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the fruit.

judgment; yet are they pleasing and ART. XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. acceptable to GOD in CHRIST, and do spring out necessarily of a true committed after baptism, is sin Not every deadly sin, willingly and lively faith; insomuch that by against the HOLY GHOST, and unthem a lively faith may be as evidently known, as a tree discerned by repentance is not to be denied to such pardonable. Wherefore the grant of as fall into sin after baptism. After we have received the HOLY GHOST, we may depart from grace given, and Works done before the grace of fall into sin, and by the grace of GoD CHRIST, and the inspiration of his (we may) arise again, and amend our SPIRIT, are not pleasant to GOD, lives. And therefore they are to be forasmuch as they spring not of faith condemned, which say, they can no in JESUS CHRIST, neither do they more sin as long as they live here, make men meet to receive grace, or or deny the place of forgiveness to (as the School-authors say) deserve such as truly repent.

ART. XIII. Of Works before Justification.

ART. XVII. Of Predestination and

grace of congruity: yea rather, for that they are not done as God hath willed and commanded them to be

done, we doubt not but they have the

nature of sin.


Predestination to life is the everlasting purpose of GOD, whereby (before the foundations of the world ART. XIV. Of Works of Superero- were laid, he hath constantly decreed, gation. by his counsel, secret to us, to deliver Voluntary works, besides over and from curse and damnation, those above GOD's commandments, which whom he hath chosen in CHRIST they call Works of Supererogation, out of mankind, and to bring them cannot be taught without arrogancy by CHRIST to everlasting salvation, and impiety. For by them men do as vessels made to honor. Where declare. That they do not only render fore they which be endued with unto GOD as much as they are bound so excellent a benefit of GOD, be to do, but that they do more for his called according to God's purpose sake than of bounden duty is required: by his SPIRIT working in due sea whereas CHRIST saith plainly, When son: they through grace obey the ye have done all that are command-calling: they be justified freely: they ed to you, say, We are unprofitable be made sons of GOD by adoption: they be made like the image of his only-begotten Son JESUS CHRIST: they walk religiously in good works; and at length by GoD's mercy they attain to everlasting felicity.


CHRIST in the truth of our nature, was made like unto us in all things, sin only except, from which he was clearly void, both in his flesh, and in his spirit. He came to be a Lamb without spot, who by sacrifice of

As the godly consideration of predestination, and our election in CHRIST, is full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeakable comfort to godly persons, and such as feel in them.

himself once made, should take away selves the working of the SPIRIT of the sins of the world; and sin (as CHRIST, mortifying the works of the St. John saith) was not in him. But flesh and their earthly members, and all we the rest (although baptized and drawing up their mind to high and born again in CHRIST) yet offend in heavenly things, as well because it many things; and if we say we have doth greatly establish and confirm no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the their faith of eternal salvation, to truth is not in us. be enjoyed through CHRIST, as be

ART. XV. OF CHRIST alone with

out sin.

cause it doth fervently kindle their GOD's word written; neither may it love toward GOD: so, for curious so expound one place of Scripture. and carnal persons, lacking the Spirit that it be repugnant to another of CHRIST, to have continually before Wherefore, although the Church be their eyes the sentence of GOD's a witness and a keeper of Holy Writ, predestination, is a most dangerous yet as it ought not to decree any thing downfall, whereby the devil doth against the same, so besides the same thrust them either into desperation, ought it not to enforce any thing to or into wretchlessness of most un- be believed for necessity of salvation. clean living, no less perilous than ART. XXI. Of the Authority of desperation. General Councils.* ART. XXII. Of Purgatory. The Romish doctrine concerning purgatory, pardons, worshipping, and adoration, as well of images, as of reliques, and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of Scripture, but rather repugnant to the word of GOD.

Furthermore, we must receive. GOD's promises in such wise as they be generally set forth to us in holy Scripture: and in our doings, that will of GOD is to be followed, which we have expressly declared

unto us in the word of GOD.

ART. XVIII. Of obtaining Eternal
Salvation only by the Name of

They are also to be had accursed, that presume to that say, every man shall be saved by the law or sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that law, and the light of nature. For holy Scripture doth set out unto us only the name of JESUS CHRIST, whereby men must be saved.

ART. XIX. Of the Church. The visible Church of CHRIST is a congregation of faithful men, in the which the pure word of God is preached, and the sacraments be duly ministered according to CHRIST'S ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to the same.

As the Church of Hierusalem, Alexandria, and Antioch, have erred; so also the Church of Rome hath erred, not only in their living and manner of ceremonies, but also in

matters of faith.

ART. XX. Of the Authority of the

The Church hath power to decree rites or ceremonies, and authority in controversies of faith: and yet it is not lawful for the Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to

ART. XXIII. Of Ministering in the

It is not lawful for any man to take upon him the office of public preaching, or ministering the sacra ments in the congregation, before he be lawfully called, and sent to execute the same. And those we ought to judge lawfully called and sent, which be chosen and called to this work by men who have public authority given unto them in the congregation, to call and send ministers into the LORD'S vineyard.

ART. XXIV. Of Speaking in the

Congregation in such a tongue as the People understandeth.

It is a thing plainly repugnant to the word of GOD, and the custom of the primitive Church, to have public prayer in the Church, or to minister the sacraments in a tongue not understanded of the people.

ART. XXV. Of the Sacraments. Sacraments ordained of CHRIST be not only badges or tokens of Christian men's profession; but rather they be

The Twenty-first of the former Articles is nature, and is provided for, as to the remaining omitted, because it is partly of a local and civil parts of it, in other articles,'

certain sure witnesses, and effectual promise, although they be ministered signs of grace, and GOD's good will by evil men.

toward us, by the which he doth Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the work invisibly in us, and doth not discipline of the Church, that inqui only quicken, but also strengthen and ry be made of evil ministers, and confirm our faith in him. that they be accused by those that have knowledge of their offences: and finally being found guilty, by just judgment, be deposed.

There are two sacraments ordained of CHRIST Our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the LORD.

Those five commonly called Sacraments, that is to say, Confirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction, are not to be count ed for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown, partly of the corrupt following of the apostles, partly are states of life allowed by the Scriptures; but yet have not like nature of sacraments with Baptism and the Lord's Supper, for that they have not any visible sign or ceremony ordained of GOD.

ART. XXVII. Of Baptism. Baptism is not only a sign of profession, and mark of difference, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not christened: but it is also a sign of regeneration, or new birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that receive baptism rightly are grafted into the Church: the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and of our adoption to be the sons of GOD by the HOLY GHOST, are visibly signed and sealed: faith is confirmed, and grace increased by virtue prayer unto God. The baptism


The sacraments were not ordained of CHRIST to be gazed upon, or to be carried about, but that we should of young children is in any wise to duly use them. And in such only be retained in the Church as most as worthily receive the same, they agreeable with the institution of CHRIST. have a wholesoine effect or operation: but they that receive them unworthily, purchase to themselves damnation, as St. Paul saith.

ART XXVIII. Of the Lord's

The Supper of the LORD is not only a sign of the love that Christians ART. XXVI Of the Unworthiness ought to have among themselves one of the Ministers, which hinders not to another; but rather it is a sacrathe effect of the Sacraments. ment of our redemption by CHRIST'S Although in the visible Church the death: insomuch that to such as evil be ever mingled with the good, rightly, worthily, and with faith reand sometime the evil have chief au-ceive the same, the bread which we thority in the ministration of the word break is a partaking of the body of and sacraments: yet, forasmuch as CHRIST; and likewise the cup of they do not the same in their own blessing is a partaking of the blood of name, but in CHRIST'S, and do min- CHRIST. ister by his commission and author- Transubstantiation (or the change ity, we may use their ministry, both of the substance of bread and wine) in hearing the word of GOD, and in in the Supper of the LORD, cannot receiving the sacraments. Neither be proved by Holy Writ; but it is is the effect of CHRIST's ordinance repugnant to the plain words of taken away by their wickedness, nor Scripture, overthroweth the nature the grace of God's gifts diminished of a sacrament, and hath given occa from such, as by faith, and rightly, sion to many superstitions. do receive the sacraments minister- The body of CHRIST is given, ed unto them, which be effectual, be- taken, and eaten in the supper, only cause of CHRIST's institution and after a heavenly and spiritual man.


And the mean whereby the ABT. XXXIII. Of excommunicate body of CHRIST is received and eat- Persons, how they are to be avoiden in the Supper, is faith. ed.

The sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not by CHRIST'S ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped.

ART. XXIX. Of the wicked, which
eat not of the Body of CHRIST in
the use of the Lord's Supper.
The wicked, and such as be void
of a lively faith, although they do
carnally and visibly press with their
teeth (as St. Augustine saith) the
sacrament of the body and blood of
CHRIST; yet in no wise are they
partakers of CHRIST; but rather to
their condemnation do eat and drink
the sign or sacrament of so great


ART. XXX. Of both Kinds. The cup of the LORD is not to be denied to the lay-people: for both parts of the Lord's sacrament by CHRIST'S ordinance and command. ment, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.

ART. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of CHRIST finished upon the Cross. The offering of CHRIST once made, is that perfect redemption, propitia tion, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world, both original and actual; and there is none other satisfaction for sin, but that alone. Wherefore the sacrifice of masses, in which it was commonly said, that the priest did offer CHRIST for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, and dangerous deceits.

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That person which by open denunciation of the Church is rightly cut off from the unity of the Church, and excommunicated, ought to be taken of the whole multitude of the faithful, as a Heathen and publican, until he be openly reconciled by pe nance, and received into the Church by a judge that hath authority there


ART. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of

the Church.

It is not necessary that traditions and ceremonies be in all places one, or utterly like; for at all times they have been divers, and may be changed according to the diversity of countries, times, and men's manners, so that nothing be ordained against GOD'S word. Whosoever, through his private judgment, willingly and pur posely doth openly break the tradi tions and ceremonies of the Church, which be not repugnant to the word of GOD, and be ordained and ap proved by common authority, ought to be rebuked openly (that other may fear to do the like) as he that offendeth against the common order of the Church, and hurteth the authority of the magistrate, and woundeth the consciences of the weak brethren.

Every particular or national Church hath authority to ordain, change, and abolish ceremonies, or rites of the Church, ordained only by man's anthority, so that all things be done to edifying.

ART. XXXV. Of Homilies. The second Book of Homilies, the several titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, doth contain a godly and wholesome doctrine, and necessary for these times, as doth the former Book of Homilies, which were set forth in the time of Edward the Sirth, and therefore we judge them to be read in churches by the min

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isters diligently and distinctly, that | ART. XXXVI. Of Consecration of they may be understanded of the people.

Bishops and Ministers.

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16. Of the Gifts of the HOLY GHOST.

The Book of Consecration of Bishops, and Ordering of Priests and Convention of this Church in 1792, . Deacons, as set forth by the General doth contain all things necessary to such consecration and ordering; is superstitious and ungodly: and, neither hath it any thing that, of itself, therefore, whosoever are consecrated or ordered according to said form, we decree all such to be rightly, orderly, and lawfully consecrated and ordered. ART. XXXVII. Of the Power of

the Civil Magistrates.

The power of the civil magistrate extendeth to all men, as well clergy as laity, in all things temporal; but hath no authority in things purely spiritual. And we hold it to be the duty of all men who are professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful obedience to the civil authority, regularly and legitimately constituted.

ART. XXXVIII. Of Christian
Men's Goods, which are not com


The riches and goods of Christians are not common, as touching the right, title, and possession of the same, as certain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Notwithstanding, every man ought of such things as he possesseth, liberally to give alms to the poor, according to his ability.

17. For the Rogation-days. 18. Of the State of Matrimony. 19. Of Repentance. 20. Against Idleness. 21. Against Rebellion. [This Article is received in this Church, so far as it declares the Book of Homilies to be an explica

Man's Oath.

tion of Christian doctrine, and in- ART. XXXIX. Of a Christian structive in piety and morals. But all references to the constitution and As we confess that vain and rash laws of England are considered as swearing is forbidden Christian men inapplicable to the circumstances of by our Lord JESUS CHRIST, and this Church, which also suspends James his Apostle: so we judge that the order for the reading of said Ho- Christian religion doth not prohibit, milies in churches until a revision of but that a man may swear when the them may be conveniently made, for magistrate requireth, in a cause of the clearing of them, as well from faith and charity, so it be done acobsolete words and phrases, as from cording to the prophet's teaching in the local references.] justice, judgment, and truth.

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