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BY MARTIN DOYLE.

and all the vessels of the lake, into Hugh O'Conor's hands, for one of her own sex, she returned an answer, written with her assurance of his fidelity.

own hand, authorising her good friend “ Captain Bivian O'. From this entry it would appear that the Hen's Island, as Flaherty” to retain twenty men at her majesty's expense, for well as the island called Inis Creamha, had each a castle on the preservation of the peace of the country, and they were it previously; and this conclusion is strengthened by a subse maintained accordingly, till the infant heiress, becoming adult, quent entry in the same Annals, at the year 1233, from which was united to Thomas Blake, the ancestor of the present Sir it appears that this castle, as well as others, had been erected John Blake of Menlo Castle, and proprietor of the Castle of by the sons of Roderick, who had been long in contention for the Hen. the government with Cathal Crovedearg, and his sons Hugh To these brief notices of an ancient castle, not hitherto and Felim, and had, during these troubles, possessed them- described, or its age ascertained, we shall only add, that there selves of O'Flaherty's country. On the death of Hugh are few military structures of lime and stone now remaining O'Conor, who was treacherously slain by Geoffry De Mares, or in Ireland that can boast an equal antiquity.

P. De Marisco, in 1228, they appear to have again seized on the strongholds of the country, that of the Hen's Castle among the rest, and to have retained them till 1233, when their rival

OCCUPATIONS FOR THE YOUNG. Felim O'Conor finally triumphed, and broke down their castles. This event is thus narrated in the Annals of the Four Habit is said to be a second nature, and it is often stronger Masters :“ 1233. Felim, the son of Charles the Red-handed, led an

than the first. At first we easily take the bend from the army in.o Connaught

. Cormac, the son of Tomaltagh (Lord hand of the master, but the second nature, which is of our of Moylurg), went to meet him, and brought him to Moylurg, important, then, is education, which gives the turn and mould

own making, is frequently proof against any alteration. How where they erected a camp at Druim Greagraighe, and were joined by Cormac, by Conor his son, the inhabitants of the ing to the mind while it is flexible, fixes the habits, and forms three Tuathas, and by the two sons of Mortogh Mac Dermot, its natural bias, is either misdirected or misunderstood in nine

the character ! The discipline of the mind, with respect to Donogh and Mortogh. They here consulted with each other, and resolved upon going in pursuit of Hugh (King of Con- cases out of ten, and latent talents or tendencies, which by naught) and the other sons of Roderic. After overtaking proper culture might be rendered sources of enjoyment to the them, they defeated Hugh, slew himself, his brother, Hugh possessor, and useful to the community, are restrained, if not Muimhneach his son, and Donogh More, the son of Dermot, too powerful for suppression, from their proper developement, who was the son of Roderic, and many others besides. There by absurd and artificial treatment. were also slain Raghallach O'Flanigan, Thomas Biris, Con

In the upper classes, a parent, perhaps, incapable of estistable of Ireland, his relative John Guer, and many other mating the capacity of his son, determines with himself that Englishmen. This was after the bells

and croziers had been the profession, suppose of divinity, of law, or of medicine, is the rung against them, after they had been cursed and excommu, the boy shall be educated accordingly.

most lucrative, gentlemanlike, or otherwise eligible, and that nicated by the clergy of Connaught; for Hugh Muimhneach had violated and plundered Tibohine and many other churches,

The unfortunate youth who has no talent for the acquisition so that he and his adherents fell in revenge of their dishonour of languages, and cannot comprehend the simplest proposition to the saints whose churches they had violated. The king and to pass many of the most precious years of his life in the

in geometry, is condemned to parse a prescribed routine, dom and sovereignty of Comaught were wrested from the sons of Roderic, the son of Torlogh, on that day. Felim, the unavailing effort to learn, through the drudgery of a classical son of Charles the Red-handed, then assumed the government school, what is repugnant to his taste, and beyond his powers of Connaught, and demolished the castles which had been of comprehension; and all this time, from being constantly erected by the power of the sons of Roderic OʻConor and Mac engaged in thumbing the elementary books of the dead lanWilliam Burke, namely, the Castle of Bon Gaillimhe, Caislen- guages (which are never at his finger ends, in the acceptation na-Circe, Caislen-na-Caillighe, and the Castle of Dunamon.

of the common phrase), he grows up shamefully ignorant of his In subsequent times the Hen's

Castle reverted to the O'Fla- vernacular tongue, in which he can neither read with fluency hertys, and was repaired and garrisoned by them till the nor spell with correctness. time of Cromwell, when, as we are informed by Roderick

The schoolmaster, however, is expected to prepare him for O'Flaherty, it was finally dismantled and left to decay. Still

, the university within a given time, and he must be made up for however, enough remains to exhibit its original plan, which was

entrance accordingly. If the parents are told that Young that of an Anglo-Norman castle or keep, in the form of a paral- Hopeful, has no turn for a literary life, no capacity

for learnlelogram, with three projecting towers on its two longest sides : ing what is required, they doubt the judgment of the inforand the architectural features of the thirteenth century are

mant, who tells them the truth ; for the acknowledgment of also visible in some of its beautifully executed windows and this would be an indirect admission of their own incapacity; doorways.

and in proportion to their ignorance and dullness, is their The Hen's Castle is not without its legendary traditions self assurance that their booby has excellent abilities. The connected with its history anterior to its dilapidation; and youth is therefore forced forward in spite of his natural the following outline of one of these—and the latest—as told repugnance to books ; and if afterwards smuggled through at the cottage firesides around Lough Corrib, may be worth the university into a profession which may give him place or preserving as having a probable foundation in truth.

emolument, without ability or exertion on his part, he disIt is said that during the troubled reign of Queen Elizabeth, he be admitted into a profession which yields honour or emo

graces his station by general ignorance and unfitness ; and if a lady of the O'Flahertys, who was an heiress and a widow, lument

only in proportion to talents and industry, he totally with an only child, a daughter, to preserve her property from fails of the object, and it is discovered too late that the selee the grasp of her own family and that of the De Burgos or Burkes,

shut herself up with her child in the Hen's Castle, tion of his avocation was in some way unlucky. attended by twenty faithful followers, of tried courage and de- been permitted to pursue some track for which his inclinations

Now, it is very probable that if such an every-day boy had votion to her service, of her own and her husband's family. As such a step was, however, pregnant with danger to herself

, qualified him, instead of being limited to a course of unsuitby exciting the attention and alarm of the government and lo: able and distasteful occupations, he might have acquired useful cal authorities, and furnishing her enemies with an excuse for knowledge of some sort. For example,

supposing him to stumaggression, she felt it necessary to obtain the queen's sanction horns of a dilemma, or be lost amidst

the mazes of metaphysics,

ble at metrical " longs and shorts," or to be stuck between the to her proceedings; and accordingly she addressed a letter to he might have that peculiar turn which would render him a her majesty, requesting her permission to arm her followers, and alleging as a reason for it, the disaffected state of the good farmer, an excellent judge of " long and short wools" or country, and her ardent desire to preserve its peace for her of long and short horns,” or that shrewdness which

would

render him a clever tradesman, a man majesty. The letter, after the fashion of the times, was not signed by the lady in her acquired matron's name, but in her

“ Who knows what's what, and that's as high maiden one, of which no doubt she was more proud : it was

As metaphysic wit doth fly." Bivian or Bevinda O'Flaherty. The queen received it gra- And so certain am I that many young men who enter our ciously; but not being particularly well acquainted with the university would prefer and far better comprehend the plain gender of Irish Christian names, and never suspecting, from and practical lecture of a professor of agriculture, surrounded the style or matter of the epistle, that it bad emanated from by models of wachinery and plates of cattle, &c., than lec

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tures of a far more pretending character, that I cannot avoid toil, seem to find relaxation in the comparatively

work lamenting the deficiency in the department of agriculture which which they thus perform for themselves; and in the Socrates designated the nurse and mother of all the arts," contemplation of their own flowers, though they be all and Gibbon " the foundation of all manufactures."

beauties, and of their own tiny crops, they feel the calmThe example afforded in this respect by the University of ness and tranquillity, that quiet satisfaction, which lay the Edinburgh is worthy of the imitation of Trinity College. To passions at rest, and therefore indispose for the boisterous afford at least the opportunities of gaining such information mirth and the ungodly society of the frequenters of the beer. on this subject as the mind may be capable of receiving or, house or the gin-shop. predisposed to receive, cannot but be deemed judicious. And Poultry, pigeons, and rabbits, may be reared by young the theoretical knowledge of husbandry is incalculably more people, both for amusement and profit. The child who unneeded by the gentry and middle classes of Ireland than by derstands much of the natural history of domestic animals those of the same grades in Scotland, where almost every from practical observation, and perceives the force of those land-proprietor and farmer understands the subject more or influences which unite the parent and the offspring, will so far less.

sympathize with, and apprehend the nature of, those influFar be it from me to decry the advantages of what is called ences, as to feel pain at the thought of wantonly dissociating learning, but I would have a more diversified course, both in that connection, and would be far less likely to rob the our schools of every class, and in the universities, so as to com- poor birds of their young," than the child who had not been prehend those useful branches of information, to which the familiarized with the nature and habits of the feathered student, if denied by Providence the faculties requisite for the race. attainment of others, may apply himself with pleasure or ad- Children who have watched over a brood of chickens from vantage.

the moment of their first disengagement from the shell, and I have met with many young persons of exceeding dullness witnessed the instinct with which the Creator causes them to in book learning, of decided distaste to the pursuits of litera- come at the call of their mother, and contemplate the love ture, who have manifested a quick apprehension of mechanical with which “ the hen gathers her chickens under her wings," contrivances, practically exhibited a love of natural history, of will take no pleasure in destroying that life of which they had gardening, of agriculture, of something, in short, of a utilita- anxiously traced the progress from the hour in which the first rian character. If these tendencies had been duly cultivated, sign of developed animation appeared. It is improbable that the results would have been favourable to the individuals them- the boy (and far more so that the girl, who is naturally kind) selves, and probably to the public also.

to whose hand the birds have fearlessly looked for food, while I have often been puzzled to account for the pre-eminence they clamorously delighted in his presence, could in his of the Scotch as a clever and a thinking people: it cannot be manhood witness any torturing of the feathered race, such from atmospherio influence; and I am disposed to question the as the diabolical barbarity of throwing at cocks on Shrove correctness of the assertion of a grave Caledonian, that the Tuesday, which used to disgrace Great Britain; or take pleafine spirit of philosophical inquiry which distinguishes his sure in the barbarities of a cock-fight* or a gander-fight. + countrymen is mainly attributable to their use of oatmeal por- For those who are excluded from the enjoyments of rural ridge ; it must rather be from well-directed education, from life, and those occupations to which I have referred, there the early acquired habit of thinking for one's self, and of giving remain other pursuits of extreme interest, according to their o reason for every thing as far as they can, that the Scotch respective tastes-geology, chemistry, mechanics, which employ are so intelligent and so fitted for their respective stations in both the head and the hand. Many a youth may be taught the social circle.

“sermons in stones," &c.—see the quotation in Shakspeare, My own countrymen are naturally as shrewd and intellec- As You Like It_and be kept from bad company, by having tual as the Scotch, but their minds are too generally ill dis- access to a lathe, and becoming practically" a tool-making ciplined, and school education, for all classes, is too generally animal," who, from his distaste to books, would be otherwise defective every where. Several hours of the day are passed miserably destitute of rational employment. I do not wish to in wearisome restraint within the walls of a schoolroom, in see either young or old persons too much learning words without ideas, sounds without sense ; the mind being seldom engaged in the tasks with either pleasure

“ Agog for novelty where'er it lies, or profit.

In mosses, deas, or cockleshells, or flies" And besides the impediments which obstruct the progress But natural history, to a reasonable extent, is surely a useful of useful occupation, arising from the blindness of parents, and improving study for both rich and poor; it leads them to the unfitness of teachers, and the incapacity of pupils, there look from the creature to the Creator ; to contemplate His are to be encountered in all schools the natural preference of works, His glories, and His beneficent designs, both in the maidleness to any kind of systematic occupation, the love of terial and the spiritual world. In short, I would supply the mischief and freaks, which prevail among combinations of mind and body with those occupations which best harmonise boys, and the difficulty of analysing character and dispositions together, and most powerfully tend to overcome the degrain crowded seminaries.

ding and demoralising effects of ignorance, which is confessBut in schools for the poor, where order and discipline are edly the greatest enemy to religion, to peace, good order, and easily enforced ; in places of private education, and under the social happiness. paternal roof, where by far the greatest degree of happiness and simplicity of character are enjoyed and preserved—in such cases, in which instructors and parents are qualified to

• We learn from a German writer the origin of this cruel custom. When educate, a system of literary instruction, combining with it the Danes ruled in England, the native inhabitants of some town formed a relaxation of a useful kind, may be pursued.

conspiracy to regain possession of it by murdering the Danish usurpers. Among the latter I would place gardening and botany the English'a herwards regained authority, they instituted the barbarous and

'I heir design, however, was defeated by the crowing of some cocks. When foremost among the out-of-door occupations, and these pur- childishly resentful practice of throwing at cocks tied to a stake on the comsuits apply to both sexes, and to the humblest of the peasan- memoration day of their disappointment through the vigilance of the cocks. try, as well as to the nobles of the land, for with the idea of nits ; but they have a goose-pit, where in the spring they fight ganders

† “ At St Petersburgh, in Russia (says Dr Granville), they have no cocka garden is connected every association that is pure and trained to the sport, and to peck at each others shoulders tili they draw heaven-born. I myself even now look back upon those of my blood. These ganders have been sold as high as five hundred roubles each : childish hours which were employed in the garden, with un

and the sport prevails to a degree of enthusiasm among the hemp.merchants.

Strange that the vicious and inhuman curiosity of man can delight to arouse mixed pleasure, and the first early crop of radishes which I and stimulate the principles of enmity and cruelty in these appareutly peaceraised with my own hands in a garden border, afforded me

and sociable birds ! more innocent pride than any far more valuable crop that I indulgence in such brutal sports are almost inconceivable.

The barbarities of which the human character is capable from habitual have subsequently raised upon my farm. The care of flowers Every one has heard the horrible story of Ardesoif of Tottenham. who, and shrubs, and the absence of corrupting influences, during about forty years since, being disappointed by a famous game-cock refusing

to fight, was incited by his savage passion to roast the animal alive whilst the indulgence of this pursuit, render it a subject of ex- entertaining his friends. The company, alarmed by the dreadful shrieks of treme interest in the formation of individual and national cha- the victim, interfered, but were resisted by Ardesolf, who threatened death racter.

to any who should oppose him : and in a storm of raginog and vindictive deThose of the poor who are disposed to take a real interest I had hoped to find this one among the thousand fanatical lies which have

lirium, and uttering the most horrid imprecations, he dropped down dead. in their gardens, as is the case of thousands of the English been coined in the insane expectation that truth can be advanced by the peasantry, instead of finding their summer evening occupa quing among the friends of the deceased mişcreant. I found the truth or the

propagation of falsehood: but to my sorrowful disappointment, on a late intions in their allotments wearisome after their day of other 1 horrible story but too probable." — Wowbray's Treatise on Poultry.

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M.

ALEXANDER AND THE TREE.

In June, in June, in laughing June,

And where the dells show deepest green,
tree it was that the Voice came which spake of old to Iskander
The Great), saying, as an oracle, 'Iskander indeed cometh into

Pavilioned overhead, at noon,
Ind’ at goeth from thence into the Land of Darkness.'"- Apocryphal

With gold and silken sheen— History of Alexander the Great.

These be for thee—the place, the time;

Trust not thy heart, trust not thine eyes,
The sun is bright, the air is bland,

Behind the Mount thy warm hopes climb,
The heavens wear that stainless blue

The Land of Darkness lies !"
Which only in an Orient land
The eye of man may view;

Unblenching at the fateful words,
And lo! around, and all abroad,

The Hero turned around in haste-
A glittering host, a mighty horde—

“On! on !" he cried, "ye million swords, And at their head a demigod

Your course, like mine, is traced ;
Who slays with lightning-sword!

Let me but close Life's narrow span

Where weapons clash and banners wave;
The bright noon burns, but idly now

I would not live to mourn that Man
Those warriors rest by copse and hill,

But conquers for a grave!"
And shadows on their Leader's brow

Seem ominous of ill :
Spell-bound, he stands beside a tree,
And well he may, for through its leaves

APOLOGUES AND FABLES,
Unstirred by wind, come brokenly

IN PROBE AND VERSE, FROM THE GERMAN AND OTHER Moans, as of one that grieves !

LANGUAGES. How strange! he thought ;-Life is a boon

(Translated for the Irish Penny Journal.)
Given, and resumed-but how ? and when ?
But now I asked myself how soon

No. II.—THE THREE RINGS.
I should go home agen!

In the reign of the Sultan Sal-ad-Deen there lived in the city How soon I might once more behold

of Damascus a Jew called Nathaniel, who was pre-eminently My mourning mother's tearful face ;

distinguished among his fellow-citizens for his wisdom, his How soon my kindred might enfold

liberality of mind, the goodness of his disposition, and the Me in their dear embrace !

urbanity of his manners, so that he had acquired the esteem There was an Indian Magian there

even of those among the Mooslemin who were accounted the And, stepping forth, he bent his knee :

strictest adherents to the exclusive tenets of the Mahommedan “Oh, king!" he said, “be wise !—beware

creed. From being generally talked of by the common people, This too prophetic tree !"

he came gradually to attract the notice of the higher classes, “Ha!” cried the king, “thou knowest, then, Seer,

until the sultan himself, hearing so much of the man, became What yon strange oracle reveals ?"

curious to learn how it was that so excellent and intelligent a Alas !" the Magian said, “I hear

person could reconcile it with his conscience to live and die in Deep words, like thunder-peals!

the errors of Judaism. With the view of satisfying himself

on the subject, he at length resolved on condescending to a “I hear the groans of more than Man,

personal interview with the Jew, and accordingly one day Hear tones that warn, denounce, beseech ;

ordered him to be summoned before him. Hear-woe is me !—how darkly ran

The Jew, in obedience to the imperial mandate, presented That stream of thrilling speech !

himself at the palace gates, and was forthwith ushered, amid • Oh, king,' it spake, 'all-trampling king!

guards and slaves innumerable, into the presence of the august Thou leadest legions from afar —

Sal-ad-Deen, Light of the World, Protector of the Universe, But Battle droops his clotted wing !

and Keeper of the Portals of Paradise ; who, however, being Night menaces thy star!

graciously determined that the lightning of his glances should •• Fond visions of thy boyhood's years

not annihilate the Israelite, had caused his face to be covered Dawn like dim light upon thy soul ;

on the occasion with a magnificent veil, through the golden Thou seest again thy mother's tears

gauze-work of which he could carry on at his ease his own Which Love could not control !

examination of his visitor's features. Ah! thy career in sooth is run !

“ Men talk highly of thee, Nathaniel," said the sultan, Ah! thou indeed returnest home!

after he had commanded the Jew to seat himself on the car. The Mother waits to clasp her son

pet ; "they praise thy virtue, thy integrity, thy understanding, Low in her lampless dome!

beyond those of the sons of Adam. Yet thou professest a

false religion, and showest no sign of a disposition to embrace “ • Yet go, rejoicing! He who reigns

the true one. How is this obstinacy of thine reconcilable with O'er Earth alone leaves worlds unscanned ;

the wisdom and moderation for which the true believers give Life binds the spirit as with chains ;

thee credit ?" Seek thou the Phantom-land!

“ If I profess a false religion, your highness," returned the Leave Conquest all it looks for here

Jew modestly, “it is because I have never been able to disLeave willing slaves a bloody throne--

tinguish infallibly between false religions and true. I adhere Thine henceforth is another sphere,

to the faith of my fathers." Death's realm, the dark Unknown!""

“ The idolaters do so no less than thou,” said Sal-ad-Deen, The Magian paused; the leaves were hushed,

“ but their blindness is wilful, and so is thine. Dost thou mean But wailings broke from all around,

to say that all religions are upon the same level in the sight Until the Chief, whose red blood flushed

of the God of Truth?” His cheek with hotter bound,

“ Not so, assuredly," answered Nathaniel : “ Truth is but Asked, in the tones of one with whom

one; and there can be but one true religion. That is a simFear never yet had been a guest

ple and obvious axiom, the correctness of which I have never "And when doth Fate achieve my doom?

sought to controvert.” And where shall be my rest ?"

" Spoken like a wise man!” cried the sultan ;—" that is,"

he added, “ if the religion to which thou alludest be Islamism, “Oh, noble heart !” the Magian said,

as it must be of course. Come : I know thou art favourably And tears unbidden filled his eyes,

inclined towards the truth; thou hast an honest countenance: “ We should not weep for thee !--the Dead

declare openly the conviction at which thou must have long Change but their home and skies :

since arrived, that they who believe in the Koran are the sole The moon shall beam, the myrtles bloom

inheritors of Paradise. Is not that thy unhesitating persuaFor thee no more yet sorrow not !

sion ?" The iromortal pomp of Hades' gloom

“ Will your highness pardon me,” said the Jew, “ if, inBest consecrates thy lot."

stead of answering you directly, I narrate to you a parable

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bearing upon this subject, and leave you to draw from it such alone, and not with the reflections which it must necessarily inferences as may please you ?".

suggest. '“ I am satisfied to hear thee,” said the saltan after a pause; " And dost thou mean, then, that thy paltry tale shall serve "only let there be no sophistry in the argument of thy narra- as a full answer to my query?" demanded Sal-ad-Deen. tive. Make the story short also, for I hate long tales about No, your highness," said Nathaniel, “ but I would have nothing."

it serve as my apology for not giving such an answer. The The Jew, thus licensed, began -May it please your high- father of these youths caused the three rings to be made exness," said he, “there lived in Assyria, in one of the ages of pressly that no examination might be able to detect any disold, a certain man who had received from a venerated hand a similarity between them ; and I will venture to assert, that beautiful and valuable ring, the stone of which was an opal, not even the Sublimest of Mankind, the Sultan Sal-ad-Deen and sparkled in the sunlight with ever-varying hues. This himself, could, unless by accident, have placed his hand on ring, moreover, was a talisman, and had the secret power of the true one. rendering him who wore it with a sincere desire of benefiting “ Thou triflest with me, Nathaniel," said the sultan; by it, acceptable and amiable in the eyes of both God and ring is not a religion. There are, it is true, many modes of

It is not therefore to be wondered at, that the owner worship on the earth : but has not Islamism always remained continually wore it during his lifetime, never taking it off his a distinct system of faith from the false creeds ? 'Look at its finger for an instant, or that, when dying, he should adopt dogmas, its ceremonies, the modes of prayer, the habits, yea, precautions to secure it to his lineal descendants for ever. He the very food and raiment of its professors! What sayest bequeathed it accordingly first to the most beloved of his sons, thou of these?” ordaining that by him it should be again bequeathed to the Simply,” returned the Jew, “ that none of them are proofs dearest of his offspring, and so down from generation to ge- of the truth of Islamism. Nay, be not wroth with me, your neration, no one having a claim in right of priority of birth, highness, for what I say of your religion I say equally of all but preference being given to the favourite son, who, by vir- others. There is one true religion, as there was one true tue of the ring, should rule unconstrained as lord of the house ring in my parable; but you must have perceived that all and head of the family. Your highness listens ?”

men are not alike capable of discovering the truth by their own “ I listen: I understand: proceed,” said the sultan. unassisted efforts, and that a certain degree of trust in the

The Jew resumed :-“ Well: from son to son this ring at good faith of others as teachers is therefore essential to the relength descended to a father who had three sons, all of them ception of religious belief at all. In whom, then, I would ask, is alike remarkable for their goodness of disposition, all equally it most natural for us to place our trust? Surely in our own prompt in anticipating his wishes, all equally loving and vir- people_in those of whose blood we are—who have been about tuous, and between whom, therefore, he found it difficult to us from our childhood, and given us unnumbered proofs of make any distinction in the paternal affection he bore them. love—and who have never been guilty of intentionally pracSometimes he thought the eldest the most deserving; anon tising deception upon us. How can I ask of you to abandon his predilections varied in favour of the second ; and by and the prepossessions of your fathers before you, and in which, bye his heart was drawn towards the youngest :-in short, he true or false, you have been nurtured? Or how can you could make no choice. What added to his embarrassment was, expect, that, in order to yield to your teachers the praise bethat, yielding to a good-natured weakness, he had privately longing solely to the truth, I should virtually declare my promised each of the youths to leave the ring to him, and ancestors fools or hypocrites ?" him only; and how to keep his promise, he did not know. “ Sophistical declamation !" said the sultan, “ which will Matters, however, went on smoothly enough for a season; avail thee little on the Judgment Day. Is thy parable ended ?" but at last death approached, and the worthy father became “ In point of instruction it is," replied Nathaniel, “ but I painfully perplexed. What was to be done ?. Loving his shall briefly relate the conclusion to which the disputes among sons, as he did, all alike, could he inflict so bitter a disap- the brothers conducted. When they found agreement impospointment upon two of them as the loss of the ring would cer- sible, they mutually cited one another before the tribunal of tainly prove to them? He was unable to bear the reflection. the law. Each of them solemnly swore that he had received After long pondering, a plan occurred to him, the anticipated a ring immediately from his father's hand—as was the fact good effects of which would, he trusted, more than compen--after having obtained his father's promise to bestow it on sate for the deceit connected with it. He sent secretly for a him, as was also the fact. Each of them indignantly repu. clever jeweller ; and, showing him the ring, he desired him to diated the supposition that such a father could have deceived make two other rings on the same model, and to spare neither him; and each declared, that, unwilling as he was to think pains nori. i to render the three exactly alike. The jeweller uncharitably of his own brethren, he had no alternative left promised, and kept his promise: the rings were finished, and but that of branding them as impostors, forgers, and swin. in so perfect a manner that even the father's eye could not dlers.” distinguish between them as far as mere external appearance And what said the judge ?" demanded Sal-ad-Deen ; “ I went. Overjoyed beyond expression at this unlooked for con- presume the final decision of the question hung upon his summation of his wishes, he summoned his three sons in suc- arbitration?" cession into his presence, and from his deathbed bestowed “Your highness is correct: the judge at once pronounced upon each, apart from the other two, his last blessing and one his award, which was definitive. • You want,' said he, of the rings, after which, being at his own desire left once satisfactory adjudication on this question, which you have conmore alone, he resigned his spirit tranquilly into the hands of tested among yourselves so long and so fruitlessly. Summon its eternal Author. Is your highness attentive?"

then your father before me: call him from the dead and let “ I am,” said Sal-ad-Deen, but to very little purpose, it him speak; it is otherwise impracticable for me to come at the would seem. Make an end of thy story quickly, that I may knowledge of his intentions. Do you think that I sit here for see the drift of it.”

the purpose of expounding riddles and reconciling contradic" It is soon ended, most powerful sultan,” said Nathaniel, tions ? 'Or do you, perhaps, expect that the true ring will “ for all that remains to be told is what doubtless your high- by some miracle be compelled to bear oral testimony here in ness already half conjectures—the result, namely, of this court to its own genuineness ? But hold: I understand that good-natured deception. Scarce was the old man laid in his the ring is endowed with the occult power of rendering its grave, when each of the sons produced his ring, and claimed wearer amiable and faultless in the eyes of men. By that test the right of being sole master and lord of the house. Ques- I am willing to try it, and so to pronounce judgment. Which tions, wranglings, complaints, accusations, succeeded—all to of you three, then, is the greatest object of love to the other no end, however ; for the difficulty of discovering which was two? You are silent. What! does this ring, which should the true ring was as great then as that of discovering which awaken love in all, act with an inward influence only, not an is the true faith now.

outward ? Does each of you love only himself? Oh, go! you “How !” interrupted the sultan indignantly, “ this to me? are all alike deceivers or deceived: none of your rings is the Dost thou tell me that the faith of the Mooslemin is not true one. The true ring is probably lost; and to supply its acknowledged by all right-thinking persons to be the true place your father ordered three spurious ones for common uso one ?"

among you. If you will abide by a piece of advice instead of a “ May it please your highness," said the Jew, calmly, “I formal decision, here is my counsel to you: leave the matter am here at your own command, and I answer your questions where it stands. If each of you has had a ring presented to according to the best of my poor ability. If the allegory I him by his father, let each believe his own to be the real ring. relate be objectionable, it is for the sultan to find fault with it . Possibly your father might have grown disinclined to tolerate

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THE IRISH COMEDIAN.

any longer the exclusiveness implied in the possession of a twice as much for your burial with the greatest gladness, il single ring by one member of a family; and, certainly, as he she had had the opportunity.' loved you

all with the same affection, it could not gratify him A notorious egotist one day in a large company, indirectly to appear the oppressor of two by favouring one in particular. praising himself for a number of good qualities which it was Let each of you therefore feel honoured by this all-embracing well known he did not possess, asked Macklin the reason why generosity of your parent; let each of you endeavour to out- he should have the singular propensity of interfering in the shine his brothers in the cultivation of every virtue which the concerns of others for their benefit, when he so often met with ring is presumed to confer-assisting the mysterious influ- unsuitable returns. “I could tell you, sir," said Macklin ence supposed to reside in it by habits of gentleness, benevo- “Ah! well do, then, my good fellow; you are a man of some Jence, and mutual tolerance, and by resignation in all things observation; and_L_a_should be glad of your definito the will of God; and if the virtues of the ring continue to tion.” “Why, then, sir," replied Macklin, " the cause is inmanifest themselves in your children, and your children's chil- pudence-nothing but stark staring impudence !" dren, and their descendants to the hundredth generation, then, A gentleman at a public dinner asking him, rather inconafter the lapse of thousands of years, appear again and for siderately, whether he remembered Mrs Barry the celebrated the last time before this judgment seat! A Greater than Irish actress, who died about the latter end of Queen Anne's I will then occupy it, and He will decide this controversy for reign, he stared him in the face with considerable ferocity, and ever.' So spake the upright judge, and broke up the court. bawled out, “ No, sir, nor Harry the Eighth neither !". Your highness now, I trust, thoroughly comprehends my rea- An Irish dignitary of the church, not remarkable for his ve son for not answering your question in a direct manner ?" racity, complaining that a tradesman of his parish had called

“ Is that the end of thy story?" asked Sal-ad-Deen. him a liar, Macklin asked what reply he had made him. “I

“ If it please your highness," said the Jew, who had by told him," said the bishop, that a lie was among those things this time arisen, and was gradually, though respectfully, that I dared not commit.”. “ And why, doctor," returned proceeding to accomplish his retreat.

Macklin, with an indescribable sort of comic frown, “why did “ By my beard," said the sultan, after a considerable pause, you give the rascal so erroneous a notion of your courage " “it is an ingenious apologue that of thine, and there may be One of the band of the Covent-Garden theatre, who played something in it too; but still it does not persuade me that the French horn, was telling some anecdotes of Garrick's cuthou art excusable in thy pertinacious rejection of Islamism. riosity, and withal praising the great actor incessantly. MackI own I tremble for thee after all. Go thy ways, however, lin, who heard him from the lower end of the table, and who for the present, with this purse of tomauns, by way of pre- always fired up like lighted straw at the praises of Garrick, minm for thy mother-wit; but I shall shortly send for thee exclaimed aloud, “I believe, sir, you are a trumpeter.” “Well, again ; and as I do not much fancy remaining in any man's said the band-man, “and what if I am ?" "Nothing more, debt, thou shalt then, as a wholesome counterpoise to thy so. sir," vociferated Macklin, “than this, that, being a trumpeter, phistry, obtain from me in reply either a parable of my own, you are by profession a dealer in puffs !" or one from the Koran, upon which I will argue with thee to thy signal confusion !"

M.

BAD AIR AND GOOD AIR.

In a former number we directed attention to the many reANECDOTES OF MACKLIN,

markable properties of the air we breathe, and pointed out how dependent we are for comfort and even existence on the

maintenance of the air in a state fit for respiration. The difMACKLIN was exceedingly quick at a reply, especially in a ference between good air and bad air can be easily collected dispute. One day Doctor Johnson was contending some from that article ; but as the peculiar conditions of the air dramatical question, and quoted a passage from a Greek poet which are capable of affecting health deserve very careful com in support of his opinion. " I don't understand Greek though, sideration, we are tempted to resume the subject. Doctor," said Macklin. Sir,” said Johnson, pompously, The even balance which, as was explained, is struck be “ a man who undertakes to argue, should understand all lan- tween the two sorts of breathing, that of the animal which guages." " Oh, very well,”, returned Macklin; “how will gives out carbonic acid, and that of the vegetable which takes you answer this argument ?" and immediately treated him to it in, is capable of maintaining the air upon the large scale a long quotation in Irish.

always in the proper state. But in order that the people may One night, sitting at the back of the front boxes with a be benefited by this wise arrangement, it is necessary that gentleman of his acquaintance, one of the underbred box-lobby they should be living abroad in the open air and in the fields; loungers of the day stood up immediately before him, and that a man, in proportion as he destroys the oxygen of the air, being rather large in person, covered the sight of the stage should have around him plants to give out an equal quantity from him. Every body expected that Macklin would have in its place; that, in fact, mankind, in order to avail themselves knocked the fellow down notwithstanding his size, but he of the providential security for breathing permanently good managed the matter in another temper. Patting him gently air, should live out of doors, engaged, at least principally, in on the shoulder with his cane, he requested of him with much agricultural employments, as was the condition of society in apparent politeness, “ that when he saw or heard any thing the early ages, and in some portions of the globe to a certain very entertaining on the stage, he would be pleased to turn extent is so still. round and let him and the gentleman beside him know of it; But in countries like ours, where vast numbers of families “ for you see, my dear sir," added the veteran, “ that at pre- are collected in cities, with narrow streets and lanes; where sent we must totally depend upon you as a telegraph." This an open place like Stephen's Green or Merrion Square is had the desired effect, and the lounger walked off.

anxiously sought after, and disproportionate rents paid for the Talking of the caution necessary to be used in conversation houses which are around it, this immediate restoration of the amongst å mixed company, Macklin observed, “ Sir, I have injury done to the air by breathing, and the burning of lights experienced to my cost that a man in any situation of life and fuel, cannot occur. The air is vitiated permanently, and should never be off his guard. It is the fault of the Irish that those resident in towns require for their health's sake to unthey are too ready to commit' themselves. Now, this never derstand how the evil may be rendered as small as possible. happens with the Scotch :-a Scotchman is always on the Even in a town, the total quantity of air is so great, that if it look-out; he never lives a moment extempore, and that is one all come into play, it can be but slightly injured. But such is great reason why he is no successful in life as we see."

often not the case. How often, when there is a fine healthful Macklin was very intimate with Frank Hayman (at that breeze outside the town, do we find, on entering a narrow time one of our best historical painters), and happening to street, the mass of air perfectly motionless, and all the mis. call on him one morning soon after the death of the painter's chievous vapours which are produced, collecting until they wife, with whom he (Frank) had lived but on indifferent become almost irrespirable. This is a great source of disease terms, he found him wrangling with the undertaker about his in towns; and to prevent or remedy it, requires but frequent high charge for the funeral expenses. Macklin listened to the change of the air which a room or a street contains: it ra altercation for some time ; at last, going up to Hayman-quires but ventilation. “ Come, come, Frank," said he, “ this bill is to be sure a little It is by means of a fireplace that a room is generally venextravagant, but you should pay it, if it were only on account tilated. The air which has served for the burning of the fuel of the respect you owe your wife's memory; for I am sure, is thereby made very hot, and hot air, being much lighter be added with the greatest gravity, “ she would have paid I than cold air, rises up, the chimney, generally mixed with

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