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Let the opponent of such a provision for the poor—if any re

THE PILGRIM AT THE WELL. flecting person in the country can on public grounds be op

The fountain is gleaming in morning light, posed to it-let him, we say, contemplate the hard lot of the

But there kneels beside it a child of night; labouring classes, compelled by the importunities of beggars

For to her the summers no sunshine bring; not only to give up a considerable share of the food actually

Oh! what doth she seek at that blessed spring ? insufficient for themselves, but also to divide their beds or

The home of her youth she has left afar, their children's beds with persons of the lowest habits, and

And the promise of light was her spirit's star ; thus see their families deprived of food, of rest, health, and

But her perils and pilgrimage all are past, morality; while a large number of the wealthy classes re

And that hallowed fount she hath found at last. mained listless and inaccessible within their closed doors, or

For they said that a spell in its waters lay, were exercising their better feelings in a distant land.

To banish the blight of her life away : We do not accuse the wealthy members of society, as a

And the prayer of her faith it grows fervent now, class, with indifference to the wants of the poor : we but re

While signing the cross upon breast and brow. fer to a contrast between their security against the intrusion

Oh! stranger of darkness, kneel not there, of mendicants, and the defenceless state of the labouring

Tho' the fountain with freshness fills the air, classes—a contrast which doubtless must have been ever pre

And its waters are sweet as the summer rain, sent to the mind of the poor working man: and we do this

But they cannot give thee the day again. to show how much the wealthy will gain by a law which pro

Yet, tell us, ye searching ones and wise, vides safe means for its application in relieving poverty.

Oh ! whence did these ancient dreams arise The expense, then, which we are now incurring, is not a

of the holy and hidden things, which still new charge, but a wise and equitable distribution of one here

Were mighty to heal all human ill ? tofore borne by portions of the community in very dispropor

'l hey were stars that blest in their hour of might, tionate shares, without having any tendency to obviate the

And gems that shone with a saving light; mendicancy by which it was created, but, on the oontrary,

They were trees of life in the trackless wilds, having a direct tendency to foster and increase that most de

And the sea had its own immortal isles ; moralizing of all the conditions in life.

And through all her changes, the world's hope clings Be the expense what it may, it cannot tend to induce a

To the healing power of her sacred springs ; more extensive reliance on the public provision than mendi

For around them the faith of nations hung,

And sages have trusted, and poets sung, cancy has encouraged : nay, we maintain, that when the law shall have been for a short time in full and general operation,

And pilgrims have sought them by night and day,

Over mountain and desert far away ; the number of unemployed and dependent poor will gradually

But they sought in vain in the earth or seas, decline. But expectation must have a little patience : the

Oh, tell us whence are such dreams as these ! machinery for sustaining in orderly and decent comfort up

Say, are they of some far deathless clime, wards of one hundred thousand human beings, cannot be cre

Thus casting its shadows of hope on time; ated otherwise than by a very gradual process. This is not

Or voices of promise, sent before a clime in which men and families can be encamped : when

The day when earth's curse shall be no more ? they are to be lodged, durable structures must be provided,

We know not but life hath the cloud and pall, and for this work much time is necessary. We are sure that

And woe for the heart's hope, more than all, no time has been lost ; nay, we regard the progress made as

For its precious seed in the fruitless ground, among the most accelerated public labours of this or any

And its bread on the waters never found. other country.

Oh! is there not many a weary heart, In the mean time, the law is not without working out

That hath seen the greenness of life depart, much good for the labouring classes. Workmen of every

Yet trusted in vain in a powerless spell, grade have been busily employed in the construction of work

Like her what knelt by the Holy Well ! houses since the spring of 1839, for which object government has advanced upwards of a million of money, free of inte

NATURE'S WONDERS. rest, for ten years after the commencement of relief in each Union.

THE GADFLY. We are, however, reasoning without having an argument The study of natural history is one which, independent of opposed to us; for any thing like argument against the law the charm it possesses to the inquisitive and contemplative we have not heard. In Dublin it is merely complained, that mind, in affording food for the cultivation of the highest quaalthough houses are open and rates levied, the mendicants lities of the intellect, is also beneficial in a moral point of still throng the streets. But it is not shown that any thing view, as it insensibly brings the cultivator of it to contemplate like the same number of apparently deserving objects of re- the power and goodness of his Creator. It leads his thoughts lief are to be seen; they on the contrary are in the work from the petty affairs of life, and, making him look with adhouses, maintained by the rates; and were it not for the poor miration and a feeling of love on every manifestation of the children whom the mendicants drag along with them, the im- Divine power which surrounds him, instils into his mind one posture would soon be stopped by its own want of success. of the strongest principles of action desired by the Almighty

The policy of the law contemplates the repression of beg. a feeling of universal benevolence. gary and vagrancy, and all those disorders and crimes which There cannot be a better illustration of this latter effect accompany or have their origin in those habits—the encou which I have mentioned the study of natural history proragement of a more productive industry—the more universal duces on the mind, than that afforded us by the history of the recognition of the identity of interest amongst all classes birth and after life of the insect I have headed this article affected by the law-and with the cordial co-operation of all with—“ the Gadfly.” Strange and wonderful though the the intelligent classes of society which it has hitherto received, transformations be to which the butterfly and many other inand will probably receive yet further hereafter—there can- dividuals of the insect world are subject, those of this little not be a doubt but that the law, when in full operation, will creature far surpass them all. realize all this, and more.

Many of my readers are well acquainted with that fly To those who wish for an exemplification of the favourable which in the latter part of summer is seen to be so annoying working of the law, we recommend the perusal of a little to the horse, buzzing about him, and every now and then work lately published under the title of “ Benevola,” in dashing itself with some degree of violence against his sides which the English and Irish systems of relief are well con- and legs. This motion, to all appearance, is without design; trasted, and the tendency of the Irish provision is ingeniously but a closer study of the habits of the insect will show exemplified. To those who will not be satisfied without a that, far from being the effect of chance, it is one of parapractical exemplification, we can only recommend patience ; mount importance to the existence of the fly, as on it depends but we will say —Do not in the mean time forget the cost and the continuation of its species. other deplorable evils of Irish meddicancy.

If attentively observed, it will be found that it is the F. female of this fiy alone who resorts to this peculiar motion;

this she does to deposit her eggs in the hair of the horse, to which they at once become attached by a gelatinous Huid surrounding them; by this mucus they are enabled to retain their hold for a few days, during which time they are fitted

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to be hatched, and the slightest touch will liberate a little quaintances that he was about to favour them with his own worm they contain. The horse, in resorting to the common sentiments in his own style. One circumstance of his carly practice of licking himself, breaks the egg, and the small life must be mentioned, as it may have given a bent to his worm contained in it adhering to the tongue of the animal, is mind in after years. At the early age of seventeen he had conveyed with the food into the stomach ; there it clings by deserted his respectable and happy home, and found himself means of hooks placed at either side of its mouth, and its a private in a dragoon regiment. The act broke his father's hold is so tenacious that it will be broken before it can be heart. So, having spent three years in that admirable school detached. Here, in this strange abode, changing as it were of morality, Jack purchased out, and returned to his young its nature in becoming a parasite, it remains for the whole wife, as well as to the possession of a snug £400 a-year. of the winter, feeding on the mucus of the stomach. At the which fell into his hands by hereditary descent. end of the ensuing spring, having reached its full perfection Constituted as his mind then was, his principles soon began in this secondary state, led by that instinct which regulates to develope themselves, and to afford a strong contrast to all the animated creation, from man to a monad, it detaches those which had governed the actions of his father. That he itself from the cuticular coat, and is carried into the vilous shortly became dreaded by all his neighbours, may be admitportion of the stomach with the food, passes out of it with ted; that he would and did overreach every man with whom the chyme, and is at length evacuated with the feces. The he had business transactions, was an admitted fact, because larva or maggot, now a second time changing its nature, it was his own proud boast ; and when checked by his friends seeks shelter in the ground, and after some time becomes a for those admissions, he would boldly reply," Ho! ho ! chrysalis; in that helpless state it lies for some weeks, when, woo-ood you have me tit-tit-too put my lil-Jighted ca-handle bursting from its deathlike sleep, it wakes into life and ac- under a bu-hushal ?" But that he was hated, or even disre. tivity in the form of a perfect fly.

spected in consequence of his acts, has no foundation in realThere is hardly a parallel to this wonderful chain of causes ity. There was nothing mean or grovelling about his and effects, and effects and causes, to be met with in all the knavery-all was above-board, done in clear day-light. varied and mysterious workings of nature; scarcely one There was nothing selfish or avaricious about him ; the which exhibits so many acts apparently so unconnected with glory of the deed was all he aimed at, for every body knew the ultimate results.

V. he would prefer gaining a pound by open imposition, to the

receipt of ten by honourable means. He never used a sooth

ing phrase to human being. He seemed to court the hostility IRISH ODDITIES_No. I.

of his species, yet that would not come ; for notwithstanding his profane and coarse salutations, he had a humane heart,

and a short time sufficed to unmask it. The poor never went Jack Rivers should have been a gentleman. His family, hungry from his door, and a distressed acquaintance had a his property, his early education, entitled him to that dignity. certain resource while there was a penny in the purse of Jack was not a gentleman ; with perverted views of ambi. Snap Rivers. He was as welcome to his cash as to his bitterest tion he spurned the distinction, and gloried in the well- malediction, and that was ever ready for either friend or foe. merited title of knave. Many loftier and nobler minds have But the insolent great man, or the would-be important, who been reduced to even a lower point of moral degradation by aped a dignity to which he had no fair claim, was the object early indulgence in gross licentious habits. Such was not of his deep immitigable hate; with such he could hold no the case with Jack. Immoderate sensual gratification ranked terms; and did such ever cross his path, he would plot for not in the catalogue of his crimes. He was no toper ; was a months till he would circumvent him in some shape. Did married man at twenty, and a faithful husband all his life. ever Shakspeare light on such a character? Yet, notwithYet, Jack was an acknowledged, nay, more, a professed standing all these seeming contradictions, a single trait has knave, though neither a lover of money nor a spendthrift. not been here placed to his account that was not in a degree Shakspeare, it is said, ransacked all nature, and left almost beyond description truly his. no character untouched; yet neither in his historical por- On one occasion Jack was invited to an evening party in traits, the etchings of his own times, nor his prophetic crea- the house of his brother-in-law, a plain honest man, an extions, has he given us a picture that at all resembled Snap tensive farmer, wealthy and respectable, in every point the Rivers, the faithfully expressive soubriquet assumed by our very antithesis of his eccentric relative. The district was rehero. Nature, whimsical nature, must have been in her markable for the peace and harmony which prevailed throughdrollest mood-must have been actually studying the pic-out its entire population. Party strife and sectarian animoturesque when she cast his nativity. He certainly was a sity were here totally unknown, while intermarriages among model for an artist in that line, for he stood six feet six inches all sects cemented a union and fostered a spirit of Christian by military standard, was extremely slender, rejoiced in the charity and forbearance, w. ch, while it ameliorated the heart possession of a hatchet face ornamented with the most and breathed peace around it, shed also a lustre on the humsplendid Roman nose imaginable, illumined by two small ble community beyond the dignity which vain pomp confers ferret eyes, squinting fiercely inwards, which gave to his on the fleeting distinctions which gorgeous wealth creates. countenance the most sinister expression possible. Quite But Jack was an invited guest; so was his own amiable aware of the value of these natural advantages, Jack's genius minister, the virtuous and respected Protestant rector, Mr and striking taste in dress added considerably to their effect. B- ; so was Dr D— a pretty tolerable wag; and so It was his invariable custom through life to wrap his outer was the Rev. Mr K.

the parish priest, between whom and man in a long blue cloak, a garment little used in his day. the rector there existed a sincere unfeigned friendship. The Summer and winter, a pair of blue rib-and-fur woollen stock priest had studied in France; was a man of high attainments, ings encased his spindle legs, gartered above the knee be- polished manners, possessed a vast fund of sparkling wit, with neath a pair of gun-mouthed unmentionables ; a red nightcap as ready and as happy an expression as ever distinguished ever maintained its conspicuous place on his elevated poll, man; but his brilliant qualities were ever under the control of while an immense fire-shovel or clerical hat gave a finish to strict decorum, and, further, restrained by a lofty sense of that his unique and matchless appearance. He possessed one other dignity which should inhedge the minister of religion. He was accomplishment: he was afflicted-poh:-blessed with a most consequently an especial favourite with all classes, and an inveterate stammer in his speech: a word in speaking he honoured guest at every social board. No man revered him could not utter without the most frightful contortion of coun- more than Snap Rivers, and none was more anxious, or better tenance, and unintelligible splutter, splutter, splutter. Yet, knew how, to draw out his conversational powers. no one of his attributes did he turn to such beneficial effect The party, was all assembled with the exception of our as this; for when he either wished to gain time, or baffle an hero, and as his presence and pungent remarks always contri. opponent, forth came a torrent of manting sounds in all buted to the hilarity of his friends, the kind-hearted host ras their horrific grandeur, and he who could quell the feelings not half satisfied with his absence. “What the devil's keeping of pity could rarely resist the ready propensity to laugh at Jack ?" had just escaped from Mr Anderson's tongue, as the the ludicrous exhibition ; so Jack was generally successful. door opened, and the head and shoulders of Snap Rivers made But, notwithstanding this great natural defect, whenever he their welcome appearance. When he had fairly entered the pleased he could make himself well understood, by falling room, he raised himself to his full height, stared deliberately back upon a species of recitative, or musical method of around him, pulled off his hat with some attempt at grace, speaking, peculiar to himself, and always commencing with a and exclaimed in his own fashion, “llo! ho! : goo hoodly loud "hol ho!" which gave timely warning to all his ac- I company, by Ju-hupiter! Ho! ho! the bla-hack-coats !"





Then casting up his eyes in the most fervent manner, he Always doing a little," said the good-natured doctor, added

“but nothing worth notice. Any snaps with yourself of late, “ From daw-hoctors and praw-hoctors, lil-lawyers and cla- my conscientious friend?" hargymen, good Lord deliver us !"

“ Good, doctor, good; seldom at a loss for a sly hit. * Early in the attack, Mr Rivers," said the priest. A-a-and to tell you the truth, I have mere trifles to boast of

“Ho ! ho! Mr Lil-long-tongue, sure you nee-heedn't care; since I diddled the fellows in the pa-harish of Billy.” you're always prepared. I wo-wo-wish your brother co-co- “I am not aware of the circumstance; pray what was it ?" corbie there would bib-bib-bib-borrow some of your chin said the doctor. whack."

“Lil-lil-let our brilliant host tell you ; he was a witness to “ Listen to him noo,” said the host; "he's begun, an' the the transaction,” said Rivers ; “ besides, unfortunately, my diel would na stop his tongue; we'll a' get a wipe in our turn." tongue was not made by the same craftsman that manufaca

“ Never mind," said the rector. “Mr Rivers, I am happy tured my brains.” to perceive, is charitably inclined to-night. He wishes to in- “How happy for your neighbours !" said the priest ; crease my usefulness for the benefit of his neighbours, as he could your tongue give ready expression to the subtle plotnever condescends to occupy his seat in church.”

tings of your skull, we would be deluged with a torrent of “ And never will, Mr Modesty, till you think fit to change knavery. But, Mr Anderson, do favour us with the story." your tune.”

* By my conscience, then, it will do but little credit to “ Pray inform me how I shall accommodate myself to your Jack, in any honest man's mind; but if you will hae it, then taste, Mr Rivers.”

you must hae it. About three months ago there was a proThere are tit-two mim-methods open to you. Either you perty to be sold by public cant in Bls, and, to be sure, shall pra-hactise what you pre-heach, or pre-heach what you the devil drives it to Jack's cars. Weel! the lease was a pra-hactise !"

perpetuity, very valuable, and fifty pun' o' a deposit was to “ You are pleased to speak in riddles, Mr Rivers ; be kind be paid doon on the nail. Very weel, he comes owre and en. enough to explain.”

gages me to gang alang wi' him to buy the place. But on “Ho ! ho! tha-hat is mim-more than I intended. Fu-hoo men the morning of the sale when I called on him, what was my blame me for con-ce-ling my thoughts. But I shall try to be surprise to see him dressed up in a rabbitman's coat, tied roun clear. You pre-heach cha-harity, and you pra-hactise rir- wi' a strae rope, a hat owre the red nightcap, no worth rir-robbery: Ho! ho! but you are a saint! Now, I am a thrippence, wi' breeks, shoes, and stockings that would disknave ; and how lies the difference? In my fif-favour to be grace a beggarman. Weel, in spite o' a' I could say, aff he sure, for I give the world fif-fair play-every body knows my starts in that fashion, and you'll grant a bonny figure he cut cha-haracter.”

amang respectable men; but diel hait he cared; for while the “ Your character is generally known,” interposed the priest ; folk was gathering, he sets himsel up on a kind o' a counter, "and, as you admire candour, allow me to add, as generally and begins beating wi' his heels, and glancing roun' him like execrated.”

a monkey, and jabbering the purest nonsense. I actually And what is that yoo-hoore affair, Mr Law-long-tongue. thought I would hae drapped through the earth wi' perfect Why meddle in other men's fif-fif-feuds ?”

shame, though I was a little relieved when I saw he was set “You mistake, Mr Rivers ; he who interrupts the harmony down for an idiot, and heard the gentlemen freely crack their of society is accountable to every member. You have rudely jokes on him. Weel, the auction commenced, and when twa burst the bounds of decorum to-night; you have unfeelingly or three bids were gi'en, he looks up at the cant-master so assailed a mild and amiable gentleman ; your charge is as innocently, and says, in his ain style, ‘Ho, ho, may I gie a

I unjust as your manner is coarse and vulgar, and both are as bid ?' • To be sure, my fine fellow,' says the man, laugh. execrable as any thing, save the malice that prompted the ing doon at him ; bid

up, and nae doot ye'll get the proattack."

perty.' The bidding was up to £150. $ 200, cries Jack, • Ho ! ho! I might as well have rir-roused a hive of hor- amid the roars o' the company, * £250,' says another. nets. You black-coats fight among you-yourselves like cat * £300,' says Jack, and he skellied up at the cant-master in and dog, but you will not allow others to interfere with the such a fashion as nae living man could stand. You could hae claw-hoth, I perceive."

tied the hail gathering wi' a strae, while Jack kept glowering • The deevil stop your tongue, but it's gleg the nicht, Jack about and whistling, and beating time to the tune wi' his Rivers,” said the host; “can you no gie us peace ?--sure nae heels.” ither man would insult the rector.

“ And what tune did he whistle ?" said the doctor. “ Ho! ho ! but you're in a wonderful pucker, Mr Numskull. “ The diel a mair or less nor the Rogue's March,' said Let the rector defend himself.”

the narrator. “But when the roars had subsided, the cant“Mr B~ is too gentle a character to manage you,” said master, to humour the joke, takes up Jack’s bid, and he says, the priest.

• Three hundred pounds once-three hundred pounds twice“ Your greatest enemy wo-ont brand you with that crime,” three hundred pounds, three-three-three-all done ?_three replied Rivers, " for you ride rough-shod over all that come times !' and down, in fine, he knocks a property worth three in your way.'

thousand, adding, The place is yours, my man. Yes, "Nothing gives me greater pleasure, I admit, when I meet by my sowl,' says Jack, springing off the counter, the such characters as you; for history furnishes no likeness of place is mine ;' and pulling a bag out of a side pocket, and you, and among living men we would seek in vain for your placing it on the table, he added, . And there's your required fellow."

deposit for you!' But he may tell the rest himsel." “ Ho ! ho! your French politeness is less polished than “ And what followed, Mr Rivers?" said the doctor. stringent to-night, I think. I don't admire it much. I would “ Wha-hat followed ! Why, you-oo would have thought rather see your native talent in its native Irish dress. Out the fellow was stuck, or af-flicted with my own impediment; with the sentiments of your heart, plainly, man, and at once but after some attempts he stammered out, Oh, every say, “Out of h-, Rivers, you're matchless.'

person knows I was only in jest.' Ho! ho! my boy,' said " Oh no, I cannot profit by your advice. I felt my own I, “but every person here shall know that I ne-ever was want of ability, and therefore left the picture to be dashed off: more in carnest. If I be a fool, my money's no fool.

Ho by an abler hand. The truthfulness of your sketch no per- ho! gentlemen, you enjoyed your jokes at my expense; but son will venture to dispute.”

it's an old saying, he muy laugh that wins ; the tables a-a-are The laugh was against Jack, and he bore the punish- turned, and it's my time now, I presume."

I ment with good temper, collecting himself, however, for a re- * And, Mr Anderson,” said the doctor, “ did all present newal of hostilities. After tea, as was the custom on such quietly submit to the imposition ?” occasions, the ladies and such of the young men as preferred Why, to tell the truth, every sowl in the place was dumfemale society withdrew to another apartment, while the ma- foundered, and stared at each other like as mony idiots. The jority of the elderly gentlemen, including the clergymen, the cant-master made some new objection about ruining him, doctor, and Snap Rivers, collected round the host to enjoy the but Jack very glibly replied, “The sale is good and lawful. comforts of the bottle; and as the steam began to rise, the After more than three bids, the property was knocked down hilarity of the party got up in proportion. After various gay

The terms have been duly complied with, the desallies, Rivers said,

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posit tendered before witnesses, and here is the remainder of “ Well, Master Galen, how goes trade now? You-oo and the purchase money at your service when the deeds are perthe se-hexton are se-heldom idle, I believe.”

fected. I grant you were more merry than wise on this oc

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casion; and if you wish to know whom you have to deal with, “ And were I to answer according to your merits, a horseit may be sufficient to inform you that I am Snap Rivers of whip would afford the fitting reply. Respect for my own the Doaghs; you have likely heard the name before ;' and character forbids that appeal, and protects your insolence. out he marched as cool as a cucumber.”

Yet you go not unchastised. The cupidity of your heart, The rector knew less of his parishioner than did the rest like every other crime, engenders its own punishment ; and of the party; he therefore listened in amazement to the though you appear to glory in acts which shock the feelings relation; but when the host had concluded, as if to assure of all other men, yet, despite your coarse ribaldry, there is himself that he was not dreaming, he said, “ And, Mr An- an avenger within your own breast, which with scorpion derson, did all this really occur ?"

venom stings you to madness, and will never cease its gnaw“ l'faith I assure you it did.”

ings till penitence, a very unlikely consummation, pour its And is it possible that you could lend yourself to so ne- healing balm on ulcers seared and encrusted by the fires of farious and disreputable a transaction ?".

iniquity!" * It's no the first time Jack has made a tool o' me,” said · Ho! ho! how very familiar you black-coats are with hor. the simple-minded host; "he inveigled me there just to make rors ! How very glibly you can talk of hell where devils a witness o' me. I was innocently led into the affair; but be- dwell, and thunder out damnation.' Now, I think you priests sides what you have heard, I have neither more nor less to do should be more modest. It would serve your interests better with it."

to merely consign us to purgatory.". “ And do you really intend to retain the property, Mr “ Your own acts, Rivers, determine such cases." Rivers?" warmly inquired the indignant rector.

Ho! ho! I am aware of that; but, notwithstanding, cannot “Do I intend to retain it! Lord, how simple you would ap- a little bit of clerical hocus-pocus serve us on a pinch ?” pear! Ho! hol retain it ! to be sure I will, and a very good “ The habitually profane have little to hope for either from thing it is, let me tell you.”

God or man ; they sneer at blessings mercifully offered, and Well, sir, under these circumstances it is my duty to be too frequently die in their sins.” plain: you and I can have no further acquaintance,” said the “ Then, under all these circumstances I think it as wise to rector.

have nothing to do with your purgatory.” Snap appeared surprised, and with a vacant stare, or at “ I wish it may not be your fate to go farther and fare least a well-feigned look of simplicity, he modestly inquired, worse.”. “ And why, may I ask, shoo-00-ood you cut my acquain- “ Well, the devil couldn't bandy compliments with you, Mr tance ?"

K- ; so I think, brother Bill, you had better push about “ The reason is plain,” said the rector; “you are in pos- the jorum. The priest has too much tongue for me to-night, session of a property surreptitiously obtained. You have and there's no moving his temper. But wait a bit : if I don't deeply injured the proprietor, ruined the auctioneer, and in- gage him to his heart's content, the first public place I meet stead of feeling remorse, you glory in the nefarious deed." him in, my name's not Snap Rivers." The party separated

“Ho! hol is that the way the land lies? Why, man, did good friends, and the priest paid no attention to the threat. not I purchase it at a public sale ? and was I not the highest å month had elapsed, and Nr K-- having business in the bidder ? If the auction was ill managed on their parts, am I nearest town, found himself on the market-day perusing a to blame?”

placard, announcing the exhibition of a large beautiful milk“ These arguments,” replied the rector, "might satisfy white bullock, said to be a ton weight. In the midst of his a Jew, but have no force on the Christian mind. You have reading the priest was surprised to hear himself called by no moral right. It is true, the law of the land may protect name. “ Ho! ho! Mr K come hither!" His eye folyou, yet still you retain that to which in justice you have lowed in the direction of the sounds, and at about a perch disnot even a shadow of claim.”

tant he beheld Rivers, dressed as usual in his long blue “Well, I am rejoiced to hear these noble sentiments from cloak, gun-mouthed breeches, blue rib-and-fur stockings, you, Mr Rector, although your high tone smacks a little of his red nightcap and fire-shovel hat-as ludicrous a figure, prudery. I trust you will cherish them; and if you do, what “ take him for all and all," as ever stood in a market. the devil, I ask, will become of your tithes, to which you have “ Ho! ho ! Mr K come hither,” and the priest, not unless claim than I have to the property? I gave something willingly, obeyed the summons. The meeting occurred just for it, yoo-oo give nothing at all for them; and yet you have in the market-place. The little square was thronged to exthe confounded impudence to rebuke me for one solitary act cess. The anxiety of business sat upon every countenance, of knavery, while you practise the same trick on hundreds and hundreds, passing hither and thither in the ardent pursuit yearly."

of their own affairs, might have passed their most intimate The rector vouchsafed no reply, but retired to the ladies, friend without recognition ; so true it is that the contempladisgusted with the hardened villany of his ribald parish- tive man is never more in solitude than in the midst of a ioner, who laughed in triumph at the clergyman's discomfiture; crowd. But the first salutations over, Rivers entered eagerly and turning to the priest, he said,

into conversation with the priest, on topics of mutual interest'; “Well, Master Glib-tongue, what do you think of the with not unwarrantable familiarity he laid his hand on his affair ? Did not I badger Mr Modesty in prime style? I think shoulder, continued to talk earnestly, insinuated his finger he will not readily volunteer his infernal impudence again, into a button-hole, without apparent motive caught him by after such a lesson."

the collar, then grasped it firmly; and that done, to his vic“ I know, Snap," said the priest, "you are a consummate tim's consternation he pulled off his fire-shovel hat, left the scoundrel. You have treated a most amiable man with un- red nightcap uncovered, and with much vigour brandishing feeling rudeness, and you deserve the reprobation of every the chapeau, began to call an auction. The market-people right-thinking mind. Your legal swindling is bad, but your deemed him mad. The priest felt no desire to be disposed of unblushing advocacy of the principle is worse ; and if any by public sale, but Snap laboured most earnestly in his new thing still more flagrant can be conceived, your base and vocation. savage retort upon your own pastor is the very climax of your • Ho, hol oh yes! oh yes ! hear ye! hear ye !" heartless villany."

And the people did hear, and did flock around the pair. “Ho! ho! Nir Bladderchops, you have taken up the cud. The priest's feelings may be fancied more readily than pourgels, with a vengence. But you should remember the pro- trayed. He at once saw his tormentor's aim ; he knew that

h verb, . Come into court with clean hands.' What are you violence would only serve to increase the awkwardness of his better than Mr Modesty? You don't take the tithes, simply position, and with much presence of mind he resolved quietly because you can't get them. You don't rob by act of parlia- to baffle, and if possible to turn the table upon Rivers. The ment, but you wheedle the money out of some, and frighten crowd rushed rapidly to the centre of attraction. Mr K it out of others, with the magic of your priestcraft.”

remained apparently unconcerned, and Snap was the object Mr Anderson was in agony, and interposing said, “I think, of every eye, as he continued vociferously to bawl, “ Hear ye ! Jack, if you had any decency or feeling for me, you would'nt hear ye! oh yes ! oh yes !” The gaping spectators were lost insult a clergyman at my table. You might be satisfied with in wonderment. No one could either divine the cause of the driving one out of the room.”

uproar or explain the strange conduct of the man in the “llo ! ho! Mr Numskull, but you're thin in the skin! You cloak. At length the priest, seizing the favourable moment, have a wonderful leaning towards the corbies ; you might pulled off his hat, and with a serene look and respectful tone fairly volunteer to defend the rector, but I beg you to let | thus addressed the assemblythe priest answer for himself,"

" Ladies and gentlemen, I have the honour of informing

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you that Mr John Rivers of the Doaghs, this long gentle towards the south in a staircase, if I may so term an inclined man at my shoulder with the blue cloak and red nightcap, plane, with notches cut in the surface for the feet to hold by; purposes in his present remarkable dress to ride the white the ascent is perilous, the stone being as polished and slippery bullock' three times round the market this day for your as glass; before ascending, however, we proceeded by another amusement; the performance to begin precisely at 12 o'clock.” | beautifully worked passage, cut directly under the staircase

Three thundering cheers announced the delight of the to a handsome room called the queen's chamber. Returning crowd, while Rivers, baffled, disappointed, astonished, per- to the gallery, we mounted the inclined plane to the king's fectly dumfoundered, slackened his gripe, fell back a few chamber, directly over the queen’s. The passage leading to steps, and stared most fixedly at the placid countenance of it was defended by a portcullis now destroyed, but you see the priest ; he gaped and struggled for utterance; the muscles the grooves it fell into. His majesty's chamber is a noble of his face played in wild commotion. He solemnly raised his apartment, cased with enormous slabs of granite, twenty feet hands and eyes in the attitude of prayer, and at last was en high; nine similar ones (seven large and two half-sized) form abled to bawl, or rather half sing, “ All that ever you did the ceiling. upon me was but a flea-bite to this. So, to make up mat- At the west end stands the sarcophagus, which rings, when ters, you shall dine with Yellow Peg and me to-morrow ; you struck, like a bell. From the north and south sides respec. are the only man that ever could say he was more than a match tively of this room branch two small oblong-square passages, for Snap Rivers."

H. H. like air-holes, cut through the granite slabs, and slanting

upwards—the first for eighty feet in a zigzag direction, the INTERIOR OF THE GREAT EGYPTIAN

other for one hundred and twenty. PYRAMID.

It is Caviglia's present object to discover whither these

lead. Being unable to pierce the granite, he has begun cutAFTER dining with Caviglia, dear AS, to continue my | ting sideways into the limestone at the point where the granite yarn, we started by moonlight for the Pyramid, in company casing of the chamber ends has reached the northern passage with the Genius Loci, and duly provided with candles for at the point where it is continued through the limestone, and exploration. I must premise that Caviglia, whose extraor- is cutting a large one below it, so that the former runs like a dinary discoveries you are doubtless well acquainted with, has groove in the roof of the latter, and he has only to follow it just been set to work again by Colonel Vyse, Mr Sloane, and as a guide, and cut away till he reaches the denouement. Colonel Campbell, our Consul-General at Cairo. He is at

“ Now,” says Caviglia, “ I will show you how I hope to find present attempting to make further discoveries in the Great

out where the southern passage leads to.” Pyramid ; and as soon as he gets a firman from the Pasha,

Returning to the landing-place at the top of the grand intends to attack the others.

staircase, we mounted a ricketty ladder to the narrow pas. The shape of this Pyramid has been compared to "four sage that leads to Davison's chamber, so named after the Engequilateral triangles on, a square basis, mutually inclining lish consul at Algiers, who discovered it seventy years ago ; towards each other till they meet in a point.", Lincoln's- it is directly above the king's chamber, the ceiling of the one Inn Fields, the area of which corresponds to its base, wholly forming, it would appear, the floor of the other. The ceiling filled up with an edifice higher by a third than St Paul's, may of Davison's chamber consists of eight stones, beautifully give some idea of its dimensions.

worked ; and this ceiling, which is so low that you can only sit The entrance is on the northern face of the Pyramid, on cross-legged under it, Caviglia believes to be the floor of anthe sixteenth step, though you can ride up to it, such immense other large room above it, which he is now trying to discover. mounds of fallen stones have accumulated at the base. A To this room he concludes the little passage leads that long low passage, most beautifully cut and polished, runs branches from the south side of the king's chamber. He has downwards above 260 feet at an angle of twenty-seven accordingly dug down the calcareous stone at the farther end degrees, to a large hall sixty feet long, directly under the of Davison's chamber, in hopes of meeting it; once found, it centre of the Pyramid, cut out of rock, and never, it would will probably lead him to the place he is in quest of.-Lord appear, finished. This was discovered by Caviglia ; the pas. Lindsay's Letters from the East. sage before this time was supposed to end about half way down, being blocked up with stones at the point where an

John Philpot CURRAN.-Mr Curran happening to crossother passage meets it, running upwards at the same angle of 27, and by which you might mount in a direct line to the examine one of those persons known in Ireland by the signigrand gallery, and from that to the king's chamber, where ficant description of half-gentlemen, found it necessary to ask stands the sarcophagus, nearly in the centre of the pile,

a question as to his knowledge of the Irish tongue, which, were it not for three or four blocks of granite that have been though perfectly familiar to him, the witness affected not to slid down from above, in order to stop it up.

understand, whilst he at the same time spoke extremely bad By climbing through a passage, formed, as it is supposed, English. “I see, sir, how it is: you are more ashamed of by the Caliph Mamoun, you wind round these blocks of gra

knowing your own language than of not knowing any other."

A barrister entered the hall with his wig very much awry, nite into the passage, so that, with the exception of ten or twelve feet, you do in fact follow the original line of ascent. from almost every observer some remark on its appearance,

and of which not at all apprised, he was obliged to endure We descended by it. Close to the opening of this passage on the grand gallery is the mouth of a well about 200 feet deep,

till at last, addressing himself to Mr Curran, he asked him, by which we ascended from the neighbourhood of the great instantly was,

“Do you see any thing ridiculous in this wig ?” The answer

Nothing but the head." lower hall. Two or three persons had descended it before Caviglia's time, but he cleared it out to the full depth that the

finding of which Mr Curran was interested. After delay

Bills of indictment had been sent up to a grand jury, in his predecessors had reached, and believing it went still deeper, and much hesitation, one of the grand jurors came into court hearing a hollow sound as he stamped on the bottom, he attempted to excavate there, but was obliged to desist on

to explain to the judge the grounds and reasons why it was account of the excessive heat, which neither he nor the Arabs this person, said “You, sir, can have no objection to write

ignored. Mr Curran, very much vexed by the stupidity of could stand. Think what his delight must have been, when in the course

upon the back of the bill ignoramus, for self and fellow-jurors ;

it will then be a true bill." of clearing the passage which I mentioned to you leads directly from the great lower hall, smelling a strong smell of expression like one of those statues of the Brutus head. He

Mr Hoare's countenance was grave and solemn, with an sulphur ; and remembering he had burnt some in the well to seldom smiled; and if he smiled, he smiled in such a sort as purify the air, he dug in that direction, and found a passage seemed to have rebuked the spirit that could smile at all. Mr leading right into the bottom of the well, where the ropes, Curran once observing a beam of joy to enliven his face, repick-axes, &c., &c., were lying that he had left there in des marked, “Whenever I see smiles on Hoare's countenance, I pair, on abandoning the idea of further excavation in that think they are like tin clasps on an oaken coffin.” direction as hopeless.

Up this well, as I said, we climbed, holding a rope, and fix- Printed and published every Saturday by Gunn and CAMERON, at the Office ing our feet in holes cut in the stone; the upper part of the of the General Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dublin.ascent was very difficult, and bats in numbers came tumbling Agents :-R. GROOMBRIDGE, Panyer Alley, Paternoster Row, London; down on us ; but at last we landed safely in the grand gallery,

Simms and DINHAM, Exchange Street, Manchester ; C. Davies, North a noble nondescript of an apartment, very lofty, narrowing

John Street, Liverpool; SLOCOMBE and Simms, Leeds; FRASER and

CRAWFORD, George Street, Edinburgh ; and David ROBERTSON, Tron. towards the roof, and most beautifully chiselled; it ends

gate, Glasgow

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