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In explaining my text, and in pursuing my design, which is to shew that Samson was a type of Christ, in his nazariteship, work, and office, I will set forth my subject thus.
First, I will briefly consider the prediction concerning the birth of Samson, "For, lo, thou shalt conceive and bear a son."
Secondly, that he was to be a nazarite: "And no razor shall come upon his head, for the child shall be a nazarite unto God from the womb."
Thirdly, I will speak of the work and office which Samson was to perform and exercise: "And he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hands of the Philistines."
Lastly, bow Christ and Samson may be considered, and will be found to be, one the shadow, the other the substance; the one the type, the other the most glorious and Almighty Deliverer and Saviour of his church and people, who hath saved them with an everlasting salvation.
I will read my text afresh, that it may not be altogether out of sight, "For lo, thou shalt conceive and bear a son, and no razor shall come upon his head; for the child shall be a nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hands of the Philistines."
First, I will briefly consider the prediction concerning the birth of Samson, "For lo, thou shalt conceive and bear a son."
It was a time of great darkness and distress with the Israelites, who were greatly distressed by the Philistines when this prediction was given concerning the birth of a deliverer. So also it was a time of great darkness and distress to the church of God, when the angel predicted to the virgin mother of our Lord, the conception and birth of the holy child Jesns. This message was delivered to Manoah's wife when she was alone, which was the case also when the message was given concerning the birth of Christ. iManoah, when his wife informed him of the prediction; intreated in prayer that the messenger who had given the notice of it might be sent again; and his prayer was answered: the Angel Jehovah appeared to him, and repeated what he had before delivered. So Joseph had his mind relieved by the appearance of an angel, who cleared up the character and honour of his espoused wife, and informed him of the name of that illustrious person which Mary was to bear, "His name shall be called Jesus, for he shall save his people from their sins."
The conception and birth of Samson was beyond the expectation of his parents, prior to this appearance of the angel. The conception and birth of Christ was wholly supernatural, and was the fulfilment of ancient prophecy, and divine prediction. The name that Manoah and his wife gave their son, signified their faith and expectations, that what had been declared concerning him would be verified. The word Samson signifies a little sun. Thus Samson, a type of Christ, the light, or sun of righteousness, was termed a little sun; and his strength lay in seven locks of hair, representing the seven streams of light between the sun and the planetary orbs. Samson was a child of promise; he was devoted to the Lord, he was famous for his strength; the last act of his life was an act of faith; he acted in all he did in avenging himself on the Philistines, as the friend of his people, and as a type of Christ.
As in the prediction concerning the conception and birth of Samson, a dawn of light and consolation broke forth; so in the prophecy concerning his great antitype, the Lord is pleased to comfort his afflicted church, saying, "How long wilt thou go about, O thou backsliding daughter; for the Lord hath accomplished a new thing on the earth, a woman shall compass a man." Jer. xxxi. 22. It was the Lord's own act that the human nature of Christ should be conceived and born of a pure virgin, should triumph over all the power of hell, fling off its gates from their very hinges, lead captivity captive, and be able to say, O, my soul, thou hast trodden down strength. I proceed,
Secondly, to consider that this child, Samson, was to be a nazarite: "And no razor shall comeupon his head, for the child shall be a nazarite unto God from the womb."
As the Lord Jesus Christ was the foundation of all the faith and hope of the old testament church, so he was not only revealed in the promise, but set forth also typically, in sacrifices, and ceremonial perfumes and services; and there were also personal types, to set forth the most divine and adorable Jesus. The first-born amongthe Israelites, the nazarites also among that people, were shadows of him who is the first-born among many brethren, and the perfection of beauty, in whom holiness and purity shine forth in their utmost perfection. The nazarite under the law, was in all things a type of our Jesus, who was in heart and life separated from all sin, and was really holiness to the Lord. You have an account of the institution of this order of typical persons in the sixth chapter of Numbers.
A nazarite signified one separated in a peculiar manner; as the command and particulars, concerning what they were to do, and abstain from, is recorded in the before-mentioned chapter, so you may take it up thus: first, the nazarite was to abstain from wine, and all fermented liquors, and every thing made of grapes, ver. 3,4. Second, he was to let his hair grow, ver. 5. Thirdly, he was not to defile himself by the dead, Ver. 0, 7. And iu each of these particulars he was a lively type of Christ. And Samson in an especial manner was so, because he was a nazarite from the womb; hence his mother was restricted by the angel from partaking of such things, whilst she bare him in her womb, as the nazarites were commanded to abstain from. Samson was also a type of Christ; the light, as his name imports, was a shadow of our Lord in thase extraordinary endowments which, as a man, were not from any natural causes, but from above. Thus Christ was invested with all power in heaven and in earth; of this the hair on the head of Samson was an emblem: it represented the irradiation of the sun, the source of all ma-> terial and mechanical power. Thus the supernatural strength of Samson, who had his Hebrew name from the solar light, and who was a most striking type of the Sun of righteousness, was annexed to his seven nazaritical locks of hair. As heat in plants presses out the branches, or in animals shoots forth their hair, in*the same manner as fire does streams of light from the sun; so Samson, a type of our Christ, the Sun of righteousness, the hairs of his head being thrust forth by the internal heat, unfolded or displayed themselves like beams of light from the suu. Our Lord was predicted by him, and by the order of the nazarites. The Jews understood hereby one separated, crowned, sanctified, in memory wherer pf there was an order of persons dedicated by