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I questioned the secretary, to whom I paid my subscription, most particularly as to the funds and the number of subscribers, and was distinctly informed, that both were progressively increasing; and that the Society for the promotion of Christian Knowledge had never, at any period, flourished so much as in the interval which had elapsed since the institution of the British and Foreign Bible Society.”
Mr. Bradley observed, that “in aiding the Bible Society we have one specific point in view, viz. the circulation of the Bible; and to promote this, we cannot too powerfully apply all our energies. For, can the world be too full of Bibles? Can the Word of God be too much read, and too well known 2 Conceive how lovely would be the state of society, did every person truly understand the sacred contents of the Bible. Then, we should not see rebellion in the child, negligence in the parent, dishonesty in the servant, injustice in the master, treachery in the subject, oppression in the sovereign. Then, the wilderness would be transformed into the paradise of God; earth would re. semble heaven; and what has been fabled of the Golden Age would be infinitely more than realised.”
Mr. Piggott stated, that he had found, in one district at Warrington, 105 families who had not a Bible in their houses: and in another, 124 families, including 534 individuals, who had no Bibles.
lon don society roR trie J Ews. The London Society for promoting Christianity amongst the Jews, held their anniversary meeting at the London Tavern, Bishopsgate Street, on Thursday the 21st of May. The meeting was respectably attended; the Lord Bishop of Meath in the chair. The Report of the proceedings of the Society, during the past year, having been read and approved, his lordship examined three of the youths under the care of the Rev. Mr. Frey with a view to the ministry, and expressed the highest satisfaction with their progress in their studies. A very numerous company afterwards assembled at dinner, the Right Hon. the Earl of Grosvenor in the chair, when they were gratified with the appearance of the children who attended. The Rev. Basil Woodd expressed the deepest regret that the cause of the Jews had not been taken up at an earlier period, and recommended the continued exertions of the society, in the spirit of patience, temperance, long-suffering, and servent prayer, as means of obtaining Chrust, Observ, No. 127
the Divine blessing on institutions like this, and concluded by moving the thanks of the meeting to the Rev. W. Marsh of Reading, and the Rev. W. B. Collyer, D.D. for their sermons, requesting them to allow the same to be printed. The Rev. C. F. Frey stated, in an impressive manner, the actual situation of the Jews. He shewed that, in addition to the enmity to God and Christ, which renders mankind in general indifferent to religion, the Jews are induced by their pride, and the influence of their priests, to believe that all who are born of Israel will go to heaven, however they may live; and hence they refuse to believe in the despised Jesus of Nazareth. This evening, he observed, had produced proofs of the happy effects arising from the exertions of the society; and he had the satisfaction to state that forty-two Jews have been baptized, and that there are now sixty-two children wholly maintained and educated under its patronage. The Lord Bishop of Meath declared, that from the first time he became acquainted with the formation and object of the society, he had the greatest satisfaction in contributing to the advancement of its designs in Ireland. He was persuaded the day must come, when the Jews will be completely united with the Church of Christ. That he knew of no other means for this purpose, than those adopted by the Saviour and his Apostles, and which were the very means pursued by the London Society; and he could not doubt that Providence would bless its endeavours. The Right Hon. the Earl of Grosvenor, in an animated speech, declared that the interests of the Jewish people had engaged his very serious attention; and proved, from various arguments, the duty of Christians to continue their most zealous exertions in their behalf. He considered the prophecies of Scripture as affording the clearest evidence of the ultimate success of the object of the Society, and warmly recommended it to the friends of the institution to persevere in their exertions. Plans of preposed buildings, including an episcopal chapel, schools, asylum, &c. having been laid on the table; the Rev. Dr. Randolph declared, that the great object of the institution was one in which he felt a lively interest; that he was satisfied with the views of its conductors, and rejoiced in the plan of erecting an episcopal chapel, in conjunction with the present Jews" chapel, and engaged to support the society to the utmost of his power. Many excellent remarks were also made by the Right Hon. 3 P
Lord Calthorpe, and various other gentlemen, who favoured the company with their sentiments. The fourth Annual Report is in the press, and will soon be before the public.
BAptist missions in in DI.A.,
We proceed with our extracts from the 22d Report of the progress of these Missions. Mr. Mardon writes thus from Goamalty:
“On Monday, Nov. 12, Deep Chund and I went to Nazir-pore, and discoursed with a number of people, for nearly two hours, “beneath the Banian shade.” No people wherever we go give as greater encouragement than do the inhabitants of this village. They seem to have a thirst for knowledge. I believe there is scarcely a person in the village that can read, a few brahmans perhaps excepted, but is in possession of some part of the sacred volume. Several of them have been solicit. ing me to establish a school for the education of their children, which I very much wish to do. A school was established in June last at another village called English, at the unanimous request of all the inhabitants. They cousist mostly of invalid sepoys, and their families. Deep Chund and myself were there on Tuesday last. Several persons paid great attention while he gave them a brief outline of the life of Christ in Hindoosthanee.”
“Dr. Carey, in a letter to Mr. Fuller, Jan. 22, 1811, says, “The church at Cutwa is now small; but they have lately had the addition of one member, a native, and I hear of six or seven more who are desirous of being baptized. One of these, Kreeshna Rosha, is a native merchant, of considerable property, who formerly had a house of gods. After hearing and reading the Gospel, he expelled his idols, tied them up in straw, and sent them to brother Chamberlain, who sent them to Serampore. This was a year and a half ago. He also clave up a fine Rutha, or Car, of the god Krishna, and used it for fire-wood. His ci-devant temple is filled with merchandize. There are others who adhere to him, and who have received the word of God. These people living too far from Cutwa to attend the Gospel (about sixty miles) have, 1 understand, sanctified the Lord's-day to reading the word and carrying on the worship of the true God in the best manner they are able. Their heathen neighbours have taken every opportunity in their power to injure them, and have by some false charges in the Zilla Court of *beerboom, occasioned one of them conti.
derable expense. I hear, however, that the magistrate has been informed of this villainy, and obliged them to enter into security respecting their future conduct. The place where they live (Lakra-koonda) is a large town lying on one side just at the entrance into the Mahratta country, and on another just at the entrance into South Bahar; both which countries the merchant often visits in the way of trade.—Brother Chamberlain has at our desire left Cutwa, and is going te attempt the forming of a mission station at Agra. We have obtained the consent of Government for his and brother Peacock's settling there. My son William is now at Cutwa. At present he almost sinks under the magnitude of the undertaking; but I trust the Lord will strengthen and hold him up. “ On Jan. 23d, Mr. W. Carey writes thus: to Mr. Ward. “I set out on the 11th instant to pay a visit to Lakra-koonda, and on my way went to Kendooli. I think I never saw such a concourse of people before. We spoke to a good number, and gave away some papers. From Kendooli we went to Lakrakoonda, and found some of our friends. The principal person, however, was not there. He had been falsely accused, and was gone to the court. The people around them are doing all in their power to injure them. On account of this opposition, those who were desirous of baptism were rather intimidated: but after we had been there two days, the principal person returned; and his presence emboldened the rest. I was much pleased with his conversation. I baptized two, and left them the same day. I was from home about nine days. We have received into the church the man whom Kangalee baptized. He has given me much pleasure. He was a Vishnuva. We expect to receive another soon. Kangalee has been very ilk since his return, but is better now.'" On the 27th March, Mr. Ward adds; * A few days ago I received a letter from Lakra-koonda, and am sorry to say the opposition continues. Kreeshna-Rosha is a rich man, and I have reason to think-s Christian. Since he has renounced idolatry and destroyed the idols he had set up, the Jemindar of the place has accused him of many things of which he is perfectly clear. They have lodged a complaint against him for the rent of land to the amount of ninety rupees, of which he knows nothing. All the people cf the court are his enemies, by which he has lost and is losing a great deal, and I fear will soon be ruined, if something cannet be done for him.” The accounts of the mission at Jassons are very savourable.
“By the indefatigable labours of C. C. Aratoon, the church at this station,” say the Missionaries, “is greatly increased. At the close of 1810, it consisted of nearly sixty members, thirty-two of whom were baptized in that year; namely, fourteen Mussulmans, and eighteen Hindoos of various casts. Six more were baptized on Jan. 6, 1811, and eight more were to have been baptized on March 17; but from Aratoon's wishing to administer the ordinance in their own villages, it was deferred in respect of six of them. “This church consists of four branches, each about thirty miles' distance from the other, the whole comprehending an extent of country little less than a hundred miles in diameter. Partly to relieve the poor members from travelling, and partly to diffuse the Gospel, this amiable man goes the whole circuit every month; preaching and administering the Lord's Supper at one branch, then in the course of the week travelling to the next, and so on. At his request four native brethren have been stationed at these different branches, who dispense the word, and converse with inquirers when he is absent: viz. Seetaram, of whom honourable mention has often been made; Manik, who has itinerated for several years; Prau-krishna, baptized at Serampore, who has suffered much for the Gospel; and Manik-sha, a steady man, baptized by Aratoon bimself. “These people are very poor. “Their pastor himself (says Mr. Marshman) is a poor man. nor have they a rich man amongst them. The hardships they encounter in embracing the Gospel are truly serious. Of these the following examples, from the jourpals and letters of Aratoon, may suffice. “Chougacha, Aug. 2, 1810. — Brother Pran Krishna and his family cause hither, in consequence of their being turned out of the house and village in which they lived. The Zemindar, or Head-man in the village, stirred up a number of persons to turn him out. He told Pran Krishna, “that he brought other persons thither to preach the Gospel, and that others in the village would embrace Christianity: they would therefore turn him out of the village, for it was better to lose him than to lose a number of others.” “ March 20, 1811. The Zemindars of Sooryadeeya called on Manik-sha, and asked him why he was making a house? He answered, “I am a Christian, and am making a house to worship in.' They then flogged him, and kept him in prison three days, without giving him any thing to eat. At
length one of them, being afraid of the con. sequence of treating him thus, persuaded the others to let him out of prison. They then took four rupees from him, and left him, saying, “Go home; you may make your house, but do not preach in these parts. If you do, we will kill you some day.” Maniksha replied, “You are able to kill my body, but you are not able to destroy my soul. One of their servants then struck him, saying, 'Go away from this place; we do not want to hear you.’ “At some places, however, they are treated more kindly. ‘ On Sept. 10th, (says Aratoon) I went to a village called Dotopara, where the Head-man invited me to preech in his house, which I did; and on the 4th of October, he sent me another invitation, and promised to prepare a place for me to preach in.” Pran-Krishna, on returning to his village about a week after, was allowed by the Head-man to preach even in his (the Head-man's) house. “If any of the members through fear or shame disown Christ, the discipline of Aratoon is, when they profess to repent, to require, as the test of their sincerity, that they go in company with one or two of the brethren, to the same place, and there publicly acknowledge him.” Mr. F. Carey, in a lettel from RANGoox, dated Jan. 1811, observes; “I am now able to smatter a little in the Burman language, and hope I shall be enabled to put it into use as opportunities occur. I often get into conversation with my teacher, who I think at times is ashamed of his religion. He is a man of real learning, of deep penetration, and is very inquisitive: he is not satisfied unless he gets to the bottom of everything. I believe he is also greatly attached to me. My mind is bent on getting a perfect knowledge of the language, which I hope the Lord will enable me to accomplish. Pray for me. My only wish now is, that I may be made a blessing in this country, even as you have been in Bengal. To see the cause of Clurist established in this land will be the consummation of all my defires. “The Burman I delivered from the cross has turned out a bad man. He has been again detected in thieving, and is in custody for it. The agonies of a cross were insufficient to reclaim him.” Of the OR Issa mission it is said: “Mr. John Peter, who engaged in this mission but from the beginning of 1810, has in less than a year seen good fruit arise from his labours, and those of the pative brother
Krishna-das. On Oct. 1, he says the church here consists of Europeans, Portuguese, and Mussulmans; and if God please he can bring in sonie Ooriyas. All the members of the
church, except one, give me pleasure. Their conduct is as becometh Christians.”
(To be couinued.)
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
War has been at length declared between Russia and FRANce. An account of the negotiations which preceded this rupture has been published by Bonaparte; and it serves remarkably to confirm the views which have usually been entertained both of the general perfidy of his character, and of his peculiar and deep-rooted batred to England. The papers, which have now been given to the world, do not, we admit, make any new discoveries. They put an end, however, to all controversy on some important points, and surnish the Government of this country with a very sufficient justification of the identical measures of its policy which have seemed to some persons the most questionable, We allude particularly to the attack of Copenhagen, and the Orders in Council. Bonaparte's secretary for foreign affairs ecruples not to declare, in his master's name, that by the treaty of Tilsit, France and Russia had engaged “to summon the three courts of Copenhagen, Stockholm, and Lisbon to close their ports against the English, to declare war against England, and to insist on the adoption of the same measure by the various powers." And yet, in the same breath, he complains that England was guilty of violating the rights of nations, in seizing the fleets of Deulnark. He likewise affirms, that the main object of this treaty was to undermine the maritime power of Great Britain, by destroying her trade; an object, indeed, to which the whole bent of Bonaparte's genius, as well as the general curreut of his measures, appears to have been directed. It was, as he himself avows, in order to accomplish this object, that he added Holland and the Hanse towns to his empire; and it is with the same view that he has now involved himself in war with Russia. His grand complaint against Russia is, that she has favoured English commerce, There are some minor points of difference between France and that power; but this forms the earpus delicti, the real, the avowed ground of hostility. Under these circumstances, it
is important to learn what is the view which Bonaparte has taken of the Orders in Council. He considers them as having been a powerful obstacle to the attainment of his purposes. “The system of England," he says, “ was triumphant. Her Orders in Council threatened to produce the most iumportant results;"—and, to prevent these results, the utmost efforts are declared to have been necessary. It is impossible, in reading the papers to which we have referred, not to be struck with the persect contempt which Bonaparta entertains for public opinion. A single instance will serve as an illustration. He lays his hands on the duchy of Oldenburgh, and adds it to his dominions. The Emperor of Russia remonstrates in favour of his relation, the Duke. Bonaparte replies, that the duchy is so doretailed into his states, so very conveniently situated for giving an arrondissement to his territory, that he cannot possibly part with it, but that he will give the Duke an indemnification elsewhere; a slice, we presume, of Turkey, or of Prussia. This reply does not satisfy Alexander; and Bonaparte affects to consider his dissatisfaction with so fair and reasonable an offer, as conclusive evidence of a hostile disposition. By way of interlude to the negotiations between France and Russia, there appears, among the papers published on that subject, a letter dated April 17, 1812, from the Duke of Bassano, the French minister for foreign affairs, to Lord Castlereagh, proposing peace; together with his lordship's answer. The proposition was manifestly intended to serve no other end than that of influencing the pending discussions with Russia; a copy of it having been transmitted to St. Petersburgh before it could have been known that it had reached London, In the communication which is made of this proposal to the Russian court, Bonaparte rather affects to have been moved to this offer of peace by commiseration for the unhappy condition of England. “The distress felt by England, the agitations to which she is a prey, and the changes which have taken place
in her government, decided his Majesty to take this course.” The basis on which the French minister proposed to treat was: “The integrity of Spain shall be guaranteed. France shall renounce all idea of extending her dominious beyond the Pyrennees. The present dynasty shall be declared independent, and Spain shall be governed by a national constitution of her cortes. “The independence and integrity of Portugal shall be also guaranteed, and the House of Braganza shall have thesovereign authority. “The kingdom of Naples shall remain in possession of the present monarch, and the kingdom of Sicily shall be guaranteed to the present family of Sicily. “As a consequence of these stipulations, Spain, Portugal, and Sicily shall be evacuated by the French and English land and nawal forces. “With respect to the other objects of discussion, they may be negotiated upon this basis, that each power shall retain that of which the other could not deprive it by war.” This offer was prefaced by a detail which was intended to fix on England the guilt, not only of recommencing the war, and unnecessarily protracting it; but of giving to it that peculiar character of harshness which it has unhappily assumed. The reply of Lord Castlereagh, dated 23d April, is chiefly confined to a request that the Duke of Bassano would explain the precise meaning which the French government attaches to the words “the present dynasty” of Spain. If they mean that the brother of the head of the French government is to be recognised as possessing the royal authority, then the obligations of good faith will not permit the Prince Regent to receive a proposition founded on such terms. But if they refer to Ferdinand the Seventh, the Prince Regent will then be disposed to enter into full explanations on the proposed basis, it being his earnest wish to contribute to the repose of Europe. A few words are added, generally denying the fairness of the imputations contained in the Duke of Bassano's letter, and expressing an anxious desire that, whether at peace or war, the relations of the two countries might be restored to the liberal principles usually acted on in former times. It is unnecessary to offer any comment on the letter of Lord Castlereagh. It was perhaps the only answer which it became a minister of this country, pledged as we are to Spain, to make; and unquestionably it is expressed in calm, moderate, and yet dignified language, No notice has been taken of it by the French government,
Bonaparte has already published several Bulletins of his Grand Army. The First is dated at Gumbinnen, June 20th. It briefly states the preparatory measures which France had adopted in the contemplation of Russian hostilitics; the march of various divisions of the French army to Poland; the increase of the garrison and munitions of Dantzic; the conclusion of a treaty offensive and defensive with Austria, by which each power engaged to assist the other with 30,000 men, and of a similar treaty with Prussia; and lastly, the movements of Bonaparte himself: he crossed the Vistula on the 6th of June. The Second Bulletin is dated at Wilkowski, June 22, and, after detailing some movements of the troops, and seme farther abortive attempts at negotiation, announces that Bonaparte had issued orders to pass the Niemen: “The couquered assume the tone of conquerors: fate drags them on : let their destinies be fulfilled. The second war of Poland has commenced.” The Third Bulletin, dated at Kowno, June 26, details the passage of the Niemen, and the movements of different corps. The Fourth Bulletin is dated from Wilna, the 30th June, to which place Bonaparte had advanced; the Russians retreating, and wasting every thing before them, without coming to an engagement. Their magazines appear to have been every where destroyed, previous to their retreat. The Fifth Bulletin, which is still dated from Wilna, on July 6, contains details of the subsequent movements of the different corps of the French army, and the retreat of the Russians: no action is stated to have taken place, beyond mere affairs of out-posts; and yet there are strong indications that something more than these has occurred, and that the French must have suffered severely. Bonaparte had labourcd in his former bulletins to lessen the amount of the Russian force. In this he represents it as consisting of no less than 200,000 men. He talks also of a storm, by which he had lost several thousand horses, by which convoys of artillery had been stopped, and which had caused such a rush of the inhabitants in vast crowds into the suburbs of Wilna, as had injured them. He dwells, moreover, on trivial circumstances. The King of Naples, with his corps, kills nine men and makes about a dozen prisoners. The immense magazines formed by the Russians in Samogitia, are stated to have been burned by themselves. This proves that the Russian generals have systematically adopted their present mode of warfare; and we trust they will continue to pursue it, until Bonaparte has advanced