without them; and the children them- tion, and we will not admit of further capitulation." The selves, except in times of very hurried

work, and allowing

for attack was commenced by a large body of foot, supported occasional abuses by employers and parents over-working by five thousand cuirassiers, and after a bloody conflict of them, are better off than formerly. The comparatively good two hours the Germans retreated : the Irish pursued their state of the Lancaster operatives arises from the circum- advantage, and attacked them in the streets. Before evenstance, that in times of difficulty in the factories many of the ing the enemy were expelled the town, and the general and work people have farm work to turn to, and numbers of them the military chests recovered. have allotments of their own. In proportion as the labouring poor of any community are

Printed and Published every Saturday by GUNN and CAMBRON, at the Office

of the General Advertiser. No. 6. Church Lane, College Green, Dub. deprived of the advantage of gardens, is a decrease in their lin.-Agents :-R. GROOMBRIDGE, Panyer Alley, Paternoster Row, Lon. health, happiness, and moral state. Of this, as regards an- don. SIMMs and DINHAM, Exchange Street, Manchester. C. DAVIES, other nation, I have a proof before me in the letter of Mr T.

North John Street, Liverpool. J. DRAKE. Birmingham. M. BINGAAM,

Broad Street, Bristol. FRASER and CRAWFORD, George Street, Edin. Bastard, who in a communication from Germany (I shall only burgh. Dario ROBERTSON, Trongate, Glasgow.

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THE TOWN AND CASTLE OF LEIXLIP, COUNTY OF KILDARE. LOCALITIES are no less subject to the capricious mutations than among the citizens of any other great town with which of fashion in taste, than dress, music, or any other of the we are acquainted. But, however this may be, the fact is various objects on which it displays its extravagant vagaries. unquestionable, that there is scarcely a spot of any natural or The place which on account of its beauties is at one period improved beauty, within a few miles of us, which has not in the chosen resort of pleased and admiring crowds, at another turn had its day of fashion, and its subsequent period of unbecomes abandoned and unthought of, as if it were an un- merited neglect. Clontarf, with its sequestered green lanes, sightly desert, unfit for the enjoyment or happiness of civil and its glorious views of the bay—Glasnevin, the classical ized man. Some other locality, perhaps of less natural or abode of Addison, Parnell, Tickell, Sheridan, and Delany acquired beauty, becomes the fashion of the day, and after a -Finglas, with its rural sports—Chapelizod, the residence time gets out of favour in turn, and is neglected for some of the younger Cromwell-Lucan, Leixlip, with their once other novel scene before unthought of or disregarded. Yet celebrated spas, and all the delightful epic scenery of the the principles of true taste are immutable, and that which is Liffey-Dundrum, with its healthy mountain walks and atmoreally beautiful is not the less so because it has ceased to attract sphere, and many others unnecessary to mention, all experithe multitude, who are generally governed to a far greater encing the effects of this inconstancy of fashion, have found extent by accidental associations of ideas than by any abstract their once admired beauties totally disregarded, and the ad, feelings of the mind.

miration of the multitude almost wholly transferred to a wild Perhaps it is less attributable to any characteristic vola- and unadorned beauty on the rocky shores of Kingstown and tility in the character of the inhabitants of our metropolis, Bullock, which our forefathers deemed unworthy of notice. than to the singular variety and number of the beautiful But let that beauty take warning from the fate of her predelocalities which surround our city, and in emulous rivalry at- cessors, and not hold her head too high in her day of tri, tract our attention, that this inconstancy of attachment to umph, for she too will assuredly be cast off in turn, and find any one locality is more strikingly instanced among ourselves, l herself neglected for some rival as yet unnoticed.

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Of such unmerited inconstancy and neglect there are no Cunningham; here resided Speaker Connolly before he built localities in the neighbourhood of Dublin which have greater his splendid mansion at Castletown; here the great commoner, reason to complain than the village of Lucan and that which as he was called, Tom Connolly, was born. Like many such forms the subject of our prefixed embellishment. As the edifices, this castle is haunted : character and keeping would establishment of peace in Ireland led to an increase of civili. be altogether lost if towers of 600 years' standing, with rich zation, which exhibited itself in improved roads and vehicles mullioned windows that exclude the light, and passages that of conveyance, and the citizens, emerging from their embattled lead to nothing,' with tapestried chambers that have witnessed strongholds, ventured to enjoy the pleasures of nature and pranks of revelry and feats of war, of Norman, Cromwellian, rural life, Lucan and Leixlip, with the beautiful scenery in and Williamite possession, if such a place had not its legend; which they are situated, became the favourite places of re- and one of Ireland's wildest geniuses, the eccentric and splensort; and their various natural attractions becoming height- did Maturin, has decorated the subject with the colourings of ened by art, were described by travellers, and chaunted in his vivid fancy." song. About “sixty years since” they had reached their Terence adds :__"Leixlip is memorable in an historic point greatest glory, and Leixlip was the favourite of the day. It of view as the place where, in the war commencing 1641, Geis thus described at this period by the celebrated Doctor neral Preston halted when on his way to form a junction with Campbell :-“ All the outlets of Dublin are pleasant, but the Marquis of Ormonde to oppose the Parliamentarians. this is superlatively so which leads through Leixlip, a neat Acknowledging that his army was not excommunication proof, little village about seven miles from Dublin, up the Liffey; he bowed before the fiat of the Nuncio, and lost the best opwhose banks being prettily tufted with wood, and enlivened portunity that ever offered of saving his cause and his country by gentlemen's seats, afford a variety of landscapes, beautiful from what has been called “ the curse of Cromwell.” beyond description.” It was at this period also that O'Keefe, To this brief but graphic sketch of our friend we can add in his popular opera of The Poor Soldier,” makes Patrick but little. Leixlip is a market and post town of the county of sing

Kildare, situated in the barony of North Salt-a name de

rived from the Latin appellation of the cataract called the “ Though Leixlip is proud of its close shady bowers,

Saltus Salmonis, “ Salmon Leap,” in the vicinity of the townIts clear falling waters and murmuring cascades,

and is about eight miles from Dublin. It contains between eleIts groves of fine myrtle, its beds of sweet flowers,

ven and twelve hundred inhabitants, and consists of one long Its lads so well dressed, and its neat pretty maids.”

street of houses, well, though irregularly built, but exhibiting But though Leixlip no longer holds out attractions sufficient for the greater number an appearance of negligence and deto gratify those whose tastes are dependent on fashion, it has cay.. It is bounded on one extremity by the river Liffey, never ceased to be a favourite with all whose tastes had a which is crossed by a bridge of ancient construction, and on more solid foundation. It was here, and in its immediate the other by the Rye-water, over which there is a bridge of vicinity, that the two Robertses, genuine Irish landscape modern date. As the focus of a parish, has a church and a painters, found many of the most congenial subjects for their Roman Catholic chapel, both of ample size and substantial pencils. It was here, too, that the strong-headed painter of construction, but, like most edifices of their class in Ireland, strong heads—the Rembrandt of miniature painters, John but little remarkable for the purity of their architectural Comerford-used occasionally to retire, abandoning for a week styles. The latter is of recent erection. Its most imposor two the intellectual society of Dublin which he so much ing architectural feature is, however, its castle, which is enjoyed, and the acquisition of gain which he no less relished, magnificently situated on a steep and richly wooded bank over to make some elaborate study of one of the scenes about the Liffey; but though of great antiquity, it exhibits in its the Bridge of Leixlip, which he, in his own dogmatic way, external character but little of the appearance of an ancient asserted, " for genuine landscape beauty, could not be sur- fortress, having been modernised by the Hon. George Cavenpassed or even rivalled any where!” This estimate of the dish, its present occupier. On its west side it is flanked by a beauties of Leixlip's “close shady bowers, &c.” was, we con circular, and on its east by a square tower. This castle is fess, a somewhat extravagant one; yet, like most other ho- supposed to have been erected in the reign of Henry II. by nestly formed opinions of Comerford's, it would not have been Adam de Hereford, one of the chief followers of Earl Strongan easy task to shake his belief in its truth, and to sustain it he bow, from whom he received as a gift the tenement of the could, 'if combated, adduce the testimony of his and our friend Salmon Leap, and other extensive possessions. It is said to Gaspar Gabrielli, the first of Italian landscape painters of our have been the occasional residence of Prince John during his times, who notwithstanding his pride in being a Roman, and his governorship of Ireland in the reign of his father ; and in recent national predilections in favour of the classic scenery of his times it was a favourite retreat of several of the Viceroys, dear Italy, has often declared in our hearing that he had never one of whom, Lord Townsend, usually spent the summer here. seen in his own country scenery of its kind comparable with From an inquisition taken in 1604, it appears that the manor that of the Liffey, in the vicinity of Lucan and Leixlip. of Leixlip was part of the possessions of the abbey of St Tho

But enthusiastic admiration of the scenery of Leixlip has mas in Dublin. In 1658, the castle, with sixty acres of land, not been confined to the painters. Ilear with what gusto our belonged to the Earl of Kildare. They afterwards passed friend C. 0. lets himself out on this subject, not in his draw into the hands of the Right Hon. Thomas Connolly, Speaker ing-room character as the clerical Connaught tourist, but of the Irish House of Commons, and are now the property of in his more natural, buoyant, and Irish one, as Terence Colones Connolly of Castletown.

P. O'Toole, our co-labourer in the first volume the Dublin Penny Journal :

THE CHASE, “Any one passing over the Bridge of Leixlip, must, if his eye is worth a farthing for anything else than helping him to pick his way through the puddle, look up and down with delight while moving over this bridge. To the right, the river () son of kings, adorned with grace, winning its noisy turbulent way over its rocky bed, and los

Twere music to my ear, ing itself afar down amidst embossing woods; to the left, Of Fionn and his wondrous chase after plunging over the Salmon-leap, whose roar is heard

The promised tale to hear. though half a mile off, and forming a junction with the Ryewater, it takes a bend to the east, and washes the rich amphi. theatre with which Leixlip is environed. I question much

Well—though afresh my bosom bleeds, whether any castle, even Warwick itself [bravo, Terence!]

Remembering days of oldstands in a grander position than Leixlip Castle, as it embat

When I think of my sire and his mighty deeds-tles the high and wooded grounds that form the forks of the

Yet shall the tale be told. two rivers. Of the towers, the round one of course was While the Fenian bands at Almhuin's towers, built by King John, the opposite square one by the Geral

In the hall of spears, passed the festive hours, dines. This moble and grandly circumstanced pile has been

The goblet crowned, with chessmen played," in latter days the baronial residence of the White family, and

Or gifts for gifts of love repaid ; subsequently the residence of [lord-lieutenants] generals and prelates. Plere Primate Stone, more a politician than a 'The game of chess is repeatedly noticed in connection with various his. Christian (churchman), retired from his contest with the

torical incidents in the early history of Ireland. Theophilus O'Flanagan,

in a note to his translation of Deirdri, an ancient Irish tale, published in the Ponsonbys and the Boyles to play at cricket with General' Transactions of the Caclic Society of Dublin, speaks of it as "a military




From the reckless throng Finn stole unseen,
When he spied a young doe on the heath-clad green

With agile spring draw near :
On Sceolan and Bran his nimble hounds
He whistles aloud, and away he bounds

In chase of the hornless deer.
With his hounds alone and his trusty blade,

The son of Luno's skill,
On the track of the flying doe he strayed

To Guillin's pathless hill.
But when he came to its hard-won height

No deer appeared in view;
If east or west she had sped her flight

Nor hounds nor huntsman knew.
But those sprang westward o'er the sod,

While eastward Fionn press'd-
Why did not pity touch thy God

To see them thus distress'd ?
There while he gazes anxious round,
Sudden hears a doleful sound,
And by a lake of crystal sheen
Spies a nymph of loveliest form and mien :
Her checks as the rose were crimson bright,

Her lips the red berry's glow;
Her neck as the polished marblet white,

Her breast the pure blossom's full blow;
Downy gold were her locks, and her sparkling eyes
Like freezing stars in the ebon skies.
Such beauty, O Sage, all cold as thou art,
Would kindle warm raptures of love in thy heart.
Nigh to the nymph of golden hair

With courteous grace he drew“ O hast thou seen, enchantress fair,

My hounds their game pursue ?"


“ Thy hounds I saw not in the chase, ( noble prince of the Fenian race; But I have cause of woe more deep, For which I linger here and weep.'

And for the smooth-palmed princess hies

The gulfy lake to swim.
Five times deep-diving down the wave,
Through every cranny, nook, and cave,
With care he searches round and round,
Till the golden ring at length he found;
But scarce to shore the prize could bring,

When by some blasting ban-
Ah! piteous tale--the Fenian king

Grew a withered, grey, old man !
Meanwhile the Fenians passed the hours
In the hall of spears, at Almhuin's towers ;
The goblet crowned, with chessmen played,
Or gifts for gifts of love repaid,
When Caoilte rose and asked in grief,
Ye spearmen, where is our gallant chief?
0, lost I dread is the Fenians' boast
Then who shall lead our bannered host ?”
Bald Conan spoke_“ A sweeter sound

Ne'er tingled on my ear;
If Fionn be lost, may he not be found

Till end the distant year !
But, Caoilte of the nimble feet,
Ye shall not want a chieftain meet;
In me, till Fionn's fate be told,
The leader of your host behold !”
Although the Fenian bands were torn

With agony severe,
We burst into a laugh of scorn

Such arrogance to hear.
To urge the quest, we then decree,
Of Finn and his hounds the joyous three

That still to triumph led;
And soon from Almhuin's halls away,
With Caoilte, I, and our dark array,

North to Slew Guillin sped.
There, as with searching glance the eye

O’er all the prospect rolled,
Beside the lake a wretch we spy,

Poor, withered, grey, and old.
Disgust and horror touched the heart
To see the bones all fleshless start

In a frame so lank and wan;
We thought him some starved fisher torn
From the whelming stream, by famine worn,

And left but the wreck of man.
We asked if he had chanced to see

A swift-paced chieftain go,
With two fleet hounds, across the lea,

Behind a fair young doe.
He gave us back no answer clear,
But in the nimble Caoilte's ear
He breathed his tale_0, tale of grief!---
That in him we saw the Fenian chief!
Three sudden shouts to hear the tale

Our host raised loud and shrill
The badgers started in the vale,

The wild deer on the hill.
Then Conan fierce unsheathed his sword,
And curs'd the Fenian king and his horde.

“If true thy tale,” he cries,
“ This blade thy head would off thee smite;
For ne'er my valour in the fight,

Nor prowess didst thou prize.
Would that like thee, both old and weak,
Were the Fenians all, that my sword might reek
In their craven blood, and their cairns might swell
On the grassy lea !—for since Cumhail fell,

O'ercome in fateful strife
By Morni's son of the golden shields,
Our sons thou hast sent to foreign fields,

Or of freedom reft and life.'
“ Bald, senseless wretch ! our care is due
To Finn's sad state, or thy mouth should ruc
A speech so vile, and soon atone
With shattered teeth and fractured bone,"

FIONN. “0, hast thou lost a husband dear? Falls for a darling son thy tear,

Or daughter of thy heart ? Sweet, soft-palmed nymph, the cause reveal To one who can thy sorrows feel,

Perchance can ease thy smart ? The maid of tresses fair replied

“A precious ring I wore; Dropped from my finger in the tide,

Its loss I now deplore:
But by the sacred vows that bind

Each brave and loval knight,
I now adjure thee, Chief, to find

My peerless jewel bright.”
He feels her adjuration's ties;

Disrobes each manly limb,

game that engages the mental faculties, like mathematical science." O'Flaherty's Ogygia states that Cathir, the 120th king of Ireland, left among his bequests to Crimthan "ewo chess-boards with their chess-men distinguished with their specks and power; on which account he was constituted master of the games in Leinster."

In the first book of Horner's Odyssey the suitors are described as amusing themselves with the game of chess :

With rival art and ardour in their mien,
At chess they vie to captivate the queen,

Divining of their lovos. in Pope's translation there is a learned note on the subject, to which the curious reader is referred ; and also to a passage in Vallancey's Essay on the Celtic Language. + Literally, as lime.

This will remind the reader of a similar question by Venus in the first Æneid :

Heus inquit, juvenes monstrate mearum
Vidistis usquam hic errantem forte sororum
Succinctam pharetra, et maculosæ tegmine lyncis,
Aut spumantis apri cursum clamore prementem ?-Æn. I. 325.
Ho, strangers ! have you lately seen, she said,
One of my sisters, like myself array'd,
Who cross'd the lawn or in the forest stray'd ?
A painted quiver at her back she bore;
Varied with spots, a lynx's hide she wore:
And at full cry pursued the tusky boar.-DNYDEN.

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