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fowl for Miss O'Donnell ? Fitz, gnaw the cord off one of The “want,” however, had made Bob's eyes particularly those ale bottles; draw the cork with your teeth, and send and unusually luminous ; nor did Kate take his proposition the bottle round. The corkscrew was with the knives.” “ to launch all the bampers and baskets, after their recent

“ Draw my teeth with the cork, you mean; I had rather contents, into the sea,” to be any additional proof of his selfknock off the neck, thank you,” said Fitz, about to suit the possession; and when, with a caper and whoop, he sent Mulaction to the word.

holland's basket to the fishes, her suspicions that he was “No, no,” cried Bob, “do you forget that we must drink slightly elevated became considerably strengthened. out of the bottles ? Do you want the ladies to cut their Mrs Harvey,” said Mr Sharpe,“ you think your party pretty lips with the broken glass, you Mohawk! Though, unfortunate. I have been upon a great many parties of this faith," said he, in an under-tone, to his fair companion, “I kind, and I assure you I have seen far more unpleasant could almost wish such an accident to happen to some one that affairs_(Gentlemen, here are a few bottles of wine that have I know, that I might have an opportunity of exhibiting my escaped the watery fate of their unhappy companions). Now, courageous devotion, by sucking the wound.”

the very last party that I was on last season, three or four of “A

prizel a prize!” cried he, jumping up and running a the gentlemen quarrelled (pass the wine if you please), and little distance. He returned with five or six large Malahide one of them, in the scrimmage, was knocked over the rocks oyster shells, that had been bleaching on the cliff, where they into the sea. had been thrown by some former party. Two of them were Mercy on us, Mr Sharpe! was he drowned ?” top shells.

Here,” said he, throwing one to Sweeny, “is a “Why, no, but his collar-bone was broken, and his shoulcarver for that ham; make haste and put an edge on it, on the der dislocated. But a worse accident happened in coming rock. Ladies, here are primitive drinking goblets for you. home.” Miss O'Brien, the pleasure of a shell of wine with you." * What was it?"

“I have put a very good edge on the shell,” said Sweeny, “Poor Singleton had come, with his wife and two nieces, in “ but I can't cut the ham with it, it slides about so.'

a job carriage; the driver got drunk, and overturned the “Psha! take a grip of it by the shank, can't you? What whole concern, just where the road branches off down to the are you afraid of, you omedhaun? Hold it fast, and don't let strand; they rolled over the cliff, and fell about twenty feet; it slide. Costello, break up that loaf and send it round. the horses were both killed, and the whole party dreadfully Mr O'Donnell, will you have the goodness to hold one of these injured, barely escaping with life. Then, the quarrel after ribs for me. Oh, faith, finger and thumb work won't do; dinner (by which Jones got his collar-bone broken) led to a you must take it in your fist, and hold it tight; now pullduel on the following morning, in which one of the parties, bravo! Beau Brummell would be just in his element here. Edwards, fell ; and his antagonist, young O'Neill, got a bullet Be my sowl, as Paddy Murphy says, I think if he saw us, in his knee, which has lamed and disfigured him for life. he'd jump into that element there to get away.”

Pass the wine, gentlemen.” Mr Sharpe was now in his glory; he had, with Mr Harvey's “No! no! no!" screamed Mrs Harvey, on whom the above assistance, torn up the turkey; and seeing that Bob had de- delectable recital had had the desired effect, and who was cidedly the worst job at the table, he asked him for beef. Mr worked into a desperate state of terror, “ no more wine, genHarvey joined in the joke, and put in also ; but their man was tlemen, if you please. Come, ladies, we must return at once, too able for them.

before evening closes in.” “As you are in partnership in the turkey business, in which Each lady being perfectly satisfied that the gentleman who you have been so successful,” said he, “ you had better con- had fallen to her lot would keep sober, whatever others might tinue so, in the general provision line,” handing them a piece do, demurred to the early retreat; but Mrs Harvey was too sufficient to satisfy two, and prevent them from calling again. much frightened at the prospect of returning with gentlemen

“ "Bill” (to one of the college men), here's a shell for you and drivers drunk, not to be determined ; and, accordingly, to cut the crust of that pie, and help it. Jem” (to another), with much growling, and the most general dissatisfaction, the Miss Kate O'Brien wishes for some of that chicken that party broke up. you are trying to dislocate, as gently as if you were afraid of “ I am done with pic-nics—I'll never have any thing to say hurting it, or greasing your fingers.' What part?” said Jem. to one again," said the disappointed directress.

“ A little of the soul, if you please," said Kate, with a ma- never was any affair more perfectly arranged, never was so liciously demure face.

much care taken to have things regular. I never proposed to “ Here it is for you, Miss Kate, soul and body;" and he myself such enjoyment as I expected this day.” handed it to her.

“ My dear Mrs Harvey,” said O'Gorman, to whose coun“The mirth and fun (now) grew fast and furious."

tenance the last four or five shells of wine had imparted an

air of the most profound wisdom, "my dear Mrs Harvey, No water fit for drinking could be procured, and the conse- the whole art of happiness is contentment.' This is the great quence was, that the ale, porter, and wine, were swallowed too secret of enjoyment in this life-this is the talisman that abundantly by the gentlemen. Songs were called for, and clothes poverty in imperial robes, and imparts to the hovel a O'Gorman was in the midst of the " Groves of Blarney," when grandeur unknown to the halls of princes--this is the true Costello shouted out, “ A porpoise! a porpoise !"

philosopher's stone, for which alchymists so long have sought Up jumped the whole party, and up also jumped the table- in vain, that converts all it touches into gold- this is the coscloth, which Mr O'Donnell and Mr Sharpe had fastened to metic that beautifies the ill-favoured wife, and the magic wand their coats or waistcoats.

that bestows upon the frugal board the appearance of sur. They sat directly facing the opening to the water, with passing plenty-this is the shield of adamantine proof, on Mrs Harvey between them ; so that when, by their sudden which disappointment vainly showers its keenest darts--this start up, they raised the cloth, it formed an inclined plane, is the impregnable fortress, ensconced in which, we may down which dishes, plates, bottles, pies, bread, and meat, boldly bid defiance to the combined forces of sublunary illsglided, not majestically, but too rapidly, into the sea. Then, and whether it be announced from the pulpit or the cliff

, þy oh! what a clamour !

the dignified divine or the college scamp; be it soothingly Above the jingling of broken bottles and plates, the crash whispered in the ear of the deposed and exiled monarch, or of dishes, and the exclamations of the gentlemen, arose the tendered as comfort to the discomfited authoress of a pic-nic, never-failing shriek of the ladies. And then came a pause, it still retains, in undiminished force, its universality of apwhilst they silently watched the last dish as it gracefully re- plication”ceded from their view.

Here Mr Sweeny facetiously gave him a slap on the crown “ Oh! faith,” said Mrs Harvey (surprised by her emotion of the hat, which drove it down, and stuck it gracefully over into using a gentle oath), “ I think it is time to go home now.' his eye, thereby breaking the thread of his discourse. He

“ Faith,” said O'Gorman, “it is time to leave the dinner. then addressed the fair Catherine ; but all his eloquence and table at all events, since the things have been removed; but profundity were unavailing to induce her to return with him as to going home, we have so little to carry, or look after, in the gig. She would listen to nothing but the carriage, besides ourselves and_hic—the ladies, that I think, with all and as room could not be made for him inside, he mounted respect to Mrs Harvey, we may--hic-take it easy. I wish the box, leaving the gig to any one that pleased to have it. I could get a drink of water to cure this hic-hiccough; for I Nor was it long untenanted. Frank Costello and Bill Nowlan am certain, Miss O'Brien, I need not assure you-indeed I mounted together, and were found in it next morning fast can appeal to you to bear witness--hic--that it was the want, asleep, in the stable-lane behind Mr Sharpe's house, the horse not the quantity of liquid, that has brought it on.”

having found his way home when left to his own guidance,


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The remainder of the party arrived as safely, but some- pear altogether incomprehensible. Here he crosses a street what more regularly, in the evening of their eventful day, with a sudden dart, there he turns a corner with a slow and and all dissatisfied except Mr O'Gorman, and

stealthy step ; now he walks deliberately, now as if it were NAISI. for a wager. Again he walks slowly; then comes a sud

den brush: it is to clear some dangerous spot in which an STREET TACTICS.

enemy is lurking in ambuscade-the

shop door of a creditor.

Now he cuts down an alley; now hesitates before he emerges Yoo, most respectable reader, who owe no man any thing that at the opposite end; now darts out of it as if he had been you are not able and willing to pay, may know nothing of the fired from it, like a shell from a mortar. And thus, and thus, tactics alluded to in the title of this paper. But there

and thus he finally completes his circuitous and perilous

journey. It is fatiguing and laborious work, but it must be is, you may depend upon it, a pretty numerous class of the done if he would avoid being worried to death. community to whom these tactics are quite familiar, and who Besides that ever watchfulness, that sleepless vigilance that practise them to a greater or lesser extent every day of their distinguishes the street tactician, there is about him a degree lives.

of presence of mind not less worthy of special notice. It is

by this ready fortitude and coolness of temper that he is enStreet tactics, let us define the term, is the art or science abled, even when in what may be called the immediate presence of avoiding all persons on the streets, and all places in the of an enemy, to devise and execute with promptness and decistreets—shops, for instance_whom and which, for particular sion the most ingenious expedients for avoiding personal con

tact--that enables him, when within twenty yards of the foe reasons of your own, you are desirous of eschewing.

(when so near that a less experienced hand, one of less steady The art is thus one of deep concernment to the whole of nerve, would inevitably fall into the clutches of his dun, and that numerous and respectable body known by the generic who would at once be given up for lost by any on-looker) to name of “gentlemen in difficulties.” This term, however, is effect a retreat, and thus avoid the crave personal—in so cool one of very extensive signification, and includes various de- and masterly a way, that the enemy himself shall not know scriptions of gentlemen as well as difficulties ; but on the pre- that he has been shirked, but shall be deceived into a belief sent occasion we mean to confine ourselves to one particular that he has not been seen, and that the pretext, or pretexts, class-the gentlemen whose difficulties arise from their hav- under cover of which the street tactician has evaded him, has ing more creditors than crowns—the gentlemen who have or have been true and natural. This is a difficult point to contrived to surround themselves with a large constituency of manage; but old hands can do it admirably, and, when well the former, and who cannot by any means contrive to get hold done, is a very beautiful manæuvre. of an adequate supply of the latter-the gentlemen who are The skilful street tactician never exhibits any flurry or agisufficiently respectable to get into debt, but not sufficiently tation, however imminent his danger may be: it is only greenwealthy to get out of it.

horns that do this. Neither does he hurry or run away from The reader can have no idea how difficult a matter it is for an enemy when he sees him. This would at once betray malice a gentleman of this description to work his way through the prepense, and excite the utmost wrath of the latter, who, the streets, so as to avoid all unpleasant encounters; how serious moment he got home, would put his claim into the hands of his a matter it is for him to move from one point of the city to lawyer; a proceeding which he must by no means be provoked another. To him the streets are, in fact, as difficult and dan- into adopting. gerous to traverse as if they were strewed with beated plough- The skilful street tactician takes care of this, then, and shares, or lined with concealed pitfalls. He cannot move a studies to effect his retreats in such a way as to excite no sushundred yards, unless he moves warily, without encountering picion of design. He does, indeed, take some very sudden and somebody to whom he owes something, or passing some shop abrupt turns down streets and up lanes when he sees an where his name is not in the most savoury odour.

enemy approaching; but he does it with so unconscious a look, It is, then, the manæuvring necessary to avoid these dis- and with such a bona fide air, that neither you nor his credi. agreeables that constitutes street tactics, and confers on the tor would for a moment suspect any thing else than that he gentleman who practises them the character of what we would was just going that way at any rate. This operation requires call a street tactician.

great command both of muscle and manner, and can be sucThis person, as already hinted, when he moves at all, must cessfully performed only by a very superior practitioner. move cautiously, and must consider well, before he starts, which To the street tactician, carts, carriages, and other large is his safest course; which the course in which he is least moving objects, are exceedingly useful auxiliaries as covers likely to encounter an enemy in the shape of a creditor, and from the enemy, and the dexterity and tact with which he which will subject him to running the gauntlet of the fewest avails himself of their aid in effecting a “go-by,” is amazing. number of obnoxious shops. The amount of maneuvring By keeping the cart, carriage, or other body in a direct line required to accomplish this is amazing, and the ingenuity between him and the foe, he effects many wonderful, many exhibited in it frequently very remarkable.

hair-breadth escapes.

The chaise or cart is in this way, and When on the more, the street tactician is obliged to be con- for this purpose, à very good thing, but the waggon of hay, stantly on the alert, to have all his eyes about him, lest an slow in its motion, and huge in its bulk, makes the best of all enemy should come upon him unawares. This incessant vigi- protecting covers. lance keeps him always wide awake, always on the look-out, With a waggon of hay moving along with him, and a very and makes him as sharp as a needle. Even while speaking to little manæuvring on his own part, the expert tactician could you, his keen and restless eye is roving up and down the street traverse the whole city without the risk of a single encounter. to see that no danger is approaching:

But his having such an accompaniment for any length of time, Like the training of the Indian, this incessant vigilance im- is of course out of the question. He must just be content to proves his physical faculties wonderfully, especially his vision, avail himself of it when chance throws it in his way, and be which it renders singularly acute. He can detect a creditor thankful for its protection throughout the length of a street. at a distance at which the nearest friend, the most intimate We have heard experienced street tacticians, men on whose acquaintance of that person, could not recognise him: he skill and judgment we would be disposed to place every can see him approaching in a crowded street, where no other reliance, say, that it is a very absurd practice to run across eye but his own could possibly single him out.

a street to avoid a shop, and to pass along on the opposite side. Gifted with this remarkable power of vision, it is rare that Such a proceeding, they say—and there is reason and common the street tactician is taken by surprise, as it affords him time sense, as well as scientific knowledge, in the remark-only exto plan and effect his escape, at both of which he is amazingly poses you more to the enemy, by passing you through a larger prompt and dexterous.

space of his field of vision-by giving him, in short, a longer, As the great object with the street tactician in moving a fuller, and a fairer view of you. Far better, they say, to from one point of the city to another is not the shortest but walk close by his window at a smart pace, when the chances the safest course, he is necessarily subjected to a vast deal of are greatly in favour of your passing unobserved. traverse sailing, and thereby to enormous increases of dis- This way of giving a shop the "go-by" requires, indeed, tance, being frequently obliged to make the circuit of half more courage, more resolution than the other, being, certhe town to get at the next street. His way is thus most par- tainly, rather a daring exploit; but we are satisfied, that, like ticularly devious, and to one who should watch his motions boldness of movement in the battle-field, it is, after all, the without knowing the principles on which he moves, would ap- | least dangerous.


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usual. Those which die stick to the posts; others, which get

a little higher, meet with the same fate, until at last a suffi. O'CONOR.

cient layer of them is formed to enable the rest to overcome (As recorded in the Annals of the Four Masters, translated the difficulty of the passage. A curious instance of the means by Mr O'Donovan.)

which young eels will have recourse to, in order to perform A.D. 1224.-In the spring of this year, a heavy and an their migrations, is annually proved in the neighbourhood of awful shower of strange rain fell on a part of Connaught, Bristol. Near that city there is a large pond, immediately viz. Hy-Maine in Hy-Diarmada, and other places, which pro- adjoining which is a stream ; on the bank between these two duced virulent infections and diseases amongst the cattle of waters a large tree grows, the branches of which hang into these territories, as soon as they had eaten of the grass upon the pond. By means of these branches the young eels ascend which the shower had fallen. The milk of these cattle, also, into the tree, and from thence let themselves drop into the when partaken of by the inhabitants, caused various inward stream below, thus migrating to far distant waters, where diseases among them. It was but natural that these ominous they increase in size and become useful and beneficial to man. signs should appear this year in Connaught, for they were the A friend of mine, who was a casual witness of this circumforeboding heralds of a very great loss and calamity, which stance, informed me that the tree appeared to be quite alive fell this year upon the Connacians, namely, the death of Cathal with these little animals. The rapid and unsteady motion of the Red-handed, son of Torlogh More O'Conor, and King the boughs did not appear to impede their progress.” of Connaught, who had been the chief scourge of the traitors and enemies of Ireland ; who had contributed more than any other man to relieve the wants of the clergy, the poor, and the

ANECDOTE OF SHERIDAN. indigent, and into whose heart God had infused more good- SHERIDAN and KELLY were one day in earnest conversation ness and greater virtues than adorned any other cotemporary close to the gate of the path which was then open to the Irish prince; for, from the time of his wife's death to the time public, leading across the churchyard of St Paul's, Covent of his own death, he had led a chaste and virtuous life. It Garden, from King street to Henrietta street, when Mr Hol. was in his time, also, that tithes were first lawfully paid in Ire- loway, who was a creditor of Sheridan's to a considerable land. This honourable and upright king, this discreet, pious, amount, came up to them on horseback, and accosted Sheridan just-judging warrior, died on the twenty-eighth day of sum- in a tone of something more like anger than sorrow, and commer, on Monday precisely, in the habit of a Grey Friar, in plained that he never could get admittance when he called, the monastery of Knockmoy; which monastery, together with vowing vengeance against the infernal Swiss, Monsieur Fran. its site and lands, he himself had previously granted to God çois, if he did not let him in the next time he went to Hertford and the monks; and was interred in that monastery with ho- street. nour and respect.

Holloway was really in a passion. Sheridan knew that he

was vain of his judgment in horse-flesh, and without taking EELS.

any notice of the violence of his manner, burst into an exclaTHEIR snake-like aspect and other reptile attributes (observes mation upon the beauty of the horse which he rode-he struck Professor Wilson, in a work recently published, entitled “ The the right chord. Rod and the Gun"), no doubt tend to form and perpetuate the · Why,” said Holloway, “I think I may say there never prejudice which many otherwise humane-minded men cherish was a prettier creature than this. You were speaking to me, towards these insidious fishes. They move on land with great when I last saw you, about a horse for Mrs Sheridan ; now, facility, and with a motion resembling that of serpents. They this would be a treasure for a lady." have even been seen to leave fresh-water lakes during the Does he canter well ?" said Sheridan. night in considerable numbers, apparently for the purpose of Beautifully,” replied Holloway. preying on slugs and snails among the dewy herbage. They “ If that's the case, Holloway,” said Sheridan, “I really abound in many continental rivers, and are caught in immense should not mind stretching a point for him. Will you have numbers in those which empty themselves into the Baltic, the kindness to let me see his paces ?". where they form a considerable article of trade. It is stated To be sure," said the lawyer; and putting himself into a that 2000 have been caught at a sweep in Jutland, and 60,000 graceful attitude, he threw his nag into a canter along the have been taken in the Garonne by one net in a single day. market. The habits of these fishes in relation to breeding, migra- The moment his back was turned, Sheridan wished Kelly tion, &c, are still but obscurely known. That eels migrate good morning, and went off through the church-yard, where towards brackish water,” observes Mr Jesse, in his Gleanings no horse could follow, into Bedford street, laughing immodein Natural History, "in order to deposit their ova, I have but rately, as indeed did several of the standers-by. The only little doubt, for the following reasons : From the month of person not entertained by this practical joke was Mr HolloNovember until the end of January, provided the frost is not way.-Reminiscences of Michael Kelly. very serious, eels migrate towards the sea. The Thames fishermen are so aware of this fact, that they invariably set MAID-SERVANTS AND THEIR “ FRIENDS."_Every master their pots or baskets with their mouths up stream during and mistress in the United Kingdom knows what a maid-serthose months, while later in spring and summer they are set vant's friend is. Sometimes he is a brother, sometimes a down stream. The best time, however, for taking eels, is cousin (often a cousin), and sometimes a father, who really during their passage towards the sea. The eel-traps, also, wears well, and carries his age amazingly! He comes down which are set in three different streams near Hampton Court the area in at the window —or through a door left ajar. (the contents of which at different times I have had opportu- Sometimes a maid-servant, like a hare, has many friends. nities of examining), have invariably been supplied with eels The master of the house, after washing his hands in the back sufficiently large to be breeders, during the months I have kitchen, feels behind the door for a jack-towel

, and lays hold mentioned. This migratory disposition is not shown by small of a “ friend's” nose. “Friends” are shy: sometimes a footeels; and it may therefore be assumed that they remain nearly man breaks a friend's shins while plunging into the coal-cellar stationary till they are old enough to have spawn. I have for a shovel of nubblys. We speak feelingly, our own abode also ascertained that eels are taken in greater or lesser num- having been once turned into a friends' meeting-house-a fact bers during the months of November or December, all the

we became aware of through a smoky chimney; but a chimney way down the river to the brackish water. From thence the will smoke when there is a journeyman baker up it.-Kidd's young eels migrate, as soon as they are sufficiently large and Journal. strong to encounter the several currents of the river, and make their way to the different contributary streams. I have

Wisdom cannot be obtained without industry and labour. also been able to trace the procession of young eels, or, as it is Can we hope to find gold upon the surface of the earth, when here called, the eel-fair, from the neighbourhood of Black

we dig almost to the centre of it to find lead and tin, and the

baser metals ! friars' Bridge, as far up the river as Chestrey, although they probably make their way as far, or farther than Oxford. So strong, indeed, is their migratory disposition, that it is well Printed and Published every Saturday by Gunn and CAMERON, at the Office

of the General Advertiser, No. 6, Church Lane, College Green, Dublin. known few things will prevent their progress, as even at the Agents :- London : R. GROOMBRIDGB, Panyer Alley, Paternoster Row. locks at Teddington and Hampton the young eels have been Manchester : SIMMS and DINHAM, Exchange Street. Liverpool: J. seen to ascend the large posts of the flood-gates, in order to

DAVIES, North John Street. Birmingham : J. DRAKE. make their way, when the gates have been shut longer than

BINGHAM, Broad Street. Edinburgh: FRASER and CRAWFORD, George
Street. Glasgow : DAVID ROBERTSON, Trongate,

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Bristol: M.

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REMAINS AT MONASTERBOICE, COUNTY LOUTH. To the observing and imaginative traveller, our island must | liarity of our scenery chiefly consists; and it appears to have present a great number of peculiarities of aspect which stamped the general character of our people with those conwill not fail to excite his notice, and impress themselves in- trasting lights and shades so well exhibited in our exquisite delibly upon his mind. The scantiness of wood—for its na- and strongly-marked national music, in which all varieties of tural timber has nearly all disappeared and the abundance sentiment are so deeply yet harmoniously blended as to proof water, are two of the characteristics that will most strike duce on the mind effects perhaps in some degree saddening, him; and, next to these, the great extent of prospect usually but withal most delightfully sweet and soothing. A country afforded to the eye in consequence of the undulating character marked with such peculiarities is not the legitimate abode of of its surface. Sparkling streams are visible everywhere, the refined sensualist of modern times, or the man of artifiand shining lakes and noble rivers come into view in rapid suc- cial pleasure and heartless pursuits, and all such naturally cession; while ranges of blue mountains are rarely wanting remain away from it, or visit it with reluctance; but it is the to bound the distant horizon. 'The colours with which Nature proper habitation of the poet, the painter, and, above all, has painted the surface of our island are equally, peculiar. the philanthropist ; for nowhere else can the latter find so There is no variety of green, whether of depth or vivid bright- extensive a field for the exercise of the godlike feelings of ness, which is not to be found covering it; they are hues which benevolence and patriotism. can be seen nowhere else in equal force; and even our bogs, Yet the natural features of scenery and climate which we which are so numerous, with all their mutations of colour, have pointed out, interesting as all must admit them to be, now purple, and anon red, or brown, or black, by their vi- are not the only ones that confer upon our country the peculiar gorous contrasts give additional beauty and life to the land and impressive character which it possesses. The relics of scape, and assist in imparting to it a sort of national indivi- past epochs of various classes; the monuments of its Pagan duality. Our very clouds have to a great degree a distinc- times, as revealed to us in its religious, military, and sepultive character—the result of the humidity of our climate; chral remains; the ruins of its primitive Christian ages, as they have a grandeur of form and size, and a force of light exemplified in its simple and generally unadorned churches, and shadow, that are but rarely seen in other countries: they and slender round towers; the more splendid monastic edifices are Irish cloudsat one moment bright and sunny, and in the of later date, and the gloomy castles of still more recent next flinging their dark shadows over the landscape, and in times—these are everywhere present to bestow historic involving it in gloomy grandeur. It is in this striking force of terest on the landscape, and bring the successive conditions contrast in almost every thing that we look at, that the pecu- and changes of society in bygone agés forcibly before the

its title parent church, ich some sequestered wandege, weilande 769. Corhae

, the sono statiniola, abbot of Monasterboice,

mind; so that an additional interest, of a deep and poetical race, with the Chief Monarchs of Ireland. Of these works, nature, is thus imparted to views in themselves impressive which are of inestimable value to the Irish and Scottish histofrom their wild and picturesque appearance. So periect, in- rian, perfect copies are preserved in the MS. Book of Lecan, deed, is this harmony of the natural and artificial character in the library of the Royal Irish Academy. istics of Irish scenery, so comprehensively do both tell the his- The notices in our Annals of the other distinguished men tory of our country, to which Nature has been most bountiful, connected with Monasterboice are of little interest; but as and in which, alas? man has not been happy, that if we were they have never been properly collected together, we think desirous of giving a stranger a true idea of Ireland, and one them worthy of publication, for the use of the Irish topograthat would impress itself on his mind, we should conduct him phical historian, to whom we trust our Journal will become a to one of our green open landscapes, where the dark and ruined valuable repertory of authorities : castle, seated on rocky height, or round tower, with 722. Ailchonof Monasterboice, .

be the only features to arrest his attention; and of such a scene was drowned in the Boyne. we should say emphatically, This is Ireland! And such a 766. Dubdainber, the son of Cormac, Abbot of Monasterscene is that which is presented by the ruins represented in boice, died. our prefixed illustration.

800. Cuanna, Abbot of Monasterboice, died. Passing along the great northern road from Drogheda to 836. Flaithri, Abbot of Monasterboice, a Bishop and AnDundalk, and about four miles from the former, the traveller chorite, died. will find himself in an open pastoral country, finely undulating, 844. Muireadhach, the son of Flann, Abbot of Monasterthinly dotted with the cottages of the peasants, and but little boice, died. adorned by art. On one side, to his left, he will see a little 853. Radgus, the son of Maicniada, Abbot of Monastergroup of ruins, with a lofty but shattered round tower, giving boice, was drowned in the Boyne. index of their age and character. These are the ruins of 864. Colga and Aodh, two Abbots of Monasterboice, died the long since celebrated religious establishment of Monaster this year boice, one of the most interesting groups of their kind in Ire- 875. Maolpatrick, the son of Ceallach, Abbot of Monasterland. They consist of two small churches, a round tower, boice, died. and three most gorgeously sculptured stone crosses, standing 881. Dunadach, the son of Cormac, Abbot of Monaster. in the midst of a crowd of tombs and head-stones of various boice, died. ages. Both the churches are of great antiquity, thougļi, as 887. Fothaidh, Abbot of Monasterboice, died. their architectural features clearly show, of widely separated 922. Muireadhach, the son of Donall, Abbot of Monasterages—the larger one exhibiting the peculiarities of the eccle- boice, chief beadsman to all the men of Bregia, youths, clerks, siastical structures of the twelfth century, and the smaller and the stewart of Patrick's people, from Sliabh Fuaid (the those of a much earlier date. Both are also simple oblongs, Fews Mountain) to Leinster, died. consisting of a nave and choir ; and the round tower appears 933. Maolbrigid, Abbot of Monasterboice, died. to be of coeval architecture with the earlier church.

965. Dubdaboirenn, Abbot of Monasterboice, died. The tower, which is of excellent construction, is built of the 1004. Donall, the son of Macniadha, Abbot of Monasterslatey limestone of the surrounding hills, and is divided into five boice, a Bishop and Holy Senior, died. stories by belts of stone slightly projecting. The upper story 1039. Macniadha, a Bishop, and Abbot of Monasterboice, has four oblong apertures, and the lower ones are each lighted died. by an aperture having an angular top. The doorway, which 1059. Donall, the son of Eodhossa, Abbot of Monasterfaces the south-east, has a semicircular arch, and is con. boice, died. structed of chiselled freestone: it is of the usual height of 1067. Echtigern, the son of Flann, Aircinneach of Monasfive feet six inches, by one foot ten inches in breadth, and is terboice, died. six feet from the present surface of the ground. The circum- 1117. Eogan, the son of Echtigern, Abbot of Monasterference of the tower is fifty-one feet, and its height is one hun-boice, died. dred and ten; but its original height was greater, as a consi- These notices, extracted from the Annals of Ulster, and of derable portion of its top has been destroyed by lightning: the Four Masters, will show the great antiquity of the Abbey

In these churches and this tower Monasterboice has nothing of Monasterboice, as well as the distinguished rank which it which may not be found in many other early religious founda- held among the religious establishments of Ireland previous tions in Ireland; but in the magnificence of its sculptured to the occupation of the ancient kingdom of Meath by the stone crosses it may be said to stand alone. They are the English, after which period it disappears from history. finest of their class in the country; but, as we shall make them The following records from the same authorities relate to the subjects of distinct notices, with illustrations, in our its general history :future numbers, it is not necessary for us to enter into a more 968. Monasterboice and Lan Lere were plundered on the particular description of them here.

Danes by Donall

, King of Ireland, and he burned three hunMonasterboice, or, as it is called in the Irish language, dred and fifty of them in one house. Mainistir-buite—that is, the monastery of Buite, or Boetius- 1097. The Cloictheach (viz. round tower belfry) of Monasowes its origin to a celebrated bishop and abbot of this name terboice, containing books and several other valuables, was who flouris about the close of the fifth century, and who is burned. said to have been a disciple of St Patrick : according to our This last notice, and many others of the kind which occur in ancient annalists, he died on the 7th of December 522. Of our Annals, are of great value in showing the original uses of its subsequent history but little is preserved, beyond a few our round towers, as set forth in Mr Petrie's Essay on the scattered records of the deaths of several of its abbots and Round Towers of Ireland, now in course of publication. professors anterior to the twolfth century, of whom the cele- In concluding these notices of a spot so long the abode of the brated poet, antiquary, and historian, flann, was the most piety, art, and learning of remote times, we may add, that in distinguished, and whose death is thus recorded in the Annals its present deserted and ruined state it is a scene of the deepest of the Four Masters :

and most solemn interest; and the mind must indeed be dull "1056. Flann of the Monastery, lecturer of Monasterboice, and earthly in which it fails to awaken feelings of touching the last fountain of knowledge of the Irish, in history, poetry, and permanent interest. Silence and solitude the most profound eloquence, and general literature, died on the fourth of the are impressed on all its time-worn features; we are among calends of December (28th November), of whom it was said, the dead only; and we are forced, as it were, to converse • Flann of the great church of sweet Buite,

with the men of other days. In all our frequent visits to these The piercing eyes of his smooth head were modest ; ruins we never saw a living human being among them but The godly man of Meath was he of whom we speak ; once. It was during a terrific thunder-storm, which obliged The last professor of the country of the threo l'inns was us to seek shelter behind one of the stone crosses for an hour. Flann.'

The rain poured down in impetuous torrents, and the clouds A considerable number of historical poems by this distin- were so black as to give day the appearance of night. It was guished man have descended to our times, of which a list is at such an awful hour, that a woman of middle age, finely given in O'Reilly's Irish Writers ; but his more valuable re- formed, and of a noble countenance, entered the cemetery, mains are his Synchronisms of the Irish Kings, with the and, regardless of the storm raging around, flung herself Eastern and Roman Emperors, and of the Christian Provin- down upon a grave, and commenced singing an Irish lamencial Kings of Ireland, and the Kings of Scotland of the Irish Itation in tones of heart-reuding melancholy and surpassing




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