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the crumbs which fall from their masters' table. Then Jesus answer- 28 ed and said unto her: O woman, great is thy faith ; be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.

And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the Sea of 29 Galilee ; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there. And 30 great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others; and cast them down at Jesus' feet, and he healed them ; insomuch that the multitude wondered, 31 when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see ; and they glorified the God of Israel.

28. Great is thy faith. Or, con- from Mark.-Into a mountain. Acfidence in my power and disposition cording to the original, the mounto aid thee. This eulogy would ap- tain, i. e. the ridge of mountains pear the more remarkable to the surrounding the lake, or some well bystanders, because he had just ap- known eminence in particular. plied to her the common term of 30. See note on Mat. iv. 24.Jewish contempt. If such faith Maimed, i. e. those, according to was found among the dogs, what Wetstein and Wakefield, who had ought to be expected of the chil- lost a limb. Mat. xviji. 8, wbere dren? Does not Jesus, in this sen- the halt or maimed is he whose tence, already intimate that Gentile band or foot has been cut off. What as well as Jew would be admitted a striking manifestation of divine to the highest favors of his kingdom? power to reproduce a lost limb!

-Whole from that very hour. Ac- 31. In this place, Mark, instead cording to Mark, the mother found of giving a general summary of her daughter already restored, when Christ's miracles, like Matthew, inshe returned home. The cure was serts a particular instance of the instantaneous, and therefore miracu- cure of the deaf person who had lous. It was at a distance, and must an impediment in bis speech. Altherefore have taken place without though the Scribes and Pharisees artifice or concert. The disease, in played a captious and cavilling part all probability, was a mentalone, and, towards Jesus, yet the great mass from its mysteriousness and difficulty accorded him their faith and admiof treatment, attributed to demons. ration, and praised God, who had 66 The case of the Canaapitish wo- raised


for them so mighty a proman is in itself a thousand sermons. phet. Though his miracles were Her faith, her prayers, her perseve- 80 astonishing, the thought never rance, her success, the honor she appears to have crossed their minds received froın her Lord, &c., &c., that he was any other than 'a being how instructively, how powerfully, endowed by God with wonderful do these speak and plead! They gifts. That belief, so awful and that seek shall find, is the great les- abhorrent to a Jewish mind, but so son inculcated in this short history.” prevalent in Christendom, that Je

29. Came nigh unto the Sea of sus was God himself, was totally unGalilee. On the eastern coast, in the known at that time; for they gloriregion of Decapolis, as we learn fied, not Jesus, but the God of Israel.

32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said: I have compassion

on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and

bave nothing to eat; and I will not send them away fasting, lest they 33 faint in the way. And his disciples say unto him: Whence should

we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multi34 tude? And Jesus saith unto them: How many loaves have ye? And 35 they said : Seven, and a few little fishes. And he commanded the 36 multitude to sit down on the ground. And he took the seven loaves

and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disci37 ples, and the disciples to the multitude. And they did all eat, and were

filled ; and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets 38 full. And they that did eat were four thousand men, beside women

32-39. See Mark viii. 1-10. not supply their wants, but you have 32. And have nothing to eat. Not the power ;-a hint to remind him of that they had been three days with what they wished him to do. It is a out food, or, as is probably meant, decisive inark of the truthfulness of one day with a part of the day pre- the history, that no attempt is made ceding and that succeeding, but to explain this and other difficulthat they had exhausted their pro- ties. Confidence is reposed in the visions. Jesus, like a true shepherd, candor of the reader. The remarks manifests an active sympathy with made upon the preceding miracle their suffering condition, and is of the same kind are applicable prompted by benevolence, even here, and require not to be repeated. more than by a desire to substantiate 35. To sit down, i. e. to recline, bis authority, to perform the stupen as was the custom at meals. dous act of multiplying food to a 36. Gave thanks. Jesus was fillvast amount. “0, the faith aud zealed with a living spirit of devotion of these clients of Christ! They and love to God, which was mani. not only follow him from the city fested upon every occasion, whether into the desert, from delicacy to joyful or sorrowful. The fountain want, from frequence to solitude, of piety welled up in his heart but forget their bodies in pursuit with streams ever fresh and pure. of the food for their souls. Such He has set us an example of thanksweetness did these hearers find ing God for our temporal as well as in the spiritual repast, that they our spiritual blessings. thought not on the bodily."

37. Broken meat that was left. 33. His disciples say unto him, &c... Economy should be practised in It is remarkable that they should the midst of the greatest abundance. have so soon forgotten the miracu- The smallest of the Divine gifts lous multiplication of bread related are not to be wasted. What is in chap. xiv. 17-21, but their hard- squandered in the extravagance of ness of heart may have caused the the luxurious, and the excesses of obliteration of that impression. Or, the sensual, would suffice to feed the they may not have doubted Christ's hungry, clothe the naked, and repower, but only whether he would lieve the sick. Christ would teach ihen choose to exert it. Or again, we his followers to be frugal, that they may suppose we emphatic. We can- might be benevolent.

and children. And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and 39 came into the coasts of Magdala.

CHAPTER XVI. Jesus refuses to give the Scribes and Pharisees a Sign. The Confession of Peter. Jesus pre

dicts his approaching Fate and future Glury. NHE Pharisees also, with the Sadducees, came,and, tempting, desired

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38. It is observed by Priestley, tives of these persons, as the Enthat the bistory of this miracle must glish word tempting would imply, be a true account of the Evange- but simply state the fact that they lists, for it is less in magnitude than questioned him. Mark viii. 11.the preceding; the number of per- A sign from heaven. See note on sons fed being less, the quantity of Mat. xii. 38. Notwithstanding our provisions greater, and what re- Saviour performed so many astonmained not so much. Whereas, if ishing miracles, they demand someit had been a fiction, they would thing more; some wonder in the have made some advances on the heavens, similar to those exhibited preceding one, so that the latter by the old prophets. Ex. xvi

. 4. should have appeared the more 1 Sam. xii. 18. Isa. xxxviii. 8. It wonderful of the two.

is supposed that Josepbus refers to 39. Coasts. Borders of Magdala. this desire for wonders, where he In Mark viii. 10, it is Dalmaputha. says, that “there were impostors in These places were probably situa- the time of Agrippa, who went beted near each other, in the vicinity fore the people into the wilderness, of the Sea of Galilee, on the western pretending that God would there shore. To be in the neighborhood show the signals of liberty.” Signs of one was also to be in the neigh- from heaven were indeed afterborhood of the other, which is all wards exhibited, of the most appalthat coasts or parts imply. Our in- ling nature, to attest Christ's authorformation respecting these places is ity, the sun being darkened three rather uncertain and contradictory. hours on the day of his crucifixion. Mary Magdalene derived her cog- Are there not many now who overnomen from Magdala, of which she look the evidences of religion that was probably a native or an inhabi- lie under their notice, and demand

such as from the nature of the case

are impossible? CHAP. XVI.

2,3. The ancients, as we learn 1-12. Parallel to Mark viii. 11- both from Jewish and classic au21. Matthew's account is more full thority, were skilful in prognostithan that of Mark. A similar nar- cating the weather. This was done, ration is given in Mat. xij. 38–42. as at the present day, hy observing

1. Pharisees-Sadducees. For the signs of the sky, the appearanan account of these sects, see note ces of the clouds and the heavenly on Mat. iii. 7. Though hostile to bodies. The import of our Saveach other, they agreed in their op- jour's reproof is, that they were inposition to Jesus. - Tempting. Try- genious in predicting the weather ing or testing. The Evangelists from the signs in the heavens, but pass no judgments on the mo- that they could not understand the


and said unto them: When it is evening, ye say: It will be fair weather ; 3 for the sky is red. And in the morning : It will be foul weather to

day; for the sky is red and lowering. Oye hypocrites! ye can dis

cern the face of the sky, but can ye not discern the signs of the times ? 4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after å sign ; and there

shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And

he left them, and departed. 5 And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had for6 gotten to take bread. Then Jesus said unto them: Take heed, and 7 beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. And

they reasoned among themselves, saying: It is because we have taken 8 no bread. Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them: Oye of little

faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no 9 bread? Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of



signs of the times, the miracles doctrines were compared to leaven, which came from the sky or de- which silently diffuses itself throughscended from the God of heaven, out the mass in which it is mixed. and which authenticated his divine 1 Cor. v. 6, 7. In Mark viii. 15, “ the commission.-Foul weather. A fa- leaven of Herod " is spoken of, by miliar expression for a storm.-Hy- which is probably meant, the docpocrites. A term descriptive of the trine of the Herodians or partisans general character of the Pharisees, of Herod, which was as pernicious, rather than as having any particu- in a political point of view, as that lar application in this place.-Dis- of the Pharisees and Sadducees was

Discriminate, judge of. in a religious aspect. There is ever 4. See note on Mat. xii. 39. This

leaven of error working was his uniform reply, that no around us in society, happily if not mightier evidence would be afford- in the Christian church, against ed of bis authority from God than which we ought to be upon our his death and resurrection, shortly guard. to take place at Jerusalem; a sign 7. We have here an evidence of not from the sky but froin the earth. the exceeding backwardness of the Mark states, that he said this with disciples to understand the figurathe profoundest emotion; that “ he tive language of their Master. Has sighed deeply in bis spirit.” How not a similar dulness of apprehendcould it have been otherwise, when ing the metaphors of Scripture prehe saw their obduracy and incurable vailed in all ages? They supposed, wickedness?

that, in their destitution of bread, 5. Were come to the other side. Jesus was unwilling that they Were coining, or were on their way should buy loaves of the Pharisees to, the other side of the Sea of Gal- and Sadducees, for fear that they ilee. Mark bas here a delicate lin- should be contaminated. eament of nature and truth, as he 8–11. Of little faith. Distrustful qualifies the expression, “they had of my power, or of Divine Proviforgotten to take bread,” by saying, dence. He reminds them of the late that they had but one loaf with them. repeated miracles, by which many

6. Leaven. Both good and bad thousands were iniraculously sup

the five thousand, and'how many baskets ye took up? neither the seven 10 loaves of the four thousind, and how many baskets ye took up? How 11 is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees? Then understood they how that be bade them not beware 12 of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.

When Jesus came into the coasts of Cæsarea Philippi, he asked 13 his disciples, saying: Whom do men say that I, the Son of Man, ain? And they said : Some say that thou art John the Baptist; some, Elias; 14


plied with food. Mat. xiv. 21. xv. honor of Tiberius Cæsar, the Ro38. According to Mark viii. 17, 18, man emperor, and that of Philippi, he reproves them sharply for their after Philip, the tetrarch, who restupidity.

built and embellished it, and to dis12. At last, their minds were tinguish it from another Cæsarea, a opened to its meaning. But the city on the coast of the Mediterraevent is an instructive one, as it pre

It was about thirty miles sents a picture of their spiritual north of the Sea of Galilee, and 115 obtuseness, and want of insights from Jerusalem, and was probably which continued until they were the most distant place from that city supernaturally inspired on the day which Jesus ever visited.Whom. of Pentecost, notwithstanding our Grammatical correctness requires Saviour's most assiduous and patient who.T'he Son of Man, i. e. the instructions.Then. After all these man by eminence, the man that exexplanations.-Doctrine. Implies cites such curiosity and wonder. their practices as well as their tenets; The motives of Jesus, in thus questhe superstition, cant, and hypocrisy tioning his disciples, will better apof the Pharisees; and the denial of pear, if we consider that his cona Providence, and a future life, and duct must have perplexed them. the pride of the Sadducees. Instead of suffering himself to be

1:3–28. Parallel to Mark viii. proclaimed king, he was privately 27—38, ix. 1, and Luke jx. 18—27. Heeing from the tyrant who had

13. Came. Was coming, or, as killed his forerunner, and seeking Mark expresses it, viii. 27,“ by the retirement. To clear up the obscuway.' -Coasts. Borders. According rity, and prepare their minds for his to Mark,“ towns,” or villages, lying approaching fate, he enters upon around and dependent on the city. this conversation, and draws froin

-Cæsarea Philippi. A city of them their confession that he was Upper Galilee, near the source of the Messiah or Christ; and then the Jordan, at the foot of Mount warns them to be faithful in followHermon. It is supposed to have ing him, though they had to carry occupied the site of the ancient the cross itself, and opens visions town of Laish, afterwards called of a higher than any earthly glory Dan. Judy. xviii. 29. The Phe- upon their dismayed eyes. Verses nicians also called it Paneas; and 21, 24, 28. its nodern naine is Bapias. The 14. John the Baptist, &c. These name of Cæsarea was given it in views of Christ's person were all

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