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From the whole then of what hath been faid, it appears, that Religious Abftinence is a Practice very fit to be encouraged in the Christian Church. For what if our Savious hath not bound it upon us as an indispenfible Law? Is it not enough that he hath secommended it to us as expedient in its Season; and that in the Nature and Reason of the Thing it appears to be an loftrument serving to an holy Life? It was upon these Accounts that the Apostles took it up immediately after his Departure; and that it became a Part of the Discipline of the Church in the pureft Ages (from whence it has been continued ever fince) to set apart certain Days and Seasons in the Year, as Times of Fasting; that Chriftians might not want frequent Calls and Admonitions to retire from the Business and Pleasures of the World, and to give themselves up to Religious Exercises. It is certain that Popery has grafted many Superftitions upon this Practice; but this is not a Reason why the Practice should be laid aside. It was the Wisdom of our Re. formers to distinguish the Good from the Bad ; to pare off those Excrefcences which had grown out by Time, and were the Effects of a fickly and distemper'd State of Religion; but cautioafly to withold their Hands from touching any Thing, the Want of which would diminish from its Perfection and Comeliness. In this: View it was, that the Order of Fasting was preserved in our Church. That it is little atiended to, is owing, not to the Virtues of the Times, but, to a general Decay of Religion ; a warmer Sense whereof till it fall please God to raise up among us, there can be little Hopes that Fafting will recover its an. cient Efteem. Nor would I propose the Practice of the ancient Church, in all the Circumstances of it, as a Pattern for all Ages. The Abftinences of the firit Chriftians were frequent and severe ; and it must be said, that there was great Need of them, when the Church being liable to conftant Persecutions, an uncommon Degree of Fortitude and Mortification to the World was necesary for their-Support. But if the

Severities

Severities of Abstinence are not always necessary, the Thing itself will be always useful and p'oper, in a Degree suitable to our Conditions and circunstances. And if so much Regard (at leait) were paid to our Seasons of Abftinence (that of Lent in particular) that you should see Christians reserved in their Divertions, and frequent in their Attendance upon the publick Duties of Religion (which used to be the Way in more reasonable Times) as this would be thewing a decent Respect to publick Authority, so there can be no Doub: bat Mankind would be considerably the better for it.

VALS.

I am next to consider our yearly Festi Of FESTI vals; which were taken up (as our Fafts originally were) from the like Usages among the Jews. To what Purpose, our Laws will best thew which tells us, it was to call Men to the RememBRANCE of Almighty God's great BENEFITS And in Remembrarce hereof, to rer. der unto Him moft bigh and hearty Thanks, with Prayers and Supplications for the Relief of all our daily Necessities. It is added, That the Times appointed specially for these Works, are called HOLY DAYS - for the Nature and Condition of those HÓLY WORKs wherewith God is to be bonour. ed, and the Congregation to be edified, whereunto' such : Time's and Days are Jantlified and hallowed, that is to Jay, Separaled from all profane (or.common) Ujes, and dedicated and appointed NOT UNTO ANY SAINT OR: CREATURE, but ONLY unto God, and his true Wor. skip From these words we may observe, that (in the Intention of our first Reformers) Holy Days are not fet apart in Honour of the SAINT 8, considered as. Objects of Religious Adoration; but, to the Honour of God, whom we praise and bless for his Mercies, vouchsafed to us by his Saints; whose Lives are set be. fore us as Ensamples of Virtue and Godlinefs, Andi in this Spirit it is, that all our publick Prayers on ush Occadons, are drawn up, as every one must have

5; 6 Edw. VI,
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observed, who has read over the Commop.Prager
Book with an ordinary Care. Some Chriftians obje&
against this, because it is not commanded. To which
I answer, That a divine Precept was in no wise ne-
cessary. For in appointing Festivals, the Church on-
ly provides us with Opportunities for the Exercise of
Publick Worship; wich this Circumstance of Diftiac.
tion peculiar to those Days, that our Prayers are then
directed to be offered op under the special Remem-
brance of such Mercies, or in View of such Examples
as, if confider'd, will quicken our Piety, and help to
make us the better Christians. And what is there in
shis that Men should condemn, or which God will not
approve? You will fay, perhaps, chat St. Paul
blames the Galatians for observing Days, and Montbs,
and Times, and Years. So he does : But pray mind
how this Charge is introduced. Now after ye have
known God, or rather are known of God, how turn
again to the weak and beggarly Elements, whereunto je
defore again to be in Bondage? The observing these
Days, and Montbs, and Times, and Years, you fee,
was con dered by the Apostle as turning again to that
State of Bondage from which the Gospel had set them
free; i. e. as a turping again to Judaism; as appears
by comparing ver. 3 and 5. of this Chapter; where,
10 be under the Elements of the World, (which he here
calls weak and beggarly) and to be under the Law, are
used as Expresions importing one and the same Thing
Therefore the Festivals, by the Observance of which
they must be understood as returning to the Law >
could not be Chriflian Festivals, but were Jewill Fes-
tivals. To observe a Jewill Festival out of Consci-
ence to ebar Festival, was to declare the Law of Mofes
Aill in Force; and mixing Judaism with the Religion
of sbe Gospel. This was what some Teachers pressed
upon the Christians of those Times, but which the
Apofle condemậs as an Encroachment upon their Li-
berty in Chrif. But surely the observing Days set
apart in Memory of Christ, or in Memory of an A-
Gelin. 19

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podle (if there were any fach Festivals of fo early a Date) could not import a returning to the Law; por can any good Account be given why the Apostle should have created them as weak and beggarly Things.

The Jewis Rites were, by the Apoftle, çermed weak and beggarly, .confidered as appertaining to that Ca V.ENANT which was aveak and beggarly in Com. parison to chat Covenant of wbich CHRIST was the Mediator. But a Cuftom borrowd from the Jewisla Worthip, and adapted by Chrif into his own Wor. Aip, is no longer to be consider'd as appertaining.co the Oeconomy of Mofes, but as appertaining to the Oeconomy of Christ. Therefore the Observance of Such a Cutom cannot be understood as a returning back to the Law of Moses; for it is observed not as the Law of Mofes, but as the Law of Christ. I lay, as the Law of Chrif. For though Chris directly commanded them not, yet fo long as there is in them a natural Tendency to set forward the Faith and Piaty of the Gospel, and fo long as they are observed notes Jewish, but as useful and profitable Cafoms; they are virtually Chrif's Law, by that general Maxima of the Gofpel (which is also a Maxim of common Sense) that all Things should be done to Edification.

No Objection then can lie against the Observation of Christian Festivals upon the foot of Scripture Autho. sity ; nor yet upon the foot of Reason, confider'd as directing us to Things in themselves aseful and profitable. But if, inftead of attending to shofe good Ef. fects which such Appointments ought in Reason to produce; we will consider only chofe bad ones of which they are many Times made the Occahon, great Prejudices may be raised against them. That our holy Seasons are, by many, turn'd into Seafons of Licentiousness and Excels, is a notorious and a thame ful Truth ; which gives a Handle, which shose who dillike this part of our Establishment, never fail to make the moft of. Bør.let the Objedion seht, where it ought to reft ; not upon the Appointments them. felves, but, upon those who are guilty of fach Aboses.

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