Imágenes de páginas

Annals of the Four Masters, at the year 1564, would ap- Coote, into whose possession it then fell. Since that period pear that shortly previous to that period a tower, called “ the the Castle of Donegal has never we believe been used as a New Tower," had been added to the older structure. This residence, and no care has been taken to save it from the tower being at that time in the possession of Hugh, the grand ruined state in which it now appears. It is, however, to the son of the builder of the original castle, while the latter was credit of its present possessor that he has taken every care to inhabited by his fraternal nephews, Con, the son of Cal- delay as much as possible the further ravages of time on a värch, then Prince of Tirconnell, in the absence of his father, structure so interesting in its associations with the past. attempted to get possession of both, and nearly succeeded, It is indeed impossible to look on this venerable pile withwhen he was made captive by O'Neill.

out carrying our minds back to the days of its proud but un. Towards the close of the great war with the Earl of Tyrone fortunate chiefs ; and in our feelings of pity for their fate, in 1601, this castle, as well as the adjacent monastery, having indulging such sentiments as one of their last bards has been placed in the hands of the Queen's troops, through the attempted to express in the following poem, addressed to its instrumentality of Niall Garve O'Donnell, it was besieged and ruins, and of which we give a literal translation. It is the taken by the celebrated leader, Red Hugh O'Donnell, who composition of Malmurry Mac-an-Ward, or the son of the afterwards blockaded the English in the monastery, from the bard, and was written on the demolition of the castle by Red end of September till the end of October following. But Hugh O'Donnel in 1601. though the besieged were reduced to the utmost extremity, in consequence of the explosion of their powder by some acci

ADDRESS TO THE RUINS OF DONEGAL CASTLE. dent, which reduced the greater part of the monastery to 0, solitary fort that standest yonder, ruins, they maintained their position with undaunted bravery, What desolation dost thou not reveal ! and O'Donnell finally raised the siege, and passed into Mun- How tarnished is the beauty of thine aspect, ster to join the Spaniards. It appears, however, from a Thou mansion of the chaste and gentle melodies ! cotemporaneous poem, addressed to the ruins of this castle,

Demolished lie thy towering battlementsa translation of which we shall presently lay before our read

The dark loam of the earth has risen up ers, that O'Donnell did not depart from his native territory,

Over the whiteness of thy polished stones ; never to return, till he had reduced the proud castle of his an

And solitude and ruin gird thee round. cestors to a ruined pile, assigning as a reason, that it should never become what its name indicated -a fortress for stran

Thy end is come, fair fortress, thou art fallen-gers !

Thy magical prestige has been stripped offWhether this castle was subsequently repaired or recon

Thy well-shaped corner-stones have been displaced structed by Red Hugh's brother Rory, the Earl of Tirconnell,

And cast forth to the outside of thy ramparts. during the few years for which he held his earldom previous to In lieu of thy rich wine-feasts, thou hast now his flight to Rome, does not appear from any document which Nought but the cold stream from the firmament; has fallen under our notice, and we are inclined to believe that It penetrates thee on all sides, he did not do so, But be this as it may, the existing ruins Thou mansion like Emania the golden. retain no feature of a castle of the 15th century, but on the

Thy doorways are, alas ! filled up, contrary are in every respect characteristic of the castellated

Thou fortress of the once bright doors! residences of the reign of James I. ; so that if it be of Rory The limestones of thy top lie at thy base, O'Donnell's age, he must have rebuilt the mansion from its

On all the sides of thy fair walls. foundation. It appears, however, at least equally probable that the present structure mayowe its re-erection to Sir Basil

Over the mouldings of thy shattered windows, Brooke, to whom a grant of the castle was made in 1610.

The music that to-day breaks forth

Is the wild music of the birds and winds, But it is certain, at all events, that he repaired the castle and resided in it until his death in 1633; and two chimney-pieces

The voices of the stormy elements ! which still remain are unquestionably of his time, as the arms 0, many-gated Court of Donegal, on one of them testify. These arms, which are sculptured What spell of slumber overcame thee, on two shields, are, on the first, those of Brooke impaling Lei

Thou mansion of the board of flowing goblets, cester—the family name of Sir Basil's lady; and on the se. To make thee undergo this rueful change? cond, those of Brooke only. These chimney-pieces, which Thou wert, O, happy one of the bright walls, are very splendid specimens of the architectural taste of the The Fortress of the Meetings of Clann-Connell, age, are faithfully represented in wood-cuts in the second vo- The Tara of Assemblies to Conn's offspring, lume of the Dublin Penny Journal, and are accompanied by 0, thou resplendent fount of nobleness ! an excellent notice from the pen, as we believe, of Sir William

Thou rivalledst Emania in Ulster, Betham. In this notice it is stated that the Castle of Done

Thou wert the peer of Cruachan in Connaught, gal " was granted by patent, dated the 16th November 1610, Or of the mansion over the bright Boyne, to Captain Basil Brooke, for twenty-one years, if he should

Thou Rome of all delight for Erin! live so long, with one hundred acres of land, and the fishings, customs, and duties extending along the river from the castle

In thee, thou fair, capacious dome, to the sea. Captain Brooke was knighted 20 February 1616,

Where Ulster's tributes prodigally spent, by Sir Arthur Chichester, knight, Lord Deputy, and had a

And Connaught's tributes were poured into thee, re-grant of twenty-one years, or his life, of the castle by pa

Deserted though thou art this night ! tent, dated 27th July 1620, and on the 12th February 1623, From thee bave we beheld_delightful sight! he had a grant of the fee of the castle for ever.”

From the high pinnacles of thy purple turrets, According to the same authority, this “Sir Basil Brooke Long lines of ships at the approach of May, was a scion of the family of Brooke of Norton, Cheshire, With masts and snow-white sails. and his lady was Anne, daughter of Thomas Leicester of From the high pinnacles of thy white watch-towers Toft, in that county. Henry Vaughan Brooke, Esq. Member We have seen the fleetness of the youthful steeds, of Parliament for the county of Donegal, was his descendant The bounding of the hounds, the joyous chase, and heir-at-law, who left the estates of his family to his ne- Thou pleasant fastness of unnumbered plains ! phew Thomas Grove, Esq. who took the name and arms of

Within thee at the festive board Brooke by royal sign-manual in 1808. He died without issue, and the estates of the family went to Thomas Young, Esq.

We have seen the strong battalions of the Gael,

And outside on thy wide green court, of Lough Esk, who also took the name of Brooke by royal sign-manual, dated 16th July 1830, and is the present pos

After the meeting and the feasting. sessor.

Alas for this event, О Dun-na-Gall! During the troubles of 1641, the Castle of Donegal was

Sad is the lethargy that trances thee, garrisoned for the king by Sir Henry Brooke, the son of Sir

It is my grief to see thee thus deserted, Basil; but was taken in May 1651 by the Marquess of Clan

Without thy nobles, without mirth to-night! ricarde, who was joined by the Ulster forces under Sir Phelim Although thy ruins now bestrew the soil, O'Neill, when the O'Reillys and the Mac)lahons joined with There have come of the race of Connell him. But the castle was shortly afterwards abandoned by Some men who would have mourned thy downfall, bim, on receiving intelligence of the advance of Sir Charles O, thou fair fortress of the smooth-clad nobles !


Manus O'Donnell's noble mind,

OUR SENSATIONS. Had he but heard of thy disasters,

FIRST ARTICLE. 0, fortress of the regal towers, Would suffer deepest anguish for thee !

Man has been somewhere described as a “bundle of sensaCould Hugh, the son of Hugh, behold

tions ;” and certainly if ever sensations were capable of being The desolation of thy once white walls,

packed together, they would make a bundle, and a good large How bitter, O, thou palace of the kings,

one too. I am not a physiologist, or even a doctor, so cannot His grief would be for thy decline and fall !

pretend to speak very learnedly on this subject : but as we all

in common have “our sensations,” he must be rather a dull If thus thou couldst have been beheld

fellow, I should think, who would have nothing to say

when By Hugh Roe, who demolished thee, Methinks his triumph and delight would cease,

they were laid upon the table for discussion. Even if he were

a Jew, he might repeat with Shylock, “ Hath not a Jew eyes ? Thou beautiful, time-hallowed house of Fertas !

hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, O, never was it dreamed that one like him,

passions ?" and so on. That one sprung from the Tirconnellians,

When one considers the amazing number and variety of the Could bring thee to this woeful state,

feelings, or perceptions arising out of impressions on the Thou bright-streamed fortress of the embellished walls ! senses, of which we are capable, we discover a new and inte. From Hugh O'Donnell, thine own king,

resting proof that we are indeed “ fearfully and wonderfully From him has come this melancholy blow,

made.' I was struck by this fact the other day, on hearing This demolition of thy walls and towers,

a young medical student say that he had been reading a “de0, thou forsaken fortress o'er the Easky!

scriptive catalogue” of “pains," which had been made out Yet was it not because he wished thee ill

with great care for the use of the profession. People, when That he thus left thee void and desolate;

going to consult a physician, are often at a loss to describe The king of the successful tribe of Dalach

the manner in which they are affected, and particularly the Did not destroy thee out of hatred.

nature and character of the painful sensation that afflicts them.

To assist them in this respect, and the physician in obtaining The reason that he left thee as thou art

a correct idea of the case, this catalogue was made out, and Was lest the black ferocious strangers

highly useful I think it must be for the proposed end. The Should dare to dwell within thy walls,

patient may thus readily meet with something answering to Thou fair-proportioned, speckled mansion !

his own case, and lay his finger on the classification that suits Lest we should ever call thee theirs,

him. I am sorry I have not the list by me, for I am sure it Should call thee in good earnest Dun-na-gall,

would be a curious novelty to many. There are however in This was the reason, Fortress of the Gaels,

it the " dull, aching pain," the sharp pricking pain,” the pen: That thy fair turrets were o'erthrown.

dulum-like“ going-and-returning pain," the throbbing pain,' Now that our kings have all been exiled hence

the “flying-to-the-head and sickening pain," the hot scalding To dwell among the reptiles of strange lands,

or burning pain, the pins and needles or nettle pain, pains It is a woe for us to see thy towers,

deep seated and pains superficial, and, in short, an infinite vaO, bright fort of the glossy walls !

riety, made out with nice discrimination, and all taken, I dare Yet, better for thee to be thus destroyed

say, from life. None indeed could have drawn it out but one By thine own king than that the truculent Galls

who had studied in some lazar-house, wherein, as Milton deShould raise dry mounds and circles of great stones


“ were laid Around thee and thy running waters !

Numbers of all diseased ; all maladies He who has brought thee to this feebleness,

Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture; qualms Will soon again heal all thy wounds,

Of heart-sick agony, all feverous kinds; So that thou shalt not sorrow any more,

Convulsions, epilepsies, fierce catarrhs-Thou smooth and bright-walled mansion !

Intestine stone and ulcer, colic pangs" --&c, &c. As doth the surgeon, if he be a true one,

There is a variety in pain, then, as well as in every thing On due examination of his patient,

else; but it is a variety in which few, I believe, ever found a Thy royal chief has done by thee,

"charm” experimentally. But there is a special wonder in Thou shield and bulwark of the race of Coffey !

the matter which forces us to exclaim,“ What a piece of The surgeon, on examining his patient,

workmanship is man!” We are here speaking of sensations, Knows how his illness is to be removed,

or of perceptions arising from our bodily structure; and to Knows where the secret of his health lies hid,

these perceptions it is plainly necessary that there should be And where the secret of his malady.

a chain of communication between the part of the body Those members that are gangrened or unsound

affected, and the sensorium, or seat of perception in the brain. He cuts away from the more healthy crunk

I remember being amused with the surprise of an intelligent Before they mortify, and so bring death

little girl, who complained of a sore finger, and a pain "in the Without remead upon the sufferer.

finger," on hearing for the first time that the pain was not

"in her finger,” but in her own perception of it. It seemed a Now, thy disease is obviously the Galls,

contradiction to her immediate experience; but on being And thy good surgeon is thy chief, O'Donnell, And thou thyself, thou art the prostrate patient

shown that the pain she felt ceased when the nervous commu

nication between the finger and the brain was interrupted, 0, green-hued mansion of the race of Dolach !

which could be easily done by a ligature placed above the With God's will, and by God's permission,

part affected, she readily understood the distinction sought to Thy beauty shall yet put to shame thy meanness, be conveyed to her mind, namely, the difference between a Thy variegated courts shall be rebuilt

diseased action in any part of the body, and our painful By that great Chief who laid thee low!

perception of its existence. There must be a “nerve" to “teleAs Hugh Roe, king of the Connellians

graph” the fact to the mind, otherwise the fact would not be Was he who laid thy speckled walls in ruins,

consciously known. Well, then, this being the case, only conHe will again renew thy greatness,

sider what an infinite number of these nerves there must be Yes, he will be thy best physician !

P. in the human body, merely for the purpose of conveying dis

agreeable impressions, or what I may call bad news, to head

quarters! They are very useful, it is true ; but like other Wickedness may well be compared to a bottomless pit, into messengers of unpleasant intelligence, not much in favour. which it is easier to keep oneself from falling, than having It is dangerous, however, to do them any harm. My readers fallen into, to stay oneself from falling infinitely.—Sir P. have heard perhaps of the farrier who used to cure lame Sydney.

horses so rapidly, that he was the astonishment of all who If there be an object truly ridiculous in nature, it is an consulted him. A horse would be brought to him scarce putAmerican patriot, signing resolutions of independence with ting his toe to the ground, limping and shambling in a miserthe one hand, and with the other brandishing a whip over bis able manner, and, as if by inagic, this veterinary artist would affrighted slaves.-Day.

send him trotting off to all appearance quite cured. His




secret consisted in dividing the nerve, or, as I may say, slay- swering metre. In such cases the mind, or pure intellect, ing the messenger of evil : the consequence of which was, that originates, and the body " takes the signal” from it. There the poor horse, no longer conscious of the malady in his hoof, is a reciprocity between them, and it is well when, like some leaned heavily upon it, and ultimately became incurably lamed loving couples, they dwell on good terms together. When, for life.

happily, this is the case, there is much peace" at home :” the So much as to our sensations of pain. But fortunately for senses do not seek for gratifications which the mind disapus there is another class, and this comprising, according to proves, and the mind does not apply to them for pleasures some, a family very nearly if not altogether as numerous—I which are forbidden. mean our sensations of the pleasurable kind. “Man,” saith However, I shall not enter upon this further disquisitionthe Scripture, “roasteth roast, and is satisfied : yea, he highly interesting though it be-at present, but shall reserve warmeth himself, and saith, Aha, I am warm, I have seen the it in order that we may resume it with due deliberation, and fire." This includes the comforts of a good dinner, and a do it that justice which it so well deserves, at another oppor. cheerful fire-side on a winter's evening, and most people will tunity.

F. agree with me these are no bad things, especially with a group of happy smiling faces about us. The inlets to our agreeable perceptions are certainly not so numerous as those to the op- IRISH SUPERSTITIONS_GHOSTS AND FAIRIES. posite kind, as we are approachable by pain from every part

THE RIVAL KEMPERS. of the body without exception, but it is otherwise with our " notions of the agreeable.” However, they can reach us in tolerable abandance through the eye, the ear, the taste (inclu.

(Second Article.) ding the smell), and the touch. It may be as well to record Is a former paper we gave an authentic account of what the here, for the benefit of posterity--as with the rapid increase country folks, and we ourselves at the time, looked upon as a of railroads, and other improved modes of travelling and genuine instance apparition. It appeared to the simpleliving in these days, it stands a chance of being forgotten minded to be a clear and distinct case, exhibiting all those hereafter-that to one who has been up all night in a close minute and subordinate details which, by an arrangement nacoach, “ four inside," or has dined at a Lord's Mayor's inau- turally happy and without concert, go to the formation of guration dinner, partaking largely of the good things, the truth. There was, however, but one drawback in the matter, warm bath is a highly agreeable and efficacious restorative, and that was the ludicrous and inadequate nature of the moand that he is indebted in this case to the entire envelope ral motive ; for what unsteady and derogatory notions of Proof his epidermis, and not to any one part in particular, for vidence must we not entertain when we see the order and purthe pleasing sensation he experiences. There are other poses of his divine will so completely degraded and travestied modes of exciting the pleasurable on this wholesale plan, such by the fact of a human soul returning to this earth again for as shampooing, as it is practised in the east, and suddenly the ridiculous object of settling the claim to a pair of breeches! plunging into the snow after stewing in vapour, as they do in When we see the succession to crowns and kingdoms, and Russia, and so on; but as I have never myself been “ done” the inheritance to large territorial property and great persoby any of these processes, I do not take upon me to recommend nal rank, all left so completely undecided that ruin and desothem. I am not an advocate for tickling. The laughter lation have come upon nations and families in attempting their which it excites is one to which we give way with reluctance, adjustment, and when we see a laughable dispute about a pair and its pleasure is equivocal. I have seen poor children of breeches settled by a personal revelation from another life, tickled nearly to death, and feel a great horror of that mode we cannot help asking why the supernatural intimation was of making my exit from all the consciousnesses that belong to permitted in the one case and not in the other, especially when this mortal coil.

their relative importance differed so essentially ? To follow As to the innumerable sensations of agreeableness which up this question, however, by insisting upon a principle so abwe may receive through the eye, including all that may be surd, would place Providence in a position so perfectly unreaseen-the ear encompassing all the concords of sweet sounds- sonable and capricious, that we do not wish to press the infethe warbling of birds—the voice of the beloved, and all the rence so far as admission of divine interference in such a melody of song-through the taste, with all its varieties-- manner would justify us in doing. what gives to the peach its melting richness ?-to generous Having detailed the case of Daly's daughter, however, we wine its elevating gentlemanliness of flavour ?-to meats, take our leave of the girl and the ghost, and turn now to ansoups, and sauces, all their delicious gusto ?-to the rose its other case which came under our own observation in connection sweetness ?-to the cinnamon tree and the orange grove their with Frank Martin and the fairies. Before commencing, howspicy fragrance? Whence come all the delightful visions of ever, we shall by way of introduction endeavour to give our the opium-eater? He lives whilst under the influence of the readers a few short particulars as to fairies, their origin, chadrug in a world of ecstacy: his soul teems with the most pleas- racter, and conduct. And as we happen to be on this subing fancies; all around him is soft and soothing ; whatever he ject, we cannot avoid regretting that we have not by us cosees or hears, ministers to delight.

pies of two most valuable works upon it from the pen of our If you have never lit your cigar as you sallied forth with learned and admirable countryman, Thomas Keightly-we dog and gun on a fine December morning, let me tell you, gen- allude to his Fairy Mythology and his History of the Pranstlo reader, that you have missed a sensation worth getting up mission of Popular Fictions ; two works which cannot be perto enjoy. But not to lose ourselves in a wilderness of sweets, used without delight at the happy manner in which so much or to forget our great argument, what is the immediate cause learning and amusement, so much solid information, and all of all these so agreeable effects ? Why, a peculiar organization that is agreeable in extensive research, are inimitably comof our bodies, fitted to receive every imaginable impression bined. We are sorry, we repeat, that we have them not by from without, whether of the painful or the agreeable kind, us ; but we trust that we may on some early occasion be aland to transmit that impression, when received, to the seat of lowed to notice them at greater length, and to give them a perception within.

more formal recommendation to our countrymen. We call it the nervous system; and what I would beg my With the etymology of the word fairy we do not intend in readers to consider is, how wonderful, how curious, above all a publication like this to puzzle our readers. It is with the comprehension or explanation, that apparatus in our construc-tradition connected with the thing that we have to do, and tion must be, to which we owe such an infinite variety of sen- not with a variety of learned speculations, which appear after sations, and those of the most opposite kinds! It baffles the all to be yet unsettled. The general opinion, in Ireland at skill of the anatomist to unveil its mysteries: no needle can least, is, that during the war of Lucifer in heaven the angels trace its ligaments; yet it is a real, substantial thing, of whose were divided into three classes. The first class consisted of existence we have perfect assurance by the very palpable those faithful spirits who at once and without hesitation adeffects which it produces.

hered to the standard of the Omnipotent; the next consisted Thus much for our different and various sensations arising of those who openly rebelled and followed the great apostate, from outward impressions ; but there is yet a third class, in sharing eternal perdition along with him ; the third and last which, by a sort of reflection, our nerves perform an impor- consisted of those who, during the mighty clash and uproar tant function, and transmit the action begun in the mind to of the contending hosts, stood timidly aloof and refused to the seat of emotion, or the soul. Hence the joy of the mathe- join either power. These, says the tradition, were hurled out matician at the discovery of some important problem, or of of heaven, some upon earth and some into the waters of the the poet at hitting upon some long-sought-for rhyme with an. I earth, where they are to remain ignorant of their fate until




the day of judgment. They know their own power, however, o' sour butthermilk along wid it, especially as she was so and it is said that nothing but their hopes of salvation pre- poorly: and indeed for a woman in her condition_for, sick as vent them from at once annihilating the whole human race. she was, poor Paddy always was made to believe her in that Such is the broad basis of the general superstition; but our condition—but God's will be done ! she did'nt care. A pratie traditional history and conception of the popular fairy falls an' a grain o' salt was as welcome to her-glory be to his far short of the historical dignity associated with its origin. name !—as the best roast an' boiled that ever was dressed ; an' The fairy of the people is a diminutive creature, generally why not? There was one comfort : she wouldn't be long wid dressed in green, irritable, capricious, and quite unsteady in him—long throublin' him; it matthered little what she got ; all its principles and dealings with mankind. Sometimes it but sure she knew herself that from the gnawin' at her heart, exhibits singular proofs of ingenuity, but, on the contrary, is she could never do good widout the little bit o' mait now and frequently overreached by mere mortal capacity. It is im- then; an', sure, if her own husband begridged it to her, who possible to say in dealing with it whether its conduct will be else had she a betther right to expect it from ? found benevolent or otherwise, for it often has happened that Well, as we said, she lay a bedridden invalid for long enough, its threats of injury have ended in kindness, and its promises trying doctors and quacks of all sorts, sexes, and sizes, and of protection terminated in malice and treachery. What is all without a farthing's benefit, until at the long run poor Paddy very remarkable too is, that it by no means appears to be a was nearly brought to the last pass in striving to keep her in mere spirit, but a being with passions, appetites, and other “the bit o' mait." The seventh year was now on the point natural wants like ourselves. Indeed, the society or commu- of closing, when one harvest day, as she lay bemoaning her nity of fairies appears to be less self-dependent than ours, hard condition on her bed beyond the kitchen fire, a little inasmuch as there are several offices among them which they weeshy woman, dressed in a neat red cloak, comes in, and, sitnot only cannot perform, but which render it necessary that ting down by the hearth, says, we should be stolen and domiciled with them, for the express "Well

, Kitty Corcoran, you've had a long lair of it there purpose of performing for them. Like us they are married and on the broad o’yer back for seven years, an' you're jist as far given in marriage, and rear families ; but whether their off- from bein' cured as ever." spring are subject to death, is a matter not exactly of the “Mavrone, ay,” said the other ; "in troth that's what I clearest. Some traditions affirm that they are, and others was this minnit thinkin' ov, and a sorrowful thought it is that they are as immortal as the angels, although possessing to me.' material bodies analogous to our own. The fairy, in fact, is “ It's yer own fau't, thin,” says the little woman ; "an' insupposed to be a singular mixture of good and evil, not very deed for that matter, it's yer fau't that ever you wor there at moral in its actions or objects, often very thievish, and some

all.” times benevolent when kindness is least expected from it. It “Arra, how is that ?" asked Kitty ;“ sure I wouldn't be here is generally supposed by the people that this singular class of if I could help it? Do you think it's a comfort or a pleasure to fictitious creatures enjoy as a kind of right the richest and best me to be sick and bedridden ?" of all the fruits of the earth, and that the top grain of wheat, "No," said the other, “ I do not ; but I'll tell you the truth : oats, &c., and the ripest apple, pear, &c., all belong to them, for the last seven years you have been annoyin' us. I am one and are taken as their own exclusive property.

o'the good people; an'as I have a regard for you, I'm come to They have also other acknowledged rights which they never let you know the raison why you've been sick so long as you suffer to be violated with impunity. For instance, wherever are. For all the time you've been ill, if you'll take the thrub. a meal is eaten upon the grass in an open field, and the crumbs ble to remimber, you've threwn out yer dirty wather afther are not shaken down upon the spot for their use, there they are dusk an' before sunrise, at the very time we're passin' yer sure to leave one of their curses called the far gurtha, or the door, which we pass twice a-day. Now, if you avoid this, if hungry man : for whoever passes over that particular spot for you throw it out in a different place, an’ at a different time, ever afterwards is liable to be struck down with weakness the complaint you have will lave you : so will the gnawin' at and hunger; and unless he can taste a morsel of bread, he nei- the heart ; an' you'll be as well as ever you wor. If you don't ther will nor can recover. The weakness in this instance, how- follow this advice, why, remain as you are, an' all the art o' ever, is not natural, for if the person affected but tastes as man can't cure you." She then bade her good-bye, and dismuch meal or flour as would lie on the point of a penknife, he appeared. will instantaneously break the spell of the fairies, and recover Kitty, who was glad to be cured on such easy terms, immehis former strength. Such spots are said to be generally diately complied with the injunction of the fairy; and the conknown by their superior verdure: they are always round, sequence was, that the next day she found herself in as good and the diameter of these little circles is seldom more than a health as ever she enjoyed during her life. single step. The grass which grows upon them is called in Lanty M'Clusky had married a wife, and of course it was the north and parts of the north-west hungry-grass, and is necessary to hire a house in which to keep her. Now, Lanty accounted for as we have already stated. Indeed, the walks had taken a bit of a farm, about six acres; but as there was and haunts of the fairies are to be considered as very sacred no house on it, he resolved to build one; and that it might be and inviolate. For instance, it is dangerous to throw out as comfortable as possible, he selected for the site of it one of dirty water after dusk or before sunrise, lest in doing so you those beautiful green circles that are supposed to be the playbespatter them with a liquid as unsavoury to the smell as it is ground of the fairies. Lanty was warned against this; but unclean to the touch : for these little gentry are peculiarly fond as he was a headstrong man, and not much given to fear, he of cleanliness and neatness, both in dress and person. Bishop said he would not change such a pleasant situation for his Andrews's Lamentation for the Fairies gives as humorous house to oblige all the fairies in Europe. He accordingly proand correct a notion of their personal habits in this way, and ceeded with the building, which he finished off very neatly ; their disposition to reward cleanliness in servants, as could be and as it is usual on these occasions to give one's neighbours written.

and friends a house-warming, so, in compliance with this good We shall ourselves relate a short anecdote or two touching and pleasant old custom, Lanty having brought home the them, before we come to Frank Martin's case; premising to wife in the course of the day, got a fiddler, and gave those our readers that we could if we wished fill a volume_ay, three who had come to see him a dance in the evening,

This was of them—with anecdotes and legends connected with our irri- all very well, and the fun and hilarity were proceeding briskly, table but good-humoured little friends.

when a noise was heard after night had set in, like a crushing Paddy Corcoran's wife was for several years afflicted with and straining of ribs and rafters on the top of the house. The a kind of complaint which nobody could properly understand. folks assembled all listened, and without doubt there was noShe was sick, and she was not sick; she was well, and she thing heard but crushing, and heaving, and pushing, and groan. was not well; she was as ladies wish to be who love their lords, ing, and panting, as if a thousand little men were engaged and she was not as such ladies wish to be. In fact, nobody in pulling down the roof. could tell what the matter with her was. She had a gnawing “Come,” said a voice, which spoke in a tone of command, at the heart which came heavily upon her husband ; for, with “ work hard: you know we must have Lanty's house down the help of God, a keener appetite than the same gnawing before midnight.” amounted to could not be met with of a summer's day. The This was an unwelcome piece of intelligence to Lanty, who, poor woman was delicate beyond belief, and had no appetite finding that his enemies were such as he could not cope with, at all, so she hadn't, barring a little relish for a mutton-chop, walked out, and addressed them as follows: or a "staik," or a bit o' mait, anyway; for sure, God help her! “Gintlemen, I humbly ax yer pardon for buildin' on any she hadn't the laist inclination for the dhry pratie, or the dhrop place belongin' to you ; but if you'll have the civilitude to let



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me alone this night, I'll begin to pull down and remove the “ Indeed there is that, good woman,” replied Biddy, smil. house to-morrow morning."

ing a little, and blushing to the back of that again, because This was followed by a noise like the clapping of a thousand she knew her own fate depended on it. tiny little hands, and a shout of “Bravo, Lanty! build half way “ And,” continued the little woman, “whoever wins the between the two Whitethorns above the boreen;" and after kemp, wins a husband ?" another hearty little shout of exultation, there was a brisk “Ay, so it seems." rushing noise, and they were heard no more.

Well, whoever gets Shaun will be a happy woman, for he's The story, however, does not end here; for Lanty, when the moral of a good boy.' digging the foundation of his new house, found the full of a “ That's notliing but the truth, any how,” replied Biddy, kam of gold: so that in leaving the fairies to their play.ground, sighing for fear, you may be sure, that she herself might lose he became a richer man than ever he otherwise would have him; and indeed a young woman might sigh from many a been, had he never come in contact with them at all.

“ But,” said she, changing the subject, “ you There is another instance of their interference mentioned, in appear to be tired, honest woman, an' I think you had better which it is difficult to say whether their simplicity or benevo- eat a bit, an' take a good drink of buinnhe ramwher (thick lence is the most amusing. In the north of Ireland there are milk) to help you on your journey." spinning meetings of unmarried females frequently held at the " Thank you kindly, a colleen,” said the woman; “ I'll houses of farmers, called kemps. Every young woman who take a bit, if you plase, hopin' at the same time that you won't has got the reputation of being a quick and expert spinner, be the poorer of it this day twelve months.”. attends where the kemp is to be held, at an hour usually before “ Sure,” said the girl, you know that what we give from daylight, and on these occasions she is accompanied by her kindness, ever and always leaves a blessing behind it.” sweetheart or some male relative, who carries her wheel, and “Yes, acushla, when it is given from kindness.” conducts her safely across the fields or along the road as the She accordingly helped herself to the food that Biddy placed case may be. A kemp is indeed an animated and joyous scene, before her, and appeared after eating to be very much reand one, besides, which is calculated to promote industry and freshed. decent pride. Scarcely any thing can be more cheering and “Now," said she, rising up, “ you're a very good girl, an' agreeable than to hear at a distance, breaking the silence of if you are able to find out my name before Tuesday morning, morning, the light-hearted voices of many girls either in mirth the kemp-day, I tell you that you'll win it, and gain the hus. or song, the humming sound of the busy wheels-jarred upon band.” a little, it is true, by the stridulous noise and checkings of the “ Why,” said Biddy, "I never saw you before. I don't reels, and the voices of the reelers, as they call aloud the know who you are, nor where you live; how then can I ever checks, together with the name of the girl and the quantity find out your name ?”. she has spun up to that period; for the contest is generally “You never saw me before, sure enough,” said the old wo. commenced two or three hours before daybreak. This mirth man, “an' I tell you that you will never see me again but ful spirit is also sustained by the prospect of a dance-with once; an' yet if you have not my name for me at the close of which, by the way, every kemp closes; and when the fair vic- the kemp, you'll lose all, an' that will leave you a sore heart, tor is declared, she is to be looked upon as the queen of the for well I know you love Shaun Buie." meeting, and treated with the necessary respect.

So saying, she went away, and left poor Biddy quite cast But to our tale. Every one knew Shaun Buie M‘Gaveran down at what she had said, for, to tell the truth, she loved to be the cleanest, hest-conducted boy, and the most industri- Shaun very much, and had no hopes of being able to find out ous too, in the whole parish of Faugh-a-balla. Hard was it to the name of the little woman, on which it appeared so much find a young fellow who could handle a flail, spade, or reaping- to her depended. hook, in better style, or who could go through his day's work It was very near the same hour of the same day that Sally in a more creditable or workmanlike manner. In addition to Gorman was sitting alone in her father's house, thinking of this he was a fine, well-built, handsome young man as you the kemp, when who should walk into her but our friend the could meet in a fair ; and so sign was on it, maybe the pretty little red woman? girls weren't likely to pull each other's caps about him. Shaun, “God save you, honest woman,” said Sally; " this is a fine however, was as prudent as he was good-looking; and although day that's in it, the Lord be praised !”, he wanted a wife, yet the sorrow one of him but preferred tak. ** It is,” said the woman, as fine a day as one could wish ing a well-handed, smart girl, who was known to be well be- for ; indeed it is.” haved and industrious like himself. Here, however, was where “ Have you no news on your travels ?” asked Sally. the puzzle lay on him, for instead of one girl of that kind, there " The only news in the neighbourhood,” replied the other, were in the neighbourhood no less than a dozen of them-all“ is this great kemp that's to take place at Shaun Buie M'Gaequally fit and willing to become his wife, and all equally good- veran's. They say you're either to win him or lose him then,” looking. There were two, however, whom he thought a trifle she added, looking closely at Sally as she spoke. above the rest ; but so nicely balanced were Biddy Corrigan “I'm not very much afraid of that,” said Sally with confi. and Sally Gorman, that for the life of him he could not make dence; “but even if I do lose him, I may get as good." up his mind to decide between them. Each of them had won “It's not easy gettin' as good,” rejoined the old woman, her kemp; and it was currently said by them who ought to “an' you ought to be very glad to win him if you can.” know, that neither of them could overmatch the other. No · Let me alone for that,” said Sally.“ Biddy's a good two girls in the parish were better respected, nor more de-girl, I allow; but as for spinnin', she never saw the day she served to be so; and the consequence was, they had every could leave me behind her. Won't you sit an' rest you ?" she one's good word and good wish. Now, it so happened that added ; " you're maybe tired." Shaun had been pulling a cord with each ; and as he knew not “It's time for you to think of it,” thought the woman, but how to decide between, he thought he would allow them to do she spoke nothing ; “but,” she added to herself on reflection, that themselves if they could. He accordingly gave out to “it's better late than never-- I'll sit awhile, till I see a little the neighbours that he would hold a kemp on that day week, closer what she's made of.” und he told Biddy and Sally especially that he had made up She accordingly sat down and chatted upon several subhis mind to marry whichever of them won the kemp, for he jects, such as young women like to talk about, for about half an knew right well, as did all the parish, that one of them must. hour; after which she arose, and taking her little staff in hand,

The girls agreed to this very good-humouredly-Biddy tell- she bade Sally good-bye and went her way. After passing ing Sally, that she (Sally) would surely win it; and Sally, not a little from the house she looked back, and could not help to be outdone in civility, telling the same thing to her. speaking to herself as follows:-Well, the week was nearly past, there being but two days

She's smooth and smart, till that of the kemp, when, about three o'clock, there walks

But she wants the heart; into the house of old Paddy Corrigan, a little woman dressed

She's tight and neat, in high-heeled shoes and a short red cloak. There was no one

But she gave no meat." in the house but Biddy at the time, who rose up and placed a chair near the fire, and asked the little red woman to sit down Poor Biddy now made all possible inquiries about the old woand rest herself

. She accordingly did so, and in a short time man, but to no purpose. Not a soul she spoke to about her a lively chat commenced between them.

had ever seen or heard of such a woman. She felt very dis“So," said the strange woman, 'there's to be a great spirited and began to lose heart, for there is no doubt that if kemp in Shaun Buie M'Gaveran's ?”

she missed Shaun, it would have cost her many a sorrowful


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