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they are in subjection, have maintained, to this day, a primitive character. Nor would it be a grateful reflection to the Church of England to learn hereafter, that, in consequence of her passing them by (as being called Eutychians) they had at last, after 1600 years or more of independence, and of resistance, for the truth’s sake, even unto blood, yielded to the solicitation and local power of the Church of Rome. As to the idea of employing the Syrian priests in the missions of the Society on the east coast of India, it is not for a moment to be entertained: and we cannot help expressing our surprise, that such a plan should have been thought of by the Society. For even supposing that they were qualified, which we believe they are not, the language is quite different. Indeed, it is evident, from all that is said above, that the missionaries at Tranquebar and Tanjore know no more of the Syrian Christians of Malayala, of their language, religion, manners, or customs, than the Society's missionaries in Scilly know of the Syrian Christians in the island of Cyprus. But, surely, their unfitness for becoming missionaries at present, is no reason for not endeavouring to enlighten and improve them. In regard to a union with the Syrian Christians in India, even supposing it to be at present impracticable, either on account of the political circumstances of the country—they being the subjects of another state— or on account of certain differences of religious opinion or practice; yet surely there is nothing, even now, to prevent a friendly intercourse with them; or, as the late Bishop of London expressed it, “ such a connection as might appear to both churches practicable and expedient:” such a connection as should tend to their improvement in scriptural knowledge, as well as to their civil happiness. Such a connection as this, we will venture to add, in the words of that lamented prelate, would Curtist. Obser v. No. 122.
be “a happy event, and favourable to the advancement of religion.” It ought not to be alleged, that we cannot have any intercourse with the Syrian Christians merely because they are denominated Eutychians. . We believe it to be a fact, and if so it will be allowed to be most important, that both the Syrians in Malayala and the Christians in Ceylon (Romish and Protestant) are, at this time, in a state to become what we may choose to make them. Surely, under those circumstances, it will not be said that we are in no way to connect ourselves either with the Dutch church of Ceylon, or with the Eutychians of Travancore. These are not times when we ought to scan too accurately the nominal creed of our neighbour, particularly in heathen lands. We “ that have knowledge,” must bear the infirmities of “ the weaker brethren.” The great dispute in these lands is not between shades of Christian doctrine, but between light and darkness, between the true God and an idol. It will be time enough, at least, to enter on particular points of doctrine, after we have given them the Bible, and can refer to a common testimony. We ought to remember, that our church has even cherished the hope of a union with the Roman Catholics themselves. It is well known, that Archbishop Wake, while president of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, was engaged in a correspondence with doctors of the Sorbonne, the object of which was a union with the Gallican church; and the present Bishop of Durham, in his last Charge, observes, “ that there appears to him to be, in the present circumstances of Europe, better ground of hope for a successful issue to a dispassionate investigation of the differences which separate the two churches of England and Rome, than at any former pe— riod.” Charges, p. 441. And the learned prelate adds, that if, “by persevering in a spirit of truth and charity, we could bring the Roman cotholics to see certaiu important subjects in the same light that the catholics of the Church of England do, a very auspicious opening would be made for that long desired measure of Catholic UN to N, which formerly engaged the talents and anxious wishes of some of the best and ablest members of both communions.” Charges, p. 443. A union, therefore, with the Syrian Christians, at a future time, ought not to be accounted a visionary object. At present, however, they only want our countenance and the means of instruction. They are descended from the first Christians at Antioch (at least with more certainty than we can trace the descent of almost any other people); they maintain a primitive character, and can boast of an antiquity to which we cannot pretend; aud although, in respect of refinement and learning, they may uot be deemed worthy to sit at meat with us, yet we may give to them, and it appears that they would thankfully receive, “the crumbs that fall from our table.” Before we conclude this article, we wish it to be distinctly understood, that we have no intention to censure the Society's missionaries. They, we doubt not, gave the best answer they could to the query that had been put to them. We think, however, that the query itself was ill-timed. The Society might have known that the members of a church, however apostolical that church may be in its constitution and in its creed, which is deprived of free access to the word of God, the grand fountain of light and knowledge, cannot be in a capacity to become the heralds of the everlasting Gospel to other nations. The Inquiry ought rather to have been,What can we, as a society embodying within its pale the constituted authorities of the English episcopate—what can we do to raise this ancient, but fallen and oppressed, church to a participation of the privileges with which the Divine mercy has favoured us ; Can
any thing be done to enlighten her darkness; to rectify the errors produced in the long lapse of ages, by her isolated state, and by her destitution of the means of religious knowledge? Can any thing be done to protect her against the oppression of the native governments, and against the insidious arts of the Romish church, aided by the terrors of an inquisition? Such are the inquiries which the occasion called for; and these inquiries, we trust, will yet be effectually prosecuted, not only as a duty incumbent on the Society under any circumstances, but as doubly requisite in order to repair the injurious effect of the present publication. Of course, no injury could have been intended by the Society; that is altogether impossible; but an injury has nevertheless been done, by the mistatements which have thus been forced into circulation under an authority so generally venerated as that of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge. Had the purpose, however, of these mistaken representations been to excite the comuniseration and the exertions of the members of the Society in favour of this suffers ing and destitute body of Christians, though we should still have regretted their incorrectness, we should have: applauded the motive which gave them publicity. But we cannot discover that such is its intention; on the contrary, if any inference may be drawn from the general colour of the Report, it would be, that the Society designed to justify itself for making no efforts to enlighten the Syrian Christians. This inference, however, will prove to be unfounded, and we shall rejoice to witness the proof of its injustice, in the early adoption of some measures on the part of the Society with a view to ascertain the practicability of its beneficial interference in behalf of this people. If, on the other hand, no such measures should be adopted, we must then call loudly on all the members of the Church of England, who feel for her true
Prep ARING for publication:—By subscription, Memoirs of the late Philip Melvill, Esq. Lieut. Governor of Pendennis Castle, prepared by a Friend: the profits to be applied to the benefit of his widow and family. The price to subscribers will be 10s. 6d. In the press:—A History of the University of Cambridge, in two volumes, including the Lives of the Founders, with Engravongo, by Mr. George Dyer;-Shipwrecks and Disasters at Sea, in three volumes 8vo.;—A View of the Political State of Scotland at Michaelmas 1811, comprehending the Roll of Freeholders, &c. &c.;—Outlines of a Course of Natural Philosophy, by Professor Playfair; –Lectures on Poitions of the Old Testament, intended to illustrate Jewish History and Scripture Characters, by Dr. Hill, Principal of the University of St. Andrew's;–A Treatise on Algebra, by Mr. Bonnycastle, in two volumes 8vo.;—A System of Algebra and Fluxions, by Mr. Joyce, for the use of schools;–Sermons and Letters to a Young Clergyman, by the late Rev. Mr. Gunn, with a Sketch of his
Life, by the Rev. I. Saunders, A. M.;—Mr. Bullock's Catalogue (considerably enlarged) of the London Museum of Natural History, removing to the new building in Piccadilly; —and The fifth edition of Cotterill's Psalms and Hymns adapted to the Festivals of the Church of England, with additions.
The following are the subjects for Sir William Brown's gold medals for the present year at Cambridge:—For the Greek ode, Crinemaue timendi Sideris et terris mutantem regna Comcten. LucAN.
For the Latin ode, Honestae paupertatislaus; For the Epigrams, Miraturque nihil nisi quud Libitini sacravit. Horace, Several genuine MSS. (many of which are in the hand-writing of Oliver Cromwell) have been discovered in a chest containing records of the town of Haverford-west. The following is a comparative statement of the population of Great Britain, in the years 1801 and 1811; shewing the difference between the two returns.
1801. 1811. Males. Females. Total. Males. Females. Total. England . . . . . • 3,987,935 4,343,499 8,331,434 4,555,257 4,944,143 9,499,400 Wales . . . . . . . . . .257,178 284,398 541,546 289,414 317,966 607,380 Scotland . . . . . • 734,581 864,487 1,599,068 825.377 . 979 487 1,804,864 Army, Navy, &c. 470,598 470,598 640,500 640,500
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h entro R.D.s Hi Re Auxi LIA n Y by Ble soci ETY.
A very numerous and highly respectable meeting, convened by public advertisement, was held at the Shire-hall in Hertford, on Friday the 24th of January, 1812, for the purpose of establishing an Auxiliary Bible Society to co-operate with the British and Foreign Bible Society.
William Plumer, Esq. was unanimously called to the chair, but declined it on account of his health ; when, in compliance with the same unanimous request of the meeting, expressed on the motion of Mr. Plumer, seconded by Sir John Saunders Sebright, Bart. William Baker, Esq. accepted it.
The Chairman, in a very concise and able manner, explained the occasion of the meeting, and stated, that, according to his view of the question, the only difficulty that existed on the subject must rest with those who were disposed to object to the formation of so truly excellent and important an institution. “ The object,” he observed, “ is simple, totally unconnected with every question of politics, on which parties might be formed; and the means proposed to attain it, such as, in my opinion, every Christian might safely and conscientiously agree to unite in supporting. It has my cordial apProbation.” -- Mr. Plumer then rose, and addressed the meeting in a short, but very impressive speech. He stated that this was probably the last time he should ever meet his friends and neighbours on any public occasion. He was glad that he had an opportunity of bearing his testimony in so good a cause. It would be a consolation to him, as he approached his last hour. Difference of judgment must exist on many points, “but if we cannot reconcile all opinions,” said Mr. P. (quoting Mr. Vansittart's letter to Dr. Marsh) “ let us endeavour to unite all hearts.” Mr. Plummer concluded by moving a series of resolutions, which were seconded by Sir John Sebright. The Secretaries of the parent society then proceeded to cxplain the nature, objects, and progress of the institution. Mr. Steinkopff forcibly stated the want of Bibles in various parts of the continent, and the great anxiety to obtain them. Among other interesting facts, which be mentioned, was the following. An offer was made by a person from Stockholm to
the governor of Russian Finland, of some
pecuniary assistance towards supplying the poor Finlanders with Bibles. The governor inquired from what generous hands the proposal came. When he learnt that they were indebted for it to England, he could not refrain from tears; but added, that without consulting the Emperor nothing could be done. The Emperor was consulted, and has contributed, from his private purse, five thousand roubles to the Bible Society now forming in Finland. Mr. Hughes entered upon a vindication of the nature and constitution of the parent society and its auxiliary associations. His speech was almost entirely argumentative, and, to the conviction of all who heard him, he established the expediency of such a union for such a purpose. The resolutions were then read from the chair, and unanimously adopted. On the motion of Adolphus Meetkerke,
Esq., seconded by Culling Smith, Esq. it was resolved, that Lord Wiscount Grimston be requested to accept the office of President of the Society. His Lordship has acceded to the wish of the meeting. The following is the list of the Vice-Presidents. The Right Hon. Lord John Townshend, M. P.” Hon. Thomas Brand, M. P. Hon. William Lamb, M. P. Hon. Edward Spencer Cowper, M. P. Sir John Saunders Sebright, Bart. M. P. Cavendish Bradshaw, Esq. M. P. Nicholson Calvert, Esq. M. P. Oliver Cromwell, Esq. Daniel Giles, Esq. M. P. Thounas Greg, Esq. James Gordon, Esq. M. P. Joseph lialsey, Esq. M. P. Adolphus Meetkerke, Esq. William Plumer, Esq. Sir Culling Smith, Bart. Abel Smith, Esq. M. P. Culling Smith, Esq. Samuel Smith, Esq. M.P. The Rev. Mr. Lidden entered at some length, and with considerable force, into the character and probable effects of the Bible Society. He considered it not merely as a powerful instrument of God, but as likely to become a permanent blessing, The Hon. Mr. Brand, in proposing the Secretaries of the Auxiliary Society, delivered a very manly and strong appeal upon the beneficial tendency of the institution. He adverted in terms of high and just encomium to Mr. Dealtry’s “Vindication of the Bible Society,” and gave it his warnest resoulmendation, as a most candid and unanswerable defence of the object and proceedings of the institution. The motion for the appointment of the Rev. William Dealtry and the Rev. C. Maslen, as secretaries, having been seconded by Nicholson Calvert, Esq. and adopted by the meeting, Mir. Deaitry rose to return thanks. We are happy that it is in our power to insert the substance of this excellcut speech, which has been printed at the particular request of the Committee of the Hert: ford Auxiliary Bible Society. It was as sollows: “In rising to return my thanks for the distinction which you have been pleased to con