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think them a very dull race of men, to say the least. I was struck when I first came to Africa with the different unanner in which a Krooman and a Mandingo man (a Mohaumedan) viewed an English clock. It was a new thing to both ot them. The Krooman eyed it attentively for about a minute, but with an unmoved countenance, and then walked away to look at soueihing else, without saying a word. The Mandingo man could not sufficiently admire the equal and constant motion of the pendulum; his attention was repeatedly drawn to it; he made all possible inquiries as to the cause of its motion; he renewed the subject next morning, and could hardly be persuaded that the Pendulum had continued to “walk,” as he called it, all night. In general, I think, the case is nearly the same. They have little * nocuriosity about things which are of no use in their own country; they are careless about our comforts and luxuries; none of them have been rendered necessary by habit, and they would often be inconsistent with the principal objects of their pursuit. But
Komen are sufficiently acute and observ
*m where the occasion calls their minds into action; but it is rather from a general view of their character and conduct that I say this, than from particular speci*ens of ingenuity. They have not the use of letters, and will not permit their children "karu; they talk miserably bad English: living by daily labour, which is paid for in ropean goods, they have no occasion for *nufactures of their own. They have but *" opportunities, therefore, of displaying Peculiar talents. They make their own *noes, several of their implements of agri*ure, and some trifling musical instru*nts; I know not of any thing else worthy *notice. I ought not to omit, however, that they sometimes plead in their own deonce with nuch art. The evidence against * of the very last I examined on a charge * thest was so strong, that few men would have had the boldness to deny the charge. The culprit, however, began a long speech "ith expressing his sorrow that I was not born *Krooman, and proceeded to enlarge on the superior ability I should in that case have Possessed to distinguish between truth and falsehood, in all cases wherein Kroomen were concerned; not forgetting the security against deception which I might possibly have obtained by means of those setishes of which white men knew not the value nor the use. Had I possessed but these advantages, I should have known, he argued, how much more safely I might rely on his
veracity than on all the evidence produced against him; although it was backed by the unfortunate circumstance of the stolen goods being found in his possession. The substance of his detence was, that he had fairly purchased the goods, not kilowing them to be stolen; and that Kroomen, whom he named, were witnesses of the transaction, though for private reasons they would not speak. His guilt was clear: but, had he possessed a tolerable character, he would have had some cliance of escaping with a timid jury. He had been tried once or twice before, and acquitted.” pp. 99–101.
A considerable portion of the Appendix is occupied by the Correspondence of a Mr. John Kizell with the Governor of Sierra Leone, detailing his negotiations with the chiefs in the river Sherbro, to whom the Governor had sent him, in the hope of inducing them to concur in measures for effectually abolishing the Slave Trade in that district. Kizell is one of the negro colonists of Sierra Leone. He was originally the son of a chief in this very river Sherbro. He was carried, when about twelve years of age, as a slave, to North America; but obtained his freedom by joining the British standard during the American war. At Nova Scotia he acquired so much knowledge of letters as to be able to read and write ; and since he has resided at Sierra Leone he is stated to have uniformly maintained an excellent character. We give the following extract from the communications of this African envoy, as a rare specimen of diplomatic simplicity.
“I took this opportunity of talking to the chiefs on the Slave Trade. I told them that the blood of their people cried against them, and that God had heard it. They had killed the poor of the land; the people that should work the land; and had sold them to fill their bellies. All their people were gone or going to other countries. They allowed the Slave Trade to stop their ears, and blind their eyes: for a little rum and tobacco they allowed their people to be carried off, and said nothing. I then told them of their bad ways towards their wives, whom they had when they were young, by whom also they had children: but whom, when they get o: old, they will accuse of being
witches, so as to get rid of them to make room for young women; of these, some chiefs had thirty, some twenty, some fifteen, some ten, some more or less. Then they called themselves great men. And if any of the young men were caught with their wives, he must be sold; and if any of his family complained, all of them were likely to be sold too. They all knew this to be the truth. They had also a bad way of poisoning people with red water": so, in one way or another, they made away with their people. I told them to look at Tasso: all the young people of that place had been sold: the town was now broken up, and had none but old people in it. As I spoke, they all hung down their heads. They said, “All you say is the truth; we can say nothing against it." Then I said they must leave off these practices. They said, “They knew that the Kings of England and Sherbro were friends in the old time; the old people had told them so : but the King of Englaud had thrown them away, and has sent his ships to buy them, although the agreement was, that they were not to be sold, as they were his people.' “The next day I went to take a walk with one of my boys, and was surprised to see so many coffee trees near the town. Some places were entirely covered by them. I pulled up three plants, and carried them to the town: I asked what it was They said it was all over their country. I then told them it was coffee. They said, They did not know it: they can get plenty of it in the season. 1 told then if they would get a house full of it, I would buy it of them. Four days after, some people came from the upper country (the interior) to see me. I began to talk about the coffee. They said, I must go and shew it to them. When I had done this, they said, They thought it was nothing valuable; it was in their country also, and they used it to fence their plantations: it was all over the country: at some places nothing else was to be seen. , I was glad to find that there was another trade which might be put in the room of the Slave Trade, and which might not lie in the hands of the white traders and the chiefs. The coffee trade is fit for women and boys, so that the poor women and the young people may get money as well as the chiefs; for at present they and the white slave traders
“* The common ordeal in Africa, for the trial of crimes, is an infusion of the bark of a certain tree called Red Water. This is drunk by such accused persons as deny their guilt, and according to the effect produced by it *y are declared guilty or not guilty."
keep the country under, because they can get goods, and the rest cannot. I have heard them (the traders) say, that the natives are their money. I was concerned to think that there was no man to be found among them who had the welfare of this country and people at heart, to observe what is in it, and what it will produce, instead of taking the natives and carrying them to the European islands to raise coffee, which is the natural plant of Africa." Her people are carried of to raise coffee to supply the markets of Erope, when they might as well get it from Africa, if the people were but directed what to do. But I thank Almighty God for his over-ruling power; he does all things in their season; and this is the time he has appointed in which to rouse the great men of England, and to put it in their hearts to consider the human race. May the Almighty God incline them to persevere; for these men of sin would wish to keep the black people in slavery, and their minds in darkness, so that they should enjoy neither the good of this world, nor the happiness of the world to come." pp.121,122. The Appendix closes with the judgment of Sir William Scott in the case of a vessel called the Donna Mariana, which was heard by him on an appeal from the Vice-Admiralty Court of Sierra Leone. This ship had belonged to Samuel Mac. dowal and Co. of Liverpool, who sent her, under the command of one Vauralst, to Pernambuco, whence, after the form of a sale to a Portuguese merchant, she went, under the command of the same Waurals, with a carge on board assorted for the Slave Trade, to the coast of Africa. Here she was taken, just as she was proceeding to comment, her traffic. Sir W. Scott confirmed the sentence of condemnation which had been pronounced by the Vio Admiralty Court, observing, that" had little doubt that this was in fact a British owned vessel, and that the asserted transfer was only colourable the Portuguese disguise havingbo assumed for the mere purpose." protecting the property of Broo merchants in a traffic in which " was not lawful for them to engago We have been under the no sity of omitting much, which ** persuaded would interest out
In the press: A new work by Mrs. H. More, in 2 vols. entitled “Christian Morals;”—Sir Philip Warwick's Memoirs of the Reign of Charles I., with a Continuation to the Restoration of Charles II.; with Annotations;– Particulars of the Life of a Dissenting Minister, with occasional Reflections, illustrative of the Education and professional State of the Dissenting Clergy, and of the Character and Manners of the Dissenters in general;— A new edition of the Life and Prophecies of Merlin;–Prophetic Records of the Christian Era, Sacred, Moral, and Political, by the Rev. R. Clarke;—Studies in History, Part I. containing an abridged History of Greece, with moral and religious Reflections, by the Rev. T. Morrell, of St. Neots;–A popular Survey of the Reformation and fundemeatal Doctrines of the Church of Englaud, in one vol. 8vo., by Mr. Custance;— and, The Lives of the Puritans, by the Rev. B. Brook, of Tutbury, in 3 vols. 8vo.
Preparing for publication: (By subscription) A History of the House of Commons of Great Britain and Ireland, from the earliest Period to the present Time.
An application to Parliament is intended to be made, next session, to form a new street from Pall Mall, opposite Carlton House, to the south end of Portland Place, of the width of 100 feet. It is to run at right angles with Pall Mall.
The tessellated pavement discovered in 1811, at Bignor, in Sussex, was covered with earth to preserve it during last winter. It has been lately opened again, and the sur
rounding land dug up, for the purpose of further discovery. A series of apartments are now exposed, all paved with beautiful Mosaic, the most of it in the highest state of preservation, and exhibiting, perhaps, the best specimen of the kind in this country. The various figures are well defined and delineated; some of them very beautiful, particularly an eagle with Ganymede, a pheasant, a dolphin, and some others. Walls are erecting on the ancient foundations, the ruins furnishing materials, so, that the plan of the building may be tolerably traced. It no doubt has been the villa of some of the Roman generals, the chief city of the Regni, Chichester, where Vespasian fixed his headquarters, being withiu a few miles, and the ancient Roman road thence to London crossing the South Downs directly in front of the edifice. The surrounding scenery is very romantic, and Inust have been always interesting. The destructiou may be dated from that of many other monuments of the power and splendour of the Romans at one time in this country, from the barbarous invasion of the Saxons under the ferocious Ella, who, irritated with the formidable opposition he met at Chichester, ravaged it and the surrounding country with fire and sword with the most unrelenting fury. So completely had time effaced all appearance of former habitation, that the same family have ploughed the field every year for thirty years past, without the remotest suspicion of the treasure it contained, till last autumn the ploughshare came in contact with one of the large stones of the building.
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become members of this association. Under these circumstances, we trust that they will not confine their views to what any one sotiety (whatever number of affiliated societies may be joined to it) can accomplish; but that they will at once go to the Legislature with a plan for educating the poor, which shall enbrace every parish in the kingdom (we had almost said, in the empire), and which shall enact, that wherever there do not- already exist sufficient means of educating the poor in the principles of the Established Church, such means shall be provided, by a parish or other rate; the whole, being subjected by means of regular reports to be made to the Privy Council, to the superintendance and observation of the legislature and the public. Ameasure of this kind, while it would secure the means in every place of educating the poor in the principles of the Established Church, would at the same time leave every one perfectly at liberty to pursue such a tourse of education, or to for in such institutions, as he might deem eligible: and this, we *pprehend, would take away every reasonable objection which could be made to the Pan by dissenters from the establishment. How much more efficacious would such a lefolative act as we have suggested, prove, in extending and perpetuating the blessings ofa Christian education throughout the land, than all the labours of all the voluntary ocieties for instructing the poor in the *glom. Supposing this plan to be carried no effect, then would the National Society * of the most essential benefit in supplying * parochial schools with schoolmasters Properly initiated into the new methods of tuition. It may be necessary here to guard ourselves from misconception. If we are zea* for the extension of education on the Poinciples of the “Liturgy and Catechism.” of the Church ol England, it is not because that church happens to be established by law-happens to be the national church; but *cause we believe it in our conscience to be, *ithout any exception, the best form of *istianity which is professed in the land; the best adapted fur training both the young and the old to knowledge and virtue, *nd for uarshalling them in the way to hea"on. Having said thus much, we shall now Proceed to give an abstract of the Report. Having already given some account of the formation of this society, it will be unneces*ary to recur to that part of its history. Soon after its institution, a temporary school was provided at Holborn Hill for the reception of one hundred scholars, and Dr. Bell's
assistance was requested in regulating it. Dr. Bell has given his aid to the society gratuitously,and has acted with great zeal in their service. The Committee intended to sorin a number of schools in and near the metropolis, under their own superiutendance; but it was finally considered as more eligible to confine their immediate superintendance to a large central school of one thousand children, projected in Baldwin's Gardens (and since established), and to give occasional as. sistance and encouragement to other districts and parishes. In pursuance of this plan, they had given 200l. to a school in Orchard Street, Westminster, with the view of enlarging it so as to contain one thousand scholars, and were deliberating on other applications of a similar kind. The Committee specisy the noble institution of the Military Asylum at Chelsea, founded by the Duke of York, as an example of the system of instruction which they wish to establish. And certainly it is impossible to conceive an institution which is more admirably regulated, or which more exactly answers the end for which it was formed, the Christian education of youth. We were much pleased with the following article in the Appendix. It refers to applications for aid from Mr. Procter of Newland, and Mr. Berkin of Mitchel Dean, in the fo. rest of Dean. “At Newland they began to erect a new school in June last. The chief subscribers to the building were the Duke of Beaufort, the Bishop of Gloucester, and Mr. Secretary Ryder; but the estimate of the expence far exceeded the amount of the subscriptions at that time. Mr. Procter, however, was proceeding in the work with great zeal; and the Duke of Beaufort and Lord Glenbervie had promised an annual subscription towards the salary of a master. “At Mitchel-Dean a school has actually been built, and was opened on the 1st of January last. The building was undertaken by Mr. Berkin, at the first, at his own risk. He has since been assisted by his private friends, and in particular by a liberal donation from the Duke of Beaufort, who has also promised an annual subscription. But a considerable proportion of the expence still rests upon Mr. Berkin himself. “An estimate may be formed of the good likely to be produced by these schools from the information which has been furnished by this zealous promoter of the education of the poor. At the first opening of his new school he had 140 scholars, and the number has since increased to 350. When Mr. Berkin