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BY MARTIN DOYLE.
day. She knew she would never get his equal, or at least
WHAT ARE COMFORTS ? any one that she loved so well. At last the kemp day came, and with it all the pretty girls of the neighbourhood, to Shaun A few months ago I had the honour of passing a day in EngBuie's. Among the rest, the two that were to decide their land with a gentleman of considerable property, who took the right to him were doubtless the handsomest pair by far, trouble of showing me a very extensive park and tillage farm and every one admired them. To be sure, it was a blythe near his manor house, around which every thing indicated and merry place, and many a light laugh and sweet song rang good taste and abundant wealth in the possessor. out from pretty lips that day. Biddy and Sally, as every one It has rarely been my good fortune to view more beautiful expected, were far ahead of the rest, but so even in their spin- scenery than that which the demesne of F
possesses within ning that the reelers could not for the life of them declare itself, or a place in which it would be more difficult to find a which was the best. It was neck and neck and head and head want, either in the nature or extent of the landscape : yet as we between the pretty creatures, and all who were at the kemp walked along, and were admiring some undulating land, about felt themselves wound up to the highest pitch of interest and six miles distant, Mr F suddenly stopped, and remarked curiosity to know which of them would be successful. “ that he had long wished for that hill, in order to plant on it
The day was now more than half gone, and no difference a clump or two of trees, as a picturesque termination to his was between them, when, to the surprise and sorrow of every prospect : it would be such a comfort to have it! I have one present, Biddy Corrigan's heck broke in two, and so to offered forty years' purchase for that land," said he ; " but the all appearance ended the contest in favour of her rival ; and possessor is an obstinate fellow, and won't part with it." what added to her mortification, she was as ignorant of the I ventured to suggest that he should endeavour to prevail red little woman's name as ever. What was to be done? upon the owner of the hill to plant the desired clumps; but to All that could be done was done. Her brother, a boy of about this he gave a decided negative, saying, that it would be very fourteen years of age, happened to be present when the acci- uncomfortable indeed to be indebted to such an unaccommodent took place, having been sent by his father and mother to dating person for any thing. bring them word how the match went on between the rival At dinner, the lady of the house, after asking me if I had spinsters. Johnny Corrigan was accordingly dispatched with been pleased with Mr F-'s farming, and proposing some all speed to Donnel M‘Cusker's, the wheelwright, in order to other questions of that nature, which she considerately accomget the heck mended, that being Biddy's last but hopeless modated to my capacity, in order to relieve me if possible from chance. Johnny's anxiety that his sister should win was of the embarrassment natural to a man of my station in life course very great, and in order to lose as little time as possi- when sitting at table with his betters, and surrounded with ble he struck across the country, passing through, or rather luxuries quite new to him, inquired with great suavity of close by, Kilrudden forth, a place celebrated as a resort of manner if I did not think that the owner of the hill property was the fairies. What was his astonishment, however, as he passed very“ tiresome” in refusing Mr F— the little comfort on a whitethorn tree, to hear a female voice singing, in accompa- which his heart was fixed; and in the course of the dessert inniment to the sound of a spinning-wheel, the following words: formed me that the governess was a very “comfortable” per“There's a girl in this town doesn't know my name ;
son to have about children : that the King of the French bad But my name's Even Trot-Even Trot."
no “comfort” in his ministers, and must find the attempts upon “ There's a girl in this town,” said the lad, “who's in great his life very “tiresome” indeed. distress, for she has broken her heck and lost a husband. I'm been really uncomfortable from the dread of doing
Having got over the dinner business, during which I had now goin' to Donnel M‘Cusker's to get it mended." “ What's her name?" said the little red woman.
very awkward, I became composed and familiar by degrees, “ Biddy Corrigan.'
and asked questions in my turn; and was assured that there The little woman immediately whipped out the heck from is very little comfort to be had in a mere country life withher own wheel, and giving it to the boy, desired him to bring out a first-rate bailiff and gardener, newspapers, new publiit to his sister, and never mind Donnel M'Cusker.
cations, a billiard table, and society of a certain class within “ You have little time to lose,” she added, “ so go back and visiting distance; that hot baths are indispensable comforts give her this ; but don't tell her how you got it, nor, above within the house, and that one adjoining the stables is also a all things, that it was Even Trot that gave it to you."
great comfort to a hunter after a hard day's work. The lad returned, and after giving the heck to his sister,
It was also among their comforts to have the nursery in a as a matter of course told her that it was a little red woman remote wing, where the cry of a child could not reach the called Even Trot that sent it to her, a circumstance which seniors of the family in their apartments, and a very great made the tears of delight start to Biddy's eyes, for she knew comfort to have a pew in the church with a fireplace in it. now that Even Trot was the name of the old woman, and
My host, who would not allow me to leave Castle Fhaving known that, she felt that something good would hap- that night, passed much of the evening in reading the pen to her. She now resumed her spinning, and never did papers of that day, standing at intervals with his back to the human fingers let down the thread so rapidly. The whole fire, which comfort he seemed to enjoy extremely, while I kemp were amazed at the quantity which from time to time threw in a word now and then to him or his lady, to whom I filled her pirn. The hearts of her friends began to rise, and detailed the receipt for making catsup from nettles, as it apthose of Sally's party to sink, as hour after hour she was fast pears in my Cyclopædia of Agriculture. This economical approaching her rival
, who now spun if possible with double method of making catsup,” she was pleased to say, “would be speed on finding Biddy coming up with her. At length they a great comfort to the poor ;” and so it would, as I ventured were again even, and just at that moment in came her friend to observe, if they had any thing to eat that required such the little red woman, and asks aloud,“ is there any one in this kemp that knows my name ?" This question she asked three
I was conducted at night to a bedroom, with large mirrors, times before Biddy could pluck up courage to answer her. placed opposite the fire
, and an immensely high bedstead,
a pair of wax candles on the dressing-table, a luxurious chair She at last said, “There's a girl in this town does know your name
curtained with damask satin. Being subject to the nightmare, Your name is Even Trot-Even Trot."
I mounted this (by a step-ladder) with fear and trembling, “ Ay," said the old woman, “and so it is; and let that this calamity in a strange house, and among great people,
lest I should roll out in the night; and the apprehension of name be your guide and your husband's through life. Go steadily along, but let your step be even ; stop little ; keep al- kept me from sleeping all night, and rendered me extremely
uncomfortable. ways advancing; and you'll never have cause to rue the day
I could not help thinking what Mrs Doyle and the children that you first saw Even Trot.” We need scarcely add that Biddy won the kemp and the and stretched under such a grand canopy; and to tell the
vould say if they saw me tucked under such fine bed-clothes, husband, and that she and Shaun lived long and happily toge, truth, I wished myself safely out of it, and in my own crib ther; and I have only now to wish, kind reader, that you and I may live longer and more happily still.
at Ballyorley. Yet to the obliging inquiries of my entertainers, on the ensuing morning, “ if my bed had been comfortable?" I was unable to say No. But what are comforts ?
thought I to myself all the time. Indeed, the consideration of Men no more desire another's secrets, to conceal them, than this question has occupied my mind a good deal since, for I they would another's purse, for the pleasure only of carrying find the notions attached to the term “comfort" are infinitely it. -Fielding
When I left Castle Fm, the weather was cold ; I mounted, the greatest comfort to him; and a woman recovering from however, the roof of a coach, and proceeded with many other fever, whose bed linen had been just changed, spoke within passengers for Salisbury. We had not gone far when rain my hearing to her sister of the comfort which she felt in confell in torrents, driven by a piercing blast; umbrellas and sequence. coats were not waterproof, and when we alighted at the inn- I hired a brickmaker in the course of that tour, and set off door at Salisbury, there were none of the outsides who were with him for Ireland. When I reached Liverpool, a steamer not more or less wet and miserable.
was about to leave for Wexford. Into this I entered. The Four of us determined to remain at the inn all night; and as steward showed me a comfortable berth, in which I was dreadwe threw off dripping cloaks and mufflers, and approached a fully sick during a passage of twenty hours, loathing the sight blazing fire in a small snug parlour, where a cloth, and and smell of food; yet he often came to ask me if there was knives and forks, and a plate-warmer, gave indications of a any little comfort in the way of meat and drink that he could hot dinner, we all agreed that this was true comfort; nor supply. was this opinion changed when soon afterwards we sat in dry A few days after I had reached home, I went into the cot. elothes by a fire, with—but let no one mention this to Father tages of my own workpeople, and there the distinction between Mathew-a hot tumbler of brandy punch before each of us. them and those of the corresponding class in England in their
But though we were unanimous on this occasion, I soon estimate of what is comfortable, struck me very forcibly; found that the utmost difference of opinion prevailed on other Although the principle which leads most of us to desire points, as to real comfort. One of the gentlemen, who sat at something more than we possess in the way of comforts, as my right hand, whispered to me in confidence that there was they are called—but of extreme luxuries in many instancesno comfort in a single life, that his house was cheerless, his operates in the Irish labourer as among nine-tenths of his felservants great plagues from want of a mistress to keep them low men, his notions of what is comfortable are truly moderate. in order, and his furniture going to destruction. My compa- One of my ploughmen was at breakfast as I walked into nion on the other side, whose wife I understood to be a virago, his house. He and his family were seated round a table_it gave a groan, shook his head two or three times, and whis- had no cloth I must admit_helping themselves at pleasure from pered to me, “If the gentleman wishes to enjoy comfort, he a dish of stirabout, and dipping each spoonful into a mug of will leave matrimony alone.”
milk. This I thought a far more suitable breakfast for them Having occasion to hire a good brickmaker to bring over than weak and adulterated tea and white bread, at a much with me to teach my workmen how bricks ought to be made, greater expense than an oatmeal diet. I went into several cottages inhabited by labourers in Shrop- I asked Pat what he would think of bread and tea every shire. In the first into which I went, and this was very well morning and evening, to which he very sensibly replied that furnished, were a man and his wife at breakfast. They had tea it wasn't fit for him nor the likes of him! but that a cup of and sugar, a large white quartern loaf, and some crock but- tea and some bread would be very agreeable to them every ter. Very good, said I to myself ; these people are exceed- Sunday evening, especially so to his old mother, who would ingly comfortable. The man was a common field labourer, think a little tea now and then a great comfort. As to meat, and earned twelve shillings a-week the year round. They he would like that once or twice a-week, but was not so unhad a piece of meat every day at dinner with their greens or reasonable as to wish for it oftener. As long as the potatoes potatoes, and bread into the bargain, and bread and butter in and the milk stood to him, he had no reason to complain! the evening.
Then what are comforts ? I again asked myself. There stood a little boiler in a back kitchen, which I un- Returning home, I called at the house of a dying widow derstood was for brewing small beer occasionally; and no- whose character I had long respected. She was very poor, thing seemed wanting in the way of comforts to this couple. but always contented, though she could hardly be said at any
I was not offered a chair, nor did either of them ask me to time to have enjoyed what are considered the blessings of this sit down, but they answered such questions as I put to them. life. I asked her if she wanted anything that I could send her “ I'm glad to see you so comfortable,” said I.
May I ask
-any little comforts. The word excited her languid spirit. if you have any others in family?”
“ I have wanted for nothing,” said she, “ that was really need. “ No, we're only ourselves. We ha'n't no children, boys ful for me; and now, O God ! 'thy comforts delight my soul.' nor girls," said the woman in rather a dissatisfied tone. After a little time she said, “ Blessed be the God of all con
"Well, then," I rejoined, you have the less cause for fort ;” and again, “ I am filled with comfort." anxiety. Children are uncertain blessings, though certain These words gave another turn to my thoughts: the subcares ; and depend upon it, you are much better off than many ject was placed in a new point of contemplation. Let my parents who have them.”
reader now in his turn, entering into the widow's application " That is very true," replied the woman ; “ but still a child of the term comfort, ponder upon the question, " What is comor two would be a great comfort to us in our old age.” fort ?" and I am much mistaken if he does not discover that it
Their next-door neighbours had four noisy children and the is something which the world cannot give. same weekly wages. Here I was told by the parents, who were also at a tea breakfast, that their childless neighbours MALARIA.-It is not a mere theory, but a well-founded were far better off than they, as they had comforts beyond opinion, that all the destructive epidemics that have afflicted their own reach. “ We can't drink no beer,” said the man- this globe have had their origin in malaria, which in a cold (this was a lie, by the way, for he spent a shilling every week climate has produced typhus fever, in a more temperate one in the jerry-shop, to the real discomfort of his family), plague and yellow fever, and within the tropics cholera, each eat no good wittals, nor have nothing comfortable.'
modified according to the idiosyncratic state of the sufferers. In short, in every house into which I went there was some
A few examples may be enumerated. Ancient Rome was thing wanting to constitute comfort.
subject to frequent epidemics, generally caused by inundations In the dwelling of an artizan it was the want of a hot joint of the Tiber ; but in the year 81 of the Christian era, after a and a pudding on Sundays, or the substitution of an occa
severe rainy season succeeded by intense heat, the mortality sional dish of potatoes for bread or meat ; and sometimes it
was so great as to carry off 10,000 citizens daily. It is nar. was the house itself which was uncomfortable from some cause rated by historians that the year 1374 was marked by a comet, or other. One or two of the very poorest families which I by excessive rain and heat, and succeeded by the most dreadvisited were disposed to think they would have comforts in ful mortality that we have any record of, and by which twothe Union house which they could not afford under their own thirds of the human race were destroyed in a very brief period; roofs, although those who were within that establishment de- many places were entirely depopulated ;. 20,000,000 died clared that they had no comforts at all.
in the east in one year, 100,000 perished in Venice, 50,000 An old woman in one of the cottages complained to me that were buried in one graveyard in London, grass grew up in John Snook had stolen one of her geese when it was just ready the streets of cities hitherto most populous, and people fled in for the market, and that it would be a great comfort to her if boats and ships to sea, regardless of property and friends. John Snook could be taken and transported.
A parish schoolmaster assured me that he had no perfect Printed and published every Saturday by Gunn and Cameron, at the Office comfort except in vacation time; the boys when at school were
of the General Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dublin. so unruly that he had little peace or comfort except by flog- Agents :—R. GROOMBRIDGE, Panyer Alley, Paternoster Row, London ; ging them. The boys, on the other hand, derived no comfort Simms and DINHAM, Exchange Street, Manchester ; C. DAVIES, North from being flogged.
John Street, Liverpool ; J. Drake, Birmingham; SLOCOMBE & Sivus,
Leeds ; FRAZER and CRAWFORD, George Street, Edinburgh ; and A sick man told me that a bowl of wine whey would be of DAVID ROBERTSON, Trongate, Glasgow,
THE MONUMENT TO THE MEMORY OF DR DOYLE, BY HOGAN.) In presenting our readers with a drawing, made expressly , cannot conceive a subject more worthy of attracting public for the purpose, of the Monumental Sculpture intended to attention or more legitimately within the scope of one of the memorise the mortal form of an illustrious Irishman, who primary objects our Journal was designed to effect-namely, to was beloved and honoured by the great mass of his country- make our country, and its people, without reference to sect or men, and respected for his talents by all, we have done that party, more intimately known than they had been previously, which we trust will give as much pleasure to most of our not only to strangers, but even to Irishmen themselves. readers, as it has afforded gratification to ourselves.
In our present object, therefore, of lending our influence, This monument is indeed a truly interesting one, whether such as it is, to make the merits of a great Irish artist more considered in reference to its subject—the character of the thoroughly known and justly appreciated, by our countrymen distinguished individual whose memory it is designed to ho- in particular, than they have hitherto been, we are only disnour—the circumstances which have given it existence_or, charging a duty necessarily imposed upon us ; and the plealastly, as a work of high art, the production of an Irishman sure which we feel in doing so would be great indeed, if it whose talents reflect lustre on his country. It is, however, in were not diminished by the saddening reflection that it should this last point of view only, that, consistently with the plan be so necessary in the case of an artist of his eminence. But, originally laid down for the conduct of our little periodical, alas ! the scriptural adage, that no man is a prophet in his wescan venture to treat of it; and considered in this way, we own country, is unfortunately nowhere so strikingly illustrated
as in Ireland, and of this fact Mr Hogan is a remarkable ex. I be extinguished but with life, and he immediately applied ample. Holding, as he unquestionably does, a high place himself to their study with his whole heart and soul. Thus among the most eminent sculptors of Europe, he is as yet un. occupied he remained till 1823, surrounded and excited to patronized by the aristocracy of his native country-is indeed emulation by the kindred spirits of Mac Clise, Scottowe, perhaps scarcely known to them.
Ford—the glorious Ford ! – Buckley the architect, equally Mr Hogan is not, as generally supposed, a native of Cork : glorious— Keller, his own brother Richard, and many other he was born at Tallow, in the county of Waterford, in 1800, of lesser names- -many of whom, alas for their own and their where his father carried on the business of a builder. He is country's fame! paid the price of their early distinction with of good family, both by the paternal and maternal sides ; his their lives
. Well may the people of Cork feel proud of this father being of the old Dalcassian tribe of the O'Hogans, the constellation of youthful genius–a brighter one was never aschiefs of whom were located in the seventeenth century at Ard- sembled together in recent times. crony, in the county of Tipperary, four miles and a half to The period, however, had now arrived when the eagle wing the north of Nenagh, where the remains of their castle and of Hogan was to try its strength; and most fortunately for church are still to be seen. By the mother's side he is de- him, an accident at this time brought to Cork a man more than scended from the celebrated Sir Richard Cox, Lord Chief ordinarily gifted with the power to assist him in its flight. Justice of Ireland in the reign of William and Mary, and Lord The person we allude to was the late William Paulett Carey, Chancellor in that of Queen Anne, his mother, Frances Cox, an Irishman no less distinguished for his abilities as a critical being the great-grandaughter of that eminent individual. writer on works of art, than for his ardent zeal in aiding the
Having received the ordinary school education, he was struggles of genius, by making their merit known to the world. placed by his father, in the year 1812, under an attorney in In August 1823, this gentleman, on the occasion of paying a Cork, named Michael Footte, with a view to his ultimately visit to the gallery of the Cork Society, "accidentally saw a embracing the legal profession, and in this situation he re- small figure of a Torso, carved in pine timber, which had fallen mained for two years. This was the most unhappy period down under one of the benches. Un taking it up," to continue of his existence ; for, like Chantrey, the greatest of British Mr Carey's own interesting narrative," he was struck by the sculptors, who was also articled to an attorney, being en. correctness and good taste of the design, and the newness of the dowed by nature expressly to become an artist, the original execution. He was surprised to find a piece of so much exbias of his mind to drawing and carving had by this time be- cellence, apparently fresh from the tool, in a place where the come a passion; and despite of the frequent chastisements his arts had been so recently introduced, and where he did not master bestowed on him, in the exuberance of his zeal to curb expect to meet anything but the crude essays of uninstructed what he considered his idle propensities, his whole soul was beginners. On inquiry he was informed it was the work of a given, not to law, but to the Fine Arts, and an artist he became young native of Cork, named Hogan, who had been apprenaccordingly. His father and his master seeing the utter use- ticed to the trade of a carpenter under Mr Deane, an eminent lessness of any further attempts to divert his mind from its builder, and had at his leisure hours studied from the Papal apparently destined course, he was released from his irksome casts, and practised carving and modelling with intense ap. employment, and at the age of fourteen entered the office of plication. Hogan was then at work above stairs, in a small Mr Deane, now Sir Thomas Deane, of Cork, as an appren- apartment in the Academy. The stranger immediately paid tice, where he was soon employed as a draughtsman and him a visit, and was astonished at the rich composition of a carver of models, with a view to his becoming ultimately | Triumph of Silenus, consisting of fifteen figures, about four. an architect. In Mr Deane he found a master who had the teen inches high, designed in an antique style, by this selfintellect to enable him to appreciate his talents, and the good taught artist, and cut in bas-relief, in pine timber. He also feeling to induce him to encourage them; and the first use he saw various studies of hands and feet; a grand head of an made of the chisels with which his patron supplied him, was Apostle, of a small size; a copy of Michael Angelo's mask; to produce a carving in wood of a female skeleton the size some groups in bas-relief after designs by Barry; and a female of life, on which Dr Woodroffe for a season was able to lec- skeleton, the full size, after nature; all cut with delicacy and ture his pupils, as if it were, what it actually seems, a real ske- beauty, in the same material. A copy of the antique Silenus leton in form and colour. Under the instruction of this gen- and Satyrs, in stone, was chiselled with great spirit ; and the tleman Mr Hogan studied anatomy for several years, during model of a Roman soldier, about two feet high, would have which period he made for his improvement many carvings in done credit to a veteran sculptor. A number of his drawings wood of hands and feet, and also essayed his talents on a figure in black and white chalks, from the Papal casts, marked dis of Minerva the size of life, which still remains over the entrance progressive improvement and sense of ideal excellence. The of the Life and Fire Insurance Office in the South Mall. defects in his performances were such as are inseparable from
But though Mr Hogan was thus employed in pursuits con- an early stage of untaught study, and were far overbalanced genial to his tastes, and to a great degree conducive to his by their merits. When his work for his master was over for future eminence as a sculptor, the idea of embracing sculp- the day, he usually employed his hours in the evening in these ture as a profession did not occur to him for several years performances. The female skeleton had been all executed after, nor were the requisite means of study for that profes-during the long winter nights.” sion provided for the student in Cork at this time. There Becoming thus acquainted with Mr Hogan's abilities, Mr was as yet in that city no Academy of Arts or other institu- Carey, with that surprising prophetic judgment with which tion like those in Dublin, provided, for the use of students, with he was so eminently gifted, at once predicted the young those objects which are so essential to the formation of a cor- sculptor's future fame, and proclaimed his genius in every rect taste in the higher departments of the Fine Arts, namely, quarter in which he hoped it inight prove serviceable to him. a selection of casts from the antique statues ; and until such He commenced by writing a series of letters, which were in. subjects for study were acquired, the efforts of genius, how- serted in the Cork Advertiser, “ addressed to the nobility, gen. ever ardent, in the pursuit of beauty and excellence, were ne- try, and opulent merchants, entreating them to raise a fund cessarily blind and fortuitous. Happily, however, this desi- by subscription, to defray the expense of sending Hogan to deratum was at length supplied in Cork, where a Society for Italy, and supporting him there for three or four years, to afford Promoting the Fine Arts was formed in February 1816; and him the advantages of studying at Rome.” But for some time to this Society the Prince Regent, in 1818, through the in- these letters proved ineffectual, and would probably have failed tercession of the late Marquis of Conyngham and other Irish | totally in their object but for Mr Carey's untiring zeal. Acting noblemen who had influence with him, was induced to present under his direction, Mr Hogan was induced to address a letter a selection of the finest casts from the antique statues, which to that noble patron of British genius, the late Lord de had been sent him as a gift by the Roman Pontiff, and the Tabley, then Sir John Fleming Leicester, and to send him at value of which the Prince but little appreciated. The result the same time two specimens of his carvings, " as the humble was not only beyond anything that the most sanguine could offering of a young self-taught artist.” This letter, which was have anticipated in the rapid creation of artists of first-rate backed by one from Mr Carey himself, was responded to at excellence, but also in establishing the fact that among our once in a letter written in the kindest spirit, and which con. own countrymen the finest genius for art abundantly exists, tained an enclosure of twenty-five pounds as Sir John's suband that it only requires the requisite objects for study, with scription to the proposed fund. This was the first money acencouragement, to develope it. The presence of these newly tually paid in, and subscriptions soon followed from others. acquired treasures of ancient art, which consisted of one hun- Through Mr Carey's enthusiastic representations, the Royal dred and fifteen subjects selected by Canova, and cast under Irish Institution was induced to contribute the sum of one hunhis direction, kindled a flame in Mr Hogan's mind never to dred pounds, and the Royal Dublin Society to rote twenty,
five pounds for some specimens of his carvings which Mr We have given these, as we trust, not uninteresting details Hogan submitted to their notice. These acts of liberality were of Mr Hogan's early life, at greater length than the limits as. honourable to those public bodies ; yet, as Mr Carey well ob- signed to our article can well allow, and we must notice his served, it was to Lord de Tabley's generosity that Mr Hogan's subsequent career in briefer terms. Though enrolled now gratitude was most due. Here, as he said, "was a young man of among the resident sculptors in Rome, his difficulties were not genius in obscurity, and wholly unknown to his lordship, re- yet over; and in spite of the most enthusiastic efforts on his part, scued from adversity in the unpromising morning of life--a they might and probably would have been ineffectual in susself-taught artist built up to fame and fortune by his munifi- taining him, if no friendly aid had come to his assistance. In cence-a torch lighted, which I hope will burn bright for ages, two years after his arrival in Rome, or at the end of the year to the honour of the empire. Hogan may receive thousands 1825, Hogan found himself again in a state of embarrassment, of pounds from future patrons, but it is to Lord de Tabley's without a commission, his funds exhausted, or at least reduced timely encouragement that he will be indebted for every thing.” to a state inadequate to the necessary outlay of a sculptor in
The subscriptions collected for Mr Hogan amounted in all the purchase of marble, the rent of a studio, and the payment to the sum of two hundred and fifty pounds; and thus pro- of living models. For his extrication from these difficulties vided, he set out for Italy, visiting London on his way, for the he was again indebted to the liberality of Lord de Tabley and purpose of presenting letters to Sir Thomas Lawrence and the zeal of his advocate Mr Carey, by whom a second subSir Francis Chantrey, which Lord de Tabley had given bim, scription was collected, chiefly in England, amounting to one in the hope that they would procure bim recommendatory hundred and fifty pounds ; of which sum twenty-five pounds letters from those great artists that would be serviceable to was contributed by Lord de Tabley in the first instance, and him in Rome. But these introductions proved of little value twenty-five pounds by the Royal Irish Institution. Trilling to him. Chantrey expressed regret that he knew no one in as this amount was, it proved sufficient for its object, and Mr the “ Eternal City" to whom he could give him a letter; and Hogan was never again necessitated to receive pecuniary asthough Lawrence kindly gave him an introduction to the sistance from the public. Duchess of Devonshire, that distinguished lady had died a few He applied himself forthwith to the production of a marble days before Mr Hogan reached Rome; “so that," as Mr figure intended for his friend and former master Sir Thomas Carey remarks, “he found himself an entire stranger, with Deane, but which when finished his necessities obliged him to little knowledge of the world, without acquaintance or pa- dispose of to the present Lord Powerscourt, and for which he tron, and incapable of speaking the language, at the moment received one hundred pounds, being barely the cost of the of commencing his studies in Italy.”
marble and roughing out or boasting. This statue, which is But the young sculptor, on leaving his native country, was about half the size of life, is now preserved in Powerscourt provided by Lord de Tabley with something more valuable House ; and we may remark, that it is the only work of our than these letters to British artists_namely, a commission to countryman in the possession of an Irish nobleman. His next execute a statue in marble for him, as soon as he should think important work was the exquisite statue of the Dead Christ, himself qualified by his preparatory studies for the undertaking. now placed beneath the altar of the Roman Catholic church
The statue, which was to launch the young sculptor into in Clarendon Street. This work was originally ordered for professional life in Italy, was commenced soon after, but was a chapel in Cork by the Rev. Mr O'Keeffe ; but that gentle. not completed before his noble patron had paid the debt of man, on its arrival in Dublin, not being able to raise the funds nature. "Its subject, which is taken from Gessner's Death of required for its payment, permitted Mr Hogan to dispose of Abel, is Eve, who shortly after her expulsion from Paradise it to the clergymen of Clarendon Street, who paid for it the picks up a dead bird, which being the first inanimate creature sum originally stipulated, namely, four hundred and fifty that she has seen, fills her with emotions of surprise, terror, and pounds ; and we need scarcely add, that this statue is one of pity. This statue, which is the size of life, and which is of ex- the most interesting objects of art adorning qur metropolitan quisite beauty, is now at Lord de Tabley's seat in Cheshire. city. Mr Hogan subsequently executed a duplicate of this
While this statue was in progress, Mr Hogan conceived the statue, but with some changes in the design, for the city of subject and completed the model of his second great work- Cork; but we regret to have to add that he has been as yet one in which the peculiar powers of his genius were more but very inadequate y rewarded for his labours on that work, fully developed, and on the execution of which, from peculiar a sum of two hundred and thirty-seven pounds being still due circumstances, he entered with the most excited enthusiasm. him, and the amount which he has actually received two hun. During the first year of his residence at Rome, Mr Hogan dred pounds) being barely the cost of the marble and rough happening to be present at an evening meeting of artists of workmanship. eminence, the conversation turned on the difficulty of pro- The execution of this statue was followed by that of a large ducing any thing in sculpture perfectly original; and to Mr sepulchral monument in basso relievo to the memory of the late Hogan's astonishment, the celebrated British sculptor Gibson Dr Collins, Roman Catholic Bishop of Cloyne-a figure of stated as his opinion that it was impossible now to imagine an Religion holding in her lap a medallion portrait of the bishop: attitude or expression in the human figure which had not been For this work Mr Hogan was to have received two hundred already appropriated by the great sculptors of antiquity. pounds, but there is still a balance of thirty pounds due to him. This opinion, though coming from one to whom our country. We next find Mr Hogan engaged on a second work for our man then looked up. appeared to him a strange and unsound city-the Pieta, or figures of the Virgin and the Redeemer, of one, and with the diffidence of an artist whose powers were colossal size, executed in plaster for the Rev. Dr Flanagan, as yet untried, he ventured to express his dissent from it; when Roman Catholic Rector of the chapel in Francis Street, which Gibson, astonished at his presumption, somewhat pettishly re- it now adorns. Of this work, an engraving, with a masterly plied, • Then let us see if you are able to produce such an description and eulogium from the pen of the Marchese Mel. original work!” The challenge thus publicly offered could chiori, a great authority in matters of critical taste in the not be refused by one of Hogan's temperament; and the young fine arts, has been published in the Ape Italiana —a work sculptor, stung with the taunt, lost no time in entering upon a of the highest authority, published monthly in Rome ; and we work which was to test his abilities as an artist, and to rescue should state for the honour of our country, that our own Hohis character from the imputation of vanity and rashness. gan and the sculptor Gibson are the only British artists whose Under such feelings Mr Hogan toiled day and night at his works have as yet found a place in it. work, till he submitted to the artists in whose presence the Mr Hogan's subsequent works, exclusive of a number of challenge had been offered, the result of his labours-his busts, may now be briefly enumerated. First, a marble figure statue of the Drunken Faun-a work which the great Thor of the late Archbishop of Paris, about two and a half feet waldsen pronounced a miracle of art, and which, if Hogan high, executed for the Lord de Clifford; second, the Judg. had never produced another, would have been alone sufficient ment of Paris-two figures in marble about the same height to immortalize his name. It is to be regretted that this as the last--for General Sir James Riall, an Irish baronet refigure, which has all the beauty and truth of the antique sident in Bath; third, a monumental alto relievo to the me. sculpture, combined with the most perfect originality, and mory of Miss Farrell of Dublin, executed for her mother, and which Mr Hogan hinıself has recently expressed his conviction considered by Gibson as the best of all our sculptor's works ; that it is beyond his power to excel, should never have been fourth, a Genio on a sarcophagus, a monument for the family executed in marble ; but a cast of it, presented by Lord de of the late Mr Murphy of Cork; and, lastly, the Monument to Tabley to the Royal Irish Institution (though intended by Dr Doyle, on which we have now to offer a few remarks. Mr Högan for the Dublin Society), may still be seen in their Of the general design of this noble monument our prefixed deserted ball.
illustration will afford a tolerably correct idea; but it would