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clothing them, and sprinkling their garments with blood and oil, tipping their right ears, thumbs, and toes with the blood of the ram of consecration, and filling their hands with some parts of the sacrifices which they waved and heaved before the Lord, which were given by him, whilst Moses was in the presence-chamber of the Most High. This would fully confirm our minds that the offices into which Aaron and his sons were called and invested, and their consecration, with the rites, sacrifices, ceremonies, and services attending it, were shadows of heavenly things, and served to be examples of them.
With respect to the things commanded for sacrifices on this inauguration of Aaron and hissons, the bull, or bullock, was for a sin-offering. The rams, one was for a burnt-offering, the other for a consecration-offering. These animals were slain, and offered in sacrifice unto the Lord, as memorials of Christ; they shewed bow Christ was to be made sin; how he was to bear the fire of divine wrath, which was to parch him through and through; by which means he was to make peace for us through the blood of his cross. His whole church and people were to be sanctified by the offering up of his body and soul, in union with his person, as a sacrifice of a sweet smelling savour unto God. The bread offerings, under their various forms, shewed how Christ, the bread of life, would be broken and bruised for the iniquities of his people. Their being anointed with oil, was expressive of our Lord's being anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows.
Thus, as Jehovah himself appointed the priesthood in the Jewish church, and the persons who should be exercised therein; so he also commanded what sacrifices and services should be offered and performed at their anointing and introduction into the priest's office. This served to shew his authority and lordship over his house, the church, and was also a symbolical representation of the unction and consecration of our great high priest, Christ Jesus, whose call was from his divine Father: he called, appointed, and set him apart to his office and work of Mediatorship.
When Aaron and his sons were invested and sanctified to their office, all the congregation were assembled, to point out their interest and concern therein. These persons being appointed to minister and draw nigh to God on their behalf, and offer gifts and sacrifices for them, represented our Lord Jesus Christ, who is one with his church; he is united unto, and interested in all his people; he acts in his mediatorial and priestly office on their behalf; and they are all and each individual of them, equally united unto, and interested in him; he offered himself, his body and soul in union with his person, for them.
Aaron and his sons were types of Christ. The latter, as well as the former, had garments made by the Lord's command for them to minister in, for glory and for beauty. The difference of the high priest from the rest of the priests, was especially in his superiority above them in his anointing, or being clothed with his golden garments, and in the services performed by him on the day of annual atonement. I proceed,
Secondly, to relate what was particularly enjoined, and more especially what respected the consecration of the high priest.
As the garments, oil, and oblations for the high priest, and his sons the priests, were divinely prescribed, so whatever actions, ceremonies, and sprinklings were to be performed, are also expressed. They were all of them to be washed, anointed, sprinkled with blood and oil, and clothed: their right ears, thumbs, and toes were to be tipt with sacrificial blood; sin-offerings, burnt-offerings, peace-offerings, or, as they were on this occasion stiled, consecration-offerings, were to be sacrificed for them, and they were to feed upon a portion of these peace-offerings; their hands were to be filled with the wave and heave-offerings. And all these rites, ceremonies, sacrifices, and services, were to be performed and repeated over seven times, once on each of the seven days of the consecration; this is commanded in my text, " And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron and his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them."
To give a particular relation of the consecration of these persons. First, they were to be brought unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and being admitted into the court of the tabernacle, they were to be washed with water; this was at the laver which was set in the court, and Moses when he placed it there, put water into it, that the priests might wash their hands and feet thereat, when they went in to minister before the Lord: it was an emblem of the blood of Christ. The priests being washed, was to shew that they must first be purified in the blood of the Lamb, before they could draw nigh unto God, and worship him acceptably with reverence and godly fear. It also pointed out the immaculate purity of Christ himself, the apostle and high priest of our profession, who being without all sin, was qualified to act and. perform the priestly office for his church and people; and he hath made an end of sins, and brought in everlasting righteousness. Secondly, these persons were clothed; it is probable the high priest first, and then his sons, the priests. The robes were put on the high priest in the following order: the linen breeches he doubtless put on himself; then Moses clothed him first with the linen coat; secondly, with the robe of the ephod; thirdly, with theephod; fourthly, with the mitre, to which he fastened the plate of gold. The fine linen coat was wrought with checker work. This garment was bound or girt round the body with the girdle which belonged to it, this was made of fine linen, of the same with the coat; it was wrought with blue, purple, and scarlet; it was embroidered or wrought with checker work, like the coat. This girdle was a long sash of linen, which went many times round the body, over the paps, and downward, partly to keep warm, and partly to strengthen the back in the performance of those services which were to be attended to in the sanctuary. Over this was put the robe of the ephod, it was so called because the ephod did gird and keep it tight to the body of the high priest; it had no sleeves as the checkered coat had, but it was made of two main pieces, one whereof hung before him, the other behind him; the collar of this ephod was like the collar of an habergeon, or surplice, whole, and to be put over his head just as a surplice is, and from the collar downwards the pieces were parted, and his arms came out between them; at the lower end of each of these pieces were thirtysix little bells with clappers, and pomegrauates of needle-work between every bell. The bells were seventy-two in all. This robe was of the colour of the heaven over our heads, or sky