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Abraham had the honor to be singled out and called by grace; and his calling out of Ur, of the Chaldees, into the land of Canaan, is the most remarkable era and event recorded after the confusion at Babel. The promise to him, which we before treated of, contains the foundation of the jewish nation, priesthood, kings, and glory. He lived in the land of Canaan twenty-five years before Isaac was born. He saw ju him, in the promise of him, in his birth, in the command given to sacrifice him, and in his deliverance from death, Christ's day, and rejoiced.
Abraham, in his walking with God, as his reconciled father, received many singular tokens of his everlasting and covenant love. The Lord blessed him in all things. It was promised to him by God, who cannot lie, before he entered Canaan, 66 In thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed." After he had been in Canaan ten years, Hagar bore Ishmael. To prevent all mistake, the Lord God is pleased to renew the former promise, and to limit it to Isaac: “ For in Isaac shall thy seed be called." Gen. xxi, 12. Isaac, when, as Dr. Lightfoot thinks, he was about three and thirty years old, was, by God's express command, to be offered for a burnt-offering. By which command, his son's compliance, and his being tied, bound, and laid on the altar, the glorious Mediator was most solemnly set forth, his death divinely realized in this figure to Abraham's faith, and he had a most complete spiritual and intuitive view an dapprehension of Christ, in his person, as the Son of his Father's love, as set apart by his will, counsel, and covenant, to be the Lamb slain for sin, and as raising himself up from under the power of death, as the Almighty conqueror of it, and blessing his people with an everlasting blessing, having saved them in him. self with an everlasting salvation. Abraham lived one hundred years in the land of Canaan. Isaac was an elect vessel of mercy, and also a very peculiar and personal type of Christ. The everlastiog love and covenant of the eternal Three was made known to him, and the same promises renewed to him, which had been given to his father. The Lord appeared to him, probably in a human form, as a pledge of the incarnation of the essential Word, and said, with an articulate voice, " In thy seed shall all the fainilies of the earth be : blessed. This was pronounced to him by the Lord after Abraham's death, see Gen, xxvi. 4. The land of Canaan, which was promised to him and his seed four hundred years before they took possession of it, was promised to Isaac also, Gen. xxvi. 3. He had two sons, whose families grew up, and were separated into two different nations. The blessing and promise of the glorious Mes. siah, was bestowed on Jacob, the youngest : to hiin blessings temporal, and also spiritual, the promise of the land of Canaan, and the promise
of the seed, in whom all the nations of the earth should be blessed, were entailed; which promises were first made to Abraham, then repeated to Isaac, and then confirmed to Jacob; which the psalmist takes . notice of, and celebrates the Lord's praises, saying, “ He hath remembered bis covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations; which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac: and confirmed the same unto Jacob, for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant: saying, unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance.” Psalm x. 5,8–11. Jacob, a little before his death, under the influence of the Holy Ghost, as the spirit of prophecy, bequeaths the same blessing to his twelve sons, as the distinct heads and representatives of the twelve tribes which proceeded from them. The inheritance of the land of Canaan was to be shared and divided amongst them; but the blessed seed could only descend from one of them. And Jacob, on his death-bed, assigns to each of them a portion in the promised land; but limits the descent of the Messiah to the tribe of Judah. So that we have, though it be indeed in a brief way and manner, in the revelation and promise of Christ to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the whole substance and epitome of all contained in prophecy, and the original foundation and glory of God's people Israel set before us.
Many express scriptures testify the Lord's appearance to Isaac, of his blessing him; and they also fully testify that Isaac was a true believer in Christ Jesus, and depended wholly on him for life and salvation. This is very evident from his building altars, which were to offer sacrifices on. And doubtless, he had a most glorious season of grace on mount Moriah, when the angel Jehovah called out of heaven to his father, and swore by himself, saying, “In blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of bis enemies. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed.". Gen. xxii. 16-18.. " The words of my text, which are now before us, very particularly concern what is related in the account which the Holy Ghost has been pleased to give us of the life of Jacob, the father of the twelve tribes of Israel. I will here re'count the following particulars concerning dates, that we may see how time run on and run out with these great patriarchs. Abraham was seventy-five years old when he left Harån and entered Canaan. From the confirination of the covenant to him, as recorded in the fifteenth of Genesis, and his taking Hagar to'wife, to the birth of Isaac, was fifteen years. From the birth of Isaac to the birth of Jacob, was sixty years.
And Jacob was, when he had this vision, related in the text before us, seventy-seven years old, ac; cording to Ainsworth. From the birth of Jacob to his going down into Egypt, was an hundred years. From his going down to Egypt to his death, seventeen years. From the death of Jacob to the death of Joseph, in Egypt, fiftythree years. From the death of Joseph to the birth of Moses, seventy-five years. From the birth of Moses to the going out of the children of Israel from Egypt, and the giving the law, was eighty years. The whole number cast up into one sum total, is four hundred and thirty years. siis, . .
The occasion of Jacob's journey from his father's house at Beer-sheba to Haran, a distance of near five hundred miles: and Beer-sheba was from Bethel about forty-eight miles, which was his restióg-place, was having obtained his father's patriarchal blessing, and the promise of the Messiah devolving by, it on him, his father is truly concerned that he should marry into his mother's family, who retained more knowledge of the true Jehovah, the covenant ones, the Three in Jehovah, than others out of Isaac's family did. The nations had fallen away from the supreme Alehim, by whom Abraham was chosen, and his race set apart for a peculiar people, to keep up in remeinbrance the true doctrine of the essential Three in one Jéhovah. Some