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be whole. But Jesus turned him about, and when he saw her, 22 he said: Daughter, be of good comfort; thy faith hath made thee whole. And the woman was made whole from that hour. And 23 when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels, and the people making a noise, he said unto them: Give place; for the 24 maid is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn. But 25

cious charm to remove her disor- the Jews nevertheless followed the der.

heathen in many respects in their 22. Him. Should be the recipro- funeral rites. They hired mourners cal pronoun, himself. Mark and to lament and sing dirges, and play Luke are more minute, and men inournful tunes over the dead. See tion that Jesus made inquiry who Jer. ix. 17–20. Amos v. 16. A had touched him, and that after report having been made at Jerusaa pause, in which the disciples, with lem that Josephus was dead, he Peter at their head, endeavored to mentions that many persons " hired answer the question by referring to mourners with their pipes, who the dense throng around him, the should begin

the melancholy ditties woman came, trembling, and fell for them. It was said, “the poordown before him, and confessed est Jew would afford his wife at the whole truth. It was at this mo her funeral not less than two pipes, ment he said, Daughter, be of good and one woman to lament." With comfort. In which words the ten those hired to mourn, the friends derness of his address is fitted to and neighbors would also join in soothe her fears, whilst he proceeds the dirge with their voices, and beat to pronounce a blessing upon her their breasts, according to what was faith, which, as it had brought her played by the instruments. Acts to the feet of Jesus, was the prima- ix. 39. The funeral rites of the ry cause of the cure.—Thy faith ancient Greeks and Romans, and hath made thee whole. Or, well. It other nations, and of Ireland, and was her confidence that saved her, many other countries in modern as it placed her within the reach of times, are distinguished by tumult Christ's healing power. That pow- and excess. But the Christian docer was the efficient cause, whilst trine of immortality has blunted the faith of the woman was the es the edge of human sorrow, and the sential condition of the cure. gentle spirit of the Gospel has reWhole from that hour. Showing buked the violence and heartless that the restoration was miraculous. hired lamentations, which once pre

23. Minstrels, and the people mak- vailed almost universally at funeral iny a noise. It was the custom, occasions. both among the Jews, and heathen 24. The maid is not dead, but and seini-barbarous nations, to ex- sleepeth. Sleep has been called the press grief upon the death of brother of death. The figure of friends and relatives in a violent calling death sleep is frequent in and boisterous manner. Gen. 1. 10. the Bible. Dan. xii. 2. John xi. Numb, xx. 29. Deut. xxxiv. 8. So 11, 13. Acts vii. 60. 1 Cor. xv. 6, great was this tendency, that prohi- 18. 1 Thes. iv. 13—15. 2 Peter bitions were put upon it by Moses. iii. 4. Jesus did not deny that she Lev. xix. 28. Deut. xiv. 1. But

was actually dead, but he would

when the people were put forth, he went in, and took her by the 26 hand; and the maid arose. And the fame hereof went abroad into

all that land. 27 And when Jesus departed thence, two blind men followed him, 28 crying, and saying: Thou son of David, have mercy on us. And

when he was come into the house, the blind men came to him, and

Jesus saith unto them: Believe ye that I am able to do this? They 29 said unto him: Yea, Lord. Then touched be their eyes, saying: Ac

convey the idea that she would be dence of her entire restoration to restored again to life; that she soundness. would revive, as one froin sleep. 26. Fame. Report.-All that land. The extinction of life was only The whole surrounding country. temporary.—They laughed him to Though Jesus is no longer present scorn, i. e. they derided, ridiculed on earth to restore a fost daughter him. Their sudden change from to her parents, or raise up to life violent lamentation to levity shows the widow's only son, the power of them to have been hired mourners. his religion remains, to lift up all

25. He went in. The advantage that mourn, and cheer every weary of comparing the different Evange- heart with the unspeakable hope lists together is apparent here. It of another life, and the rich mercy might at first seem from Matthew of God. that no one

was present in the 27. Thou son of David. This room when Jesus performed the was one of the titles of the Christ miracle. But from Mark and Luke or Messiah, as he was to be a dewe learn that the parents of the scendant of David. Mat. i. 1. xii. girl, and three of his disciples, Pe- 23. xxii. 42. Luke i. 32. John ter, James, and John, witnessed the vii. 42. By calling him the son of act. These were witnesses enough David, the blind men expressed to testify to the reality of the mira- their belief in him as the Messiah ; cle, The crowd were put forth a belief already shared by inany from the apartment to afford that others. John vii. 31. In this case stillness and quietness necessary to

their faith must have rested in a uninterrupted and distinct observa- considerable degree on the testimotion. It also seems to have been ny of others. Have mercy on us. desired by Jesus that his miracles Equivalent to beseeching him to might be wrought under a variety restore his sight. of circumstances; sometimes in the 28. Come into the house. The presence of few, and sometimes be- house in which he lived at Caperfore many, that their genuineness naum. He wished to avoid the might be more clearly established. tumult and agitation of the multi-Took her by the hand. Indicating tude.Believe ye that I am able to the connection between the agent do this? This question might have and the result. The words he used been put to them to draw forth a are recorded in Mark and Luke. more distinct avowal of their faith, The latter also mentions another in the presence of his disciples and fact of interest; that after she others, and thus incline them to a arose he commanded food to be fuller and firmer confidence in him. given her, perhaps in further evi 29. Touched he their eyes. Es

cording to your faith be it unto you. And their eyes were opened. 30 And Jesus straitly charged them, saying: See that no man know it. But they, when they were departed, spread abroad his fame in all that 31 country.

As they went out, behold, they brought to him a dumb man, pos- 32 sessed with a devil. And when the devil was cast out, the dumb 33 spake. And the multitudes marvelled, saying: It was never so seen in Israel. But the Pharisees said: He casteth out devils through the 34 prince of the devils.

tablishing the connection between phraseology of that day, to be poshis miraculous power and its effects. sessed with a dumb spirit ; a phrase - According to your faith. This by which dumbness by insanity word bas now so technical and was distinguished from dumbness theological a sense, that we harılly by defective organs of speech. realize that it simply means, in most 3:3. When the devil, or demon, was instances, confidence.

cast out, the dumb spake. When the 30. Their eyes were opened, i. e. man was restored to his reason, he they were restored to sight.- resumed the faculty of speech. As Straitly charged them. Strictly com- his madness was attributed to posmanded them. He might have session by an evil spirit, when his been afraid of a popular disturb- disorder was cured, it was said that ance, after so many miracles. See the deinon had been cast out.-It Note on Mat. viii. 4.

was never so seen in Israel. Proba31. Spread abroad his fame in all bly the great number and astonishthat country. These men were ac- ing nature of the miracles, performtuated by principles which we see ed by Jesus that day, extorted this manifested every day in human burst of wonder and admiration. conduct. There is a propensity to He bail, on the same afternoon, divulge the secret which is most raised the daughter of Jairus from privily entrusted, and to do the the dead, healed the woman with thing which is most positively pro- an issue of blood, restored to sight hibited. Still their disobedience two blind men, and cured a madwas inexcusable.

Yet they did man, or demoniac. They might as many do after recovery from well exclaim, “Never before were pain and sickness, break all the such wonders as these witnessed good resolutions they bad formed, in our land." and grossly disobey him upon 34. He casteth out devils through whom a short time before they were the prince of the devils. Or, decalling, “ Have mercy upon us.”

Provoked to envy and 32. A dumb man, possessed with a jealousy by the admiration exdevil. Or, a demon. The man was pressed by the people, the Pharidumb probably not on account of sees wilfully sought to pervert the detective organs of speech, or on evidence God gave his Son of his account of deafness, but the par- divine authority. This was the sin ticular turn his insanity took was against the Holy Ghost. Because that of dumbness. A deranged it was referring the proofs afforded person who was melancholy and by the power and spirit of God to taciturn was said, in the popular the agency of an evil spirit, thus 35 And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their


synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing 36 every sickness and every disease among the people. But when he

saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because

they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd. 37 Then saith he unto his disciples: The harvest truly is plenteous, but

resisting the highest and last proof ingly "describe the condition of a of a commnission from on' high. It people like the Jews, whose reliis to be remarked, that this opposi- gious teachers had neglected their tion was occasioned by and related real wants, while they burdened to but one class of miracles, the cure them with the observance of tradiof demoniacs. The conclusive and tional usages. - As sheep whose unanswerable reply Jesus made to keepers took no care of them would their cavils upon a similar occasion tire themselves in seeking pasture, is found in Mat. xii. 25.

the common people, left without 35. Parallel to Mark vi. 6. Luke instruction by their priests, had viii. i.- What a beautiful delinea- sought it in vain, till they were suftion of character is embodied in this fering from want of spiritual food." verse! The Greatest of all goes Under the religious bondage of about doing good as the servant of worldly Scribes and Pharisees, unall. He establishes himself in no re- der the civil subjection of the Rogal palace, or learned school, issu- mans, the sport of ambitious and ing from thence his commands, or

evil minded persons, soon to fall his doctrines; surrounds himself by victims to the terrible war that no pomp and circumstance.

But levelled their temple and city be mingles freely with all, is acces

with the dust, and swept away sible and gracious to all.' He dis- their surviving countrymen into penses the truth as freely as light the slave markets of foreign and and air. His sympathies are not heathen nations, how truly, in the restricted to any one class or con

Saviour's spiritual, prophetic eye, dition of men, but he regards with were they a lost, shepherdless flock! interest the whole family of man

how naturally must his deep affeckind. He heals the sick, comforts tions have yearned to save them! the unhappy, warns the evil, and “How often," was his melting lanblesses all with the visitings of guage,“ would I have gathered thy mercy and hope. Labor and love children together as a hen doth are the motto of his ministry :

gather her brood under her wings,

and ye would not!" “From heaven he came, of heaven he spoke,

37. Saith he unto his disciples. To heaven he led his followers' way; He turns to his followers, to call Dark clouds of gloomy night he broke, Unveiling an immortal day."

their attention to the spiritual dess

titution of men, and suggests their 36. Num. xxvii. 16, 17, John x. duties as the teachers of his reli. 11, 13, and various other passages gion.—T'he harvest truly is plenteof Holy Writ, have figures of a ous, but the laborers are few. A similar import, comparing an igno- beautiful proverbial saying. “In rant or oppressed people to a flock the Rabbinical writings, teachers without a shepherd. They touch- are figured as reapers, and their

the laborers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that 38 he will send forth laborers into his harvest.


The Appointment and Commission of the Twelve Apostles.
ND when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave

them power against unclean spirits, to cast thein out, and to heal all manner of sickness, and all manner of disease. Now the names 2


work of instruction as the harvest."

CHAP. X. The ignorant, unspiritual multitudes thronging around them were as a 1. Parallel to Mark vi. 7. Luke field of grain already ripe and yel- ix. 1, 2.-His twelve disciples. It low and fit for the sickle. They appears from comparing the Evanpresented a rich field for religious gelists together, that Jesus had alexertions and instruction. But the ready selected twelve men to be reapers were few. Jesus and his his Apostles, having passed the little band were all the laborers to whole night previous to his choice cut the boundless waving harvest, in prayer to God. Luke vi. 12. and gather it into the granary of Twelve was a hallowed number to God.

a Jewish mind, as corresponding to 38. Pray ye. Those who pray the number of the patriarchs and that the kingdom of God may the tribes of Israel. Mat. xix. 28. come, and his will be done, will It was also a medium between pray that teachers may be raised too large and too small a number. up and sent forth to advance the The wisdom of Jesus was manigreat moral work. It should be one fested upon the slightest occasions, of our daily aspirations to Heaven and in the smallest particulars.that religion may become the Power against unclean spirits, to life and hope of all mankind. The cast them out. Or, more literally, Lord of the harvest. Or, its owner, power of, or over, unclean spirits, God. In the words of Gannett, to expel them. See notes on Mat. “The world presents the same spec- iv. 24, and viii. 28–34.—Unclean. tacle now that was contemplated In the eye of the law.-All manby Christ, when he looked upon ner of sickness, &c. That is, every the multitudes that attended his kind of sickness and disease. The preaching. The harvest is abun- Apostles and early preachers of dant; men are longing and crying Christianity were gifted with mira-. for truth, for religion; the laborers culous powers for the same purpose are few; comparatively few in as was Jesus himself. The attennumber, and feeble in strength, fortion of a sensual world and age so great a work. Pray the Lord was aroused, and a divine sanction that he will in his gracious provi- was given to their instructions. dence raise up and send forth those Men saw that God was with them who shall gather his children from in the signs and wonders wbich the face of the whole earth into they did, which no other man could the kingdom of his Son, as a full do, unless thus authorized and emharvest is gathered into the grana- powered from on high. ry."

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