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vow to the service of God, to point out the holiness, purity, and peculiar separation of our Lord Jesus Christ to his work and office.
Samson was a type of Christ as the separated one, as the crowned one, as the sanctified one. Our Jesus was entirely separated from dead works, from sin, and sinners; he was holy, barmless, and undefiled. In order to turn the attention of men to him, as the true nazarite, in whom the type was completely fulfilled, he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, " He shall be called a Nazarene." Matt. ii. 22.
Samson was to be a nazarite to God from the womb: Christ was, in every sense, the holy and separated one to God from the womb to his death; no razor was to come on thQ head of Samson, because he was to be a perpetual nazarite. Jesus, his antitype, continued in his obedience to all the will of God to his latest breath: "He v.as obedient unto death, even the death of the cross." Though Christ was not a nazarite, according to the law, yet the whole truth of the type was fulfilled in him: the spirit of holiness, with all his sevenfold influences, in all the perfections of his gifts and graces, rested on him. Jesus was the branch out of the root of Jesse, the crowned Saviour, and eternal deliverer. The hair of Samson, as long as it remained on his head, was a symbol of his strength, and served to remind him of bis being devoted, in an especial manner, to the Lord. I proceed,
Thirdly. To speak of the work and office which Samson was to perform and exercise; which is declared by the angel thus: "And he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hands of the Philistines."
Thus be was foretold and raised up, fitted, and qualified by the Lord God to work deliverance for his people Israel, and begin to lay a foundation for their rescue out of the bands of their enemies, the Philistines. This is sufficient to give light into the whole recorded concerning this very extraordinary man. What he did to gain advantage over the Philistines, was not out of private hatred and revenge, but as a judge in Israel, and as actuated by the Lord against the common public enemies of his church and people. Samson was raised up by the Lord to deliver the Israelites from the tyranny and rage of these people; it is so said in my text, " He shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hands of the Philistines." His work was to deliver. His office was to act in a public capacity; yet he was but a partial deliverer. Hence it is said, that "He shall begin to deliver Israel." Christ is the complete deliverer of his true Israel; he not only began it, but hath completed it; and he must reign upon his throne, as God-man, Jesus the Almighty Saviour, the Prince of Peace, until
all his enemies, even death itself, is made his footstool.
It is expressly said of Samson, that the Spirit of the Lord began to move him at times in the camp of Dan, between Zorah and Estaol, ver. 25. His valour and strength was first discovered in his slaying a lion which came out against him, which he rent as though it had been a kid; in which we may consider Christ, his antitype, against whom the roaring lion, the devil, came out and tempted forty days and forty nights, and afterwards in another form renewed his attack upon him; but our Lord overcame him with the two-edged sword of the word.
As a public judge and deliverer, authorized, sent, and qualified by the Lord, SamsOn acted, and on every proper occasion avenged himself on the Philistines. Great and heroic acts he performed; and we are authorized to say, he did it in the faith of Jesus, because he is classed, iff the 11th of the Hebrews, with old testament saints and believers in Jesus; so that it is to undervalue the testimony of the Holy Ghost concerning him to look on him, as too many do, as an unregenerate person. His being a type of Christ, his work and office being of the Lord, the Spirit of the Lord coming on him to enable him to discharge his office, and perform his work, with what is said concerning him in the 11th of Hebrews, is sufficient to prove him a vessel of mercy.
It should be noticed, when we say that Samson was a type of Christ, that we mean he was so only in a partial sense. Adam, Abel, Noah, Isaac, Joseph, Joshua, Moses, Samson, David, were all of them typical persons; yet it was only in some particulars that they were shadows and types of Messiah, the Prince. Therefore we are not to strain the subject, but should only aim to point out the type and antitype, as they may be designed by the Holy Ghost, lest we follow our own imagination, and not his authority and warrant in the word; and many things it may be. lawful to say, by way of accommodation, which we dare not lay any stress upon, as thus: when Samson's birth was foretold, it was declared he should " be a nazarite unto God from the womb." When Christ's birth was foretold, his human nature was called holy; "That holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God." Luke i. 35. When the angel of the selfexisting essence appeared to Manoah and his wife, and had confirmed the pleasing news concerning Samson's birth, and on the offering of the sacrifice, ascended in the flame of the altar to heaven; such was the terror Manoah was struck with, that he cried out, " We shall surely die because we have seen God." So when the angel of the Lord proclaimed the birth of Christ to the shepherds, aud the glory of the Lord shone about them, they were sore afraid. The manner in which the burnt-offering was received, was a full proof of the divine acceptance of it, yet unbelief works in the man, who was struck with awe when he understood he had seen God in human form: " We have seen God." They had seen the Son of God in a body like their own, which he assumed for the occasion, to give them a pledge how much his delights were with the sons of men, and that he would most assuredly become incarnate at the fixed season for it, in the divine purpose of the eternal Three.
Having aimed to shew that Samson was a type of Christ, in his nazariteship, work, and office, I proceed,
Lastly, to shew how Christ and Samson may be considered, and will be found to be, one the shadow,the other the substance; the one the type, the other the most glorious and Almighty Deliverer and Saviour of his church and people, who hath saved them with an everlasting salvation.
As every prediction, type, and memorial, made rise of by the Lord, given out and instituted by him, to proclaim and make known the incarnation, work and offices of his Son, had the greatest propriety in them, and the peculiarity of Samson, as a persona] type of the Messiah, lay in the peculiarity of that sanctification and holiness, pointed out in his being a nazarite to God from the womb; so the incarnation of the Son of God, and his being born of a woman, made