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another sort of natures, which do adhere to these men; Quorum gloria in obsequio; stiff followers, and such as zeal marvellously for those whom they have chosen for their masters. This latter sort, for the most part, are men of young years and superficial understanding; carried away with partial respects of persons, or with the enticing appearance of godly names and pretences: Pauci res ipsas sequuntur, plures nomina rerum, plurimi nomina magistrorum. Few follow the things themselves, more the names of the things, and most the names of their masters.
“ About these general affections, are wreathed and interlaced, accidental and private emulations and discontentments; all which, together, break forth into contentions; such as either violate truth, sobriety, or peace. These generalities apply themselves. The universities are the seat, or the continent, of this disease; whence it hath been, and is derived, into the rest of the realm.
There men will no longer be, é numero, of the number. There do others side themselves, before they know their right hand from their left. So it is true, which is said; Transeunt ab ignorantiâ, ad præjudicium. They skip from ignorance to a prejudicate opinion, and never take a sound judgment in their way. But, as it is well noted; Inter juvenile judicium, et senile præjudicium, omnis veritas corrumpitur : through want of years, when men are not indif
ferent, but partial, then their judgment is weak and unripe. And when it groweth to strength and ripeness, by that time, it is forestalled with such a number of prejudicate opinions, as it is made unprofitable: so as, between these two, all truth is corrupted. In the meanwhile the honourable names of sincerity, reformation, and discipline, are put in the fore-ward; so as contentions and evil zeals cannot be touched, except these holy things be thought first to be violated. But, howsoever they shall infer the solicitation for the peace of the Church to proceed from carnal sense, yet, I will conclude, ever, with the apostle Paul; Cum sit inter vos, zelus et contentio, nonne carnales estis ? While there is amongst you zeal and contention, are ye not carnal? And howsoever they esteem the compounding of controversies to savour of man's wisdom, and human policy, and think themselves led by the wisdom which is from above; yet I say with Saint James; Non est ista sapientia desursum descendens ; sed terrena, animalis, diabolica. Ubi enim zelus, et contentio, ibi inconstantia, et omne opus pravum. Of this inconstancy it is said by a learned Father; Procedere volunt, non ad perfectionem, sed ad permutationem : they seek to go forward still, not to perfection, but to change.”
On reading such a description one feels, that, after all, the Tractarian movement is nothing more than a new development of Puritanism. How far this
later development may have been originated and directed by secret intrigues, similar to those, which, when Bacon wrote, were stealthily and darkly preparing the way for the destruction of the Church and throne, and the calamities of the great rebellion, time alone will discover.
J. C. CROSTHWAITE.
. January, 1846.
VOLUME THE FIRST.