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: A wind, which blows upon the Eastern Empire, he calls an east-wind: a wind, which blows upon the Western Empire, he calls a west-wind: a wind, which blows upon Southern Africa, he calls a south-wind; and a wind, which blows upon Northern Italy, he calls a north-wind. : But, as this is not the true physiological description of a wind, it cannot, I think, express the meaning of the prophecy". An east-wind may, no doubt, blow upon the Eastern Empire; but a wind, which blows upon the Eastern Empire, is not therefore, of necessity, an east-wind : on the contrary, the east-wind is that wind, which exclusively blows from the east. In like manner, a west-wind certainly may blow upon the Western Empire; but a wind, which blows upon the Western Empire, is not therefore, of necessity, a west-wind : on the contrary, the west-wind is that wind which blows exclusively jrom the west. Sir Isaac, however, wholly disregards the point of the compass, from which a wind blows, and which thence gives it its appropri

' I may add, that, even if it were a true physiological description of a wind, an objection would still lie against Sir Isaac Newton's arrangement. His east-wind blows on the Eastern Empire: his west-wind, on the Western Empire: his southwind, on Southern Africa: his north-wind, on Northern Italy. Such being the case, it is obvious, that Italy is reckoned twice in the account, and that moreover under two entirely different geographical aspects: the first time, as the chief member of the Western Empire; the second time, as the Northern Region of the Empire with reference to Southern Africa.


and ice are generated in the frozen region of the north. This supposition, which so obviously springs from the mere machinery of the prophecy alone, is converted into absolute certainty by the interpreting voice of history. The first serious injury, which the Roman Empire received after the downfall of Paganism under the sixth seal, was by the furious and reiterated attacks of the Goths and various other warlike nations from the whole frontier of the north. Thus have we doubly ascertained, both from the decorum of the symbol and from the concurring voice of history, that the plague of the first trumpet is the plague of the north-wind. Hence it will plainly follow, that every attack from the north, which is made upon the Roman Empire subsequent to the commencement of the first trumpet, must be viewed as a portion of the great hail-storm which that trumpet introduces. 2. The remarks, which have already been made upon the apocalyptic THIRD PART, will lead us, I apprehend, to the true date of the first trumpet. : Since this trumpet is described, as injuring indeed the entire Roman earth, but as absolutely parching up a third part of it; the final division of the Empire, alluded to by the phrase in question, must have taken place before the sounding of the first trumpet: because this division, which is alluded to in the oracle of the first trumpet, certainly could not be alluded to, before it was effect

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