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devil, the world, and Bob Pentland." The latter, however, “ I know that,” replied Mickey ; “an' a rousin' smoke we'll was a very sore thorn in his side, and drove him from place have, for fraid a little puff wouldn't do us. Come, now, an' to place, and from one haunt to another, until he began to de- I'll show you." spair of being able any longer to outwit him, or to find within They both ascended to the top, where Mickey had closed the parish any spot at all suitable for distillation with which all the open fissures of the roof with the exception of that Pentland was not acquainted. In this state stood matters which was directly over the fire of the still. This was at best between them, when George fortunately discovered at the hip not more than six inches in breadth and about twelve long. of Altnaveenan hill the natural grotto we have just sketched Over it he placed a piece of strong plate iron perforated with so briefly. Now, George was a man, as we have already holes, and on this he had a fire of turf, beside which sat a little hinted, of great fertility of resources ; but there existed in the boy who acted as a vidette. The thing was simple but effecsame parish another distiller who outstripped him in that far- tive. Clamps of turf were at every side of them, and the boy sighted cunning which is so necessary in misleading or cir- was instructed, if the gauger, whom he well knew, ever apcumventing such a sharp-scented old hound as Pentland.peared, to heap on fresh fuel, so as to increase the smoke in This was little Mickey M.Quade, a short-necked squat little such a manner as to induce him to suppose that all he saw of fellow with bow legs, who might be said rather to creep in his it proceeded merely from the fire before him. In fact, the motion than to walk. George and Mickey were intimate smoke from the cave below was so completely identified with friends, independently of their joint antipathy against the and lost in that which was emitted from the fire above, that gauger, and, truth to tell, much of the mortification and many no human being could penetrate the mystery, if not made preof the defeats which Pentland experienced at George's hands, viously acquainted with it.

The writer of this saw it during were, sub rosa, to be attributed to Mickey. George was a dis- the hottest process of distillation, and failed to make the dis. tiller from none of the motives which generally actuate others covery, although told that the still-house was within a circle of that class. He was in truth an analytic philosopher-ana- of three hundred yards, the point he stood on being considered tural chemist never out of some new experiment—and we have the centre. On more than one occasion has he absconded reason to think might have been the Kane or Faraday or from home, and spent a whole night in the place, seized with Dalton of his day, had he only received a scientific education. that indescribable fascination which such a scene holds forth Not so honest Mickey, who never troubled his head about an to youngsters, as well as from his irrepressible anxiety to hear experiment, but only thought of making a good running, and the old stories and legends with the recital of which they gedefeating the gauger. The first thing of course that George nerally pass the night. did, was to consult Mickey, and both accordingly took a walk In this way, well provided against the gauger-indeed much up to the scene of their future operations. On examining it, | better than our readers are yet aware of, as they shall underand fully perceiving its advantages, it might well be said that stand by and bye_did George, Mickey, and their friends, prothe look of exultation and triumph which passed between them ceed for the greater part of a winter without a single visit was not unworthy of their respective characters.

from Pentland. Several successful runnings had come ott, “ This will do,” said George. “Eh--don't you think we'll which had of course turned out highly profitable, and they put our finger in Pentland's eye yet?” Mickey spat sagaci- were just now preparing to commence their last, not only for ously over his beard, and after a second glance gave one grave the season, but the last they should ever work together, as grin which spoke volumes. “It'll do,” said he ; but there's George was making preparations to go early in the spring to one point to be got over that maybe you didn't think of; an’ America. Even this running was going on to their satisfacyou know that half a blink, half a point, is enough for Pent- tion, and the singlings had been thrown again into the still, land.”

from the worm of which projected the strong medicinal first“ What is it?"

shot as the doubling commenced—this last term meaning the “What do you intend to do with the smoke when the fire's spirit in its pure and finished state. On this occasion the lit? There'll be no keepin' that down. Let but Pentland see two worthies were more than ordinarily anxious, and ceras much smoke risin' as would come out of an ould woman's tainly doubled their usual precautions against a surprise, for dudeen, an' he'd have us.”

they knew that Pentland's visits resembled the pounces of a George started, and it was clear by the vexation and dis- hawk or the springs of a tiger more than any thing else to appointment which were visible on his brow that unless this which they could compare them. In this they were not disanuntoward circumstance could be managed, their whole plan pointed. When the doubling was about half finished, he made was deranged, and the cave of no value.

his appearance, attended by a strong party of reluctant sols “What's to be done?” he inquired of his cooler companion. diers—for indeed it is due to the military to state that they “If we can't get over this, we may bid good bye to it. never took delight in harassing the country people at the

“Never mind,” said Mickey; "I'll manage it, and do Pent-command of a keg-hunter, as they generally nicknamed the land still." Ay, but how?"

gauger. It had been arranged that the vidette at the iron plate “It's no matter. Let us not lose a minute in settin' to should whistle a particular tune the moment that the gauger work. Lave the other thing to me; an' if I don't account for or a red-coat, or in fact any person whom he did not know, the smoke without discoverin' the entrance to the still, I'll should appear. Accordingly, about eight o'clock in the morngive you lave to crop the ears off my head.”

ing they heard the little fellow in his highest key whistling up George knew the cool but steady self-confidence for which that well-known and very significant old Irish air called "Go Mickey was remarkable, and accordingly, without any further to the devil an' shake yourself”-which in this case was apinterrogatory, they both proceeded to follow up their plan of plied to the ganger in any thing but an allegorical sense. operations.

“Be the pins," which was George's usual oath, “ be the In those times when distillation might be truly considered pins, Mickey, it's over with us-Pentland's here, for there's as almost universal, it was customary for farmers to build the sign." their out-houses with secret chambers and other requisite par- Mickey paused for a moment and listened very gravely: titions necessary for carrying it on. Several of them had pri- then squirting out a tobacco spittle, “ Take it aisy,” said vate stores built between false walls, the entrance to which he ; “I have half a dozen fires about the hills, any one as like was only known to a few, and many of them had what were this as your right hand is to your left. I didn't spare troucalled Malt-steeps sunk in hidden recesses and hollow gables, ble, for I knew that if we'd get over this day, we'd be out of for the purpose of steeping the barley, and afterwards of his power." turning and airing it, until it was sufficiently hard to be kiln- "Well, my good lad,” said Pentland, addressing the vidette, dried and ground. From the mill it was usually conveved to “what's this fire for?" the still-house upon what were termed Slipes, a kind of car " What is it for, is it?" that was made without wheels, in order the more easily to “ Yes; if you don't let me know instantly, I'll blow your pass through morasses and bogs which no wheeled vehicle brains out, and get you hanged and transported afterwards.” could encounter.

This he said with a thundering voice, cocking a large horse In the course of a month or so, George and Mickey, aided pistol at the same time. by their friends, had all the apparatus of keeve, hogshead, &c, “ Why, sir," said the boy, “it's watchin' a still I am; but together with still head and worm, set up and in full work. be the hole o' my coat if you tell upon me, it's broilin' upon

** And now, Mickey,” inquired his companion, “how will these coals I'll be soon.” you manage about the smoke? for you know that the two “ Where is the still then ? An' the still-house, where is it?" worst informers against a private distiller, barrin' a stag, is “Oh, begorra, as to where the still or still-house is, they a smoke by day an' a fire by night.”


wouldn't tell me that."


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“ Why, sirra, didn't you say this moment you were watch- cess; but the first discoverer of it was undoubtedly Mickey ing a still ?"

M.Quade, although the honour of the discovery is attributed “I meant, sir,” replied the lad with a face that spoke of to his friend George Steen. The matter, however, did not pure idiocy, “ that it was the gauger I was watchin', an' I actually end here, for in a few days afterwards some maliwas to whistle upon my fingers to let the boy at that fire on cious wag-in other words, George himself-had correct inforthe hill there above know that he was comin',''

mation sent to Pentland touching the locality of the cavern and “ Who told you to do so ?”

the secret of its entrance. On this occasion the latter brought “ Little George, sir, an' Mickey M'Quade.”

a larger military party than usual along with him, but it was "Ay, ay, right enough there, my lad—two of the most no- only to make him feel that he stood in a position if possible torious schemers unhanged they are both. But now, like a more ridiculous than the first. He found indeed the marks of good boy, tell me the truth, an' i'll give you the price of a recent distillation in the place, but nothing else. Every vespair of shoes. Do you know where the still or still-house is ? sel and implement connected with the process had been reBecause if you do, an' won't tell me, here are the soldiers at moved, with the exception of one bottle of whisky, to which hand to make a prisoner of you; an' if they do, all the world was attached by a bit of twine the following friendly note :-can't prevent you from being hanged, drawn, and quartered.” Mr PENTLAND), SIR- Take this bottle home and drink

“Oh, bad cess may seize the morsel o' me knows that ; but your own health. You can't do less. It was distilled under if you'll give me the money, sir, l'll tell you who can bring your nose the first day you came to look for us, and bottled you to it, for he tould me yestherday mornin' that he knew, for you while you were speaking to the little boy that made an' offered to bring me there last night, if I'd steal him a bot. a hare of you. Being distilled then under your nose, let it be tle that my mother keeps the holy water in at home, tal he'd drunk in the same place, and don't forget while doing so to put whisky in it.”

drink the health of

G. S.” “ Well, my lad, who is this boy ?”.

The incident went abroad like wildfire, and was known you Harry Neil, or Mankind, sir ?”

everywhere. Indeed for a long time it was the standing to“I do, my good boy.'

pic of the parish ; and so sharply was it felt by Pentland that "Well, it's a son of his, sir ; an' look, sir : do you see the he could never keep his temper if asked, “ Mr Pentland, when smoke farthest up to the right, sir?”

did you see little George Steen?"- '-a question to which he * To the right? Yes.'

was never known to give a civil reply. “ "Well, 'tis there, sir, that Darby Neil is watchin'; and he says he knows.” " How long have you been watching here?"

THE GLOBE OF THE EARTH. “ This is only the third day, sir, for me; but the rest, them We were surprised very much some time ago at considering boys above, has been here a good while.”

how much of the surface of the globe is covered by the waters • Have you seen nobody stirring about the hills since you of the lakes and oceans, and took the opportunity then of adcame?"

verting to the importance of water in the general economy of "Only once, sir, yesterday, I seen two men having an empty nature. When, however, we pass to the consideration of the sack or two, runnin' across the hill there above."

magnitude of the earth itself, the relative proportion of water At this moment the military came up, for he had himself run appears to be much less considerable. forward in advance of them, and he repeated the substance of Although there are many places in the great Atlantic and his conversation with our friend the vidette. Upon examining Pacific Oceans where the depth of water is very great, yet it the stolidity of his countenance, in which there certainly was has been deduced from principles that are not liable to much a woful deficiency of meaning, they agreed among themselves error, that the general or average depth does not exceed that his appearance justified the truth of the story which he three miles. It may appear very strange that we can assert told the gauger, and upon being still further interrogated, any thing positive about the depth of water in those seas, that they were confirmed that none but a stupid lout like himself are to the lines used for sounding quite unfathomable; but it would entrust to his keeping any secret worth knowing is effected very simply. Every person has seen a wave ad. They now separated themselves into as many detached par- vancing along the level surface of a canal, and by observing ties as there were fires burning on the hills about them, the with a watch, it could easily be found to move more quickly gauger himself resolving to make for that which Darby Neil at some times than at others. The deeper any part of the had in his keeping, for he could not help thinking that the canal is, the more rapidly does the wave move along; and vidette's story was too natural to be false. They were just in partly by experiment, and partly by reasoning, the connection the act of separating themselves to pursue their different between the depth of the water and velocity of the wave has routes, when the lad said,

been discovered. Now, the tide which comes to Dublin every “Look, sir! look, sir! bad scran be from me but there's a still twelve hours is produced by the influence of the sun and any way. Sure I often seen a still: that's jist like the one that moon on the vast body of water in the Southern Pacific Ocean ; Philip Flogan the tinker mended in George Steen's barn.” and the great wave there formed turns round Cape Horn,

“ Hollo, boys,” exclaimed Pentland, “stoop! stoop! they and passes up the Atlantic Ocean, to arrive at the coasts of are coming this way, and don't see us : no, hang them, no? Europe and North America. The time occupied by this they have discovered us now, and are off towards Mossfield. great wave in passing from one end to the other of the AtlanBy Jove this will be a bitter trick if they succeed; confound tic can thus be known, and, precisely as in a canal, the depth them, they are bent for Ballagh, which is my own property; of water thus calculated. and may I be hanged if we do not intercept them; but it iš I The circumference of the earth at its widest part is about myself who will have to pay the fine."

25,000, and its diameter 8000 miles. Hence the sheet of wa"The pursuit instantly commenced with a speed and vigour ter which constitutes the ocean forms but 3-4000ths of its thickequal to the ingenuity of this singular act of retaliation on ness, or nearly the same proportion as if we took an eighteen the gauger. Pentland himself being long-winded from much inch globe, and having spilled water on its surface, allowed all practice in this way, and being further stimulated by the pro- the excess of water to drain off. The remaining wetness spective loss which he dreaded, made as beautiful a run of it would represent pretty nearly the condition of the waters of the as any man of his years could do. It was all in vain, how ocean on the surface of the earth. By this means we can form, erer. He merely got far enough to see the still head and though obscurely, to our minds, an idea of the great magniworm heaved across the march ditch into his own property, tude of the earth itself. This magnitude renders also very and to reflect after seeing it that he was certain to have the inconsiderable those inequalities on the surface of the earth double consolation of being made a standing joke of for life, which constitute our highest ridges of mountains. A true and of paying heavily for the jest out of his own pocket. In the model of Mont Blanc, the highest of European mountains, if mean time, he was bound of course to seize the still, and report constructed on the eighteen inch globe before referred to, would the caption ; and as he himself farmed the townland in ques- be unfelt by a finger drawn along its surface, and it would tion, the fine was levied to the last shilling, upon the very be only some of the highest peaks of the Andes and Himanaturai principle that if he had been sufficiently active and layah that could be distinctly felt. Where man also employs rigilant, 1.o man would have attempted to set up a still so con- his most gigantic energies and greatest efforts of skill to pe. venient to his own residence and property.

netrate below the surface, forming mines by which the supThis manæuvre of keeping in reserve an old or second set plies of coal, of iron, of copper, and other minerals, have been of apparatus, for the purpose of acting the lapwing and mis- obtained from the earliest times, the cavities that he makes can leading the gauger, was afterwards often practised with suc- I only be compared with the trace given by the point of a pin


that had lightly touched the globe, and which would require a in the lowest part of the mine, and hence the elevation of temfavourable incidence of light to see.

perature was 25 degrees. Observations elsewhere vary beThe earth is therefore almost perfectly a smooth and solid tween these limits; but the general result is, that the rise is ball. It is, however, almost certain that it was not always one degree for about every fifty feet, as above stated. solid. It is, on the contrary, almost certain that at a period When we consider the great magnitude of the earth, and far exceeding in remoteness any time of which mere human observe the rapidity with which the increase of temperature indications can be found, the globe of the earth was one mass occurs, it will strike every person that we in reality inhabit of liquid matter, heated to a degree exceeding our most in- a mere pellicle or skin, which has formed by cooling upon the tense fires, and wherein were melted all together the various surface, whilst all the internal mass of our globe may still be in elements which have since arranged themselves into their pre- the same state of igneous fusion and tumultuous action of elesent forms. From having been thus liquid, the earth, which, ments, from which its present mineral constitution on the surrevolving on its axis, produces by the side it turns to the sun face has resulted. For although it has cooled so far that at the alternating day and night, has bulged out where the rota- the surface all traces of its central fires have disappeared, tion of the surface is most rapid, at the equator, and has be- yet at a mile and a half below the surface the temperature is come flattened at the extremities of its axis, at the poles, just such as should boil water : at a depth of five miles, lead would as a thin hoop which we spin round becomes compressed. melt. Thirty miles below the surface, cast iron, and all those The amount of this flattening is however very small

. The rocks which are generally the product of volcanoes in action, equatorial diameter of the earth being accurately 7925, and as trap and basalt, would fuse; and hence we may consider the polar diameter being 7898, the compression is 27 miles. those terrific phenomena which have so frequently desolated

To account for the existence of this compression, the earth some of the most beautiful districts of the earth, as being must have been originally liquid, for otherwise the rotation minute apertures or cracks in the thin coating of our planet, on its axis could not have generated this regular form. If it and giving vent from time to time to some small portions of had been solid when it began to revolve, it should either have the internal fires which work beneath. retained its original form, or it should have broken in pieces; Additional evidence of the existence of this central heat but certainly unless it had been liquid, it could not have ar- may be derived from the peculiarity of springs. Those springs rived at the exact degree of flattening which its velocity of which carry off and are supplied with water from the surface, rotation should have produced in a liquid mass.

change their temperature with the season, being in winter The intensely heated and liquid earth, revolving in the cold cold, but in summer warm. Others, deriving their waters from and empty spaces of the planetary system, gradually must a deeper layer of soil, as from the stratum of constant heat, have lost its excess of heat. Cooling most rapidly at the are always the same, and, possessing the mean temperature surface, it there solidified, and generated the first rocks. The of the place, feel warm in winter and cold in summer. Such loss of heat still going on, the solidification proceeded to a springs exist in every country, and are very useful in asgreater and greater depth, and should ultimately have reduced certaining the mean temperature, for in place of watching the earth to the same temperature as the empty space among a thermometer for a year, and taking averages, it is only the stars. The temperature of space has been calculated to be necessary to select with proper caution such a deeply supplied almost the same as that in the winter at Melville Island, in nor- spring, and by observing the temperature of its waters, the thernmost America, that is, 56 deg. below zero, or as far below mean temperature of the place is found. the freezing point of water as the temperature of the hottest A certain quantity of the water which is absorbed by the water that the hand can bear is above it. The earth is, how-ground after rain must penetrate to a great depth, must ever, not allowed to cool to that degree. It receives from the descend, in fact, until at i} miles it is boiled and driven up sun by radiation a quantity of heat which counteracts its ten- again to find some outlet as a spring. In rising up, however, dency to cool, and hence the mean temperature of the surface it is for the most part cooled; but having charged itself with of the earth has remained the same from the earliest historical various saline and metallic bodies, under the most favourable epochs. In fact, at the surface we can find no trace of that circumstances of high temperature and pressure, it issues as original and internal great heat, the temperature of the sur. a hot mineral spring or spa. On getting into the air, it geneface of the earth being regulated altogether by the effect of rally abandons a great part of what it had dissolved, and the sun's rays ; but if we dig down to a moderate depth, about forms in many cases enormous depositions of solid rock. 45 feet, the influence of the sun becomes insensible. Within A company in Paris have formed the idea of using the water

also we can detect a very curious and important thus heated by the powers below, for the purposes of public arrangement of the heat. It is not that the whole surface be- baths. The neighbourhood of Paris is peculiarly fitted for comes warmed in summer and cold in winter, but the heat what are termed Artesian wells, in which the water often rises which is received from the sun in one summer travels by con- considerably above the surface of the ground. Under the duction beneath the surface, and is succeeded by the heat of auspices of this company, a well has been sunk already to the next summer, an intervening and cooler layer corresponding the depth of 1600 feet, and water obtained at 77 degrees; but to the winter time, so that at a depth of 20 feet we may de- to obtain natural hot water at a temperature of 100 degrees, tect the heat which had fallen upon the surface four or five which would be required for bathing purposes, an additional years before, this space of 45 feet being formed of numerous depth of probably as much more will be required. It is said layers like the coatings of an onion, one for each year, until the projectors are not now sanguine of its pecuniary success. becoming less and less distinct, according as the depth increases, they join together in forming the layer of invariable temperature in which all the effect of the sun's heat is lost. If we dig down still farther, the earth, though having lost life do men rise to eminence who have not undergone a long

THE SECRET OF SUCCESS IN LIFE.-In no department of the heating power of the sun, becomes sensibly warmer. The greater the depth to which we descend, the higher is the tem- and diligent preparation ; for whatever be the difference in the perature found to be. Thus, where deep sinkings have been mental power of individuals, it is the cultivation of the mind made for mines or wells, the air or water at the bottom is alone that leads to distinction. John Hunter was as remarkfound to be much higher in temperature than at the invari.

able for his industry as for his talents, of which his museum ble layer which gives the mean temperature of the place.

alone forms a most extraordinary proof; and if we look around This observation was first made in the

case of the deep mines acquirements we must esteem, we find that their superiority

and contemplate the history of those men whose talents and in Cornwall, and, although for some time ascribed to the pre- of knowledge has been the result of great labour and dili

. sence of the workmen and the burning lamps, has since been verified by observations in all parts of Europe, and such

an ill-founded notion to say that merit in the gence. It

agreement found, that the law connecting the temperature with the long-run is neglected. It is sometimes joined to circumstances depth has been at least approximately determined.

that may have a little influence in counteracting it, as an unIt is found, counting from the invariable layer, that the tem

fortunate manner and temper ; but generally it meets with its perature increases about one degree of Fahrenheit's scale for due reward. The world are not fools—every person of merit every fifty feet in depth. Thus, a well having been sunk at has the best chance of success; and who would be ambitious Rudersdorff to a depth of 630 feet, the water at the bottom of public approbation, if it had not the power of discriminatwas found to be 67 degrees, while the mean temperature was

ing ?-Physic and Physicians. 50 degrees. In a coal mine at Newcastle, which reaches to a depth of 1584 feet, the mean temperature of the surface being Printed and Published every Saturday by Gunn and Cameron, at the Office

of the General Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dub. 48 degrees, the thermometer was found to stand at 73 degrees lin; and sold by all Booksellers,

that space

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It is a curious circumstance, that while among the most admirably with the upright forms of the adjacent objects, and humble and illiterate, as well as among the high and edu- calling up in the mind recollections of the finest landscapes of cated classes of society in Ireland, a certain degree of interest Claude — who, we say, that has enjoyed this pleasure of a and respect is usually felt for the ecclesiastical and military refined taste, but will bear testimony to the truth of our remains of past ages, those of a purely useful character, as assertion, and regret the circumstances which have given ancient bridges for example, excite no corresponding senti- birth to it? Who, in like manner, that has ever seen the anments, and are destroyed without causing the slightest feeling cient bridge which forms the embellishment of our present of regret in the minds of any portion of society. Strange, number, but would deeply lament its destruction ? Yet such however, as this may appear, the fact is undeniable, as the was the fate to which it was doomed, but a few years since, by recent destruction of Thomond Bridge at Limerick, and the a county grand jury, and from which it only escaped through intended destruction of other ancient bridges on that noble the influence of the worthy proprietor of St Woolstan's, river and elsewhere, sufficiently testify; and in a few years Richard Cane, Esq., who, in a spirit equally honourable to his more there will, in all probability, scarcely remain in the taste and his nationality, declared that sooner than permit country, a single example of monuments of this class. Yet it so interesting a monument of antiquity to be destroyed, he cannot be said that such memorials of the progress of civili-would build a new bridge at his own expense. Alas ! that we zation in past ages are without their ballowing associations, have not amongst us a greater number of gentlemen of his or that their moss-stained and ivy-mantled arches are less taste, wealth, and spirit ! pleasing to the lover of the picturesque than those of the Despite of its contradictory name, New Bridge is the ruined castle, church, or abbey: Who that has ever seen the oldest bridge now remaining on the beautiful Liffey,, and, ancient bridge of Limerick, with its fifteen arches, exbibit- with the exception of the ancient Bridge of Dublin, which was ing every variety of form, its horizontal line contrasting so I taken down and rebuilt some years since, is probably the first


bridge of stone ever erected on it. From Pembridge's Annals, enterprise, and that to the end of your life, and the close of as published by the Father of British antiquaries, William your days, you will not be able to accomplish your purpose ; Camden, we learn that this bridge was erected in the year because from the beginning of ages until now, no man ever 1308, by John le Decer, the Mayor of Dublin in that year, heard of a hero or ever saw a champion coming with any at his own expense. So that by a curious and not uninter- such mighty design to Ireland, who did not find his match in esting coincidence, it owes its erection to one worthy and that same country." patriotic citizen of Dublin, and its preservation, after a lapse But Ironbones replied: “I make but very little account of of more than five hundred years, to another.

your speech, Conán," said he : “ for if all the Fenian heroes who New Bridge is situated in the barony of North Salt, about have died within the last seven years were now in the world, and one Irish mile south-west of the town of Leixlip. It consists were joined by those who are now living, I would visit all of of four arches, some of which are semicircular and others them with the sorrow of death and show all of them the shortpointed ; and, like most ancient bridges, it is high and ex- ness of life in one day; nevertheless I will make your warriors a tremely narrow. Mantled with luxuriant ivy, and enriched more peaceable proposal. I challenge you then, O warriors, with the varied and mellow tints of so many centuries, it is to find me a man among you who can vanquish me in running, in itself an object of great picturesque beauty; but these in fighting, or in wrestling; if you can do this, I shall give attractions are greatly enhanced by the quiet yet romantic you no further trouble, but return to my own country without features of the scenery immediately about it-particularly the loitering here any longer." woods and the ruins of the venerable Abbey of St Woolstan, " And pray," inquired Finn," which of those three manly of which we shall give some account in a future number. exercises that you have named will it please you to select for

P. the first trial of prowess ?”

To this Ironbones answered, “ If you can find for me any ANCIENT IRISH LITERATURE,

one champion of your number who can run faster than I can, I will give you no further annoyance, but depart at once to my

own country.” For our third specimen of the literature of our ancestors we “It so happens," said Finn, “that our Man of Swiftness, have selected an example of what may be called the fireside Keelte Mac Ronan, is not here at present to try his powers stories, in vogue from a very ancient period till the last cen- of running with you; and as he is not, it were better, 0 tury. These stories are for the most part only personal tra- hero, that you should sojourn here a season with the Fenians, ditions, and as they are not found in any vellum manuscripts that you and they may mutually make and appreciate each which have descended to us, it might be concluded that they other's acquaintance by means of conversation and amuseare of very modern date. Such conclusion, however, would ments, as is our wont. In the meanwhile I will repair to be erroneous : there is no doubt that in their groundwork at Tara of the Kings in quest of Keelte Mac Ronan ; and if I least they are of an antiquity of several centuries, although have not the good fortune to find him there, I shall certainly modified in their language and allusions in conformity with meet with him at Ceis-Corann of the Fenii, from whence I the changes in manners and customs of succeeding times. I shall without delay bring him hither to meet you.” The personages who figure in them are always either histori- To this Ironbones agreed, saying that he was well satisfied cal, or belonging to the ancient mythology of Ireland, and with what Finn proposed; and thereupon Finn proceeded on they are well worthy of preservation, for the light which they his way towards Tara of the Kings, in search of Keelte. reflect on the habits of thought, as well as the manners and Now, it fell out that as he journeyed along he missed his way, customs of bygone times.

so that he came to a dense, wide, and gloomy wood, divided

in the midst by a broad and miry road or pathway. Before BODACH AN CHOTA-LACHTNA, OR THE CLOWN he had advanced more than a very little distance on this road, WITH THE GREY COAT,

he perceived coming directly towards him an ugly, detestable

looking giant, who wore a grey frize coat, the skirts of which A FENIAN TALE.

reached down to the calves of his legs, and were bespattered On a certain day a fair and a gathering were held at Bineadar, with yellow mud to the depth of a hero's hand; so that every by the seven ordinary and seven extraordinary battalions of the step he made, the lower part of that coat struck with such Fenians of Erinn, In the course of the day, on casting a look violence against his legs as to produce a sound that could be over the broad expanse of the sea, they beheld a large, smooth- distinctly heard a full mile of ground off. Each of the two sided, and proud-looking ship ploughing the waves from the legs that sustained the unwieldy carcase of this horrible hieast, and approaching them under full sail

. When the capacious deous monster was like the mast of a great ship, and each of vessel touched the shore and lowered her sails, the Fenians the two shoes that were under his shapeless, horny, longof Erinn counted upon seeing a host of men disembark from nailed hoofs, resembled a roomy long-sided boat; and erery her; and great was their surprise when one warrior, and no time that he lifted his foot, and at every step that he walked, more, came out of the ship and landed on the beach. He was he splashed up from each shoe a good barrelful of mire and a hero of the largest make of body, the strongest of champions, water on the lower part of his body. Finn gazed in amazeand the finest of the human race; and in this wise was the ment at the colossal man, for he had never before seen any kingly warrior equipped :-an impenetrable helmet of polished one so big and bulky; yet he would have passed onward and steel encased his ample and beautiful head; a deep-furrowed, continued his route, but the giant stopped and accosted him, thick-backed, sharp-edged sword hung at his left side ; and a and Finn was under the necessity of stopping also, and expurple bossed shield was elung over his shoulder. Such were changing a few words with the giant. his chief accoutrements; and armed in this fashion and man. The giant began in this manner :- “ What, ho! Finn Nae ner did the stranger come into the presence of Finn Mac Coole,” said he, “what desire for travelling is this that has Coole and the Fenians of Erinn.

seized on you, and how far do you mean to go upon this It was then that Finn, the King of the Fenians, addressed journey ?" the heroic champion, and questioned him, saying, “ From what on,” said Finn, “as to that, my trouble and anxiety aro quarter of the globe hast thou come unto us, O goodly youth? so great that I cannot describe then to you now, and indeed or from which of the noble or ignoble races of the universe art small is the use," added he," it would be of to me to attempt thou sprung? Who art thou ?"

doing so; and I think it would be better for you to let me go “I am," answered the stranger, “ Ironbones, the son of the on my way without asking any more questions of me." King of Thessaly; and so far as I have travelled on this globe, But the giant was not so easily put off. * () Finn," said since the day that I left my own land, I have laid every coun- he,“ you may keep your secret if you like, but all the loss try, peninsula, and island, under contribution to my sword and and the misfortune attending your silence will be your own; my arm: this I have done even to the present hour; and my and when you think well upon that, maybe you would not desire is to obtain the crown and tribute of this country in boggle any longer about disclosing to me the nature of your like manner: for if I obtain them not, I purpose to bring errand." slaughter of men and deficiency of heroes and youthful war- So Finn, seeing the huge size of the giant, and thinking it riors on the seven ordinary and seven extraordinary battalions advisable not to provoke him, began to tell him all that had of the Fenian host. Such, o king, is the object of my visit to taken place among the Fenians of Erinn so short a time bethis country, and such is my design in landing here.

fore." You must know," said he, “ that at the meridian Hereupon uprose Conán the Bald, and said, “Of a truth, hour of this very day the great Ironbones, the son of the my friend, it seems to me that you have come upon a foolish | King of Thessalý, landed at the harbour of Binea dar, with



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