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ON THE TABERNACLE, WITH ITS COURT, AND THE SACRED UTENSILS IN IT, WITH THE REARING IT UP WHEN THE CLOUD OF GLORY FILLED IT; ALL OF WHICH WAS FULL OF CHRIST, AND VERY EXPRESSIVE SYMBOLS OF HIM.
Exodus xl. 33, 34.
"And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle, and the altar, and set up the hanging" of the court gate: so Moses finished the work. Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle."
"WHILST Moses was in the mount with, God, he had a view of a glorious tabernacle, and its furniture, according to the exact form of which he was to form one, with all its vessels,and symbolical figures. Moses went up into the mount with God, after the Sinai covenant and transaction had been ratified and confirmed by the sacrifices, blood, and death of sacrificial beasts, on the seventh day of Sivan, which answers to part of May and June. He remained there forty days and forty nights. When he came down, he saw the golden calf which had been made by Aaron, during his absence, and worshipped by the Israelites. Out of holy detestation of their idolatry, he cast the tables of the law, which he had received from the Lord, out of his hands, and brake them before their eyes. As their intercessor, he went up the following day again into the mouut, and fell down before the Lord, as at the first, forty days and forty nights, and had a sight of the glory of the Lord. On the thirtieth day of the month Ab, which answers to part of July and August, he went up again with the two tables, which he prepared at the command of God, and fasted again forty days and forty nights, and had a sight of the glory of the Lord, who proclaimed himself, "The Lord God, Gracious And Merciful* Pardoning Iniquity, Transgression, And Sin," and received some commands from him. On the tenth day of the month Tizri, which answers to our September and October, Moses came down from the mount, with the tables reinscribed by the Lord, and with a commission to set about making the tabernacle.
As the tabernacle, with all its vessels, the high priest and priests,with all their garments, together with the persons who were to be the chief workmen in making the tabernacle, its utensils, and priests garments, had been nominated by the Lord, Moses gathered all the congregation of Israel together, and made known to them the Lord's will and command: they immediately yield obedience to the good pleasure of the Lord's revealed will and command. The things requisite for building the tabernacle, and making the priests garments, and all other things commanded, are brought; and under the direction of Moses, and inspection of Bezaleel and Aholiab, the whole is wrought and finished in about five months and a half.
The thirty-ninth chapter informs us, that the tabernacle, with all its vessels, the hangings for the court, with all belonging thereunto, the brazen altar and laver, the garments for the high priest and priests, with the vails, and all that the Lord had commanded, being made and brought to Moses, and being surveyed by him clearly and distinctly, apart and separate, and found altogether agreeable to the pattern shewed him in the mount, he blessed the persons who had wrought them.
This chapter informs us, that all being completed, the Lord commanded that the tabernacle should be reared, and the time is also fixed for it: this was to be on the first day of the first month, in the new moon. Among the Jews, the months of the year were the months of the moon, as their years were the years of the sun. And all new moons, or first days of the month, were solemn feasts unto Israel. See Numb, xxviii. 11, 14. Psalm lxxxi. 3. This, which was the first month of the second year after their coming out of Egypt, was solemnized the first day by rearing up the tabernacle. A very particular account is given from the Lord, who spake out of the cloud to Moses concerning the placing every part of the furniture belonging to the most holy and holy place; and also about placing the brazen altar and laver in the open air in the court. The Lord commands that the tabernacle and all its vessels, the laver and its foot, the altar, with all belonging unto it, and also Aaron and his sons, should be anointed; all which seems to have been performed at the time when they were inaugurated into their office. See Levit. viii. Some account of the unction of the tabernacle, and the high priest and his garments, will come under consideration elsewhere. I shall, in my present discourse, with a professed and particular design to cast light upon the old testament scripture, endeavor,
Secondly, I will speak concerning its court, hangings and vessels of worship, viz. the brazen altar and brazen laver.
Thirdly, I shall treat concerning the rearing up the tabernacle, and placing in it the sacred types and emblems of Christ which belonged to it, in the most holy and holy place. And,
Lastly, shew how the cloud of glory filled it, which was a full proof of the Lord's acceptance and approbation.
These are the particulars. May the Holy Ghost help and assist me in setting before you each of these heads.
With a professed and particular design to cast light upon old testament scripture, I will,
First, treat of, and set before you the tabernacle and its sacred utensils.
The command for making it, with the matter of which it was composed, is recorded in the 25th chapter of this book; and in the 35th, you have Moses repeating the divine directions which he had received concerning the sabbath, with the command concerning what they were to bring towards building the tabernacle, and the voluntary contribution which they brought for the rearing and furniture of it. The tabernacle was a figure, or type of the body of Christ, which, in allusion to it, is called by the apostle, the " True tabernacle.which the Lord pitched, and not man." Hebi viii. 2. It was a kind of tent, or pavilion, in