Imágenes de páginas


They are gone, those heroes of royal birth,

the night, I adopted the precaution of enveloping the cage in Who plundered no churches, and broke no trust,

a handkerchief, lest by some untoward circumstance its active 'Tis weary for me to be living on the earth

little inmate might make its escape. Having thus, as I When they, oh, Kincora, lie low in the dust!

thought, made all safe, I retired to rest. The moment I Low, oh, Kincora!

awoke in the morning, Í sprang from my bed, and went to Oh, never again will Princes appear,

examine the cage, when, to my infinite consternation, I found To rival the Dalcassians of the Cleaving Swords !

it empty! I searched the bed, the room, raised the carpet, I can never dream of meeting afar or anear,

examined every nook and corner, but all to no purpose. I In the east or the west, such heroes and lords !

dressed myself as hastily as I could, and summoning one of Never, Kincora!

the waiters, an intelligent, good-natured man, I informed him

of my loss, and got him to search every room in the house. Oh, dear are the images my memory calls up

His investigations, however, proved equally unavailing, and Of Brian Boru !-how he never would miss

I gave my poor little pet completely up, inwardly hoping, deTo give me at the banquet the first bright cup!

spite of its ingratitude in leaving me, that it might meet with Ah! why did he heap on me honour like this?

some agreeable mate amongst its brown congeners, and might Why, oh, Kincora ?

lead a long and happy life, unchequered by the terrors of the I am Mac Liag, and my home is on the Lake:

prowling cat, and unendangered by the more insidious artifiThither often, to that palace whose beauty is filed,

ces of the fatal trap. With these reflections I was just getCame Brian to ask me, and I went for his sake.

ting into the coach which was to convey me upon my road, Oh, my grief! that I should live, and Brian be dead!

when a waiter came running to the door, out of breath, exDead, oh, Kincora !

claiming; “ Mr R., Mr R., I declare your little mouse is in the M.

kitchen. Begging the coachman to wait an instant, I followed the man to the kitchen, and there, on the hob, seated

contentedly in a pudding dish, and devouring its contents with COLUMN FOR THE YOUNG.

considerable gout, was my truant protegé. Once more secured within its cage, and the latter carefully enveloped in a

sheet of strong brown paper, upon my knee, I reached “ BIOGRAPHY of a mouse !” cries the reader; “well, what Gloucester. shall we have next ?_what can the writer mean by offering I was here soon subjected to a similar alarm, for one mornsuch nonsense for our perusal ?" There is no creature, reader, ing the cage was again empty, and my efforts to discover the however insignificant and unimportant in the great scale of retreat of the wanderer unavailing as before. This time I creation it may appear to us, short-sighted mortals that we had lost him for a week, when one night, in getting into bed, are, which is forgotten in the care of our own common Creator; I heard a scrambling in the curtains, and on relighting my not a sparrow falls to the ground unknown and unpermitted by candle found the noise to have been occasioned by my mouse, Him; and whether or not you may derive interest from the who seemed equally pleased with myself at our reunion. After biography even of a mouse, you will be able to form a better having thus lost and found my little friend a number of times, judgment after, than before, having read my paper.

I gave up the idea of confining him ; and, accordingly, leavThe mouse belongs to the class Mammalia, or the animals ing the door of his cage open, I placed it in a corner of my which rear their young by suckling them; to the order Roden- bedroom, and allowed him to go in and out as he pleased. Of tia, or animals whose teeth are adapted for gnawing; to the this permission he gladly availed himself, but would regugenus Mus, or Rat kind, and the family of Mus musculus, or larly return to me at intervals of a week or a fortnight, and at domestic mouse. The mouse is a singularly beautiful little such periods of return he was usually much thinner than ordianimal, as no one who examines it attentively, and without pre- nary; and it was pretty clear that during his visits to his judice, can fail to discover. Its little body is plump and sleek ; brown acquaintances he fared by no means so well as he did its neck short ; its head tapering and graceful; and its eyes at home. large, prominent, and sparkling. Its manners are lively and Sometimes, when he happened to return, as he often did, in interesting, its agility surprising, and its habits extremely the night-time, on which occasions his general custom was to cleanly. There are several varieties of this little creature, come into bed to me, I used, in order to induce him to remain amongst which the best known is the common brown mouse with me until morning, to immerse him in a basin of water, of our granaries and store-rooms; the Albino, or white and then let him lie in my bosom, the warmth of which, after mouse, with red eyes; and the black and white mouse, which his cold bath, commonly ensured his stay. is more 'rare and very delicate. I mention these as varieties, Frequently, while absent on one of his excursions, I would for I think we may safely regard them as such, from the fact hear an unusual noise in the wainscot, as I lay in bed, of doof their propagating unchanged, preserving their difference zens of mice running backwards and forwards in all directions, of hue to the fiftieth generation, and never accidentally oc- and squeaking in much apparent glee. For some time I was curring amongst the offspring of differently coloured parents. puzzled to know whether this unusual disturbance was the re

It is of the white mouse that I am now about to treat, and it is sult of merriment or quarrelling, and I often trembled for the an account of a tame individual of that extremely pretty safety of my pet, alone and unaided, among so many strangers. variety that is designed to form the subject of my present But a very interesting circumstance occurred one morning, paper.

which perfectly reassured me. It was a bright summer mornWhen I was a boy of about sixteen, I got possession of a ing, about four o'clock, and I was lying awake, reflecting as white mouse; the little creature was very wild and unsocial to the propriety of turning on my pillow to take another sleep; at first, but by dint of care and discipline I succeeded in ren- or at once rising, and going forth to enjoy the beauties of dering it familiar. The principal agent I employed towards awakening nature. While thus meditating, I heard a slight effecting its domestication was a singular one, and which, scratching in the wainscot, and looking towards the spot though I can assure the reader its effects are speedy and whence the noise proceeded, perceived the head of a mouse certain, still remains to me inexplicable: this was, ducking peering from a hole. It was instantly withdrawn, but a in cold water; and by resorting to this simple expedient, I second was thrust forth. This latter I at once recognised as have since succeeded in rendering even the rat as tame and my own white friend, but so begrimed by soot and dirt that as playful as a kitten. It is out of my power to explain the it required an experienced eye to distinguish him from his manner in which ducking operates on the animal subjected to darker-coated entertainers. He emerged from the hole, and it, but I wish that some physiologist more experienced than running over to his cage, entered it, and remained for a couple I am would give his attention to the subject, and favour the of seconds within it; he then returned to the wainscot, and, public with the result of his reflections.

re-entering the hole, some scrambling and squeaking took At the time that I obtained possession of this mouse, I was place. A second time he came forth, and on this occasion residing at Olney, in Buckinghamshire, a village which I pre. was followed closely, to my no small astonishment, by a brown sume my readers will recollect as connected with the names mouse, who followed him, with much apparent timidity and of Newton and Cowper ; but shortly after having succeeded caution, to his box, and entered it along with him.

More in rendering it pretty tame, circumstances required my re- astonished at this singular proceeding than I can well express, moval to Gloucester, whither I carried my little favourite I lay fixed in mute and breathless attention, to see what would with me. During the journey I kept the mouse confined in follow next. In about a minute the two mice came forth from a small wire cage ; but while resting at the inn where I passed the cage, each bearing in its mouth a large piece of bread, which they dragged towards the hole they had previously left. of my juvenile readers as may be disposed to make a pet of On arriving at it, they entered, but speedily re-appeared, one of these interesting little animals, would do well to obhaving deposited their burden ; and repairing once more to serve the following rules :-Clean the cage out daily, and the cage, again loaded themselves with provision, and con- keep it dry; do not keep it in too cold a place; in winter it veyed it away. This second time they remained within the should be kept in a room in which there is a fire. Feed the hole for a much longer period than the first time; and when mice on bread steeped in milk, having first squeezed the milk they again made their appearance, they were attended by three out, as too moist food is bad for them. Never give them other mice, who, following their leaders to the cage, loaded cheese, as it is apt to produce fatal disorders, though the themselves with bread as did they, and carried away their more hardy brown mice eat it with impunity. If you want to burdens to the hole. After this I saw them no more that give them a treat, give them grains of wheat or barley, or morning, and on rising I discovered that they had carried if these are not to be procured, oats or rice. A little tin box away every particle of food that the cage contained. Nor of water should be constantly left in their cage, but securely was this an isolated instance of their white guest leading fixed, so that they cannot overturn it. Let the wires be not them forth to where he knew they should find provender. Day too slight, or too long, otherwise the little animals will easily after day, whatever bread or grain I left in the cage was re- squeeze themselves between them, and let them be of iron, gularly removed, and the duration of my pet's absence was never of copper, as the animals are fond of nibbling at them, proportionately long. Wishing to learn whether hunger was and the rust of the latter, or verdigris, would quickly poison the actual cause of his return, I no longer left food in his box ; them. White mice are to be procured at most of the bird. and in about a week afterwards, on awaking one morning, I shops in Patrick's Close, Dublin ; of the wire-workers and found him sleeping upon the pillow, close to my face, having bird-cage makers in Edinburgh; and from all the animal partly wormed his way under my cheek.

fanciers in London, whose residences are to be found chiefly There was a cat in the house, an excellent mouser, and I on the New Road and about Knightsbridge. Their prices dreaded lest she should one day meet with and destroy my vary from one shilling to two-and-sixpence per pair, accord. poor mouse, and I accordingly used all my exertions with those ing to their age and beauty.

H. D. R. in whose power it was, to obtain her dismissal. She was, however, regarded by those persons as infinitely better en

THE PROFESSIONS. titled to protection and patronage than a mouse, so I was compelled to put up with her presence. People are fond of Ir what are called the liberal professions could speak, they imputing to cats a supernatural degree of sagacity: they will would all utter the one cry, “we are overstocked;" and echo sometimes go so far as to pronounce them to be genuine would reply “overstocked.” This has long been a subject of witches; and really I am scarcely surprised at it, nor per complaint, and yet nobody seems inclined to mend the matter haps will the reader be, when I tell him the following anecdote. by making any sacrifice on his own part-just as in a crowd,

I was one day entering my apartment, when I was filled to use a familiar illustration, the man who is loudest in exs with horror at perceiving my mouse picking up some crumbs claiming “dear me, what pressing and jostling people do keep upon the carpet, beneath the table, and the terrible cat seated here!" never thinks of lightening the pressure by withdrawa upon a chair watching him with what appeared to me to be ing his own person from the mass. There is, however, an an expression of sensual anticipation and concentrated desire. advantage to be derived from the utterance and reiteration of Before I had time to interfere, Puss sprang from her chair, the complaint, if not by those already in the press, at least by and bounded towards the mouse, who, however, far from being those who are still happily clear of it. terrified at the approach of his natural enemy, scarcely so

There are many "vanities and vexations of spirit" under much as favoured her with a single look. Puss raised her paw the sun, but this evil of professional redundancy seems to be and dealt him a gentle tap, when, judge of my astonishment one of very great magnitude. It involves not merely an outlay if you can, the little mouse, far from running away, or betraying of much precious time and substance to no purpose, but in most any marks of fear, raised himself on his legs, cocked his tail, cases untits those who constitute the “ excess" from applying and with a shrill and angry squeak, with which any that have themselves afterwards to other pursuits. Such persons are kept tame mice are well acquainted, sprang at and positively the primary sufferers ; but the community at large particibit the paw which had strucis him. I was paralysed. I could pates in the loss. not jump forward to the rescue. I was, as it were, petrified

It cannot but be interesting to inquire to what this tendency where I stood. But, stranger than all, the cat, instead of may be owing, and what remedy it might be useful to apply appearing irritated, or seeming to design mischief, merely to the evil. Now, it strikes me that the great cause is the ex stretched out her nose and smelt at her diminutive assailant, clusive attention which people pay to the great prizes, and and then resuming her place upon the chair, purred herself | their total inconsideration of the number of blanks which acto sleep. I need not say that I immediately secured the mouse company them. Life itself has been compared to a lottery; within his cage.

Whether the cat on this occasion knew the hut in some departments the scheme may be so particularly little animal to be a pet, and as such feared to meddle with bad, that it is nothing short of absolute gambling to purchase it, or whether its boldness had disarmed her, I cannot pretend a share in it. So it is in the professions. A few arrive at to explain : I merely state the fact; and I think the reader great eminence, and these few excite the envy and admiration will allow that it is sufficiently extraordinary.

of all beholders ; but they are only a few compared with the In order to guard against such a dangerous encounter for number of those who linger in the shade, and, however anxious the future, I got a more secure cage made, of which the bars to enjoy the sport, never once get a rap at the ball. were so close as to preclude the possibility of egress; and

Again, parents are apt to look upon the mere name of a singularly enough, many a morning was I amused by be- profession as provision for their children. They calculate holding brown mice coming from their holes in the wainscot, all the expenses of general education, professional education, and approaching the cage in which their friend was kept, as and then of admission to “liberty to practise;" and finding it in order to condole with him on the subject of his unwonted all these items amount to a tolerably large sum, they conceive captivity. Secure, however, as I conceived this new cage to they have bestowed an ample portion on the son who has cost be, my industrious pet contrived to make his escape from it, them “thus much monies. But unfortunately they soon learn and in doing so met his death. In my room was a large by experienco that the elevation of a profession, great as it is, bureau, with deep, old-fashioned, capacióus drawers. Being does not always possess that homely recommendation of causing obliged to go from home for a day, I put the cage containing the “pot to boil,” and that the individual for whom this costly my little friend into one of these drawers, lest any one should provision has been made, cannot be so soon left to shift for attempt to meddle with it during my absence. On returning, himself. Here then is another canse of this evil, namely, that I opened the drawer, and just as I did so, heard a faint people do not adequately and fairly calculate the whole cost. squeak, and at the same instant my poor little pet fell from Of our liberal professions, the army is the only one that the back of the drawer_-Jiteless. I took up his body, and, yields a certain income as the produce of the purchase money. placing it in my bosom, did my best to restore it to animation. But in these “ piping times of peace,” a private soldier in the Alas! it was to no purpose. His little body had been crushed ranks might as well attempt to verify the old song, and in the crevice at the back part of the drawer, through which

“ Spend half a crown out of sixpence a-day," he had been endeavouring to escape, and he was really and as an ensign to pay mess-money and band-money, and all other irrecoverably gone.

regulation monies, keep himself in dress coat and epaulettes,

and all the other et ceteras, upon his mere pay. The thing NOTE ON THE FEEDING, &c., or WHITE MICE.-Such cannot be done. To live in any comfort in the army, a sub


altern should have an income from some other source, equal for a “highway” to be made for them. If people were at least in amount to that which he receives through the resolved to live by trade, I think they would contrive to do hands of the paymaster. The army is, in fact, an expensive so-many more, at least, than at present operate successfully profession, and of all others the least agreable to one who is in that department. If more of education, and more of mind, prevented, by circumscribed means, from doing as his bro- were turned in that direction, new sources of profitable industher officers do. Yet the mistake of venturing to meet all try, at present unthought of, would probably discover themthese difficulties is not unfrequently admitted, with what vain selves. Much might be said on this subject, but I shall not expectation it is needless to inquire. The usual result is such enter further into the speculation, quite satisfied if I have

one would anticipate, namely, that the rash adven- thrown out a hint which may be found capable of improve. turer, after incurring debts, or putting his friends to un- ment by others.

F. looked-for charges, is obliged after a short time to sell out, and bid farewell for ever to the unprofitable profession of

GEESE. arms. It would be painful to dwell upon the situation of those who

BY MARTIN DOYLE. enter other professions without being duly prepared to wait The rearing of geese might be more an object of attention to their turn of employment. It is recognised as a poignantly our small farmers and labourers in the vicinity of bogs and applicable truth in the profession of the bar, that “ many are mountain tracts than it is. called but few are chosen;" but with very few and rare ex- The general season for the consumption of fat geese is from ceptions indeed, the necessity of biding the time is certain. Michaelmas to Christmas, and the high prices paid for them In the legal and medical professions there is no fixed income, in the English markets—to which they can be so rapidly conhowever small, insured to the adventurer; and unless his veyed from many parts of Ireland—appear to offer sufficient circle of friends and connections be very wide and serviceable temptation to the speculator who has the capital and accomindeed, he should make up his mind for a procrastinated return modation necessary for fattening them. and a late harvest. But how many from day to day, and A well-organized system of feeding this hardy and nutritifrom year to year, do launch their bark upon the ocean, ous species of poultry, in favourable localities, would give a without any such prudent foresight! The result therefore considerable impulse to the rearing of them, and consequently is, that vast proportion of disastrous voyages aud shipwrecks promote the comforts of many poor Irish families, who under of which we hear so constantly.

existing circumstances do not find it worth while to rear them Such is the admitted evil—it is granted on all sides. The except in very small numbers. question is, what is to be done ?-what is the remedy ? Now, I am led to offer a few suggestions on this subject from the remedy for an overstocked profession very evidently is, having ascertained that in the Fens of Lincolnshire, notwiththat people should forbear to enter it. I am no Malthusian standing a great decrease there in the breeding of geese from on the subject of population: I desire no unnatural checks extensive drainage, one individual, Mr Clarke of Boston, fatupon the increase and multiplication of her Majesty's subjects; tens every year, between Michaelmas and Christmas, the but I should like to drain off a surplus from certain situations, prodigious number of seven thousand geese, and that another and turn off the in-flowing stream into more profitable chan- dealer at Spalding prepares for the poultry butcher nearly as nels. I would advise parents, then, to leave the choice of a many: these they purchase in lots from the farmers' wives. liberal profession to those who are able to live without one. Perhaps a few details of the Lincolnshire practice may be Such parties can afford to wait for advancement, however acceptable to some of the readers of this Journal :: long it may be in coming, or to bear up against disappoint- The farmers in the Fens keep breeding stocks proportioned ment, if such should be their lot. With such it is a safe spe- to the extent of suitable land which they can command ; and culation, and they may be left to indulge in it, if they think in order to insure the fertility of the eggs, they allow one proper. With others it is not so. But it will be asked, what gander to three geese, which is a higher proportion of males is to be done with the multitudes who would be diverted from than is deemed necessary elsewhere. The number of goslings the professions, if this advice were acted upon ? I answer, in each brood averages about ten, which, allowing for all casualthat the money unprofitably spent upon their education, and ties, is a considerable produce. in fees of admission to these expensive pursuits, would insure There have been extraordinary instances of individual fethem a

good location” and à certain provision for life in cundity, on which, however, it would be as absurd for any Canada, or some of the colonies ; and that any honourable goose-breeder to calculate, as it is proverbially unwise to reckon occupation which would yield a competeney ought to be pre- chickens before they are hatched; and this fruitfulness is only ferred to “professions” which, however liberal,” hold out attainable by constant feeding with stimulating food through to the many but a very doubtful prospect of that result. the preceding winter.

It is much to be regretted that there is a prevalent notion A goose has been known to lay seventy eggs within twelve among certain of my countrymen that “trade” is not a gen- months, twenty-six in the spring, before the time of incubateel” thing, and that it must be eschewed by those who have tion, and (after bringing out seventeen goslings) the remainder any pretensions to fashion. This unfortunate, and I must by the end of the year. say unsound state of opinion, contributes also, I fear, in no The white variety is preferred to the grey or party.coloured, small degree, to that professional redundancy of which we as the birds of this colour feed more kindly, and their feathers have been speaking. The supposed absolute necessity of a are worth three shillings a stone more than the others : the high classical education is a natural concomitant of this opi- quality of the land, however, on which the breeding stock is nion. All our schools therefore are eminently classical. The to be maintained, decides this matter, generally strong land University follows, as a matter of course, and then the being necessary for the support of the white or larger kind. University leads to a liberal profession, as surely as one step Under all circumstances a white gander is preferred, in order of a ladder conducts to another. Thus the evil is nourished to have a large progeny. It has been remarked, but I know at the very root. Now, I would take the liberty of advising not if with reason, that ganders are more frequently white those parents who may concur with me in the main point of than the females. over-supply in the professions, to begin at the beginning, and To state all the particulars of hatching and rearing would in the education of their children, to exchange this super- be superfluous, and mere repetition of what is contained in abundance of Greek and Latin for the less elegant but more the various works on poultry. I shall merely state some of useful accomplishment of " ciphering." I am disposed to the peculiarities of the practice in the county of Lincoln. concur with that facetious but shrewd fellow, Mr Samuel When the young geese are brought up at different periods Slick, upon the inestimable advantages of that too much ne- by the great dealers, they are put into pens together, accordglected art-neglected, I mean, in our country here, Ireland. ing to their age, size, and condition, and fed on steamed poHe has demonstrated that they do every thing by it in the tatoes and ground oats, in the ratio of one measure of oats States, and that without it they could do nothing. With the to three of potatoes. By unremitting care as to cleanliness, most profound respect to my countrymen, then, I would ear- pure water, and constant feeding, these geese are fattened in nestly recommend them to cultivate it. But it may perhaps about three weeks, at an average cost of one penny per day be said that there is no encouragement to mercantile pursuits each. in Ireland, and that if there were, there would be no necessity The cramming system, either by the fingers or the forcing for me to recommend “ciphering” and its virtues to the people. pump, described by French writers, with the accompanying To this I answer, that merchandize offers its prizes to the barbarities of blinding, nailing the feet to the floor, or coningenious and venturous much rather than to those who wait finement in perforated casks or earthen pots (as is said to


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be the case sometimes in Poland), are happily unknown in I had read of charcoal being put into a trough of water to
Lincolnshire, and I may add throughout England, with one sweeten it for geese when cooped up; but from a passage in
exception—the nailing of the feet to boards. The unequivo- a recent work by Liebig it would appear that the charcoal
cal proofs of this may occasionally, but very rarely, be seen in acts not as a sweetener of the water, but in another way on
the geese brought into the London markets : these, however, the constitution of the goose.
may possibly be imported ones, though I fear they are not so. I am tempted to give the extract from its novelty :-" The

The Lincolnshire dealers do not give any of those rich production of flesh and fat may be artificially increased: all greasy pellets of barley meal and hot liquor, which always domestic animals, for example, contain much fat. We give spoil the flavour, to their geese, as they well know that oats food to animals which increases the activity of certain organs, is the best feeding for them ; barley, besides being more ex- and is itself capable of being transformed into fat. We add pensive, renders the flesh loose and insipid, and rather chickeny to the quantity of food, or we lessen the progress of respirain flavour.

tion and perspiration by preventing motion. The conditions Every point of economy on this subject is matter of great necessary to effect this purpose in birds are different from moment, on the vast scale pursued by Mr Clarke, who pays those in quadrupeds ; and it is well known that charcoal powseven hundred pounds a-year for the mere conveyance of his der produces such an excessive growth in the liver of a goose birds to the London market; a fact which gives a tolerable as at length causes the death of the animal.” notion of the great extent of capital employed in this business, We are much inferior to the English in the art of preparthe extent of which is scarcely conceivable by my agricultural ing poultry for the market; and this is the more to be recountrymen.

gretted in the instance of geese, especially as we can supply Little cost, however, is incurred by those who breed the potatoes—which I have shown to be the chief material of geese, as the stock are left to provide for themselves, except their fattening food—at half their cost in many parts of Eng. in the laying season, and in feeding the goslings until they are land. This advantage alone ought to render the friends of old enough to eat grass or feed on the stubbles. I have no our agricultural poor earnest in promoting the rearing and doubt, however, that the cramp would be less frequently fattening of geese in localities favourable for the purpose. experienced, if solid food were added to the grass, when the geese are turned out to graze, although Mr Clarke attributes the cramp, as well as gout and fever, to too close con

IRISH MANUFACTURES. finement alone. This opinion does not correspond with my THE encouragement of our native manufactures is now a gefar more limited observation, which leads me to believe that neral topic of conversation and interest, and we hope the prethe cramp attacks goslings most frequently when they are at sent excitement of the public mind on this subject will be pro. large, and left to shift for themselves on green food alone, ductive of permanent good. We also hope that the encouand that of the poorest kind. I should think it good economy ragement proposed to be given to articles of Irish manufacto give them, and the old stagers too, all spare garden vege- ture will be extended to the productions of the head as well tables, for loss of condition is prejudicial to them as well as as to those of the hands; that the manufacturer of Irish wit and to other animals. Mr Cobbett used to fatten his young geese, humour will be deemed worthy of support as well as those of from June to October, on Swedish turnips, carrots, white silks, woollens, or felts; and, that Irishmen shall venture to cabbages, or lettuces, with some corn.

estimate the value of Irish produce for themselves, without Swedish turnips no doubt will answer very well, but not so waiting as heretofore till they get “the London stamp" upon well as farinaceous potatoes, when immediate profit is the them, as our play-going people of old times used to do in object. The experience of such an extensive dealer as Mr the case of the eminent Irish actors. Clarke is worth volumes of theory and conjecture as to the We are indeed greatly inclined to believe that our Irish mode of feeding, and he decides in favour of potatoes and manufactures are rising in estimation in England, from the oats.

fact which has come to our knowledge that many thousands The treatment for cramp and fever in Lincolnshire is bleeds of our Belfast bams are sold annually at the other side of the ing-I know not if it be hazarded in gout-but as it is not water as genuine Yorkshire, and also that many of those Belsuccessful in the cases of cramp in one instance out of twenty, fast hams with the Yorkshire stamp find their way back into it may be pronounced ineficacious.

“Ould Ireland," and are bought as English by those who would I have had occasion lately to remark in this Journal on the despise them as Irish. Now, we should like our countrymen general disinclination in England to the barbarous custom of not to be gulled in this way, but depend upon their own judgment plucking geese alive. In Lincolnshire, however, they do so in the matter of hams, and in like manner in the matter of arti. with the breeding stock three times in the year, beginning at cles of Irish literary manufacture, without waiting for the Lon. midsummer, and repeating the operation twice afterwards, at don stamp to be put on them. The necessity for such discrimiintervals of six weeks between the operations.

nation and confidence in their own judgment exists equally in The practice is defended on the plea, that if the feathers be hams and literature. Thus certain English editors approve matured, the geese are better for it, while it is of course ad- so highly of our articles in the Irish Penny Journal, that they mitted that the birds must be injured more or less-accord- copy them by wholesale, not only without acknowledgment, ing to the handling by the pluckers—if the feathers be not but actually do us the favour to father them as their owni ripe. But as birds do not moult three times in the year, I do As an example of this patronage, we may refer to a recent not understand how it should be correctly said that the fea- number of the Court Gazette, in which its editor has been thers can be ripe on these three occasions. How does nature entertaining his aristocratic readers with a little piece of suggest the propriety of stripping the feathers, so often ? badinage from our Journal, expressly written for us, and enWhere great numbers are kept, the loss by allowing the fea- titled A short chapter on Bustles,” but which he gives as thers to drop on the ground would be serious, and on this written for the said Court Gazette ! Now, this is really very account alone can even one stripping be justified.

considerate and complimentary, and we of course feel grateIn proof of the general opinion that the goose is extremely ful. But, better again, we find our able and kind friend the long-lived, we have many recorded facts; among them the editor of the Monitor and Irishman, presenting, no doubt following :-" In 1824 there was a goose living in the posses- inadvertently, this very article to his Irish readers a few sion of Mr Hewson of Glenham, near Market Rasen, Lincoln- weeks ago—not even as an Irish article that had got the Lonshire, which was then upwards of a century old. It had been don stamp, upon it, but as actually one of true British manuthroughout that term in the constant possession of Mr Hew- facture_ the produce of the Court Gazette. son's forefathers and himself, and on quitting his farm he Now, in perfect good humour, we ask our friend, as such would not suffer it to be sold with his other stock, but made we have reason to consider him, could he not as well have copied a present of it to the in-coming tenant, that the venerable this article from our own Journal, and given us the credit of fowl might terminate its career on the spot where its useful it-and would it not be worthy of the consistency and patriotlife had been spent such a length of days."

ism of the Irishman, who writes so ably in the cause of Irish The taste which has long prevailed among gourmands for manufactures, to extend his support, as far as might be comthe liver of a goose, and has led to the enormous cruelties ex- patible with truth and honesty, to the native literature of ercised in order to cause its enlargement by rendering the Ireland ? bird diseased in that organ through high and forced feeding in a warm temperature and close confinement, is well known; but I doubt if many are aware of the influence of charcoal in Printed and published every Saturday by Guns and Cameron, at the office

of the Gereral Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dubün.producing au unnatural state of the liver.

Sold by all Booksellers,

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KILBARRON CASTLE, COUNTY OF DONEGAL. WE 'think our readers generally will concur with us in con-, whose zealous labours in the preservation of the history and sidering the subject of our preixed illustration as a very antiquities of Ireland we are chiefly indebted for the inforstriking and characteristic one-presenting features which, mation on those subjects with which we so often endeavour to except among the castles of the Scottish highland chiefs, will instruct and amuse you. You will pardon us, then, if with a only be found on the wild shores of our own romantic island. grateful feeling to those benefactors of our country to whose It is indeed a truly Irish scene--poetical and picturesque in the labours we owe so much, we endeavour to do honour to their extreme, and its history is equally peculiar, being wholly un- memory by devoting a few pages of our little national work like any thing that could be found relating to any castle out to their history, as an humble but not unfitting monument to of Ireland.

their fame. From the singularity of its situation, seated on a lofty, We trust, however, that such a sketch as we propose precipitous, and nearly insulated cliff, exposed to the storms will not be wholly wanting either in interest or instrucand billows of the western ocean, our readers will naturally tion. It will throw additional light upon the ancient conclude that this now sadly dilapidated and time-worn ruin customs and state of society in Ireland, and exhibit in a must have owed its origin to some rude and daring chief of striking way a remarkable feature in the character of our couns old, whose occupation was war and rapine, and whose thoughts trymen of past ages, which no adverse circumstances were ever were as wild and turbulent as the waves that washed his sea- able utterly to destroy, and which, we trust, will again disgirt eagle dwelling; and such, in their ignorance of its un- tinguish them as of old-their love for literature and learn. published history, has been the conclusion drawn by modern ing, and their respect for good and learned men. It will topographers, who tell us that it is supposed to have been the also exhibit another trait in their national character no less habitation of freebooters. But it was not so; and our readers peculiar or remarkable, namely, their great anxiety to prewill be surprised when we acquaint them that this lonely, serve their family histories—a result of which is, that even to isolated fortress was erected as an abode for peaceful men— the present day the humblest Irish peasant, as well as the safe and quiet retreat in troubled times for the laborious in estated gentleman, can not unfrequently trace his descent not vestigators and preservers of the history, poetry, and anti-only to a more remote period, but also with a greater abunquities of their country! Yes, reader, this castle was the dance of historical evidence than most of the princely families residence of the ollaves, bards, and antiquaries of the people of Europe. This is, indeed, a trait in the national character of Tirconnell—the illustrious family of the O'Clerys, ta' which philosophers, and men like ourselves, usually affect

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