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mies of their king and country; and your , country, that by promulgating the aacred
Committee would ask the members of the Naval and Military Bible Society, and Briions in general, whether an appeal in behalf of 550,000 of their countrymen in arins,
shall be made in vain? and whether they
will allow this institution to be abolished, or to fail for want of adequate support? an institution whose sole object is to provide these very men with the holy Scriptures, which, under the Divine blessing, will qualify them for that warfare wherein, as Christians, they must be engaged, and in which by far the greater number (as members of the Church •of England) have pledged theniselves “manfully to fight under the banner of the King of kings, against sin, the world, and the devil, and to continue Christ's faithful soldiers and servants to their lives' end.” We extract a few of the testimonies alluded to above. The following letter from a Naval Officer was recommended strongly to the attention of the Committee by the Vice-Admiral of the station. “The changes which have taken place in the crew of his Majesty's ship under my command, have very much reduced the books I procured for thern, which I much regret, as I have had the comfort to observe the most happy effects on the lives of the crews of several ships I have commanded, in consequence of the distribution of the Scriptures anong them; but very remarkably in this ship, having many men who, when I received them, were the tuost depraved creatures, but who through having their minds directed on the Sabbath invariably to a due observance thereof, and perusing the Gospels, are now, I am happy to say, leading sober and Chris
tian lives; and as I am fully persuaded of your charitable inclination to second such. efforts, I take the liberty to beg your influence in recommending my crew to the , Naval and Military Bible Society, for a supply of Bibles and Testaments in proportion to my complement of men." . Another Naval Officer thus writes:— “In a sloop I formerly commanded I have been witness to the estimation in which sailors hold the sacred word; as, when they were wrecked, though their clothing was lost, yet they paid attention to the preservation of their Bibles, and used constantly to read them afterwards, wheu in prison.” The following is from a Military Officer — “Inclosed herewith is the return required, and I beg to avail myself of this opportunity to express my satisfaction at the laudable intentions of the Naval and Military Bible Society; being convinced, in reference to this
book as much as possible, the less probability will there be of the Papists making proselytes amongst my men, towards effecting which their labours never cease.” Another Military Officer observes:— “I have taken the liberty of acquainting you that I have, for a considerable time back, been in the habit of receiving from Colonel • Bibles and Testaments to distribute to the Regiment of , but particularly to those poor married men, who are unable to purchase such: I feel pleasure to say, I have good reason to believe that they were not given in vain, but that, through the mercy and grace of God in Christ Jesus, several have not only been made wise unto salvation, but are now walking in the ways of piety: upon this ground, I trust, Sir, you will be so kind as to supply the place of the Colonel.”
SOCIETY Fort The suppression of vic E. An occasional Report, marked No.VI., has
lately been published by this Society. Their
former Report, we are happy to find, had produced such an accession of subscribers as enabled then to resume those active operations which had been in some measure suspended through a deficiency of funds. But for the narrowness of those funds their operations would have been unuch more extensive. They have entered, however, on five prosecutions, which they hope to bring to a successful issue. The vigilance of the Society has continued to be directed to insuring the decorous observance of the Lord's-day, and its aid has been solicited by respectable individuals, clergymen, and even magistrates. In one
instance a clergyman requested the Society to undertake to repress the licentiousness of
his parish, which was represented as a task."
become too arduous for the parish officers. The prosecutions of this class, resorted to by
their shops on a Sunday, it is evident that others must either do the same, or risk the loss of their customefs. To relieve them therefore from this hardship, it is in justice due to them, that the law be applied equally
the Society since the last Report, have to all.” - The Committee next state the efforts they
amounted to 150, all of which were cases in which previous admonition had failed to produce any effect. The attention of the Society to this offence has been complained of, as harsh and unjustifiable. This conplaint is ably repelled, and it is shewn that no blame can attach to the Society which does not at least equally attach to the laws of the land. On this subject the learned Judge Blackstone has thus expressed himself:“The profanation of the Lord's-day is an offence against God and religion, punished by the municipal law of England; for, besides the notorious indecency and scandal of permitting any secular business to be publicly transacted on that day in a country that professes Christianity, and the corruption of morals, which usually follows its profanation, the keeping one day in seven holy, as a time of relaxation and refreshment, as well as for public worship, is of admirable service to a state, considered merely as a civil institution. It humanizes, by the help of society and conversation, the manners of the lower classes, which would otherwise degenerate into a sordid ferocity and savage selfishness of spirit: it enables the industrious workman to pursue his occupation in the ensuing week with health and cheerfulness: it imprints on the minds of the people that sense of their duty to God so necessary to make them good citizens; but which yet would be worn out and detaced by an unremitting continuance of labour without any stated times of recalling them to the worship of their Maker.” 4 Bl. C. p. 68. The Committee add, in conclusion, “that, independently of the obligation which is incumbent on every one to obey, both the laws of God, which command that the Lord'sday shall be kept holy, and those of the land, which prohibit, under certain penalties, all open profanations of it; it is evident that much temporal advantage and comfort would be derived to all who live by trade or labour, from an entire cessation of their ordinary business and occupations on the Sabbath. It is felt, and has frequently been expressed to the Society by many tradesmen, as a great hardship that they cannot enjoy one-day's
respite in the week from the fatigues of buzz
siness; and that they are deprived of an
opportunity of attending public worship. “
Mat if some persons of that description open
have made, and the success they have had, in detecting the venders of obscene books and
prints; several of whom are under prose. o
The accounts received from the Societies .
at York, Hull, Chathan, and Rochester, are highly satisfactory. Much has been done at each of these places for the suppression of the flagrant evils of prostitution and the violation of the Sabbath. At Hull alone, fourteen brothels had been suppressed, and four more remained under prosecution; besides which, some landlords, through fear of disgrace, had cleared their houses of insamous tenants, whose crimes they had before promoted. The Committee have assisted in establishing similar societies at Newcastle upon Tyne, Liverpool, and Stowmarket; and also at Oxford, under ti.e patronage of the Vice-Chancellor. : ** The following extract of a letter from Stowmarket will illustrate the benefits derived from thc institution of societies of this description. “I received your much-esteemed favour, in answer to mine of the 9th February, and
immediately after began my proceedings
nearly in the following manner. It was my intention to have sent a private notice to each person, but having but one of each sort, I called on them, read the printed one to them, and left a written copy, allowing them two more Sundays. By some I was much abused,
and by others welcomed. After the expira
tion of the two Sundays allowed, many were informed that they should be still supplied with goods on a Sunday; 1 therefore deemed it necessary to have it regularly cried,
(that all those who should henceforth, &c.)
which was done on the 21st ult, in every part of the town, and the next day being
Sunday, I had the satisfaction to see every
shop closed, and the town wear quite a different aspect. The printed papers greatly
conduced to effect my purpose; and had it
not been for the aid of the Society for the Suppression of Vice, I should have found much trouble, even in compulsory neasures. This is one more, amongst the many evils suppressed by that excellent institution, whose aid is here gratefully acknowledged by, &c.”
THE career of Lord. Wellington in Spain, during the last month, has been of the most splendid description; and such as places him in the very first rank of military commanders. *Marmont, whom in our last number we left retreating before the allies, having been largely reinforced by the accession of General Bonnet's anny, and of the garrisons on the northern sea-coast of Spain, appears to have resolved on cutting off Lord Wellington from Salamanca and Ciudad Rodrigo. With this view, he continued, from the 15th to the 22d of July, to make a rapid succession of masterly movements; but they were all completely frustrated by the skill and vigilance of his lordship. During the whole of this critical week, the hostile armies appear to have been for the most part within sight of each other. On the 18th they came into contact, and a partial engagement ensued, in which our troops had the advantage, having taken prisoners General Carrier, and about two hundred and forty inen, and killed and wounded many. The allied loss was ninetyfive killed, about four hundred wounded, and fifty-four missing. * . . . .” On the morning of the 21st, both armies were near the Tormes, a little to the southward of Salamanca. The whole of that day was consumed in manoeuvring, with a view, en the part of the enemy, to turn one, or other of our flanks, so as to be able to commence his attack with advantage. Every manoeuvre was anticipated with admirable foresight by Lord Wellington, and its object defeated. A great part of the succeeding day, the 22d, was consumed in similar movements. About two in the afternoon, Marmont, whose army was strongly posted, made a great effort to turn our right flank, and by this effort weakened his centre. LordWellington, however, had been prepared for this event; and at the moment when the enemy thought he had gained his point, he found himself out-flanked and turned on his
left, and at the same moment attacked both in
front and in flank with a vigour which nothing could resist. The attack was completely successful, and the enemy's left was overthrown. Successive attacks were then made on the heights where the main body of the hostile army was posted; and though our divisions were twice repulsed,the heights were at length carried in the most gallant style,
and the rout became general. The prisonets taken on the field of battle, and in the pursuit, amounted to about seven thousand men, among whom were one general, six colonels, and one hundred and thirty other officers. The number of killed and wounded is estimated at ten to twelve thousand men. Eleven pieces of cannon, two eagles, and six stand of colours, fell into our hands. Marmont himself was severely wounded, and is said to be since dead of his wounds; and four French general officers were killed. Our own loss on this occasion was, as might be expected, severe. Major-General Le Marchant was killed, and Marshal Beres...ford, Lieutenant-Generals Cotton, Leith, and o, Cole, and Major-General Allen, severely wounded. The total loss of the allies, in the battle and in the pursuit, including officers, amounted to seven hundred and fortyfive killed, four thousand three hundred and thirty wounded, and two hundred and sixtytwo missing. The loss of the British alone, was about four hundred and twenty killed, ..and two thousand seven hundred and fifty wounded; among whom were thirtyone officers killed, and one hundred and seventy-six wounded. The Spaniards lot two killed and four wounded. The remainder of the loss was Portuguese. It appears, that Joseph Bonaparte left Madrid on the 21st, with about feurteen thousand men, intending to join Marmont, whose purpose it probably was, to deter a general battle until this reinforcement had , arrived. The attack of Lord Wellington frustrated that intention. Joseph, on heat. ing of Marmont's defeat, retraced his steps towards Madrid; and so near were our troops to him at one time, that on the 25th about thirty of his rear-guard were made prisoners, , a short time after he himself had quitted the spot. When he arrived within a short dio tance of Madrid, instead of proceeding thi. other, he changed his route, and marched in , the direction of Segovia, hoping probably to effect a junction with the army of Mar. mont, which had passed Walladolid, abando" ing in that place much stores and ammuno tion, and a number of sick and wounded, and had taken the direction of Burgos. On the 4th instant, Lord Wellington's head-quarten were at Cuellar, but a part of his army law been pushed forward after the flying column" of the French. Suchet was said to be advano ing towards Madrid, with fifteen thousan'
1812.] Public Affairs—North of Europe... America...Great Britain. 547
* General Hill continued to keep the enemy
in check in the south. His head-quarters, by the last accounts, were at Zafra. On the ilorthern shore of Spain a squadron under *Sir Home Popham has been employed" in beating up the enemy's quarters, and appears to have been of some use in distracting his
attention. St. Andero has been evacuated
‘by the French, and is in our possessibil:''''
• The bombardment of Cadiz has recently proceeded with an increase of vigour, and some slight damage has been done to the town, and some alarm created-among the inhabitants, by the bursting of shells.
in turn the assailants aud pursuers. And it is obvious, that if such a favourable moment should arriveNand that Bonaparta should be forced to re his steps, his retreat through a hostile couhtry must be disastrous in proportion to the distance to which he may have penetrated, o *** * * Peace has certainly been made between Russia and Turkey. to... Peace has also been declared between , Great Britain and both Russia and Sweden. . A confideut hope is entertained that Sweden will take an active part in the war against Bonaparte, and a large armament is said to *have been almost in a state of readiness for
- effecting a descent on Pomerania. There
No account has yet been received of the can be no doubt that 40 or 50,000 Swedes,
landing on the Peninsula of the large armament of British troops from Sicily, and Spanish troops from Minorca, which had been collected at the latter place, and was supposed to be destined for Catalonia.
North of EUROPE. . .
No general battle has yet taken place between the iminense armies of Russiaus and French which are now opposed to each other on the plains of Russia. The Russians persist in their plan of avoiding a general engagement, and the utmost efforts of Bonaparte have proved unavailing to force them to depart from it. They continue also to destroy their magazines, and waste the country in the line of their retreat. The French bulletins which have reached us down to the 7th inst. (viz. the 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th and 12th,) are filled with details of movements and of partial engagements, but contain no account of any very decisive advantages on either side. The Russians appear en the whole to have been successful in repelling the attacks of the French, and Bonaparte's own bulletins contain admissions to this effect. The last bulletin was dated from Witepsk, where Bonaparte had fixed his head-quarters. The Russian armies were ranged between that place and Sunolensk, evidently intending, if forced to it, to fall back on Moscow. Indeed, the Emperor has declared himself prepared even to abandon Moscow to the enemy, if the success of his systematic plan of defensive warfare should require it. His object seems to be to preserve the Russian armies in an unbroken state, until events shall favour their becoming
* * GREAT Parliament was prorogued on the 30th of July, by the Lord Chancellor. The speech read by him in the name of the Prince Regent, after expressing deep concern at the
under Bernadotte, landing in that quarter, might operate most important effects, and give a perfectly new aspect to the whole state of continental affairs,
---. ) ... UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 9. War has at length been declared by th United States, against Great Britain. The act of Congress, declaring war, is dated the 18th of June. It is accompanied by a message from the President, which may be considered as the Manifesto of America. Its object is to present, in a cumulative view, all the alleged wrongs inflicted by Great Britain on America, and which have led to this appeal to arms, the ultima ratio regum. Even those wrongs are produced, as in the case of the Chesapeak, for which reparation had been made and accepted. The point chiefly dwelt upon, is the injury arising from our Orders in Council. On this ground it is, that hopes are entertained that the repeal of those Orders, when known, will lead to a suspension of hostilities. We are far from sanguine on this point. We shall, however, hail with delight any return on the part of America to more peaceful counsels.—The only effects which have hitherto followed the declaration of war, have been the capture of ships at sea belonging to both countries, and the detention of some Annerican ships in our ports. We defer any discussion of the reasons given by the Arnerican government for plunging into this war, until it shall be decided, whether the war is to proceed notwithstanding the abrogation of our Orders in Council.
continuance of his Majesty's indisposition, and deploring the event which had so long interrupted the deliberations of Parliament, alludes to the affairs of the Peninsula, and to
o, the capture of Ciudad Rodrigo and Badajoz, as affording a hope of bringing those af. fairs to a prosperous issue. The renewal of
the war in the North is said to furnish an additional proof of the little security to be ...best interests of the kingdom. The speech
* derived from submission to the usurpations of the French government; and the Prince Regent hopes that Parliament will approve of his affording to the powers engage i in this contest, every degree of co-operation consistent with the interests of the empire. Great regretis expressed at the hostile measures recently adopted by the government of Ame
fica; a hope is, however, expressed, that the relations of peace and amity may yet be restored; but if not, the Prince Regent relies on the support of all classes, in a contest involving the honour of the crown and the
concludes with adverting to the disturbances which had taken place in the northern counties, and declares, that it will be a priucipal object of his Royal Highness's attention, to make an effectual and prudent use of the powers vested in him for the protection of the people.
On Thursday, the 6th of August, died Jacob Min, a Jew, and native of Elbing, in Polish Prussia. -, * He embraced the Christian faith upwards of twelve months ago, and was publicly baptized by the Rev. Dr. Nicol, at the Jews' Chapel, on the 20th of May last. From the time he professed the Christian religion, he was diligent in attending the means of grace at the Jews' Chapel, Having received a German Bible from the London Society, he was observed to be coustantly and seriously engaged in perusing it; and from the plain and unequivocal declarations he made of his faith in the Messiah, there is good ground to believe that the Scriptures were accompanied with the blessing of the Holy Spirit. He had been, in oue moment, reduced from very affluent circumstances to poverty, by the incursion of the French. From the natural independence of his mind, he applied himself diligently, at the age of sortythree, to learn the business of a tailor; but grief was rapidly undermining his constitution. He gradually became weaker, and, soon after his baptism, was so reduced, as to be confined to his room. During his illness, he often expressed the greatest solicitude about his family, who arrived in England only five weeks before his death, and to whom he earnestly and repeatedly recomonended the Christian religiou. Feariug he might not live to see them, and being deeply
concerned for their eternal interests, he had, before their arrival, made a will, appointing the Rev. Thos. Fry, the Rev. J. S. C. F.Frey, and Joseph Fox, Esq. guardians of his five children, with full power to secure their instruction in the Christian religion. When his family arrived, he committed his wife and children to the London Society, expressing the greatest resignation, and declaring the satisfaction it would give him to see them baptized. He was sensible to the last, and his conversations evinced that he built his hopes on that Foundation which God hath laid in Zion. He was interred in the German buryingground, Ayliff Street, Goodman's Fields, attended by the committee of the London Society for promoting Christianity amongst the Jews, and the children under its patronage. The Rev. Dr. Schwabe addressed a numerous and attentive audience in the German language, and spoke to the children in English; and the Rev. Mr. Frey concluded with an address in English".
* The above account is printed by desire of the committee of the Society there mentioned; who also wish it to be announced, that two sermons, preached at the anniversary meeting of the Society, by the Rev. W. Marsh, and the Rev. Dr. Collyer, will shortly be published.