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pared with Hosea vi. 5, 6: “Therefore have I hewed them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth; and thy judgments are as the light that goeth forth. For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.” Matthew xix. 19, xxii. 39: “Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself”—compared with Exodus xx. 12: “Honour thy father and mother, that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee”—and Levit. xix. 18: “Thou shalt not avenge nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people; but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the Lord.” Matthew xxi. 42: “The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner : this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes;” the same in Mark xii. 10, Luke xx. 17, compared with Ps. cxviii. 22, 23: “I (says David) will praise thee; for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation. The stone which the builders refused is become the headstone of the corner. This is the Lord's doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.” To decide whether this passage is principally applied to David, and in the way of accommodation to Jesus, or originally to Jesus himself, is entirely left to the discretion of my readers; but it is evident, in either case, that it is God that has raised the stone so rejected. Matthew xxii. 44: “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool;” the same in Mark xii. 36, Luke xx. 42, compared with Psalm cr. 1, 2: “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.” This passage is simply applied to the Messiah, manifesting that the victory gained by him over his enemies was entirely owing to the influence of God.
John x. 35: “Ye are gods”—compared with Psalm lxxxii. 1, 6, 7 : “God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. I have said, Ye are gods, and all of you are children of the Most High : but ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes;” wherein Jesus shews from this quotation, that the term God is figuratively applicable in the Scriptures to creatures of a superior nature.
Quotations made by Jesus himself, nearly agreeing
Matthew iv. 10: “Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve”—compared with Deut. vi. 13: “Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by him.” Matthew xiii. 14: “By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive”—compared with Isaiah vi. 9, and its context, “I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for us? Then said I, (Isaiah,) Here am I, send me. And he said, Go and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.” This censure has original reference to the conduct of the people to whom Isaiah was sent, but it is applied by Jesus in an accommodated sense to that of the Jews of his time. Matthew xix. 5 : “For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh”—compared with Genesis ii. 23: “And Adam said, This is now bone of my bone, and flesh of my flesh : she shall be called woman; because she was taken out of man. Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife; and they shall be one flesh.” Matthew xix. 18, 19: “Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself”—compared with Erodus xx. 12–16: “Honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be long in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.” Matthew xxii. 32: “I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob”—compared with Exodus iii. 6: “Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.” Matthew xxii. 37: “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, with all thy soul, and with all thy mind:” the same in Mark xii. 30, Luke x. 27, compared with Deut. vi. 5: “And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.” Matthew xxvi. 31 : “Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the Shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad”—compared with Zechariah xiii. 7: “Awake, O sword, against my Shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow,” saith the Lord of hosts: smite the Shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered; and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.” Verse 7, either was originally applied to Agrippa, (HP-lix) the last king of the Jews, whose subjects were scattered after he had been smitten with the sword, and
* The word Hopv found in the original Hebrew Scripture, signifies one that lives near another; therefore the word “fellow” in the English translation is not altogether correct, as justly observed by Archbishop Newcome.
in an accommodated sense is applied by Jesus to himself, whose disciples were in like manner dispersed, while he was suffering afflictions from his enemies—or is directly applicable to Jesus; but in both cases his total subordination and submission to the Father of the universe is too obvious to be disputed. John vi. 45: “It is written in the Prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man, therefore, that hath heard and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me”—compared with Isaiah liv. 13: “And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord; and great shall be the peace of thy children.” John xiii. 18: “I speak not of you all; I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heels against me”—compared with Psalm xli. 9: “Mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me,” is immediately applicable to David and his friend Ahithophel, who betrayed him; and, secondarily, to Jesus, and Judas, his traitorous apostle. John xv. 25: “But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause”—compared with Psalm ciz. 2, 3: “They have spoken against me with a lying tongue. They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against me without a cause.” Verse 3rd was originally applied to David and his enemies, and in an accommodated sense to Jesus and the Jews of his day.
Quotation made by Jesus himself, agreeing with the
Matthew xxi. 16: “Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise”—compared with Psalm viii. 2, and its preceding verse: “Out of the mouth
of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength, be
cause of thine enemies; that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger.”
Quotation taken from combined Passages of Scripture.
Matthew xxi. 13: “And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer: but you have made it a den of thieves”—compared with Isaiah lvi. 17 : “For mine house shall be called the house of prayer for all people.” Ch. vii. 11 : “Is this house which
is called by my name become a den of robbers in your eyes?”
Quotation differing from the Hebrew, but agreeing
Matthew xv. 7–9: “Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men”—compared with Isaiah xxix. 13, which in the Septuagint corresponds exactly with the Gospel, but which in verse 9 differs from the original Hebrew, thus translated in the common version: “And their fear toward me is taught by the precepts of men.”
Quotations in which there is reason to suspect a different reading in Hebrew, or that the Apostles understood the
words in a sense different from that eapressed in our Learicons.
Matthew xi. 10: “This is he of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, who shall prepare thy way before thee”—compared with Malachi iii. 1 : “Behold I will send my messenger, and he shall