« AnteriorContinuar »
which they had no voice, and the force and object of which they | fessional man, the curé of lowly 'sirch at ample brains, as well as knew only through suffering.
the pompous prelate and the dissolute duke. The States-General In some respects the condition of the people as regarded the were to consider the situation of France. Within a week of lords was better than it had been before the Jacquerie, but what their meeting dissensions broke out which by their very nature they gained in this direction they lost in another, for whenever were difficult to be allayed, but which hatred, long cherished they succeeded in asserting a quasi independence on the during so many years, made inextinguishable as between the seigneurs, they became amenable to the heavy and far-reaching noble and the human classes. Louis, to gain time, and in hope hand of the king, for whose service their persons were taken, of stilling the disorders, prorogued the assembly for a month; and for whose prodigal expenses their little ewe lambs were but when the Commons, wishing to enter their hall, were refused killed. Nor was this all. Had the people been required to by soldiers with fixed bayonets, they adjourned to the Tennis make these sacrifices in behalf of a strong government, which Court of the Palace of Versaiiles, and took an oath not to spent the money it drew from taxes in promoting the glory and dissolve till they should have attained the object for which they honour of the kingdom, they might have borne their lot without met, and they called themselves the National Assembly. A number doing more than murmur; but when they found that direct of priests and nobles from the other section of the States-General taxes were levied in addition to indirect taxes, which were laid joined them, and the king was obliged to yield. The Assembly upon the very necessaries of life, in order to support the king met again, and all caste privileges were abolished, taxes were and his courtiers in riotous living—when they found that not ordered to be levied on all classes alike, and the closed proonly were they oppressed, but also that they paid for the means fessions, the army and the civil service, were thrown open ; of oppression, they did something more than murmur, and they restrictions were removed from the press, the public debt was bided their time for the expression of their wrath.
secured, personal and religious liberty were promised. But the During the long reign of Louis XIV., the Grand Monarque, States-General would not dissolve, and when the king threatened as his flatterers called him, the people were blinded, though and then withdrew his threats, they assumed supreme power, they suffered, by the magnificence to which they contri. and the National Assembly was king in his stead. buted. The honest endeavours of a few ministers to do right On the 14th of July, 1789, the populace of Paris, excited by and justice towards the people, to improve the internal con- what had taken place, and anxious to make use of their newly. dition of the country, and to develop its resources, had also gotten power, rushed in arms to the Bastille, the fortress in which boca fully appreciated; but with the death or withdrawal of these so many dark deeds had been committed, and, after a brief resistministers, their endeavours ceased also; and what they had done ance, overcame the guards, demolished the fortress, and, leading remained but as a token of what might still be, and as a foil to the governor and his officers to tho Place de Grève, cut off their set off the absence of further efforts in the same direction. heads, which they paraded about on pikes. In the country the Frenchmen almost forgave Louis XIV., Louis the Magnificent, example of Paris was imitated; the people rose on the estates, the Grand Monarque, though men died of hunger outside his and murdered, outraged, and destroyed; they burnt castles and park railings, and though his lavish expenditure upon himself title-deeds, all the relics of the old system they could come and his glory had drained France of money and utterly across; ousted the king's authorities in the towns, and set up ruined her. He had a lustre borrowed from the great men who their own instead. In October, Louis, who had been forced served him, and had, like our Charles II., a certain way with with his own hands to “undeck the pompous body of a king,” him which won the popular fancy. But when his grandson, and to submit himself on many occasions to the authority of the Louis XV., succeeded him, and fresh demands were made National Assembly, was driven to Paris from Versailles by a on the already exhausted country, not for the glory or even mob of hungry, unkempt folk, who had been induced to come the decent maintenance thereof, but for the expenses of mis. down in consequence of some indiscretion on the part of the trosses, the wages of sin, and the support of that ignoble royal guards. In Paris the royal power was at an end; the host who are ever found in tho courts of bad princes, the people nobles saw it and fled, they and their families, and all they could turned and listened to the voice of those seductive charmers transport, into foreign countries. Thousands of people left the who told them of a way by which they might be free of their country, and the gold they took with them was
80 great in burdens for ever. Mr. Whito, in his “ History of France,” says quantity that a circulating medium ceased almost entirely. In well, “ Debasing tyranny like Louis the Fourteenth's, degrading 1791 the Marquis de Mirabeau, who at one time was the fiercest viciousness like Orleans' and Dubois', and the wider and more denonncer of the old order, but who had veered round on systematic demoralisation introduced by the king who was now beholding the excesses committed and to be committed by the ready to assume the sceptre, could not fail, sooner or later, to popular side, died, and with him went the last chance for produce fruits worthy of the altogether corrupted treo which had royalty. In all the clubs of Paris, in the churches, in every beon planted in such soil and tended by such hands.”
other house, was heard the voice of violence, proclaiming eternal The storm did not burst on the heads of those who had hatred to kings, and inflaming the popular frenzy against that gathered it; the offences of the fathers were visited upon the poor king who was really a prisoner in his palace at the children, in whose day the system of which they were the visible Tuileries. representatives was ripe for destruction. Upon the mild, The king having been put on one side, foreign princes feared good-intentioned, weak Louis XVI. and his family did the for themselves, and, in the name of royalty generally, took up storm of popular anger break. Would-be friends of the people, arms against the Rovolution. Thousands of French emigrants who thought, moreover, that they could stop the ball whenever swarmed in the enemies' ranks, and there is reason to think that they pleased after it had been set rolling, began the movement, Louis himself authorised negotiations which had for their object and in a very short time they found, to their infinite dismay, his relense from restraint by means of foreign troops. Once he that they could not "ride on the whirlwind and direct the attempted to escape, but through imperfection in the arrange storm.”
ments he was detected at Varennes, and brought back to Paris; Louis XVI., finding the country on the verge of bankruptcy, and and the people, who discovered his part in bringing the foreigner that the efforts of three of the most eminent financiers of the time into France, attacked his palace, slaughtered his guards and all had been tried in succession, but in vain, to redeem the finances, his servants, and would probably have slain him, had he not rosolved to make an appeal to the notables of France, the poers, takon refuge, with his family, in the Hall of the National nobles, and magistracy, men who for the most part contributed Assembly. From the National Assembly the royal family were nothing in the shape of taxes towards the burdens of the State, removed to the prison of the Temple, which the king and queen though they enjoyed immense privileges-one, the most mon- never left again till the days of their trial and execution. strous, being that as nobles they were free from taxation. The On the 10th of August, 1792, when the Tuileries were attacked notables accordingly assembled in 1788, but separated without by an infuriated mob, monarchy was virtually abolished in France, lending the king any help; they would not give up their pen and the National Assembly, considering itself unequal to the sions, they would not submit to be taxed, and they were not emergency presented by the new circumstances, called a more their brothers' keepers ; what had they to do with the sufferings democratic assembly than itself
, the National Convention, to of the vulgar? On the 1st of May, 1789, the States-General take the responsibility. The guides and apostles of this assembly met for the first time since 1614. In the States-General al! were those who were the fountain-head of all the violence wich classes were represented, tho starving shopkeeper, the ruined had taken place -Robespierre, Marat, and Danton. Under their farmer, the intellectual but untitled, and therefore despised pro- was formed the Revolutionary Tribunal, a court erected for the
express purpose of hurrying forward the executions, and which who, perhaps, did not mean that their words should be taken was found to be fully equal to its infernal work. Thousands of literally, but only wished to stir up the popular will to achieve persons were sent to the scaffold on the bare suspicion of not something short of what was indicated, enunciated doctrines being sound in the cause of the democrats, and, as if this were wholly subversive of the British constitution. not enough, the prisons being inadequately guarded, the mob In spite of the warnings given in France, there were men, like rnshed into them, and murdered the inmates before they could Fox, who could not see danger in these facts, and though sobered be tried. Members of the Convention were sent into the pro- a little by the news that the son of St. Louis had been sacrificed, vinces to root out the upholders of the old régime, and awfully persisted in denying that there was any danger to be apprehended they fulfilled their mission. The guillotine could not fall fast from an alliance with the murderers. It was a wish to startle such enough; volley-firing into squads of helpless prisoners, many of men into conviction, to bring the matter home suddenly to their them children, and women with infants at the breast, was minds in an unusual and therefore striking way, that Mr. Burke, resorted to, and so was wholesale drowning, to clear the dun- on the 28th of December, 1792, resorted to the theatrical expegeons. Lists were prepared in which the names of the doomed dient of throwing the emblem of French liberty, fraternity, and were written, and in them were to be found, as the revolution equality on the floor of the British House of Commons. went on, the names of those who erst had supported change, but who tried to check it when the wickedness of the measures of it became so apparent.
COMPARATIVE ANATOMY.-V. Under these circumstances it was that Mr. Burke played his
ACTINOZOA (RAYED ANIMALS). part in the famous dagger scene in the British House of Commons; these were the events he had in his memory when he so much was written about the radial arrangement of parts spoke of what this country had to gain by an alliance with when treating of Cuvier's sub-kingdom Radiata, that it is unFrance. And dreadfully was he justified in his assertion. necessary to dwell upon this plan of structure now that we Within four weeks of the time he uttered his warning, the have to describe the animals which best exhibit it. This head of Louis XVI. had rolled on the scaffold, and already had arrangement, it will be seen, gives the name to the animals the French rulers issued an invitation to all peoples to throw which are the subject of this lesson. It is, however, cqually down their princes, and promised them the support of the French characteristic of the Hydrozoa. The Calenterata, which armies in doing so.
embraces both classes, are always radial in all their organs, It must indeed have been painful to a keen lover of liberty and although it is not difficult to find a right and left side as Burke was, to be compelled to range himself on the side in many of these animals, this arrangement never entirely which was seemingly opposed to it, to be compelled to break obliterates that pattern which we conventionally call star-like. with old friends whose tutor and father in politics he had been.
it is perhaps well to make some remarks here with regard to But he saw what they did not see, that liberty carried to excess
the places where, and the conditions under which these animals had become licence, that licence was not capable of being con
live. Technically, the place and conditions are called the tained within any bounds, and that unless a check were forthwith habitat and station of a species. All the Cælenterata, as applied to the spirit of licence here, the wild asserters of freedom we have observed, are inhabitants of the water, and all the would in this country, as in France, “ cry havoc, and let slip the Actinozoa are confined to the sea. Until we become acquainted dogs of war!" “ Truth, truth! How many lies are told in thy with the lower and the lowest animals, we are apt to conclude name!" These words of an eminent truth-seeker are strictly that the conditions under which we live are those most favourapplicable to the case of the founders and the overthrowers of able to life. Admirably adapted as the human body is to perthe French Revolution ; but the former had at least the merit of form all the functions of life, man treads the solid earth and believing what they said, and they sealed their profession with breathes the fluid air, furnished with senses and powers which their blood. In England they had many admirers, none greater enable him to escape the manifold dangers and to provide than Edmund Burke himself, and included within their ranks against the constant changes of aërial life, and he does this were Fox and his political friends, who, heedless of the example with such ease that he forgets entirely that he is living under forced upon their notice, reckoned on their own power to intro- difficult conditions, over which it is only his superior organism duce revolutionary principles into the English constitution, and gives him the mastery. Whenever the most experieneed to stop them at a certain point with some magic
“ Thus far swimmer or diver takes a "header" into the sea, he leaves shalt thou go, and no farther.”
behind him the better part of all his perceptive and locomotive Outside the Parliament, in the ranks of the middle and lower powers. The eyes and ears seem muffled, and locomotion classes, the principles of the Revolution had numerous adherents, becomes a struggle in which he is conscious of wasted power, though there was not the same reason for adopting them as producing insignificant results. Helpless when thrown upon there was in France. England had never at any time since the ocean, he succumbs at once when plunged beneath its Magna Charta been in such slavery, never had suffered so dread surface. Hence it is not at all unlikely that he should fully, as France did before the Revolution, and those dangers consider the air as the vital fluid and the water the abode which ambition, and pride, and the tyranny of priest, peer, or
of death. The landsman thinks of the continent as abounding king, might threaten, had been sufficiently guarded against years with life, and rich with the forms of beauty to which life gives before by many constitutional barriers. But there was just origin, but he thinks of the ocean as a waste, desolate and enough of misgovernment, of selfishness, corruption, and dis- void. Of course the slightest reflection and knowledge would union in the country in 1789, to allow of the key-note struck in remove this extremo idea. Our fisheries, maintaining their the French States-General vibrating through many an English ground as sources of wealth and means of employment, when breast. The lovers of change for change's sake of course felt the chase of all land animals has ceased to be remunerative, it, and there were numerous lovers of the abstract principle of proclaim to the economist, though ho be no naturalist, that the liberty who recognised in what was going forward the assertion water, rather than the land, gives shelter to living beings. of a right which they believed to emanate from God himself. Nevertheless, few people sufficiently recognise that the converse There was not, however, any guarantee that even the most of the common notion is correct. Life is far more easily honest professors might not be carried away by their enthusiasm, maintained in water than in air. Structures which could not or be swamped, as the French asserters of freedom had been, by support their own weight in air may be locomotive organs in the men of passion, while there could not be any doubt that on water, urging the body to which they are attached-slowly, the first show of disaffection in high places, there would be it is true, but effectively—through a medium which, though of found men of violence who by their nature would have carried greater resistance, presses equally on all parts. Delicate and events far beyond the bounds prescribed for them by their feeble organs, which would collapse in air, are floated forth anthors.
At the very time Mr. Burke spoke, there were in in water to subserve the touching, or even the seizing function. London many political societies, some secret, others bold in Moisture, which is so necessary to almost all the organs, and to declaring themselves, of which the members openly avowed the performance of almost all functions, has not to be retained their sympathy with the French in all that had been done, and and husbanded with care and contrivance, but laves the whole it was no mystery that these societies were in direct communion body. As a striking instance of the importance of this last with the most revolutionary of the French political clubs. From consideration, it may be stated that the respiration of any the press flowed daily a torrent of seditious matter, and men animal can only be maintained by having a moist membrane
with the fluids of the body on one (internal) side, and oxygen in the air, but many of them pass their earlier stages, when on the outer side. These are the necessary conditions of they are feeble and need protection and easy conditions of life, respiration, and therefore of life. Now the water contains a in the water. The crust of the earth contains multitudes of sufficient amount of oxygen for the purposes of respiration animal remains, but the aquatic forms outnumber the aërial in dissolved in it, and the other condition-namely, the moisture of an almost unlimited proportion. Further, the first forms found the membrane which contains the nutritive fluid of the body—is in the earliest strata are water-animals, and we have good maintained in the water-animal without any contrivance what. reason to believe that fish existed before reptiles, birds, or
Hence the exterior of the body, or a lobe or leaflet brutes. protruded into the water around, is quite sufficient to enable In conformity with the preceding remarks we find and have water-animals to breathe. On land it is different. The higher found that, in tracing upward the grades of the animal kingdom, animals must have elaborate contrivances to maintain the we have not yet arrived at any animals suited for an aèrial moisture of the respiratory membrane. It must be placed existence. Their parts are not sufficiently differentiated for internally, lest the external air and wind should carry off the such a life. With regard to many of the Cælenterata, if moisture. It must be confined to small cavities, lest their large placed where the water drains away from them they fall to capacity should incommode the animals, and being thus limited pieces, or sink into a semi-fluid slimy condition, never to be the membrane must be folded elaborately to increase its area. restored to their original form.
I. CARYOPHYLLIA SMITHII, A DEVONSHIRE COAST ANIMAL. II. Dey CORAL OF CARYOPHYLLIA SMITHI. III. DIAGRAMMATIC SECTION, SHOWING
IV. CESTUM VENERIS (VENUS'S GIRDLE), A CTENOPHORE. V. ONE OF THE POLYPES OF ALCYOXARIA.
HOW RED CORAL IS SECRETED.
In animals where these contrivances are not found, or not The type of the class Actinozoa, which occupies the same found in efficient condition, life in the air is difficult to maintain. relation to the rest of these animals that the simple bydra Such animals are always in danger of being dried up. Thus does to the Hydrozoa, is the common sea-anemone (Actinia the toad must keep to his dark, moist hole. The grey slug mesembryanthemum). This animal has already been described, never comes out but at night, and the black slug only after and its structure may be so well understood by looking at the rain. It is, in fact, scarcely too much to say that the water is diagram of its vertical and horizontal sections given in the both the home and the cradle of life. Not only are all the illustration attached to the last lesson, that we need not refer lower animals aquatic, but the lower forms of many of the to it further. higher classes are so too. Both zoology and geology proclaim The common sea-anemone is wholly soft, but some of its this fact. Life teems in the ocean. Its countless myriads of near allies exhibit a tendency whose results are very complicated forms people the main and crowd up even to the coast-line, and interesting. This tendency is to deposit either externally despite the dangers of the beach. Every sweep of the or in the substance of their tissues carbonate of lime, which, entomologist's water-net in a fresh-water stream takes some being of the same nature as marble, is hard and enduring
. living thing, and every drop of water contains countless This encrustation forms both a protection and a support to animals. Though Nature is redundant of forms everywhere, the otherwise soft animals, so that they can not only endure yet this conld scarcely be said of earth or air. With extreme but enjoy the buffeting of the great surface billows of the difficulty do animated forms seem to have made conquest of ocean. Actinozoa of this kind are not so common in England the earth and air. Their mother country, their arsenal where as in the tropical seas, but the Devonshire coast furnishes the they prepared and armed themselves for the expedition, was the little coral-secreting
animal represented in the engraving (Fig. 1.). water. Insects, more than any other living things, are at home when this tendency to deposit a hard structure of carbonate
of lime is associated with the tendency to grow, and branch, stage, each divided by six other septa. Then the twelve and bud, which we have remarked in the Hydrozoa, the two new compartments so formed are divided by the development united tendencies produce those most beautiful forms we call of twelve new septa. At this stage it seems as though the ani. corals. Very various are the forms assumed by corals. One mal, seeing no end to this kind of multiplication, refused to is called Fungia Agariciformis, or the mushroom-like coral, develop more than twelve at a time, so that all the chambers on account of its resemblance to that fungus. The likeness, cannot be bisected at once, but only some of them. Neverthehowever, ie
less, so rerather to
gular what the
the vital mushroom
forces in would be if
their action deprived of
that its stalk
Milne Ed. and the
wards has upper part
given of its dome,
number of than what
laws it really is.
which it Another is
may be called the
predicted brain coral,
where the from the
next septa very much
will appear. closer re
These laws semblance
are too comwhich it
plicated to bears to the
be given brain of a
here. If man, being
the reader grooved
should be into sinuous
dering at just like
VI. AN ATOLL, OR CIRCULAR CORAL ISLAND OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN, WITH A LAKE IN THE CENTRE, the edge of those chan
the sea at nels which are called the convolutions of the brain. Other forms ebb tide, in many parts of our coasts he will be almost sure are branched like a stag's horn, or spread out like a fan. A to find some orange or yellow masses whose size and form thousand different modifications are found, but each is made up will remind him of the roots of ginger. The livid appearance of almost the same elements. Each element is almost identical of these, together with their soft fleshy feel, has earned for
with the hard part them the cognomen
VIII. FORMATION OF ATOLL.-1.
wards as they grow crowned with eight
towards a central | tentacles arranged in the form of a star, and each of these is part, where, when the soft parts existed, the stomach was situ- fringed with secondary tentacles. In most other respects they ated, lying immediately under the central mouth. The great resemble the Zoanthoria, but they are cut off from them by specific differences are the results of the manner in which bud- two other marked differences. All their parts are in mul. ding takes place from the original parent element: as, for in- tiples of 4, and their membraneous partitions never secrete stance, whether the buds spring from the
hard septa. Sometimes, however, they side wall, or from the disc between the
develop tubular corals, which after bud. mouth and tentacles; whether a great
ding from a common stock send out from many are formed at the same time, or only Sea Level,
the outsides of these tubes lateral plattwo, or one, at once; whether they sprout
forms, which unite and support the seveout at a small or large angle, etc. etc.
ral tubes. The parallel tubes so supAll the forms hitherto referred to be
ported look not unlike organ pipes, or long to one order called the Zoanthoria, Sea Level,
those reed instruments which are fixed or animal flowers. These are the only
under the mouth of that musician who so corals which have stony partitions deve.
generally accompanies Punch and Judy. loped from those membranes which, run
In consequence of this resemblance the ning from the stomach wall to the body
animal which forms them is called Tubi. wall, are called septa. A curious numeri.
IX, FORMATION OF ATOLL.-2.
pora musica, cal law applies to these septa. However
The more general habit, however, is many of them there may be, and there are sometimes hundreds for the animals to secrete from their bases only. Neverof them, they always are in some multiples of 5 or 6. This theless, this secretion is so managed as to raise the compound is always true, although their numbers are continually in- animal from the rock on which it grows. These animals put creasing as the animals develop in size. This results from forth buds from the circumference of their basal discs, and the fact that in those animals where, for instance, 6 is thus a number of these polypes are placed horizontally with the dominant number, whenever one new septum is developed their bases united, so as to enclose an elongated hollow in it is always accompanied by five others at least, or if more which they secrete the dense, hard, and sometimes beautiful and than five then eleven others, making six or twelve in all. branching coral. The red coral obtained from the coasts of In the first instance, six are developed at equal distances Italy, which is so much prized for the manufacture of ornan round the wall. These six compartments are, in the next ments, is of this nature. Another family of the same order pro
duce corals in a similar way, but of different shape. These READING AND ELOCUTION.-XIX. are not fixed like the red coral, but consist of a main axis
ANALYSIS OF THE VOICE. from which many parallel branches, forming two series on opposite sides, spring. The appearance is so exactly like that
RULES ON EXPRESSIVE TONE (continued). of a wing-feather of a bird with its barbules, that the family is
Rule 10.---Moderate grief and sorrow, pity, and tender love called Pennatulidæ, or the family of little quill-pens.
and admiration are expressed by “softened force," "high" Another widely different order is represented by the Pleuro. notes, and slow “ movement;" by prolonged and swelling brachia, an illustration of which is given in the last lesson. This medial stress;" and by “pure,” but “chromatic,” or plaintivo little animal may be found washed up at the edge of the wave
utterance. The “rising inflection,” in the form of " semitone" on the eastern coast. It is about the size of a large gooseberry, (half tone), prevails in the expression of these emotions. but in shape more like a lemon, with a small elevation at one end and a depression at the other. The substance of the
Example of Moderate Grief. animal is as transparent and as clear as crystal, and it shines
Enamoured díath, with sweetly pensive grace, in the sun like opal. Attracted by the appearance of this
Was awful beauty to his silent face. little symmetrical lump of jelly, the beholder on further
No more his sad eye looked me into tèars !
Closed was that eye, beneath his pále, cold brów ; examination finds that a flickering motion is seen to play
And on his calm lips, which had lost their glów, along eight bands which run from pole to pole of the animal.
But which, though pale, seemed half-unclosed to speak, If he take the little glistening globe and place it in a tumbler Loitered a smile, like moonlight on the snow. of sea-water, it puts forth two long streaming tentacles, whose secondary branches look like long fringes. The anatomical
Pity. study of this animal reveals that the flickering along the
Morn cáme ugain; meridional zones is caused by an apparatus consisting of a
But the young lamb was dead. number of semi-circular plates which are set on the body with
Yet the poor mother's fond distress their diameters applied to the surface, the half-circular side
Its every art had tried free and bearing a fringe of hairs which are constantly in
To shield, with sleepless tenderness,
The weak one at her side. motion, and which in fact are the means of propelling the
Round it, all night, she gathered warm animal. These plates with their cilia are considered to be
Her woolly limbs,-her head like combs, and the order is called Ctenophora, or comb
Close curved across its feeble form; bearing animals. The mouth opens at the end, where there
Day dawned, and it was dead. is a slight protuberance, and it leads down to a curious
It lay before her stiff and cold; branched system of canals, best understood by a reference to
Yet fondly she essayed the illustration.
To cherish it in love's warm fold; Another family of the Ctenophora is represented by a
Then restless trial made, strap-shaped animal, which is called Cestum Veneris, or the girdle of Venus. This animal occurs in the Mediterranean
Moving, with still reverted iace, Sea, and is described as very beautiful. The idea which
And low complaining bléat,
To entice from their damp resting-place suggested the name is poetic and appropriate, for from the
Those little stiffening feet. foam of the sea which washes classic shores Venus was supposed to have sprung, and as she emerged, she left behind her
Tender Love and Admiration.
Hushed were his Gertrude's lips, but still their bland The Actinozoa, especially the Zoanthoria, play an important And beautiful expression | seemed to melt part in modifying the earth's crust, for these are the animals
With love that could not die ! and still his land which produce the coral reefs and coral islands. The animals
She presses to the heart no more that felt. mainly concerned in building up coral reefs cannot live at
[o] Ah! heart, where once each fond affection duelt, more than about 100 to 200 feet below the surface, and of
And features | yet | that spoke a soul mòre fair! course they cannot live above it, but they delight in the Rule 11.---Impatience, eagerness, and hurry are denoted by boisterous waters of the surface. Their instincts guide them
loud," "high,” and “ quick movement;' impatience, bo to build up on almost all coasts of the tropical seas long banks
vanishing," or final “stress ;” eagerness, by "expulsire or bars, which are always highest on the ocean side, and medial stress ;" hurry, by abrupt “radical” or initial - explo highest of all towards the direction from which the fiercest sive " "stress :” all three emotions are sometimes marked by winds blow.
the “tremor,” and by “ aspirated,” and sometimes "anhelose These banks or reefs come to the surface at some distance
or panting utterance-eagerness occasionally by the “orotand from the shore, and enclose a lagoon of still water which is a The “ falling inflection ” characterises the tones of these safe harbour for ships. Certain islands in the South Seas are emotions. entirely composed of coral, and they are almost all of a circular
Example of Impatience. form, enclosing a basin of water. These ring-like islands are called atolls. The enclosed basin is shallow, but outside the
Mortimer. Fie! cousin Percy-how you cross my father! island, even close to the shore, the sea is too deep to be
Hotspur. I cannot choose : sometimes he angers me,
With telling me of the moldwarp and the ant, fathomed. The phenomena of reefs furnished to our renowned Of the dreamer Mérlin, and his pròphecies; naturalist, Darwin, a means of proving that the crust of the And of a drágon, and a finloss fish, earth was being slowly upheaved or slowly depressed in different A clip-winged griffin, and a mouten ràven,
A couching lion, and a ramping cat, In Figs. VI., VII., VIII., and IX., in the preceding page, the And such a deal of SKIMBLE SKAMELE STU'FF, principal forms of reefs are represented as though we had cut
As puts me from my faith. I tell you what,perpendicularly down through land, reef, and sea, and so could
He held me, but last night, at least NINE HOURS, see their relations.
In reckoning up the several DEVILS' names
That were his làckeys : I cried “humph!"-and "well ! " " go $!"In Fig. IX., A represents a volcanic island surrounded by a
But marked him not a trord. Oh! he's as tedious barrier reef with its enclosed lagoon. Suppose this to be slowly As is a tired hòrse, a railing wife; lowered in relation to the surrounding sea, the corals will con- Worse than a SMOKY HOUSE:-I bad rather live tinue to build upon their old foundation, maintaining their With cheese and garlic in a WÌNDMILL, FÅR, position at the surface, while the solid mountain disappears, Than feed on càtes and have him TÀLK to me, until finally a ring-like reef, or atoll, will be formed.
In any summer-house in CHRISTENDOM, If, on the other hand, the land rise the corals are killed, and
Eagerness. fresh ones must begin further down on the submarine flanks of the mountain, while a fringing reef (Fig.VII.) is left on the side
Hotspur. Send danger from the last unto the trust
So honour cross it from the north to south, of the mountain above sea level.
And let them grapple :-Oh! the blood more stirs, The actual position of coral reefs corresponds well with this
To rouse a Lion, than to start a HÀRE. theory.
By heaven, methinks it were an easy leap,