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writers, who of late have pressed forward with so much eagerness to exercise their hostility against the British and Foreign Bible Society 2 Were they acquainted with the existence of the Naval and Military Bible Society? If it was known to them, where has been their zeal, where their watchfulness, where their fidelity, where their impartiality ? How is it that they have slept upon their post? If, as I believe to be the case, it was not known to them, the circumstance may instruct them in a profitable lesson; that it is advisable to obtain information before we pronounce judgment, that it is expedient to inquire hefore we condemn. But I must not yet dismiss this tremendous Society. Who is its Patron 2 A brother of the Prince Regent; His Royal Highness the Duke of York ' Who is its Vice-Patron 2 I am constrained to state the fact as I find it—another Duke of Royal blood, His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester! But Patrons and Vice-Patrons, it may be thought, are a sort of sleeping partners in public institutions. ' The President,' it may be said, “is the organ of the Society. He is the efficient mau.’ Who then is the President of this Naval and Military Bible Society? I read the name from their own report:—His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury." The sequel of Mr. Gisborne's speech is so truly eloquent, as well as excellent, that we are induced to give it almost entire. “To what event, I would ask, is it that we are indebted for our Liturgy 2 To the cit. culation of the Bible. Where was our Prayer-book before the days of Henry the Eighth, while the Scriptures were a dead letter in the land 2 Parts of it undoubtedly were subsisting: for parts of it have existed from the early times of Christianity, perhaps even from the Apostolical age. But they were buried ander the rubbish of ignorance and superstition. When the light of reformation appeared, when the Bible was circulated, then caine forth out Liturgy: then came forth the pure gold, separated from baser metals: then was it compacted into its present form, to be a utodel for the devotions of that day. a model for our own devotions, a model, I trust, for the devotions of distant generations. The Prayer-book of the Church of England is the daughter of the Bible. The daughter possesses no authority, nor energy, nor efficacy, besides that which she derives from the parent. But are we to say that the parent cannot sustain itself, cannot be eticacious, unless she is accompanied and *pheld by the daughter? What, however, is the real, the simple fact? Are the mem.
bers of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge under any constraint to distribute Prayer-books with their Bibles? Not
under the slightest constraint. The society
furnishes at certain prices Prayer-books and Religious Tracts, as well as Bibles, to its members who apply for them. But its inembers apply for Bibles without Prayer-books, or for Prayer-books without Bibles, or for Religious Tracts without either Prayer.book or Bible, exactly as they deem expedient. Are the members of the British and Foreign Bible Society under any prohibition, under any impediment, as to adding the gift of a Prayer-book when they bestow a Bible? Not under the shadow of a prohibition: not under the smallest impediment. The gift is added continually ; and may be added wherever it is needed and will be acceptable! The whole of the difference concerning which this turmoil of prejudice, this mist of sophistry, has been raised, amounts simply to this circumstance—that the members of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge procure their Bibles and their Prayerbooks from the same warehouse; the members of the British and Foreign Bible Society procure their Bibles from one warehouse and their Prayer-books from another. And that man must be little concerned for the distribution of the Liturgy, who, after having obtained Bibles from one warehouse, will not walk five steps across the street, or write a letter of five lines, to obtain Prayer-books from the other. “The justification of the British and Foreign Bible Society is found in its conduct: its recommendation, in the immeasurable good which, under the blessing and the grace of Gud, it is effecting. Like the first preachers of that divine word, bearing which in its hand, it goes throughout the world, it may be misconceived, it nuay be misrepresented, it may be calumniated. Every accusation it will meet with the reply which those preachers of the Gospel enjoined by precept and by example. It will reply, by faithful perseverance in the path of duty : * by well doing putting to silence the ignorance of foolish men, that they who are of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of it.' “It appears to be the purpose of Providence, in its ordinary dispensations, that countries and individuals entrusted with large portious of its bounty should be its instruments to impart its aid from their fulness to regions and persons left in need of supply. Those parts of the world, where the knowledge of our great Redeemer has not been communicated, or is scantily possessed, are to receive spiritual light from others, where the beams of revelation are accumulated and fully displayed. If obedience to this purpose of Heaven be an universal duty, with what peculiar force of obligation does it press upon ourselves! If England has not only been favoured during many hundred years with the Christian religion, but has enjoyed since the days of the Reformers its purest illumination: how powerfully is she required to exert herself in opening every dark corner at home to the light; and in making known to distant nations the glory of Him, in whom all the ends of the earth shall be blessed. If England has been mercifully preserved a survivor of the tempest, which has covered the political ocean with shipwrecks: if she stands not merely a column erect among ruins, but a maguificent edifice, battered indeed, but undefaced, nor shaken to its foundations, amidst the surrounding overthrow of palaces and of temples: how loud is the call upon her to shew her gratitude for this distinguishing mercy, by communicating to all mankind the best gift with which she is entrusted, the genuine Word of God.”
other schools formerly established, for which and the new schools before stated, they had distributed 26,723 Spelling-books, 5056 Testaments, and 132 Bibles. That since the commencement of the institution (1785) they had issued 339,695 Spelling-books, 70,537 Testaments, and 8001 Bibles, to 3730 schools, containing upwards of 305,000 scholars. In the course of the past year, numerous testimonies of the utility of this institution have been furnished from various quarters, many instances of which were read by the secretary. Wales appears to have felt the moral influence of Sunday Schools, throughout the principality; and Ireland is making progress by means of them, in civilization and religious light. Applications have also been made to this country for the establishment of Sunday Schools at St.John's, Antigua; St. George's, Barbadoes; the Cape of Good Hope; Sicily; and Gibraltar: in consequence of which, the society resolved to extend their patronage as far as they may be enabled, “throughout the British dominions,” and have designated themselves accordingly, on the presumption, that in prosecuting an object that promises such extensive benefit, both moral and political, the liberality of the public will not be found to desert them. So many claims have indeed been made on the public by the numerous excellent societies which have recently sprung up, and particularly by those which have the education of the poor for their object, that it is feared the interests of the Sunday-school Society may be in danger ef becoming impaired. Such a result cannot be too seriously deprecated. The Sundayschool Society provides so effectually for
power to state the general result, as it affects one division of this populous district, namely, the north-west division: and it is as follows. In 611 families, 292 of which are families of weavers, there were found 1072 adults, and 1837 children. Of the adults, there proved to be 457 who could not read, and of the children there were only 340 who had been taught to read. Of the families, 235 stated theusselves to be of the communion of the Church of England; 217 to belong to one or other of the various classes of dissenters; 16 to be of the Roman Catholic persuasion; and 115 to be of no religious profession, going, we presume, to no place of worship, and living wholly without God in the world No less than SS5 of the 611 families were found to be destitute of a Bible, being more than one half of the whole number. In this one fact, for the correctness of which we pledge ourselves, may be found a decisive reply to those who have objected to the institution of the Bible Society in as far as respects its home purposes. Here are 335 families in one small district in the metropolis of this Christian country, within little more than a mile of the spot where the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge has held its sittings for one hundred and fourteen years, and the Bible Society for eight years, who are yet destitute of the word of life. Is not this a fact calculated to make us forego
our idle and, we must add, sinful jealousies, and to unite us in strenuous efforts to fill the immense void which remains to be supplied with scriptural light and knowledge? We trust that the discovery which has thus been made will lead to important results; and that while the British and Foreign Bible Society is consulting the interests and providing for the wants of the universe, minor societies will be formed on its model, and under its auspices, in very parish or district of the metropolis and its environs, which will watch over, ascertain, and supply local deficiencies, and which will o to the wealthier members of their district for the means of affording the requisite supply. We say nothing at present on the lamentable ignorance of the first rudiments of knowledge which the above table shews to exist within less than two miles of St. Paul's, notwithstanding all the charity schools that have been established. Will any man be found to quarrel with those benevolent persons, whatever be their religious denomination, who, like the good Samaritan, shall stretch forth a helping hand to these neglected individuals, whether their benevolence manifest itself in the ceconomy of a soup-shop, in the institution of a free-school, or in the gift of Bibles from. the repository of the Bible Society?...We are ashamed to think that there should be any necessity for proposing such a question.
The important fortress of Badajoz has fallen, after a siege of twenty days. It was invested by Lord Wellington on the 17th of March, and was taken by storm on the night of the 6th of April. The exertions made and the valour displayed by the assailants during the siege were truly wonderful. The defence of the place seems also to have been most ably and bravely conducted. The
allantry of our troops, however, under the #. blessing, proved to be irresistible, and this key of both Spain and Portugal, with its numerous garrison, is now outs. No less than 172 pieces of heavy brass cannon, besides an immense quantity of military stores and 4000 prisoners, have fallen into our hands. The enemy's loss during the siege, exclusive of those who fell in the assault, amounted to 1200. Our loss was inferior to this up to the moment of the assault. It eonsisted of 12 officers and 207 men killed, and 43 officers and 799 men wounded, of whom about a fourth part were Portuguese. The carnage, however, on the night of the assault was very great; the number of killed being no less thag 60 officers and 756 non
commissioned officers and privates, and of wounded 263 officers, and 2649 non-commissioned officers and privates, the proportion of Portuguese being still about one fourth. The whole numerical loss during the siege was about 4800 men. It is with sincere satisfaetion we observe, in a dispatch duted the 8th of April, that our numerous wounded were doing well, and that the eventual loss to the service is net likely to be great. It is hardly possible to calculate all the beneficial results which are likely to follow this achievement. Marshal Soult broke up in front of Cadiz on the 23d of March, leaving only 4000 men there, and arrived at Llerena on the 4th of April, with the intention, doubtless, of attempting to raise the siege of Badajoz. The speedy reduction of that sortress has, however, frustrated his purpose. Marmont has made demonstrations of attempting the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo; but as he did not approach it till the 4th instant, it will be impossible for him even to commence the siege before the British army is in a capacity to disturb his opera
tions. A considerable body of Portuguest troops, under Gens. Trant and Wilson, were watching his motions on the Coa. Two divisions of the allied army, under Generals Graham and Hill, had advanced into Estremadura, with the view of preventing any interruption of the siege of Badajoz. In consequence of this movement, Drouet's corps had retired on Cordova. As Soult's army, however, approached, our two divisions gradually approximated to the main body. It is expected that the siege of Cadiz will be forthwith raised; and accounts have been received that the army of Ballasteros had entered Seville. The French, and indeed Spain generally, are said to be greatly distressed for want of provisions. Lord Wellington, we are sorry to perceive, complains loudly of the supiueness v. the civil authorities of the Portuguese province of Alentejo in performing their duty and supplying the army with the nueans of transport. We hope it may be possible to bring these recreants to punishJoelil. We trust that it will not be easy for Bonaparte, under the existing circumstances of Furope, to send any material reinforcements of men into Spain. Still more difficult will it be for him, in the great pressure which the scarcity of corn has produced in France, to furnish his armies with the necessary supplies of provisions. If the new regency of Spain should happily fulfil the expectations which have been formed of its efficiency, and should second as they ought the exertions
*. GREAT ran Liami ent A R Y PROCE EDINGS.
1. The first great subject of parliamentary discussion to which we shall advert, is what is called the Catholic question. This question had formed a leading feature in a debate which took place in both houses as early as the month of February, and to the issue of which we have already adverted in our number for that month. On the 22d inst. the question was brought more directly forward in the House of Lords by Lord Donoughmore, and on the 24th in the House of Commons by Mr. Grattan, on a motion for a Committee to consider the state of the laws in respect to the civil disabilities of the Roman Catholics. The tables of both houses had previously been loaded with petitions from the Catholics in all parts of Ireland, and some parts of England, in favour of the Catholic claims. To these were added the prayers of many Protestant petitioners to the same effect. One petition of this description was said, we know not with what truth, to
Embrace more than one half of the Protest
of Lord Wellington, we may hope to see the present campaign in that country close with fairer prospects for Spain and for Europe than we have yet dared to entertain. We should feel much more confidence in the Spanish cause, could we witness in their rulers a due measure of that vigour, promptitude, and decision which the present great crisis so peculiarly requires; and at the same time a disposition to abate the power of the inquisition, and to open the door for the admission of moral and religious light among the people.
RUSSIA, SWEDEN, &c.
It is not yet well understood what course affairs will take in the north of Europe. French troops are advancing in large masses towards the Vistula, and efforts appear to be making by Russia to collect armies in the same quarter. A conference is talked of between Bonaparte and his two brother emperors of Russia and Austria. The event of war will probably turn on Alexander's refusal to comply with all Bonaparte's demands.-Peace does not appear to be finally concluded between Russia and the Porte.—The conduct of Sweden continues to be somewhat enigmatical. Our envoy, Mr. Thornton, has arrived at Stockholm, where he has had requent conferences with Bernadotte and with an ambassador from Russia; but nothing has transpired with respect either to the subject of the negociation or its probable issute
ant property of Ireland. The counter-petitions were few ;-one from either university, speaking, however, by no uneans, as it would seem, the unanimuous voice of those bodies, and two or three others. The divisious which took place on the occasion seemed likewise to indicate a more favourable disposition in the public mind, at least to entertain the consideration of the subject with a view to ascertain what part of the Catholic claims might be safely conceded to them. In the House of Lords the numbers were, in favour of inquiry, 67, proxies 35; against it, 103, proxies 71; being a majority of 72. In the House of Commons, 215 voted for the motion, and 300 against it, being a majority, in a house containing upwards of 500 members, of only 85. In the former house the chief speakers in support of the motion were Lord Donoughinore, the Duke of Sussex, the Earl of Selkirk, the Marquis Wellesley, Lord Byron, Earl Moira, Lord Grenville, and Lord Holland; against it, Lord Redesdale, the Earl of Liverpool, and the Lord Chancellots In the House of Commons the Catholic claims were supported by Mr. Grattan, Sir J. C. Hippesley, Lord Binning, Mr.Vernon (son of the Archbishop of York), Mr. Marryatt, Lord Milton, Mr. Elliot, Mr. Brougham, Mr. Shaw of Dublin, Col. Dillon, Sir S. Romilly, Mr. W. Smith, Mr. Whitbread, Mr. Ponsonby, and Mr. Canning; and opposed by Dr. Tuigenan, Mr.W. Bankes, Mr. Owen, Mr. C. Adams, Mr.Bernard, Sir W.Scott, Mr.Yorke, Mr. L. Foster, Mr. Fuller, Mr. Perceval, and Lord Castlereagh. 2. Another great subject, which has occupied the attention of Parliament, has been that of the Orders in Council. On this subject, we continue to think, as we have always done, that the Orders in Council were not only just, but necessary; that to a certain, and that a considerable extent, they have served to counteract the operations of Bonaparte's anti-commercial system; and that, however our merchants and muanufacturers may now be disposed to complain of the abridgement of our trade, it is owing to our Orders in Council that so large a portion of the trade of the world is still in our hands. Parliament have likewise taken this view of the subject, and have by their votes, no less than by the production of facts and arguments, abundantly proved that these orders have no share in the present distress, but, on the contrary, have prevented its aggravation. We cannot help thinking that no great question was ever so misunderstood, even by the more intelligent part of the community, as this. The question of the Orders in Council, as it affects America, has undergone a very material change in the course of the present month. A Declaration has been issued by our Government on the subject, which, we trust, will scrye to obviate inany of the complaints of that country. This declaration recognizes the official report of the French minister for forcign affairs of the 10th of March (noticed in our last number), wherein the enemy publicly and solemnly declares not only that the Berlin and Milan decrees continue in force, but that they shall be rigidly executed against Graat Britain, and against all nations who shall suffer their flag to be what he calls demationalized, until Great Britain shall revoke her Orders in Council of May 1806, of January and November 1807, and of April 1809; and in addition to this, shall consent that neutral ships shall protect hostile property; that hostile ships shall not protect neutral proPerry; that arms aud ammunition alone, to the exclusion of all articles of naval equip
ment, shall be regarded as contraband of war; and that no ports shall be considered as law. fully blockaded except such as are actually invested and besieged, and into which a merchaut ship cannot enter without danger. “By these and other demands, the enemy, in fact, requires that Great Britain and all civilized nations shall renounce, at his arbitrary pleasure, the ordinary und indisputable rights of maritime war; that Great Britain, in particular, shall forego the advantages of her naval superiority, and allow the commercial property, as well as the produce and manufactures of France and her confederates, to pass the ocean in security, whilst the subjects of Great Britain are to be, in effect, proscribed from all commercial intercourse with other nations, and the produce and manufactures of these realms are to be excluded from every country in the world to which the arms of the influence of the enemy can extend.” Such is the code by which France hopes to render her commerce unassailable by sca, while she proceeds to invade all states that hesitate to adopt this code, by which they are forced to exclude, under the pretext of municipal regulation, whatever is British from their dominions. A hope is expressed, by our Government, that as soon as the recent declaration of France shall be known in America, the Government of the United States will be disposed to recal those measures of hostile exclusion which they have applied to the commerce and ships of war of Great Britain only. To accelerate this result, his Royal Highness declares, that whenever, by solue authentic act of the French Government, the Berlin and Milan decrees shall be repealed, then the Orders in Council, from January 1807 downwards, shall be wholly and absolutely revoked. If, however, the French repeal should prove illusory, or be still practically enforced, then Great Britain, however reluctantly, after reasonable notice, will be obliged to have recourse to such measures of retaliation as may then appear to be just and necessary. We greatly admire the tone and temper of this state paper. It is clear, moderate, conciliating, and yet firm and decisive. It cannot fail to produce a considerable effect in America, and also on the unreasonable clamourers at home, on the subject of the Orders in Council. Indeed, we see not what more Government can be asked to do either by domestic objectors, or by the United States. The demands of the United States have tarmed, of late, on the alleged fact, that France had actually repealed the Berlin