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first place, the monastery of Iona, the only other religious But we have said that we had made the discovery that house to which it could be referred, is invariably called Insula the practice of cigar-smoking is any thing but a pleasant one Columbæ, or I-Columbkille, in all ancient documents, and it in itself, and that it is indulged in solely from ambitious mowould be against all probability that it should bear a different tives, and an amiable love of applause. Yes, reader, and we appellation on its seal. In the second place, the name of the shall induct you into our knowledge of the matter, by a true patron saint of Iona is never written COLMOC, which is an and faithful narrative of the incident which enabled us to Irish diminutive form of the name COLUM, and which, as in ascertain the fact. the Latin, means a dove. But this name COLMOC was applied We were lately coming along that favourite lounge of the by the ancient Irish and Scotch indifferently to persons bear-cigar-smokers, Sackville Street, when, arriving near Mitchell's, ing the name of COLMAN, both being but synonymous and two young well-dressed, moustached, and imperialled dandies, convertible diminutives of the name Columand hence it stept out from that intellectual emporium, each with a Hawould follow that this seal must have belonged to some vannah in his mouth, his hands in his “ Dorsay" pockets, and monastery which was dedicated not to St Columb, but to St looking as grave as possible, evidently impressed with the pleasColman or Colmoc. It may however be objected that the ing idea that they were the admiration and envy of all passers. island called Inch-Colm was dedicated to the celebrated apos- They proceeded before us in solemn slinge in the direction of tle of Scotland, St Columbkille; and it is true that Colgan, the Rotunda, we following in their wake, observant yet not on the authority of Fordun, does place it among the list of his observed; and before they reached Earl Street, they were met foundations. But Fordun is a weak authority to rely on by a mutual friend, with whom they linked, putting him bein such matters; and from the greater contiguity of this island tween them, to allow them the greater facility to spit out, to Lindesfarn, of which the Irish St Colman was the third when the following colloquy ensued :bishop, it would seem more rational to attribute the origin of Friend. Well, Tom, how goes the world with you ? and, its name to him than to the saint of Iona. In either case, Dick, my boy, how is every bit of you? however, the seal is one of great interest to Scottish topogra- Tom and Dick. Puff- Puff

Well, phy and Irish history.

P. Friend. Are you long in town-eh?

Tom and Dick. Puff- Puff- No.

Friend. How did you leave them all in the country ?-how

is the old fellow ? STREET CIGAR-SMOKERS.

Tom and Dick. Puff- Puff- Puff Well. READER, are you given to cigar-smoking? The reason we Friend. Oh, damn ye! there's no getting a word out of you put the question is, that we should not like to offend you by but a monosyllable. any thing you might find in our pages indicating a contempt Tom and Dick. Puff

Puff (And then each on our part for this silly, and, as we think, vulgar practice. of them spat out.) If you be, then, pass over this short article, or as our old Friend. Why, Tom, you've become a great smoker. Irish schoolmaster used to tell us when we came to a passage Tom. Puff Puff- Yaws. which we could not construe, nor he neither, “skip and go on.” Friend. And you too, Dick ? But we feel tolerably certain you are not a smoker, or at least Dick. Puff- Puff

Ees. (The imperfect voa cigar-smoker or exhibiting-street-performer, for we are satis- cable being squeezed out through his teeth at the left corner fied that among the lovers of this now fashionable amusement of his mouth.) we can count but few as supporters of our little work, or of Friend. And do you find it agree with you, Tom—is it any other of a mental or literary character—that renowned pleasant ? periodical called Paddy Kelly's Budget, if it be still in exist- Tom here, after a few puffs, slowly draws one hand out ence, excepted. It is the practice of unidea'd men with un- of his pocket, and taking the cigar out of his mouth, spits idea'd faces, who puff, not whistle-as the latter is no longer a out, draws his breath, and after a minute replies: fashionable amusement-as they go, for want of thought, and No, blast it; it always makes me sick.” as they think to make them look manly and genteel! Well, He then restores the cigar to his mouth and his hand to his heaven help their little wit! You think, reader, perhaps, as pocket, while his friend puts a similar interrogatory to Dick. we ourselves were till lately foolish enough to suppose, that And does it always make you sick too?" there must be a pleasure in this practice on its own account, Here Dick, having in like manner indulged in a few puffs, like that which madmen feel in being insane. But no such takes the cigar out of his mouth, spits out at the other side, thing. We have discovered that it is anything but an agree and drawing breath and looking very pale, answers : able pastime, and that is indulged in solely from the love of

Infernally!” distinction, which is one of the peculiar characteristics of the Friend. In the name of heaven, then, what do you both human race, and which is so strong in these cigar-smokers, that smoke for? they actually, in the spirit of martyrs, surrender both their This, as one would have supposed, not an unnatural query, minds, such as they are, and their bodies also, to its influence. produced a simultaneous stare of astonishment, mingled with Such a desire is not only natural to us, but praiseworthy: it contempt, from both the smokers, as much as to say, “ What is only the choice of means of gratifying it that is unworthy an ass you must be !” and Dick, slowly removing his cigar and even contemptible. It will bear no comparison in point once more, and spitting out, answers, of intellectuality with that of the fashionable dandies of our “Why, how the devil can you ask such a stupid questionyouthful days, who used to promenade the streets and public what do you suppose ?" places, playing quizzes, that is, flat circular pieces of boxwood Friend. Suppose! why hang me if I can guess. suspended on a string by a kind of pulley, and which they kept Here Tom took hold of his Havannah, and after spitting out in a sort of perpetual motion with one or both hands, and on a lady who was passing—but this was only an accidentsometimes even (great performers) with their mouths; their replied for himself and fellow puffer—But let us pause a moarms see-sawing up and down, and their heads shaking like ment. Guess, reader, what it was. Do you give it up? Well, those of the Chinese mandarins in the tea shops. This, then, here it is, though perhaps a little grotesque, was a comical mode of at- “ Why, for the Gag, to be sure !" tracting notice and obtaining distinction. It was a healthy This was enough for us. Our mind was enlightened by a folly too, and required some human intellect to practise it new idea; and leaving the gentlemen to follow their gaggery, adroitly. A monkey or a dog, both of whom we have seen we hurried home to dinner, a wiser if not a better man. expert smokers, could not, we are persuaded, be taught this ;

AN OLD QUIZZER. it would be beyond their intelligence; and it had a touch of the odd, the gay, and the ridiculous about it, that seemed to harmonize naturally with our national character—and we are not ashamed to confess it, we were ourselves great quizzers in made him? With his little hand and foot upon the floor, he

Not A FABLE.-A boy three years of age was asked who our youth. But the cigar-smoking folly—it is a dull, lifeless, artlessly replied “God made me a little baby, so high, and I stupid, silent, moping mania, wholly unbecoming an Irishman, and inconsistent with the spirit, life, and animation that should grew the rest.Mirror. be characteristic of youth." Old as we are, we think of taking

Public.-- We have a reading, a talking, and a writing to quizzing again, but we shall never fall into such a solemn public. When shall we have a thinking public ? absurdity as smoking for applause. It would not suit our The mind is a field, in which, so sure as man sows not temperament.

wheat, so sure will the devil be to sow tares.-Bentham.




posterior part of the stomach by a duct. The use of the

vesica natatoria, or, as it is commonly called, the swim, is to CLUPEA HARENGUS.

enable the fish, by inflating or expelling the air from it, to First Article.

rise or sink, for if the air-bag of a living fish be pierced, the Of all the branches of study into which natural history has creature sinks at once to the bottom. The under jaw of the been divided, the most interesting, from its extensiveness, its herring projects beyond the upper. The form and consistency variety, and the almost insurmountable difficulties which it of its nose proves its use for the purpose of feeling, in the presents to the student, is Ichthyology. To acquire a tho absence of the cirri or feelers possessed by other fishes. The rough knowledge of zoology requires much labour, study, skin not being provided with the corpns papilla, and being travel, and considerable risk; in like manner with ornithology, besides covered with scales, it is supposed that the sensation in the prosecution of which the difficulties are greater, from of touch is either very limited or wholly wanting. The herthe mixture of elements; but still the inhabitants of the air ring is provided with two nostrils; and from the perfection of have thus much in common with us, that they live in the same the olfactory organ, it is presumed that its sense of smell is atmospheric medium, derive their sustenance from the same

very acute.

It has no external organs of hearing but a earth, and although the difficulties of following their motions, fringed orifice below the eye on the inner side of that part of and observing (unseen by them) their habits and natures, the head which covers the gills. Fishermen affirm that their are considerable, yet still, thanks to the extension of science, sense of hearing is very acute, and state instances of their they have not proved unconquerable, and the telescope, in immediately ceasing the peculiar pattering noise which they that form called the ornithoscope, has enabled man to acquire are accustomed to make on calm evenings, if a loud sound is a large store of information on this interesting subject. But made on any part of the interior of the boat. with ichthyology how widely different! Here the preliminary The Swedes attribute the departure of the herrings from obstacle which presents itself is an element fatal to the exist- the neighbourhood of Gothenburg to the frequent firing of ence of man within it, and out of which the creatures with the British ships of war which were stationed there for conwhose nature he would fain be acquainted cannot exist. His voys; and so great is the influence which fishermen have been very powers of observation are thus rendered useless, except accustomed to attribute to sound, that we are told in Chamin a very limited degree. They are bounded by a glass vase, bers's Picture of Scotland that the bell of St Monarice in or a small clear pond at the utmost, and confined to a few Fife, which was suspended from a tree in the churchyard, specimens of the smaller fishes, and even then it is doubtful was removed every year during the herring season, lest the whether circumstances may not have altered their really noise should scare the fish from the coast. natural habits. Yet above these obstacles the mind of man The mouth of the herring is furnished with a few teeth in has risen, and by the union of analogy with laborious and con- the upper and lower jaws, and four rows in the tongue. These stant observation, he has succeeded in classing a large pointing inwards, enable it the more readily to secure and amount of the tenants of the mighty deep. But before he can swallow its slippery prey, which chiefly consists of extremely ascertain what proportion, or write the history of any one minute animals, such as small meduse, the Oniscus marinus, of them fully, he must discover some substitute for gills which and small cancri and animalcula. The herrings on the coast will enable him to extract the necessary air for his existence of Norway sometimes feed upon a small red worm called the from the water, and thus enable him to search the depths of Roé-aal, which renders them unfit for curing; but there is ocean, and seek its inhabitants in their haunts. That such probably no fish so indiscriminate in its food. The herring is may yet be discovered by the ingenuity of man, let no one often caught with flies, at which it leaps readily, and frequently deem impossible.

with naked unbaited hooks. Mr Mitchell, in his article Amongst the fishes hitherto discovered and classed, the on the herring in the Quarterly Journal of Agriculture, menherring (Clupea harengus) is one of the most universally tions that in the stomachs of several herrings which he exknown, most generally useful, and one of the greatest boons amined, he found numbers of young sand-eels, and he adds a of an all-bounteous Providence to the inhabitants of these very curious observation, namely, that in the stomachs of countries. Abundance, the universal producer of contempt, such herrings as had the milt or roe small and immature, the has caused this beautiful creature to be despised ; but to the sand-eels were numerous ; whereas in those which had the milt naturalist's eye few creatures are possessed of greater charms. or roe full grown, there were none whatsoever ; but he offers When first taken out of the water, it is of a dark-bluish and no suggestion to account for this remarkable circumstance. green colour on the back, lightening down the sides to a silvery They also frequently feed on their own ova and young. blue, which shades to white on the belly. The scales have a The herring propels itself through the water by rapidly clear lustrous golden colour, which changes in various shades of moving the tail from side to side, the other fins being emlight after the manner of mother-of-pearl ; they lie over one an- ployed in steadying and probably aiding its movement, and it other in regular lines, with the convex edges pointing towards is this rapid waving of the tail which causes the rippling or the tail. The termination of the body is remarkable for the beau-pattering sound which announces the presence of a shoal tiful dark-green colour which it exhibits when held before the when swimming near the surface. On a calm night their light. The fins are seven in number_one dorsal, of eighteen or course may be traced by a brilliant phosphorescent light, nineteen rays; two ventral, of nine rays each; one anal, of which illuminates the surface of the water, and is emitted seventeen rays; two pectoral, of eighteen or nineteen rays each; partly from the fish themselves, and partly from the minute and the caudal, or tail fin, of eighteen or nineteen rays. The marine animals with which the ocean swarms. eyes are placed in the middle of the sides of the head'; the iris Sometimes herrings do not approach the surface, and fine is of a silvery white colour, and the pupil black. The spine healthy shoals are often apt to swim deep; hence fishermen, consists of fifty-six vertebræ. The ribs are thirty-five or six through their ignorance in trusting too much to appearances, in number on each side, and there are several minute bones are frequently misled, they being apt to suppose that when below the ribs, which terminate in soft elastic muscles at the they see no gulis or large fishes of prey exhibiting their glutanal fin, and serve to give it strength and elasticity. Fifty- tonous gambols, there are no herrings present, whilst the two bones compose the head. The bronchiæ or gills are four finest and choicest may be at the moment in millions beneath on each side, each gill being supported by an arched cartilage; them; in fact, those which swim near the surface are usually and there are two imperfect gills without the arch, which join the young, the gorged, and the sickly. Mr Mitchell informs us the gill lid, and appear to regulate its motions. The convex that several experienced masters of Dutch herring busses asside of the gills is furnished with fringed Meshy fibres, of a sured him that the only appearances they ever sought for strong red colour when the fish is healthy; the concave side, were the colour of the sea, which should be a dark green, which is next the mouth, is furnished with long serrated spines. and its consistence apparently muddy. There is an additional The heart is placed in a eavity near the gills, above the stomach ; fact worthy of observation, which is, that in clear dry weather it is three sided, and consists of a single auricle and ventricle. the fish keep down at the bottom, and do not ascend until the The æsophagus, or gullet, is remarkably short in proportion to moon rises. the size of the fish; the stomach is thin, membranous, and capable The migration of the herring has been long a disputed of great distension. The gut is of uniform size throughout. point, and from the difficulties to which we have alluded in The gall bladder is small, and of a dark-green colour; the the commencement of this article, of observing minutely or liquid is of a light claret hue, having a sweetish pungent taste. accurately the movements or nature of fishes, it is likely to The air bag, or vesica natatoria, is of a silvery white colour, remain unsettled much longer. The old and long received round, of nearly the length of the stomach, and pointed and opinion has been, that the winter habitation of the herring is narrow at both ends : it is connected with the funnel-shaped | under the vast fields of ice which surround the North Pole


within the Arctic Circle; that they there deposit their spawn a weak assertion, founded upon the observation that fishes do and advance southwards with the opening year, making their not proceed far from their haunts, whilst the fact is, that they appearance off the Zetland islands about the month of April, merely move about in search of food; but who that has seen and coming upon the coasts of Ireland and Scotland in June. the rapid movement of a trout, or of the very fish we are treats Off Thurso they are sometimes taken as early as May, but ing of, could for a moment entertain the idea of their progresJune, July, and August, are the months in which the fishing is being confined to a rate that the crawling snail might equal ? most actively commenced off the west Highlands of Scotland. Mr Mitchell himself mentions a fact that alone is sufficient Off the east coast of Ireland, near Arklow, the fishery used to rebut such an assertion, namely, that shortly after the to commence in June, but latterly it has been postponed till union between England and Scotland, an immense shoal of October. The fluctuations in the time of commencing the herrings ran ashore near Cromarty, and covered the beach to herring fishery at various places, and the fact of a winter the depth of several feet; and he adds,“ Strange to say, how. fishery being successfully carried on in some parts-as for in- ever, the shoal left the Frith in a single night, and no shoals stance at Killybegs, where they are taken from December till made their appearance again for more than half a century.". March, and along the whole coast of Ireland south of Gal- Now, if they could make but half a mile a-day, how could way Bay, where there are sufficient indications that the fishery they have returned several miles in a single night ? But this might be successfully carried on the whole year_have at argument was unnecessary, and it would be well for many length caused the hitherto received opinion of their migration persons to know that an ill-sustained argument is not merely from the Arctic Circle to be questioned, and Mr Mitchell has a bad prop to a cause, but a wedge inserted for the advantage given many sound arguments in refutation of it. He divides of an adversary, placed ready for his use in overturning it. the theories upon the subject into three :-first, that the her- But the most powerful argument against the theory of rings come from the North Pole in great shoals of many migration seems to have escaped Mr Mitchell's observation; leagues in extent, dividing into lesser shoals on coming to it is—that the herrings do not retire to spawn, as was asserted, wards the north point of Scotland ; second, that they do not but actually spawn near the fishing stations, and retire after come from the Arctic regions, but from a less northerly di- it. Their spawn is taken up in abundance, and the nets are rection, still, however, very far north of Shetland; and, always found to contain large quantities of it, whilst the asser. third, that they are spawned on the coasts near which they tion that no young herrings are found near our shores, is are caught, and are consequently natives ; that after spawn- altogether absurd, the contrary being the fact. The fecuning, they retire out to sea, and continue so until their spawning dated roe has the power, after having been deposited, of season comes round again, when they return to their accus - | attaching itself firmly to the stones, rocks, or sea-weed, and tomed shore. The latter he considers to be the most reason- in about three weeks after deposition, the young fry come able theory, and adduces in support of it the well-known fact forth from the eggs, and are seen in millions near the shore ; that the herrings at every fishing station are of a peculiar in six or seven weeks they are about three inches in length, quality uniformly the same, and always different from those and arrive at maturity in about eighteen months. at other even very nearly adjoining stations; and so well has Lacepede tells that in North America the inhabitants carry this fact been established, that practieal men can at once pro- the herring-spawn from the spawning ground to the mouths of nounce from the size, appearance, and quality of the fish, rivers and other places not before frequented by the fish, and where it was taken. For example, the herrings taken off the those places become forthwith regular resorts for them; and coast of Stadtland in Norway are almost twice the size of the same authority mentions the fact of a similar custom in those taken near Shetland, and these are twice the size of Sweden. those caught near Thurso, whilst the Dublin Bay herrings Thus the theory of the herring being a native of the place have long been famous for their superior flavour, which is un- which it is accustomed to frequent ammually, seems to be satismatched by those of any other bay or harbour. Again, a factorily established ; and having thus presented our readers size of herrings similar to those of Yarmotth visited till with such information upon the subject of the natural history lately the coast of Lumfiord in Denmark, whilst on the Meck of the herring as our space permits, we shall close this Jenburg coast higher up the Baltic, the herrings are one-third article, reserving some account of the various modes of fishing larger than those of Lumfiord; and proceeding up the Baltic and methods of curing, for another paper.

N. above Mecklenburg to the Pomeranian and part of the Prussian coasts, they are fully one-third smaller ; and again still farther up they are larger. In quality and condition they

SENTIMENT.-How much fine sentiment there is wasted in differ as much as in size, those off the coast of Holland being admiration over a flower which was to deck her hair in the

our strange world! I have seen a young lady in raptures of so inferior as not to be worth pickling, and the Dutch fisher-ball-room, who would turn away with a look of loathing from men consequently seek the coasts of Scotland and England.

As to the time of appearance at the several fishing stations, the proffered kiss of her baby brother; and I have heard their irregularity goes far to prove their constant propinquity, lovely lips, all wreathed in smiles, and breathing tones of joy the take commencing at some of the more southern stations be- cold and cruel words to the best friend, ay, the mother, who

over a pretty shell, a shining insect, or even a gay ribbon, say fore the northern ones ; whereas, if they migrated regularly from the north, it is evident that the fishing should commence

was wearing her life out to promote the happiness of her unat the various stations in regular order, from the most

grateful daughter. northern where the shoals would first make their appearance,

MARRIAGE._ When a man of sense comes to marry, it is a to the next, and so on to the most southward, which should companion whom he wants, and not an artist. It is not merely be deserted by them at some certain season, in order that they who can comfort and console him.

a creature who can paint, play, dress, and dance—it is a being might return. But there is no well-authenticated instance of those prodi.

BLUSHING.--Blushing in the male sex is too frequently and gious shoals of herrings having been met with approaching constantly regarded as a proof of guiltiness : it is a proof of the south in any high northern latitude ; and so far from their sensibility and fear of disrepute, by whatever incident called abounding in the Arctic regions, none have been found in the forth; but except in so far as fear of being thought guilty is Greenland seas, nor have any been discovered in the stomachs proof, it affords no proof of the existence of the object by the of the whales killed there. Egede, who resided in Green idea of which the apprehension is excited. --Bentham. land for fifteen years, and compiled the natural history of it,

Pride destroys all symmetry and grace, and affectation is a after enumerating the fishes, adds, “ No herrings are to be

more terrible enemy to fine faces than the small pox.-Hughes. seen;" whilst on the contrary, the whales which feed prin

At twenty years of age the will reigns, at thirty the wit, cipally on herrings, frequent our own coasts. These argu

at forty the judgment.- Grattan. ments appear to be fatal to the theory of the Arctic migration, they have a personal pique.

Authors in France seldom speak ill of each other, unless and to support most powerfully that of the mere retirement

Authors in England seldom of the herring to the deep. But Mr Mitchell goes farther, and speak well of each other, unless they have a personal friendasserts, upon the evidence of the celebrated naturalists Bloch ship.-Pope. and Lacepede, that “fishes of a similar size even in fresh water cannot go above half a mile a-day, and that therefore Printed and published every Saturday by Guns and Cameron, at the Office

of the General Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dublin.herrings could not make, even from spring to autumn, the Agents :—R. GROOMBRIDGE, Panyer Alley, Paternoster Row, London ; long voyage attributed to them.” Now, this appears to be Simms and DINHAM, Exchange Street, Manchester ; C. Davies, North going too far, and we would prefer that the argument should

John Street, Liverpool ; J. DRAKE, Birmingham ; Slocombe and SIMMS,

Leeds ; Fraser and CRAWFORD, George Street, Edinburgh ; and David rest on the former grounds, excluding this, which seems to be ROBERTSON, Trongate, Glasgow,

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In that fertile district of the county Wexford, the barony of air of comfort and seclusion. Its owner, at least, thought it a Forth, distinguished for its comfortable cottages and general pretty spot, and that he was a happy man indeed to possess good husbandry, lived Dennis Costigan, a rich farmer. His it and its two or three adjoining acres ; and as he trimmed his farm was large, well stocked, and in high condition ; his dwell- hedges, and looked pleasantly on all around—the fruits of his ing-house was furnished as a farmer's house should be, and industry and labour-he little thought that any one could it was as cleanly and neat as it was commodious. His wife look upon his cot and farm with other eyes than those of adwas tidy, notable, and good-tempered, and his three children miration; and least of all that he, or aught of his, was the were such as would please a father—well-formed in person source of care or annoyance to his wealthier neighbour. And and virtuous in mind. Then, should not our friend Dennis why did wealthy Dennis Costigan glance lowringly on this Costigan have been a happy man? He would have been so humble tenement ? Was it that, like his betters, he thought a perhaps--for there is ever to be a stumbling block in our road poor man's dwelling always an unsightly object ? and that, io happiness—but that the first object that glared upon his like many a grasping spirit, all land convenient to his own eyes in each morning's sun was the white low cottage of his was misappropriated if not in his possession ? It was not so. next neighbour Miles Kavanagh. Yet that cottage was not an Dennis Costigan envied no man his possessions. He was a ugly feature in the landscape. It was small and low, but as right specimen of a farmer, independent, upright, honest, and white as the whitest lime could make it ; it was neatly thatched industrious, contented with what providence had given him, too, and its small casements were never broken or patched. and willing to help a neighbour with purse and hand if requirA few honeysuckles and roses crept up its walls, and it was ed. And if he did grumble a little, and turn away his eyes surrounded by a hedge of hazels and sallows; that lent it an quickly as if in pain, from the cottage we have mentioned,

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many another father with hopeful sons would do the same, for given a sovereign of “ bright goold” that Kate Kavanagh and it contained a gem that would grace the proudest castle in her bright eyes were a few miles off at the moment; but as he Ireland—beautiful, charming, innocent Kate Kavanagh, but saw that she carried all before her, he thought it better not who had no fortune.

to give her any further offence, and accordingly, but with a One fine morning in August, farmer Costigan sallied forth very bad grace, he accepted her services. at the head of a regiment of reapers armed for the destruc- * Where be's Jem and Ned Costigan this mornin' ?” whistion of a large field of wheat, but scarcely had he got outside pered Kate to the counsellor, who was flourishing away galhis yard when he missed two of his most efficient men—his lantly at her side. two sons.

The man of eloquence flung himself into an attitude, laid “ Where can those gorsoons ov mine be, boys ?” inquired his hand upon his heart, and looked languishingly, as he he of the reapers. “ In the arms ov Murphy, to be sure,” "assured her that her charms were railly too potently answered a little shrill-piped fellow, the crack orator of the enfluential over the hearts ov her admirers, as she not only country, which, and the circumstance of his name being alike, deprived thim ov the needful refreshment of nathur, oblivious procured him the cognomen of " Counsellor Shiel." " In the slumber, but she also hendhered them from doin' their daily arms ov Murphy, to be sure, aft her thrippin' it all night on manual imploymints. For instance,” said be, "you see the light funtastic toe with that flower ov Forth an' belle ov Saul, the orb ov day, is high up in his meraydian hemisphare, the barony, Kate Kavanagh.".

an' those inamoured swains are still pressin' their beds, or “ Arrah, can't ye speak in plain English, man?"thundered the rather cooches, in the arms ov Murphy, mainin' sleep or farmer with kindling eyes--the name just mentioned always Somnusputting him in a passion. “ What the dickens does I know An' what have I to do with that?" said Kate, laughing ov funtastic toes or heels ?".

heartily: “Do ye think I gave thim a sleepy potion?" “Very little indeed, litherally," quoth the counsellor, laugh. “Ah! my beautiful flower ov Forth !" sighed out the sentiing, and glancing sarcastically at the farmer's large feet, cased mental counsellor, “any thing but a sleepy potion do you in tremendous brogues shod with hob-nails ; * very little give yer lovers ! if 'tis anything, sure I am 'tis a draught to litherally, but you might metaphorically, for all that. But banish sleep for ever! But consarnin' those vagrant truints you have no more poethry or bells letthers in ye than a bag ye spaik ov, I ondherstand that you kep thim up beyant their ov beans !” “ Nor you more common sense than a goose.” ushial hours ov repose last night, admirin' yer graceful move

“Stop!” cried thë orator suddenly, in a tone of command mints in yer Turpfiscorian revels, mainin' the dance at Judy enough to arrest a retreating army, and motioning to the Colfer's ; an' that man, their father, who is not to be moved body of reapers. “Stop, one an' all ov ye, an’ listen! It with concord of sweet sounds,' or any sounds at all but the would be a sin to let this profane ignirince continue longer.” chink ov money, almost snapt my head off a while ago bekase Then addressing our barony Forth farmer with a countenance 1 tould him so. Ah! my Catherine dear, I fear you'll incounin which pity and ineffable contempt were blended, " Is it in ther opposition in that quarther. But "nel desperantum,' say the nointeenth centhery that you call me a goose, by way ov I, which mains in plain English, 'never dispair.' contimpt? Oh, ignorant of nathral histhry, jography, bells Catherine said nothing, but instantly began to sing, at the letthers, pelite litherature altogether! For, know, onforthen- top of her fine rich voice, a song the counsellor had comate man, that it was the cackle ov that same illustrious baist, posed in praise of her, and shortly afterwards she had the a goose, that saved what ?_where do you think?"

pleasure to see the two sleepy truants bounding across the “ Yer mother's hen-roost from the fox, is it?"

yard towards the wheat-field, as if her well-known notes had No, haithen, but imparial Rome !!!"

awaked them. The might, the majesty of the “counsellor's” tones and While this magical song was thrilling on all hearts, Kate gestures as he uttered the words, struck amazement into the Kavanagh, the witching Kate! stood apart from the others, hearts of his hearers! They had considered him a clever fel. singing and laughing alternately, her reaping-book resting on low, but by no means the great man he then appeared! En- one arm, and dressed in the every-day fashion of the place chanted with his eloquence, not a few of his auditors were the striped linsey short petticoat, and loose bedgown or wrapcertain that if he were in Parliament, he would do more for per, a dress that would make an ordinary woman frightful, Ireland than Mr O'Connell and all his friends; while the re- and straw hat, the leaf of which, turned up before and pinned mainder, as much delighted with his energy, lamented that to the crown, displayed her sable locks and fair high forehead “the craithur wasn't two fut higher, for he had a great to perfection. And many a side-glance the anxious father, spirit intirely!”

Dennis Costigan, cast at this arrangement of Kate's headThe happy "counsellor” perceived the impression he had gear, as he broadly hinted that " for sartin Miss Kavanagh's produced, and in his altitude was proceeding to tell them when complexion would be intirely spiled if she showed it too much and how “imparial Rome” was saved, when his attention was to the sun." arrested by an approaching object, and with an instantaneous "Tut !" was Kate's good-humoured reply, " the life ov change of attitude and tone he exclaimed,

an ould hat is to cock it,' as we say in the counthry. "• But, soft! what light from yonder meadow breaks?

The leaf ov it was flappin' in my eyes; the lads could'nt see It is the aist, an' Cath'rine is the sun!'

me, nor I them, so a pin settled the bisness ;” and nothing as a tall and very handsome girl, with the finest eyes and could become her fine Spanish face better, though her toilet brightest smile imaginable, met them at the entrance of the was made in perfect carelessness, for dashing Kate had other wheat field.

charms to depend on besides beauty. Imprimus, she was the " A blithe mornin' to Misther Costigan,” said the maiden, first dancer in the country, outdoing her dancing-master him“ an' the same to all the raipers !"

self at “jigs, reels, thribbles, doubles, hornpipes, and petti. “Oh! a good morra,” returned Mister Costigan very coldly coatees. She was a killing dancer in both senses of the word, and with looks still colder, “an' I wondher above all things for no boy or girl could keep it up with the spirit of Kate what is it that takes Miss Kavanagh out of her bed so early ?" Kavanagh, and she generally disabled six or eight prime beaus

“Just what ought to rouse many more ov us, Misther Čos at every "hop” she appeared at, which was nearly every tigan,” replied Kate spiritedly—" to help a naibur, an' I am night. The worst of it was (as the sorely annoyed fathers come to offer ye all the 'sistance in my power to-day, aither and mothers of the neighbourhood said), " though she fairly as binder or raiper, whichever ye may want worst.”

kilt all the boys that danced with her, yet sorra one but her. “ I want neither,” returned the farmer gruffly, and turning self would sarve them for a partner after all!” Then she was, on his heel ; "an', besides, I could not possibly think of puttin' as Orator Shiel said, “ Apollyo in potticoats for singin'!" sitch delicate white hands to sitch coorse work !"

and songs of love, murder, hunting, war, and sea, would charm “ The belle o' the barony” coloured high at the affront with double effect, borne on the musical notes of Kate Kavan. couched in this speech, and she hastily answered that “her agh. In short, she was “metal most,” but also too "attrachands, sitch as they war, could earn her bread for her when tive;" and loud complaints and grievances at last came thunshe required it ; an' if she did'nt find them too tendher for work, dering on her devoted head. Boys growin' lazy and crazyMisther Costigan need'nt find fault with them. But,” work undone or done badly-time spent an' mis-spentadded she more kindly, "you have a rough manner but a kind messages forgotten and mistaken-girls neglected-matches heart, Dennis Costigan, an' I won't mind what you say to me. broken__eternal dancin', fightin', black eyes an' bloody noses." Moreover, I'll stay with ye to-day, whether you be willin' or -all, all was laid in a bundle at the door of handsome, aninot, aither as binder or raiper.”.

mated, dashing, yet very innocent Kate Kavanagh. Dennis Costigan, “kind as his heart" was, would have “What will be done with her at all at all?" iterated the




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