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they must be, to acquaint them that Killiney Hill from the philosophic spirit of a man who knew and felt his own supe. same point commands, towards the west, views of the far riority, as well as what was expected from him. When he famed Bay of Dublin, the city, and the richly-cultivated and had sufficiently arranged the materials in his mind, he took the villa-studded plains by which it is surrounded, towards the pipe out of his mouth, rubbed the shank-end of it against the north, the bold, rugged promontory of Howth, with the cuff of his coat, then handed it to his next neighbour, and islands of Dalkey, Ireland's-eye, Lambay, and the peaked having given a short preparatory cough, thus commenced his mountain-ranges of Down and Lowth in the extreme distance; legend:and lastly, towards the east and south, the sea, and the lovely * You must know that afther Charles the First happened to Bay of Killiney, with its shining yellow strand, curved into miss his head one day, havin' lost it while playin' a game of the form of a spacious and magnificent amphitheatre, from Heads an' Points' with the Scotch, that a man called Nolly which, as in seats above each other, ascend the richly-wooded Rednose, or Oliver Crummle, was sent over to Ireland with a hills, backed by the mountains of Dublin and Wicklow, with parcel of breekless Highlanders an' English Bodaghs to suball their exquisite variety of forms and fitful changes of colour. duvate the Irish, an' as many of the Prodestans as had been In short, it may truly be said of this delightful situation, that friends to the late king, who were called Royalists. Now, though other localities may possess some individual character it appears by many larned transfigurations that Nolly Redof scenery of greater beauty or grandeur, there are few if nose had in his army a man named Balgruntie, or the Hog of any in the British empire that could fairly be compared with Cupar ; a fellow who was as coorse as sackin', as cunnin' as it for its variety and general interest.
a fox, an' as gross as the swine he was named afther. RedOf the great interest of Killiney to the naturalist, and the nose, there is no doubt of it, was as nate a hand at takin' a geologist more particularly, we have already endeavoured to town or castle as ever went about it; but then, any town that give our readers some notion in a paper, in a recent number, didn't surrendher at discretion was sure to experience little from the pen of our able and accomplished friend Dr Schouler; mitigation at his hands; an' whenever he was bent on wickedand Killiney is scarcely less interesting to the antiquary than ness, he was sure to say his prayers at the commencement of to the man of science. Though till a recent period its now every siege or battle ; that is, he intended to show no marcy cultivated and thickly inhabited hills and shores presented the in, for he'd get a book, an' openin' it at the head of his army, virgin appearance of a country nearly in the state which nature he'd cry, : Ahem, my brethren, let us praise God by endealeft it, the numerous monuments of antiquity scattered about vourin' till sing sich or sich a psalm ;' an' God help the man, them clearly evinced that man had been a wanderer if not woman, or child, that came before him after that. Well an' an inhabitant here in the most remote times. Numerous good : it so happened that a squadron of his psalm-singers kistvaens containing human skeletons have been found be were dispatched by him from Enniskillen, where he stopped to tween the road and the sea, undoubtedly of pagan times; and rendher assistance to a part of his army that O'Neill was we have ourselves seen in our young days six very large leatherin' down near Dungannon, an' on their way they hapurns of baked clay, containing burned bones, which were pened to take up their quarthers for the night at the Mill of discovered in sinking the foundations for a cottage, near the Aug hentain. Now, above all men in the creation, who should road between the Killiney and Rochestown hills. We have be appointed to lead this same squadron but the Hog of Cupar. also seen several sepulchral stone circles, now no longer Balgruntie, go off wid you,' said Crummle, when administer. remaining; and there is yet to be seen of the same period, a ing his instructions to him; but be sure that wherever you fine cromleac, situated near Shanganagh, and that most re- meet a fat royalist on the way, to pay your respects to him as markable and interesting pagan temple, near the Martello a Christian ought,' says he ; ' an', above all things, my dear tower, with its judgment chair, and the figures of the sun and brother Balgruntie, don't neglect your devotions, otherwise moon sculptured on one of the stones within its enclosure. our arms can't prosper ; and be sure,' says he, with a pious Nor is Killiney without its monument of Christian piety of as smile, that if they promulgate opposition, you will make them early date as any to be found in Ireland. In the beautiful ivied bleed anyhow, either in purse or person ; or if they provoke the ruin of its parish church, the antiquary may enjoy a sight grace o'God, take a little from them in both; an' so the Lord's of one of the most characteristic examples of the temples name be praised, yeamen !' erected by the Irish immediately after their conversion to Balgruntie sang a psalm
of thanksgivin' for bein’ elected by Christianity, and make himself intimate with a style of archi. his commander to sich a holy office, set out on his march, an tecture not now to be found in other portions of the British the next night he an' his choir slep in the mill of Aughentain, empire.
P as I said. Now, Balgruntie had in this same congregation of
his a long-legged Scotchman named Sandy Saveall, which name he
egot by way of etymology, for his charity; for it appears by THE CASTLE OF AUGHENTAIN, OR A LEGEND | the historical elucidations that Sandy was perpetually ran. OF THE BROWN GOAT,
tinizin' about sistherly affection an' brotherly love : an' what A TALE OF TOM GRASSIEY, THE SHANAHUS.
showed more taciturnity than any thing else was, that while BY WILLIAM CARLETON.
this same Sandy had the persuasion to make every one beliere WHEN Tom had expressed an intention of relating an old that he thought of nothing else, he shot more people than any story, the hum of general conversation gradually subsided ten men in the squadron. He was indeed what they call á into silence, and every face assumed an expression of curiosity dead shot, for no one ever knew him to miss any thing he fired and interest, with the exception of Jemsy Baccagh, who was at. He had a musket that could throw point blank an Engrather deaf, and blind George M'Givor, so called because he lish mile, an' if he only saw a man's nose at that distance, he wanted an eye; both of whom, in high and piercing tones, used to say that with aid from above he could blow it for carried on an angry discussion touching a small law-suit that him with a leaden handkerchy, meaning that he could blow it had gone against Jemsy in the Court Leet, of which George off his face with a musket bullet ; and so by all associations de was a kind of rustic attorney. An outburst of impatient re- could, for indeed the faits he performed were very insinivabuke was immediately poured upon them from fifty voices. ting an' problematical. “ Whisht with yez, ye pair of devils' limbs, an' Tom goin' Now, it so happened that at this period there lived in the to tell us a story. Jemsy, your sowl's as crooked as your lame castle a fine wealthy ould royalist, named Graham or Grimes, leg, you sinner; an' as for blind George, if rognery would save as they are often denominated, who had but one child, a a man, he'd escape the devil yet. Tarenation to yez, an' be daughter, whose beauty an' perfections were mellifluous far quiet till we hear the story!"
an' near over the country, an' who had her health drunk, as “ Ay," said Tom,“ Scripthur says that when the blind leads the toast of Ireland, by the Lord Lieutenant in the Castle of the blind, both will fall into the ditch; but God help the lame | Dublin, undher the sympathetic appellation of the Rose of that have blind George to lead them ; we might aisily guess Aughentain. It was her son that afterwards ran through the where he'd guide them to, especially such a poor innocent as estate, and was forced to part wid the castle ; an' it's to him Jemsy there.” This banter, as it was not intended to give the proverb colludes, which mentions 'ould John Grame, that offence, so was it received by the parties to whom it was ad- swallowed the castle of Aughentain.' dressed with laughter and good humour.
Howsomever, that bears no prodigality to the story I'm “ Silence, boys," said Tom;“ I'll jist take a draw of the pipe narratin'. So what would you have of it, but Balgruntie, till I pat my mind in a proper state of transmigration for who had heard of the father's wealth and the daughter's what I'm goin' to narrate."
beauty, took a holy hankerin' afther both; an' havin' as usual Hethen smoked on for a few minutes, his eyes complacently said his prayers an' sung a psalm, he determined for to clap but meditatively closed, and his whole face composed into the l his thumb upon the father's money, thinkin' that the daughter
would be the more aisily superinduced to folly it. In other a smilin' reply; an' takin' up the gun, rubbed the barrel, an' words, he made up his mind to sack the castle, carry off the pattin' it as a sportsman would pat the neck of his horse or daughter and marry her righteously, rather, he said, through dog, wid reverence for comparin' the villain to either one or a sincere wish to bring her into a state of grace, by union the other. with a God-fearin' man, whose walk he trusted was Zionward, • If it was known, Sandy,' said Balgruntie, 'it would harden than from any cardinal detachment for her wealth or beauty. her heart against me; an'as he is hopeless at all events, boin' He accordingly sent up a file of the most pious men he had, a member of that Perdition Club'picked fellows, with good psalm-singia' voices and strong noses, * True,' said Sandy, but you lave the miller's daughter to to request that John Graham would give them possession of me?' the castle for a time, an' afterwards join them at prayers, as
· I said so.' a proof that he was no royalist, but a friend to Crummle an' Well, if his removal will give you any consolidation in the the Commonwealth. Now, you see, the best of it was, that matther, you may say no more.' the very man they demanded this from was commonly deno- 'I could not, Sandy, justify it to myself to take him away by minated by the people as 'Gunpowdher Jack,' in consequence open violence, for you know that I bear a conscience if any of the great signification of his courage ; an', besides, he was thing too tendher and dissolute. Also I wish, Sandy, to preknown to be a member of the Hell-fire Club, that no per- sarve an ondeniable reputation for humanity; an', besides, the son could join that hadn't fought three duels, and killed at daughter might become as reprobate as the father if she sus, least one man; and in ordher to show that they regarded pected me to be personally concarned in it. I have heard a neither God nor hell, they were obligated to dip one hand in good deal about him, an' am sensibly informed that he has blood an' the other in fire, before they could be made members been shot at twice before, by the sons, it is thought, of an of the club. It's aisy to see, then, that Graham was not likely enemy that he himself killed rather significantly in a duel.' to quail before a handful of the very men he hated wid all the * Very well,' replied Sandy; ‘I would myself feel scruples ; vociferation in his power, an' he accordingly put his head out but as both our consciences is touched in the business, I think of the windy, an'axed them their tergiversation for bein' there. I am justified. Indeed, captain, it is very likely afther all
• Begone about your business,' he said ; 'I owe you no re- that we are but the mere instruments in it, an' that it is gard. What brings you before the castle of a man who de. through us that this ould unrighteous sinner is to be removed spises you ? Don't think to determinate me, you canting ras, by a more transplendant judgment.' cals, for you can't. My castle's well provided wid men, an Begad, neighbours, when a rascal is bent on wickedness, ammunition, an' food; an' if you don't be off, I'll make you it is aisy to find cogitations enough to back him in his villany, sing a different tune from a psalm one.' Begad he did, plump And so was it with Sandy Saveall and Balgruntie, to them, out of the windy.
That evenin' ould Graham was shot through the head stand, When Crummle's men returned to Balgruntie in the mill, in' in the windy of his own castle, an' to extenuate the suspicion they related what had tuck place, an' he said that afther of sich an act from Crummle's men, Balgruntie himself went prayers he'd send a second message in writin', an' if it wasn't up the next day, beggin' very politely to have a friendly exa attended to, they'd put their trust in God an' storm the planation with Squire Graham, sayin' that he had harsh ordhers, castle. The squadron he commanded was not a numerous but that if the castle was peaceably delivered to him, he would, one; an' as they had no artillery, an' were surrounded by ene- for the sake of the young lady, see that no injury should be mies, the takin' of the castle, which was a strong one, might offered either to her or her father. cost them some snufflication. At all events, Balgruntie was The young lady, however, had the high drop in her, and bent on makin' the attempt, especially afther he heard that the becoorse the only answer he got was a flag of defiance. This castle was well vittled, an' indeed he was meritoriously joined nettled the villain, an' he found there was nothin' else for it by his men, who piously licked their lips on hearin' of such but to plant a strong guard about the castle to keep all that glad tidings. Graham was a hot-headed man, without much was in, in--and all that was out, out. ambidexterity or deliberation, otherwise he might have known In the mean time, the very appearance of the Crumwellians that the bare mintion of the heef an' mutton in his castle was in the neighbourhood struck such terror into the people, that only fit to make such a hungry pack desperate. But be that the country, which was then only very thinly inhabited, became
it may, in a short time Balgruntie wrote him a letter, de quite desarted, an' for miles about the face of a human bein' mandin' of him, in the name of Nolly Rednose an' the Com- could not be seen, barrin' their own, sich as they were. Crummonwealth, to surrendher the castle, or if not, that, ould as he mle's track was always a bloody one, an the people knew was, he would make him as soople as a two-year-ould. Gra- that they were wise in puttin' the hills an' mountain passes hain, afther readin' it, threw the letther back to the messen- between him an' them. The miller an' his daughter bein'engers wid a certain recommendation to Balgruntie regardin' it; couraged by Sandy, staid principally for the sake of Miss but whether the same recommendation was followed up an Graham ; but except them, there was not a man or woman in acted on so soon as he wished, historical retaliations do not the barony to bid good-morrow to, or say Salvey Dominey. inform.
On the beginnin' of the third day, Balgruntie, who knew his On their return the military narrated to their commander officialities extremely well, an' had sent down a messenger to the reception they resaved a second time from Graham, an' Dungannon to see whether matters were so bad as they had he then resolved to lay regular siege to the castle ; but as he been reported, was delighted to hear that O'Neill had disknew he could not readily take it by violence, be determined, appeared from the neighbourhood. He immediately informed as they say, to starve the garrison leisurely an' by degrees. Crummle of this, and tould him that he had laid siege to one But, first an' foremost, a thought struck him, an'' he imme- of the leadin' passes of the north, an' that, by gettin possesdiently called Sandy Saveall behind the mill-hopper, which he sion of the two castles of Aughentain and Augher, he could had now turned into a pulpit for the purpose of expoundin' the keep O'Neill in check, and command that part of the country. word, an' givin' exhortations to his men.
Nolly approved of this, an' ordhered him to proceed, but was Sandy,' said he, are you in a state of justification to- sorry that he could send him no assistance at present ; day?'
however,' said he, with a good cause, sharp swords, an'aid Towards noon,' replied Sandy, 'I had some strong wrist- from above, there is no fear of us.' lings with the enemy ; but I am able, undher praise, to say that They now set themselves to take the castle in airnest. I defated him in three attacks, and I consequently feel my Balgruntie an' Sandy undherstood one another, an' not a day righteousness much recruited. I had some wholesome com- passed that some one wasn't dropped in it. As soon as ever munings with the miller's daughter, a comely lass, who may a face appeared, pop went the deadly musket, an' down fell yet be recovered from the world, an' led out of the darkness the corpse of whoever it was aimed at. Miss Graham herself of Aigyp, by a word in saison.'
was spared for good reasons, but in the coorse of ten or • Well
, Sandy,' replied the other, ' I lave her to your own twelve days she was nearly alone. Ould Graham, though a instructions ; there is another poor benighted maiden, who is man that feared nothing, was only guilty of a profound swag, also comely, up in the
castle of that godless sinner, who belong- ger when he reported the strength of the castle and the state eth to the Perdition Club; an', indeed, Sandy, until he is some of the provisions to Balgruntie an' his crew. But above all bow removed, I think there is little hope of plucking her like things, that which eclipsed their distresses was the want of a brand out of the burning.'
wather. There was none in the castle, an' although there is He serenaded Sandy in the face as he spoke, an' then cast a beautiful well beside it, yet, fareer gair, it was of small re.. an extemporary glance at the musket, which was as much as sponsibility to them. Here, then, was the poor young lady. to say can you translate an insinivation ?' Sandy concocted placed at the marcy of her father's murdherer ; for however
she might have doubted in the beginnin' that he was shot by Things were now in a very connubial state entirely. Balthe Crumwellians, yet the death of nearly all the servants of gruntie heard that relief was comin' to the castle, an' what the house in the same way was a sufficient proof that it was to do he did not know; there was little time to be lost, how. like masther like man in this case. What, however, was to be ever, an' something must be done. He praiched flowery disdone? The whole garrison now consisted only of Miss Gra- courses twice a-day from the mill-hopper, an' sang psalms for ham herself, a fat man cook advanced in years, who danced grace to be directed in his righteous intentions ; but as yet in his distress in ordher that he might suck his own perspira- he derived no particular predilection from either. Sandy aption, and a little orphan boy that she tuck undher her purtec- peared to have got a more bountiful modelum of grace than tion. It was a hard case, an' yet, God bless her, she held out his captain, for he succeeded at last in bringin' the miller's like a man.
daughter to sit undher the word at her father's hopper. Fool It's an ould sayin' that there's no tyin' up the tongue of Paddy, as they called Maguire, had now become a great faFame, an' it's also a true one. The account of the siege had vourite wid the sogers, an' as he proved to be quite harmless gone far an' near in the counthry, an' none of the Irish, no and inoffensive, they let him run about the place widout oppomatter what they were who ever heard it, but wor sorry. sition. The castle, to be sure, was still guarded, but Miss Sandy Saveall was now the devil an' all. As there was no Graham kept her heart up in consequence of the note, for she more in the castle to shoot, he should find something to rege- hoped every day to get relief from her friends. Balgruntie, nerate his hand upon : for instance, he practised upon three or now seein' that the miller's daughter was becomin' more four of Graham's friends, who undher one pretence or other serious undher the taichin' of Saveall, formed a plan that he were seen skulkin' about the castle, an' none of their relations thought might enable him to penethrate the castle, an' bear durst come to take away their bodies in ordher to bury them. off the lady an' the money. Îhis was to strive wid very deAt length things came to that pass, that poor Miss Graham licate meditation to prevail on the miller's daughter, through was at the last gasp for something to drink ; she had fer- the renown that he thought Sandy had over her, to open a reted out as well as she could a drop of moisture here an' correspondency wid Miss Graham'; for he knew that if one of there in the damp corners of the castle, but now all that was the gates was unlocked, and the unsuspectin' girl let in, the gone ; the fat cook had sucked himself to death, and the little whole squadron would soon be in afther her. Now, this plan orphan boy died calmly away a few hours afther him, lavin' was the more dangerous to Miss Graham, because the miller's the helpless lady with a tongue swelled an' furred, and a daughter had intended to bring about the very same demouth parched and burned, for want of drink. Still the blood nouncement for a different purpose. Between her friend an' of the Grahams was in her, and yield she would not to the her enemies it was clear the poor lady had little chance; an villain that left her as she was. Sich then was the transpa. it was Balgruntie's intention, the moment he had sequestrated rency of her situation, when, happening to be on the battle- her and the money, to make his escape, an' lave the castle to ments to catch, if possible, a little of the dew of heaven, she whosomever might choose to take it. Things, however, were was surprised to see something ilung up, which rolled down ordhered to take a different bereavement: the Hog of Cupar towards her feet : she lifted it, an' on examinin' the con- was to be trapped in the hydrostatics of his own hypocrisy, tents, found it to be a stone covered with a piece of brown | an' Saveall to be overmatched in his own premises. Well
, paper, inside which was a slip of white, containing the the plot was mentioned to Sandy, who was promised a good words, • Endure—relief is near you ! But, poor young lady, sketch of the prog; an'as it was jist the very thing he dreamt of what retrospection could these tidings be to one in her si- about night an' day, he snapped at it as a hungry dog would tuation ?-she could scarcely see to read them; her brain was at a sheep's trotter. That night the miller's daughter-whose dizzy, her mouth like a cindher, her tongue swelled an' black, name I may as well say was Nannie Duffy, the purtiest girl an' her breath felt as hot as a furnace. She could barely an' the sweetest singer that ever was in the counthry—was to breathe, an' was in the very act of lyin' down undher the tri- go to the castle an' tell Miss Graham that the sogers wor all umphant air of heaven to die, when she heard the shrill voice gone, Crummle killed, an' his whole army massacrayed to of a young kid in the castle yard, and immediently remembered atoms. This was a different plan from poor Nannie's, who that a brown goat which her lover, a gentleman named Simp- now saw clearly what they were at. But never heed a woman son, had, when it was a kid, made her a present of, remained for bein' witty when hard pushed. in the castle about the stable during the whole siege. She * I don't like to do it,' said she, "for it looks like thrachery, instantly made her way slowly down stairs, got a bowl, and espishilly as my father has left the neighbourhood, and I don't havin' milked the goat, she took a little of the milk, which I know where he is gone to ; an' you know thrachery's ondaneed not asseverate at once relieved her. By this means she cent in either man or woman. Still, Sandy, it goes hard for recovered, an' findin' no further anticipation from druth, she me to refuse one that I-I-well, I wish I knew where my resolved like a hairo to keep the Crumwellians out, an' to father is—I would like to know what he'd think of it.' wait till either God or man might lend her a helpin' hand. Hut,' said Sandy, ` where's the use of such scruples in a
Now, you must know that the miller's purty daughter had good cause ?-when we get the money, we'll fly. It is princialso a sweetheart called Suil Gair Maguire, or sharp-eye'd pally for the sake of waining you an' her from the darkness of Maguire, an humble branch of the great Maguires of Ennis- idolatry that we do it. Indeed, my conscience would not rest killen ; an' this same Suil Gair was servant an' foster-brother well if I let a soul an' body like yours remain a prey to Sathan, to Simpson, who was the intended husband of Miss Graham. my darlin'.' Simpson, who lived some miles off, on hearin' the condition of · Well,' said she, does’nt the captain exhort this evenin?' the castle, gathered together all the royalists far an’ near ; • He does, my beloved, an' with a blessin' will expound a an' as Crummle was honestly bated by both Romans an' few verses from the Song of Solomon.' Prodestans, faith, you see, Maguire himself promised to send * It's betther then,' said she, to sit under the word, an' a few of his followers to the rescue. In the mean time, Suil perhaps some light may be given to us.' Gair dressed himself up like a fool or idiot, an' undher the This delighted Saveall's heart, who now looked upon pretty partection of the miller's daughter, who blarnied Saveall in Nannie as his own; indeed, he was obliged to go gradually great style, was allowed to wandher about an'joke wid the and cautiously to work, for cruel though Nolly Rednose was, sogers; but especially he took a fancy to Sandy, and chal. Sandy knew that if any violent act of that kind should raich lenged him to put one stone out of five in one of the port-holes him, the guilty party would sup sorrow. Well, accordin' to of the castle, at a match of finger-stone. Sandy, who was this pious arrangement, Balgruntie assembled all his men who nearly as famous at that as the musket, was rather relaxed were not on duty about the hopper, in which he stood as when he saw that Suil Gair could at least put in every second usual, an' had commenced a powerful exhortation, the substone, an' that he himself could hardly put one in out of stratum of which was devoted to Nannie; he dwelt upon the twenty. Well, at all events it was durin' their sport that happiness of religious love; said that scruples were often sug. fool Paddy, as they called him, contrived to fling the scrap gested by Satan, an' that a heavenly duty was but terrestrial of writin' I spoke of across the battlements at all chances; for when put in comparishment wid an earthly one. He also made when he undhertook to go to the castle, he gave up his life as collusion to the old Squire that was popped by Sandy; said lost; but he did'nt care about that, set in case he was able to it was often a judgment for the wicked man to die in his sins: save either his foster-brother or Miss Graham. But this is an' was gettin' on wid great eloquence an' emulation, when a not at all indispensable, for it is well known that many a fos- low rumblin' noise was heard, an' Balgruntie, throwin' up his ter-brother sacrificed his life the same way, and in cases of clenched hands an' grindin' his teeth, shouted out, Hell and great danger, when the real brother would beg to decline the d- -n, I'll be ground to death! The mill's goin' on! compliment.
Murdher ! murdher ! I'm gone !' Faith, it was true enough -she had been wickedly set a-goin' by some one ; an' before a judgment on the Hog of Cupar! It is often a judgment for they had time to stop her, the Hog of Cupar had the feet and the wicked to die in their sins! Balgruntie wasna that'legs twisted off him before their eyes-a fair illustration of Whatever he intended to say further, cannot be analogized his own doctrine, that it is often a judgment for the wicked by man, for, just as he had uttered the last word, which he did man to die in his sins. When the mill was stopped, he was while holding the candle to his pipe, the bullet of his own gun pulled out, but didn't live twenty minutes, in consequence of entered between his eyes, and the next moment he was a corpse. the loss of blood. Time was pressin', so they ran up a shell of a Suil Gair desarved the name he got, for truer did never coffin, and tumbled it into a pit that was hastily dug for it on bullet go to the mark from Saveall's own aim than it did from the mill-common.
his. There is now little more to be superadded to my story. This, however, by no manner of manes relieved poor Nan- Before daybreak the next mornin', Simpson came to the relief nie from her difficulty, for Saveall, finding himself now first of his intended wife; Crummle's party war surprised, taken, in command, determined not to lose a moment in tolerating an'cut to pieces ; an' it so happened that from that day to his plan upon the castle.
this the face of a soger belongin' to him was never seen near • You see,' said he, 'that a way is opened for us that we the mill or castle of Aughentain, with one exception only, and didn't expect ; an' let us not close our eyes to the light that that was this:-You all know that the mill is often heard to go has been given, lest it might be suddenly taken from us again. at night when nobody sets her a-goin', an' that the most sevenIn this instance I suspect that fool Paddy has been made the dable scrames of torture come out of the hopper, an' that when chosen instrument; for it appears upon inquiry that he too any one has the courage to look in, they're sure to see a man has disappeared. However, heaven's will be done! we will dressed like a soger, with a white mealy face, in the act, so to have the more to ourselves, my beloved-ehem! It is now say, of havin' his legs ground off him. Many a guess was dark,' he proceeded, so I shall go an' take my usual smoke made about who the spirit could be, but all to no purpose. at the mill window, an' in about a quarther of an hour I'll be There, however, is the truth for yez; the spirit that shrieks ready.'
in the hopper is Balgruntie's ghost, an' he's to be ground that But I'm all in a tremor after sich a frightful accident,' way till the day of judgment. replied Nannie : 'an' I want to get a few minutes' quiet before Be coorse, Simpson and Miss Graham were married, as we engage upon our undhertakin.'
war Nannie Duffy an' Suil Gair ; an' if they all lived long an' This was very natural, and Saveall accordingly took his happy, I wish we may all live ten times longer an' happier; an' usual seat at a little windy in the gable of the mill, that faced so we will, but in a betther world than this, plaise God." the miller's house; an' from the way the bench was fixed, he “ Well, but, Tom," said Gordon, “how does that account was obliged to sit with his face exactly towards the same di for my name, which you said you'd tell me ?" rection. There we leave him meditatin' upon his own right- Right," said Tom; " begad I was near forgettin'it. Why, eous approximations, till we folly Suil Gair Maguire, or fool you see, sich was their veneration for the goat that was the Paddy, as they called him, who practicated all that was done. manes, undher God, of savin' Miss Graham's life, that they
Maguire and Nannie, findin' that no time was to be lost, gave changed the name of Simpson to Gordon, which signifies in all over as ruined, unless somethin' could be acted on quickly. Irish
gor dhun, or a brown goat, that all their posterity might Suil Gair at once thought of settin' the mill a-goin', but kept know the great obligations they lay undher to that reverend the plan to himself, any further than tellin' her not to be sur- animal." prised at any thing she might see. He then told her to steal “An' do you mane to tell me," said Gordon, “that my name him a gun, but if possible to let it be Saveall's, as he knew it was never heard of until Oliver Crummle's time ?". could be depended on. • But I hope you won't shed any
“I do. Never in the wide an' subterraneous earth was sich if you can avoid it,' said she ; ' that I don't like.” “Tut,' replied a name known till afther the prognostication I tould you ; an Suil Gair, makin' evasion to the question, it's good to have it never would either, only for the goat, sure. I can prove it it about me for my own defence.'
by the pathepathetics. Denny Mullin, will you give us another He could often have shot either Balgruntie or Saveall in draw o' the pipe ?" daylight, but not without certain death to himself, as he knew Tom's authority in these matters was unquestionable, and, that escape was impossible. Besides, time was not before so besides, there was no one present learned enough to contradict pressin' upon them, an' every day relief was expected. Now, him, with any chance of success, before such an audience. however, that relief was so near--for Simpson with a party of The argument was consequently, without further discussion, royalists an' Maguire's men must be within a couple of hours' decided in his favour, and Gordon was silenced touching the journey—it would be too intrinsic entirely to see the castle origin and etymology of his own name. plundhered, and the lady carried off by such a long-legged This legend we have related as nearly as we can remember skyhill as Saveall. Nannie consequentially, at great risk, in Tom's words. We may as well
, however, state at once took an opportunity of slipping his gun to Suil Gair, who was that many of his legends were wofully deficient in authenticity, the best shot of the day in that or any other part of the coun- as indeed those of most countries are. Nearly half the Irish try; and it was in consequence of this that he was called Suil legends are ex post facto or postliminious. There is no record, Gair, or Sharp Eye. But, indeed, all the Maguires were fa- for instance, that Oliver Cromwell ever saw the castle of mous shots ; an' I'm tould there's one of them now in Dublin Aughentain, or that any such event as that narrated by Tom that could hit a pigeon's egg or a silver sixpence at the dis- ever happened in or about it. It is much more likely that the tance of a hundred yards.* Suil Gair did not merely raise the story, it ever there was any truth in it, is of Scotch origin, as sluice when he set the mill a-goin', but he whipped it out alto- indeed the names would seem to import. There is no doubt, gether an' threw it into the dam, so that the possibility of however, that the castle of Aughentain, which is now in the saving the Hog of Cupar was irretrievable. He made off, possession of a gentleman named Browne we think, was once however, an' threw himself among the tall ragweeds that grew the property of a family called Graham. In our boyhood there upon the common, till it got dark, when Saveall, as was his was a respectable family of that name living in its immediate custom, should take his evenin' smoke at the windy. Here he vicinity, but we know not whether they are the descendants of sat for some period, thinkin' over many ruminations, before those who owned the castle or not. he lit his cutty pipe, as he called it.
• Now,' said he to himself, what is there to hindher me from takin' away, or rather from makin' sure of the grand las
THE HERRING.-SECOND ARTICLE. sie, instead of the miller's daughter? If I get intil the castle, it can be soon effected; for if she has any regard for her re- Having given in a former number some account of the natural putation, she will be quiet. I'm a braw handsome lad enough, history of this valuable little creature, we now proceed, in a wee thought high in the cheek bones, scaly in the skin, an' accordance with our promise, to give a description of the knock-knee'd a trifle, but stout an' lathy, an' tough as a various modes of taking and curing it; and as the Dutch withy. But, again, what is to be done wi Nannie? Hut, were the first to see the importance, and devote themselves to she's but a miller's daughter, an' may be disposed of if she the improvement, of the herring fishery, we shall commence gets troublesome. I know she's fond of me, but I dinna blame with them. her for that. However, it wadna become me now to en. So early as the year 1307, the Dutch had turned their attertain scruples, seein' that the way is made so plain for me. tention to this subject; and lest any of our more thoughtless But, save us! eh, sirs, that was an awful death, an' very like or less informed readers should deem the matter one of
* The celebrated Brian Maguire, the first shot of his day, was at this time secondary consideration, or probably of even less, we shall living in Dublin,
lay before them some statistical accounts of the Dutch fisher
ies, extracted from returns of the census of the States-Gene- fish as fast as they are canght; and there are large vessels ral, taken in the year 1669. In that year the total amount with barrels and salt lying out amongst the fishers, buying of population was 2,400,000.
from those who do not wish to lose time by going ashore. Every Of whom were employed as fishermen, and in
description of net, as well as every sort of vessel, is in requi. equipping fishermen with their boats, tackle, con
sition; some fishing at anchor, some sailing, and others haul. veying of salt, &c.
450,000 | ing their seines on shore, but the grand method is as fol. Employed in the navigation of ships in foreign trade, 250,000 lows:Shipwrights, handicraftsmen, and manufacturers, 650,000 An immense range of nets with very small meshes, so small Inland fishermen, agriculturists, and labourers, 200,000 as to prevent the herrings from fastening in them, is extended Gentry, statesmen, soldiers, and inhabitants in
round a shoal of fish, and gradually moved towards some general,
850,000 creek or narrow inlet of the sea. The nets are drawn close
and made fast across the entrance, and the enormous body of
Total, 2,400,000 herrings thus crowded up into a narrow space is taken out Thus nearly a fifth of the population of Hollar! was en- and cured at leisure. This mode of fishing is called a "lock." tirely engaged in and supported by the herring and deep-sea The following passage from a letter written by a gentlefishery, and thus arose the saying that “the foundations of man who witnessed the fishery near Hitteroe, to Mr Mitchell Amsterdam were laid on herring bones;" and hence did De of Leith, will give our readers some idea of its extent:Witt assert that “Holland derived her main support from “ On the other side of the Sound we saw what is termed a the herring fishery, and that it ought to be considered as the lock, that is, several nets joined together, forming a bar before right arm of the republic.".
a small bay, into which the herrings were crowded. In this Before Holland was humbled upon the seas, and whilst she place there were several thousand barrels of herrings, so comwas at the pinnacle of her prosperity, she had ten thousand pactly confined together that an oar could stand up in the sail of shipping, with 168,000 mariners, afloat. Of these no
There were in the neighbourhood of Hitteroe altoless than 6400 vessels, with 112,000 mariners, were employed gether about four or five thousand nets, and about two thouin and connected with the herring fishery alone, " although sand boats and vessels ; and there were caught, according to the country itself affords them neither materials, nor victual, the opinion of several intelligent persons, this day (24th Janunor merchandise, to be accounted of, towards their setting ary 1833), not less than ten thousand barrels.". forth.” When we come to the subject of curing, we shall take The entire quantity taken on the coast of Norway during occasion to point out the modes by which the Dutch attained the fall of 1832 and the spring of 1833 was estimated at their excellence, and established this surprising trade; but at | 680,000 barrels, which was considered to be a fair average present we have but to describe their manner of fishing. take.
The GREAT FISHERY commences on the 24th of June, We come now to the home fishery, in which Yarmouth takes and terminates on the 31st of December, and is carried on the lead in the size of vessels and magnitude of tackle emin the latitudes of Shetland and Edinburgh, and on the coast ployed. The fishing is carried on by the Yarmouth men in decked of Great Britain, with strong-decked vessels called busses, vessels called “luggers," from 20 to 50 tons burthen, having manned by fourteen or fifteen men, and well supplied with three masts, and rigged with three lugsails, topsails, mizen, casks, salt, nets, and every material requisite for catching and foresail, and jib: the crew of the largest consisting of twelve curing at sea. Each buss has generally fifty, and must not men and a boy, who are paid according to the quantity of fish have less than forty nets of 32 fathoms in length each, 8 fa- caught. Each ordinary vessel carries two hundred nets of 48 thoms in depth, and a buoy-rope of 8 fathoms; an empty feet in length and 30 in depth, each having meshes of 1 inch barrel less than a herring barrel is attached to each buoy-rope. or 15 inch, as usual in herring nets. Of these nets they shoot This fleet of nets, as it is called, is divided by buoys into four one hundred at a time, reserving the other hundred for cases parts, by which their position is marked and their taking in of accident or mishap. When launched, each net is attached facilitated; the buoys at the extreme ends are painted white, by two seizings of 14 inch rope, having a depth of 18 feet, to with the owners and vessels' names upon them. By the a four-stranded (generally 4 inch) warp of 3600 feet in length; Dutch fishery laws it is provided that the yarn of the nets this warp is made fast to a rope from the bow of the vessel, must be of good unmixed Dutch or Baltic hemp, which must which in stormy weather can be let out to ease the strain, to be inspected before use by sworn surveyors ; the yarn must the extent of 100 fathoms, or 600 feet. For each net there be well spun ; and each full net, or fourth part of a fleet, must are two buoys (4-gallon barrels) made fast to the warp, and be 740 meshes in length and 68 in depth, and the nets must there are four buoys besides, to mark the distances, two for be inspected and marked before they can be used.
the quarter and three-quarter stations, painted red and white The Dutch always shoot their nets, that is, cast them into quarterly, one for the half distance or middle of the fleet, the sea, at sunset, and take them in before sunrise. In shoot- painted half red and half white, and one for the extremity, ing them they cast them to windward, so that the wind may painted all white; each of them has painted on it the names prevent the vessel from coming upon them. The whole of the of the ship, master, owner, and port, in order that they may be nets are attached to four strong ropes joined to each other,, restored in case of breaking away during bad weather; and so and are taken in by means of the capstan, to which four or good an understanding exists upon this subject amongst the five men attend, whilst four more shake out the fish.
fishermen, that the nets are always restored by the finder to The Small FISHERY, or fresh-herring fishery, is carried the owner upon payment of only Is. for each net; and no one on to the east of Yarmouth in deep water, with flat-bottomed must suffer a stray net to drift away; if seen, it must be taken vessels without keels, so formed for the purpose of being run in. This fishery commences in the beginning of October, and ashore in any convenient place.
lasts little more than two months. The nets are shot after It is forbidden by the 15th and 16th articles of the Dutch the Dutch fashion, at sunset ; but if the appearances are fafishery laws to gut the herrings taken by the small fishery vourable, they are taken in once or twice during the night, either at sea or ashore, under pain of one month's imprison and again at sun-rise. 100 barrels of herrings are frequently ment, and a fine of five guilders for every hundred herrings, taken by these nets at a single haul, and 600 barrels may be as well as the confiscation of the herrings, unless special per considered as a fair average fishing for one vessel during the mission has been obtained from the king, at the request of the season. The number of decked vessels employed at Yarmouth States,
alone in the fishery is about 500. The Pan FISHERY is carried on in the rivers, inland seas, Next, and likely from its steady increase soon to become and on the coast of Holland, within three miles of the shore. the first, is the Scotch fishery.
The same prohibition, under similar penalties, that exists Like the Norwegian, every description of boat and net is against curing fish taken in the small fishery, extends to to be found employed amongst the Scottish islands, but the this.
most regularly employed vessels are open undecked boats, of We have given the first place to the Dutch in this account, 28 to 32 feet in length, or thereabouts, and 9 to 11 feet in in consequence of their having been the first to see the impor- breadth, usually rigged with two masts and two sails. They tance of the fishery, but they take the lead no longer; the have on board from twelve to thirty nets of from 150 to 186 English and Scotch have successfully rivalled them in curing, feet in length each, and from 20 to 31 feet in depth. and for the quantity taken during the season the Norwegians From the Report by the Commissioners of the British surpass all others. The Norwegian is a wholesale fishery, Herring Fishery, of the fishery of 1838, year ending 5th April every description of ship and boat being in demand. They 1839, it appears that there were then engaged in the fishery have curing stations on shore, to which the boats bring the ' 11,357 boats, decked and undecked, throughout England and