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calculated that upwards of 1500 ladies and gentlemen were present. Lord Teignmouth was called to the chair, and shortly opened the business of the meeting. After the Secretaries of the Parent Society had explained the extent and variety of the claims of that Society on the public countenance and support, Lord Castlereagh proposed the usual series of resolutions for the formation of an Auxiliary Bible Society, and was seconded by Mr. Whitbread. The Resolutions were unanimously adopted. The other speakers, on this occasion, were the Chancellor of the Exchequer; the Right Hon.Geo. Rose; W. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P.; T. R. Kemp, Esq. M. P.; Rev. J. Townsend; R. Graut, Esq.; Rev. Mr. Saunders; Mr. Williams; H. Thornton, Esq. M. P.; Rev. J. W. Cuumingham, &c. We shall not attempt even to characterise the different speeches which were delivered at this meeting. Susfice it to say, that on no similar occasion have we witnessed a more striking display of eloquence than on this, nor a more lively interest on the part of the company present. The business of the day was conducted throughout with a most gratifying cordiality and unanimity. Their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of York, Kent, Cumberland, Sussex, and Cambridge, were chosen Patrons;—the Dukes of Richmond and Bedford, Vice-Patrons;—the Marquis of Buckingham, High Steward of Westminster, President; — the Marquises of Lansdowne and Blandford; the Earls of Dartinouth, Harrington, Bristol, Hardwicke, Romney, Rosslyn, and Clancarty; Wiscounts Castlereagh and Morpeth; Lords Glenville and Dynevor; the Speaker of the House of Commons; the Right Hon. N. Vansittart, G. Rose, R. Ryder, and Col. M'Mahon; and the very Rev. the Dean of Westruinster, Vice-Presidents;–Samuel Thornton, Esq. Treasurer, W.Wilherforce, Esq. M.P.; H. Thornton, Esq. M.P.; T. Babington, Esq. M. P.; S. Whitbread, Esq. M. P.; T. Kemp, Esq. M. P.; and R. Grant, Esq., Honorary Members of the Committee;—and the Rev. W. Gurney, the Rev. Dr. Winter, Col. Neville, and Major Handfield, Secretaries.
of the weather, the meeting was numerously and respectably attended. In the absence of the Lord Lieutenant, his relative, the Rev. G. W. Onslow, Rector of Send and Ripley, was unanimously called to the chair, who opened the business of the day by reading the requisition and by stating the important object for which the assembly was convened. The Rev. C. Jerram, Vicar of Chobham, next addressed the meeting in a speech of considerable length and ability. He began by lameating the absence of the Secretaries of the Parent Institution, and the unexpected task which had consequently devolved upon him of explaining the donestic and foreign advantages to be derived from the British and Foreign Bible Society. He described with great perspicuity the objects of that noble institution, many of the benefits already derived from it, and the still more glorious effects that might be anticipated in future. He ably vindicated the Society from the objections which had been made to it, and concluded by making a forcible and affecting appeal to the hearts and minds of his auditors. The other principal speakers on this occasion, were Sir Thomas Sutton, Bart, M.P.; Geo. Holme Summer, Esq. M.P.; the Rev. W. Rose; Gurney Barclay, Esq.; Rev.W. H. Cole; Rev. G. West; Rev. Wilcox; Rev. G. Lefroy; Rev. J. Wilson; Rev. S. Percy. The Earl of Onslow was appointed President, and the following noblemen and gentlemen Vice-Presidents:— Marquiswellesley; Earl Spencer; Earl Rothes; Viscount Middleton; Wiscount Templetown; Lord Grantley; Viscount Cranley; Hon. Col. Onslow, M.P.; Sir Thomas Sutton, Bart. M.P.; Geo. Holme Sumner, Esq. M.P.; Mr. Sergeant Onslow, M.P.; Charles Rose Ellis, Esq. M. P.; John De Ponthieu, Esq. M. P.; the Rev. the Archdeacon of Surrey. Treasurer, W. Haydon, Esq.; Secretarics, Rev. Joseph Wilson, Rev. Stephen Percy.
A report of the proceedings and a list of the subscriptions will immediately be published. Nearly 700l. has been already subscribed.
n UTLAND AND stay for D Aux1 LTA RY biple society.
On Thursday, the 12th of November, a very numerous meeting of the Ladies and Gentlemen of the County of Rutland and its neighbourhood, was held, pursuant to advertisement, at the Grammar School, in Oakham; when the business of the day was opened by calling to the chair the worthy representative for that county, Charles NNoel, Esq. Mr. Noel then explained the object of the meeting, and entered at some length into the history of the Parent Institution; which, he said, had been originally viewed with jealousy; but as the real motives of the founders had become more thoroughly understood, and the beneficial effects of this liberal establishment been more fully experienced, these objections had in a considerable degree subsided, and the members of this mulnerous society had now the unspeakable pleasure of dispensing, far and near, the Gospel of Salvation, and of scattering their pious gists over every quarter of the globe. “No inan who hears me," said Mr. Noel, “needs my help to point out the value of the sacred volume, and every one who is sensible of the blessing of possessing it must feel his heart glow within him as he reflects on the successful labours of the Society which has united Christians of every denomination in the grateful work of communicating to the poor around their dwellings, and in the distant regions of the earth, the best of bencfits.” Mr. Hughes, who very kindly attended to assist in the formation of this Society, then rose, and with his usual eloquence enlarged upon the extraordinary success with which the Parent Institution had been blessed; and ably vindicated it from the inputations which had been cast upon it. He spoke with exultation of the prevailing wish, throughout this country, to propagate in all lands the knowledge of the word of God. * The Rev. H. Neville, Rector of Cottes
more, in a very energetic manner, testified his pleasure that this little county. which had always been distinguished for its loyalty, was now becoming elevated to a superior rank as standing forward amongst the Patrons of religion. Wm. Boltbee, Esq. of Ketton, took occasion to advise, as a very suitable appendage to the distribution of Bibles, that the attention of the county should be turned without delay to the forming of an Education Establishment, that the Bibles which they were now going to disseminate among their neighbours might be thereby rendered more extensively useful. The Rev. Mr. Baker, Rector of Lyndon, in a short appropriate speech, recommended the appointment of their present Chairman to the office of President; which was unanimously agreed to. The Rev. Gerard Noel, Vicar of Rainham, in Kent, concluded a most impressive and animated address with a solemn and affecting appeal to his auditory on the great importance of the object for which they wer" assembled. The other speakers were, the Rev. Mr. Hubbard, of Stamford,Wm. Johnson, Esq. of Stan" ford; the Rev. G. Foster, of Oakham; the Rev. Mr. Hardyman, Rector of North Luk fenham; the Rev. Mr. Swann, Rector * Ridlington; the Rev. Mr. Jesse, and the Rev. J. Green, of Uppingham. But we are sorry that we are unable to give even the slightest sketch of their speeches.
* We must refer our Readers to the Appendix for a great mass of Religious lutelligent. which we have hitherto been obliged to postpone.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
The present month has proved unusually eventful. The accounts from the North have presented one continued series of Russian victories and French disasters. In our last number we left Bonaparte's invading army in full retreat from Moscow, which had been re-occupied by the Russians, and suffering not only from the sword of the enemy, but from the intenseness of the cold, and from privations of every kind. This, however, seems to have been but the prelude of the oalamitous tale, which the succeeding month
was destined to supply. The whole line of the retreat, from Moscow to Smolensk, which the French army reached about the 14th of Nov. exhibited, according to Sir Robert Wilson, scenes of destruction, with: out example in modern war, from the num" ber of dead and dying men, and carcase, of horses, many of then cut up for food, peasant's houses every where on fire, ammo. nition carriages blowing up, and qualities: wreck of every description. An intercepted letter of Beauharnois, dated the 8th of No", fully confirms this picture. “I am som/ to find myself,” he says, “reduced to the
disagreeable necessity of owning to you the sacrifices which we have made, in order to hasten our march. The last three days' march has cost the army two-thirds of its artillery, Yesterday 400 horses perished, and to-day, perhaps, twice as many. Sometimes, all the horses that were drawing a carriage perished at once. Several carriages were even furnished three times with fresh sets. The sufferings, during the last three days, have so dispirited the soldiers, that I think them unable to make any effort. Many have died with hunger and cold : others, being driven to desperation, suffer themselves to be taken by the enemy.”—In the mean time, a variety of engagements had taken place, not only in the line of the retreat of the main army, but at Witepsk, Polotsk, &c., in all of which the French appear to have been beaten, with great loss. Witepsk and Polotsk were retaken. On the 9th of November, Beauharnois' corps was attacked and beaten, with great slaughter: 3000 prisoners and 62 pieces of cannon were taken. About the 14th of November, Bonaparte abandoned Smolensk, and collected his remaining force at Krasnoi. There he was attacked by Marshal Kutusoff, on the 16th. The conflict was long and severe, but it ended in the defeat of the French, and the capture of upwards of 9000 prisoners. At the close of the battle, Bonaparte, who had been an eyewitness of it, fled with his suite across the Dnieper. The attack was renewed by Kutusoff, on the following day, when, after a comparatively feeble struggle, 12,000 men laid down their arms. Minsk being in possession of the Russians, the remains of the French force, together with Bonaparte himself, took the road to Wilna, closely followed and dreadfully harassed by the Cossacks. The latest Russian accounts reach only to the 24th of November, and it appears by them that considerable advantages continued to be obtained. The Russian headquarters were then at Orsa. Having thus pursued the course of the Russian intelligence, we turn, with pleasure, to that which is furnished by Bonaparte himself, and which inore than confirms the hostile narrative. The last of his Bulletins which we have had occasion to notice, was the 25th. The 26th and 27th Bulletins, dated respectively the 23d and 27th of October, contain nothing worthy of observation. The 28th Bulletin is dated at Smolensk, the 11th of November, and is very sparing of intelligence. It is evidently intended, however, to prepare men's
minds for the account of further disasters.
“The weather was very fine us to the 6th.
but on the 7th winter began. The ground
is covered with snow. The roads have be
come very slippery, and very difficult for
carriage horses. We have lost many men
by cold and fatigue. Night bivouackings
are very injurious to them. The Cos
sacks, like the Arabs, hover on the
flanks, and fly about to annoy.”—
After a long interval, the 29th Bulletin
has appeared. It is dated on the 3d of December, at a small place about 70 miles
east of Wilna. It repeats the information
that the cold weather began on the 7th of November, and that numbers of men and horses died daily in consequence. “However hard it appeared,” he says, “to put himself in movement during so cruel a season. the new state of things demanded it. The
cold suddenly increased. The roads were covered with ice; the cavalry, artillery, aud
baggage horses perished every night, not only by hundreds, but by thousands. In a few days, more than 30,000 horses perished.
It was necessary to abandon and destroy a good part of our cannon, ammunition and
provisions. The army, so fine on the 6th, was very different on the 14th–almost without cavalry, without artillery, without transports.” Their situation he describes as “miserable.”— “Those men whom nature had not sufficiently steeled to be above all the chances of fate and fortune, appeared shook, lost their gaiety. their good humour, and dreamed but of misfortunes and catastrophe.” “The enemy, who saw on the roads traces of that frightful calamity which had overtaken the French army, endeavoured to take advantage of it. He surrounded all the columns with his Cossacks, who carried off like Arabs in the deserts the trains and carriages which separated.” The Bulletin omits all inention of the battles fought at Krasnoi, and of those that preceded them. It details, however, a number of engagements between the 24th of November and the 3d of December, in which the advantage is uniformly asserted to have been with the French. Some aukward admissions, however, are made, which shew that the utmost extent of the advantage could have been no more than that of merely withstanding numerous and reiterated attacks which continued to be made upon them. They were forced, it appears, literally to fight their way from the Dnieper to Molodetshno, the place from which the 29th Bulletin is dated; and if they made any progress at all in their retreat, that progress was effected chiefly by “having deceived the enemy by different movements.” Bonaparte has the candour to state, that on the 27th a whole brigade of his army, mistaking its way and benumbed with cold, was surrounded and taken. This cruel mistake, he adds, must have cost 2000 insautry, 300 cavalry, and three pieces of cannou. On the 28th a severe battie is stated to have
been fought, in which the Russians lost.
6000 prisoners. This victory, it sectns, was obtained notwithstanding the miserable condition to which the army was reduced.— “without cavalry, deficient of ammunition, and horribly fatigued by 50 days' march, carrying in its train all the sick and wounded of so many battles, and greatly in need of getting to its magazines.” And yet, with a strange inconsistency, he states this very victory to have been achieved by his cavalry. The remainder of the Bulletin, which is very long, states repose to be of the first necessity to the army, and that it stands in need of reestablishing its discipline, and restoring its cavalry and artillery. We trust that the repose which is described as so necessary will not be allowed to his army, if any army yet remain, which we doubt; but that the Russians will follow up their gallant efforts, until they have secured the repose of Europe by its entire annihilation.
To shew how completely his cavalry had
been destroyed, Bonaparte states, that it was necessary to collect the officers who had still
a horse remaining, in order to form a corps of
600 men, in which generals acted as captains, and colonels as subalterns; and this sacred band did not lose sight of the Enperor's person for a moment. He marched in the middle of them, and circumstances
always were such as never to require them.
to be engaged. The meaning of all this is pretty plain. Bonaparte did not dare to trust his person with the soldiery, mutinous from the severity of their suffering. He therefore formed to himself a body guard of officers. And this accounts also for the immense disproportion of officers taken by the Russians in the late battles, amounting to not more than an officer to each 130 men. . But what has become of Bonaparte himself?' The same Moniteur which contained the above insportant Bulletin, has answered this question. He arrived at Paris about midnight on the 18th of December. Two days after the date of his 29th Bulletin, viz. on the 5th of December, he delivered over the command of the remains of his suffering army to Murat, his head-quarters being then at Smorgeny, about fifty miles from Wilma; and shronding himself under a feigned natur, travelled in a single sledge through Wilna and Warsaw to Dresden, whence he pur
sued his journey, still in disguise, through Leipsic and Meutz to Paris. After readiug these accounts, and connecting with them the surreptitious flight of Bonaparte, we cannot divest ourselves of the belief that the wretched remnant of the French army is destined to lay down its aruns at the feet of the pursuing enemy. But be that as it may, we shall still look for the happiest 1esults, to the peace and prosperity of the civilized world, from the signal reverse of fortune which this grand enemy to the world's repose has experienced. The annihilation of so large a military force can be no neutral event; and whether it operates by leading him to withdraw his troops foom Spain, in order to furnish him with the means we will not say of maintaining the field against Russia, but of preventing the revolt of those vassal states which intervene between her and Frauce; or even of preserving tranquility in France itself, while he renews his ruined armies by fresh levies ;or whether it produce in him (an issue far less likely) a sincere desire for peace in the spirit of peace;—in either case, much will have been gained. But we will not detain our readers with speculations, which a short time will either realize or prove vain. We would rather call them to adore, in the awful dispensations which we have witnessed, the Divine judgments; and while they are thus visibly abroad in the earth, may we and all the inhabitants of it learn righteousness! The Russian fleet has arrived safe in the river Thames. SPAIN. Lord Wellington reached his old position in the neighbourhood of Ciudad Rodrigo, on the 19th of November. During the greatest part of his retreat, he was in presence of an immensely superior force, consisting of 80,000 infantry, and 10,000 cavalry, which availed itself of every opportunity of harassing his troops. So judicious, however, were his Lordship's dispositions, that no serious impression could be made by the enemy; and though his troops sutiered inuch from fatigue, yet the total loss of the British and Portuguese, in killed, wounded, and missing, between the 22d of October and the 12th of November, did not amount to one thousaud men. The missing were only two hundred and fifty, many of whom have since rejoined their regiments. Never, it is believed, did retreat exhibit more consummate military skill. As was foreseen, the French force which had been accumulated in the hope of overwhelming Lord Wellington by one great effort, finding its object defeated, was under the necessity of speedily separating, in order to find the means of subsistence. Almost the whole of it has re-crossed the Tormes, and it is confidently said, that a part of it, if not the whole, has since been recalled into France. Lord Wellington, it was expected, would again advance into the interior of Spain. A considerable Spanish force, under Castanos, had joined him. Lord W. Bentinck has taken the command of the united British and Sicilian force at Alicant, amounting to 18,000 men, and, it is said, will have this force augmented by about 20,000 Spaniards, under General Elio and the Duke del Parque. UNITED STATES. We had it in our powe; at the very close of our last Number, to state the defeat of the American army, in a second attempt to invade Canada. The American account of the transaction has since been published. It leaves the statements of our Generals wholly unimpeached, but it serves to throw the air of the ludicrous over the military efforts of America, by unfolding the secret causes which produced this fresh mishap. The troops first forced their General to advance within the British territory, by their clamorous entreaties to be led to battle. When the advanced guard, however, is fairly committed, the courage of the remainder suddenly cools, and they refuse to march to its support. They find, unexpectedly, that there is danger in advancing; that there is something more to be done than robbing the farmer's yards of their pigs and poultry; that there are Englishmen with bayonets, and Indians with rifles aud battle-axes, on the opposite side of the boundary river, who are already making their companions repent their temerity in having crossed it. It would, therefore, have been a most unpatriotic act, to have put to risk any larger portion of their country's force. A sad blunder of some brave sea, or rather lake lieutenant comes most opportunely in aid of this gallaut determination. All the oars which were to transport the boats across the river, he had prudently put into his own boat, we suppose, to prevent their being stolen; but either forgetting the circumstance in his ardour to reach the enemy, or heroically wishing to share the danger alone, he departs to the opposite side, ma appears no more. The wise caution of the rear-guard is thus made no longer voluntary, but necessary. The American General nevertheless affirms, that the victory was, in fact, on his side, though he unfortunately missed reaping it through these perverse occurrences.
Christ. Ossekv. No. 132.
Congress met on the 4th of November. The message of the President seems to shut out the hope we were anxious to cherish, of an accommodation of our differences. The conduct of the war on the British frontier is first alluded to, as a subject which is to be investigated by a military tribunal. The invasion of Canada having failed, means will be taken to gain an ascendency, on the lakes by a naval force, in order to ensure a controul over the savages. He next adverts to the refusal of the States of Massachusets and Connecticut, to furnish their quota of militia towards the defence of their maritime frontier, founded on, what he calls, an unfortunate exposition of the provisions of the constitution. He then takes great comfort from the capture of an English frigate; an event, certainly, which ought not to have furnished him with the means of varying the generally sombre tone of his speech. He proposes to add another frigate or two to the American navy, and to adopt laws and regulations which shall retrieve the present disorders in the army, and render it efficient. In alluding to the revocation of the Orders in Council by Great Britain, he strangely cavils at the alleged repeal of the Berlin and Milan Decrees being made the ground of this proceeding; for it seems there are objections to that repeal. So that, after insisting upon it, through a long series of negotiations, that we were bound by this act of the French Government to revoke our decrees, and actually going to war with us because we hesitated to admit this doctrine, we no sooner yield to his remonstrances than he turns round and tells us that the act, which he had done all he could to force down our throats, was objectionable, that is, invalid; in short, that he had been playing upon us what is vulgarly called a hoax. There is something as ludicrous in this proceeding, as in the conduct of the Canadian campaign; and both might incline us to laugh, were they not big with so many miseries to mankind. The only point which, even from the President's statement, seems to stand in the way of peace—in other words, the only existing cause of war—is the impressment of British seamen from American ships. The demand of America is, that we shall not take even British seamen from American ships, lest in so doing we should impress Americans; alleging also that this has been actually done in a variety of instances; and she proposes, as a substitute, to pass a law to prevent the employment of British seamen in American merchantmen. We, on the other hand, say, that we cannot forego