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ciples, and saith unto them: Sleep on now, and take your rest; behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going ; behold, he is at hand that 46 doth betray me.

And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and 47 with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. Now he that betrayed him gave 48 them a sign, saying: Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he ; hold him fast. And forth with he came to Jesus, and said: Hail, Master; 49 and kissed him. And Jesus said unto him: Friend, wherefore art 50 thou come? Then came they and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.-And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched 51 out his hand, and drew his sword; and struck a servant of the high

45. Sleep on now, and take your of men and officers from the chief rest. A clearer sense is given by priests and Pharisees.” It wa sprobputting it into an interrogatory form. ably a miscellaneous collection, part Are you still sleeping and resting, soldiers, and part servants, headed even in this hour of peril ?-Be- by Judas, but under the comhold, the hour is at hand, &c. Lo, mand of Roman officers and Jewthe moment has arrived when I ish priests. Luke xxii. 52.- Staves. shall be betrayed into the hands of Clubs. sinners, i. e. be delivered to the

pow 48, 49. As Jesus was personally er of the Gentiles, who are called unknown to the men, or could with sinners indiscriminately.

difficulty be recognized in the night, 46. Rise, let us be going. As if if known, the traitor points him filled with perfect courage, and im- out by the usual mode of salutation patient of any longer suspense, he between friends in the east, thus would even go to meet his ap- aggravating his treachery with hyproaching enemies. This whole pocrisy. narration is stamped with inde 50. Friend. Rather, companion scribable naturalness and reality. or associate, for no particular at

47–56. Compare Mark xiv. 43 tachment is necessarily implied in -52, Luke xxii. 47—53, John xviii. the original.—Laid hands on Je2–12. Carpenter here makes an SUS, and took him.

Dupin has important remark, applicable also shown conclusively, in his able to other parts of the history:-"The work on the Trial of Jesus, that he agitating and hurried nature of the was seized illegally, or without any occurrences is impressed in the judicial order for his arrest. characters of reality on the differ 51. One of them, i. e. Peter, ever ent records. We need only to real- the most forward to speak and act. ize them to our conceptions, to per- He had that rash valor which, in ceive how all might take place, and the moment of danger, led him to yet be only partially seen by differ- fight for his Master; but he was ent witnesses."

wanting in that calmer and loftier 47. One of the twelve. A circum- moral courage which would sustain stance which enhanced his guilt. A him in the palace of the high priest, great multitude. John

says,

"a band and enable him to confess his Mas

52 priest's, and smote off his ear. Then said Jesus unto him : Put up

again thy sword into his place; for all they that take the sword shall 53 perish with the sword. Thiukest thou that I cannot now pray to my

Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of 54 angels? But how then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it 55 must be? - In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes: Are ye

come out as against a thief, with swords and staves, for to take me?

I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on 56 me; but all this was done, that the Scriptures of the prophets might

be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.

ter in the face of his triumphant I not be aided, not merely by these enemies.-A servant. John calls few disciples, but by the armies of him Malchus. It had been alrearly God? Would not the arm of infimentioned by Luke, xxii. 38, that nite power be stretched out in my there were two swords among the defence at my supplication ? This disciples. These were rather knives, showed that the self-sacrifice of Jeor cutlasses, than long weapons, sus was voluntary. He laid down and perhaps were used to defend bis life of his own accord. He them against robbers in their

trav- says, that only hy submitting to his els. Luke informs us that Jesus, fate would the great purposes of his with a divine compassion towards religion be fulfilled. The Scriphis enemy, healed the wound by his tures, in their intimations of a sufmiraculous power.

fering Messiah, and the love and 52. Our Saviour, after the agony self-sacrifice which were to prevail in the garden of Gethsemane, ap- under his reign, were thus to be acpears to have ent

ely recovered his complished. It is usual to refer to fortitude and self-possession. He Is. liii. in this connection. Nothing rebukes his treacherous disciple, could better quiet the consternation heals his wounded foc, restrains the of the disciples, than to inform ther impetuous Peter, and remonstrates that the Divine predictions of old with the priests and captains.His. were now to receive their fulfilment. Old English for its.--They that take 55. In that same hour. Or, at that the sword, &c. A proverbjal expres- time.- A thief. Rather, a robber, a sion, that those who resorted to vio- desperate character, against whom lence would be likely to perish force was necessary. by violence. The sword devours tulates with the crowd, because those who resort to its arbitration. they had listened peacefully to his The history of the whole world is instructions in the temple, but had but a comment upon this text. now rushed out with weapons of

53, 54. Now. Even at this crisis violence to seize him as if he were of danger.—Twelve legions of an a man of blood. gels. Spoken, perhaps, in allusion to 56. The Scriptures of the prophets, his twelve Apostles. The Roman i. e. the writings of the prophets. legion consisted, at this period of the See note on verse 54.-T'hen all the empire, of about 6000 men. The disciples, &c. There is a sad emsense is, an indefinitely large number. phasis on the word all in this clause. If resistance were my duty, should Even the daring of Peter and the

Jesus expos

And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the 57 high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. But 58 Peter followed him afar off, unto the high priest's palace; and went in, and sat with the servants to see the end. Now the chief priests 59 and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death. But found none; yea, though many false witnesses 60 came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, and 61 said: This fellow said: I am able to destroy the temple of God, and

affection of John gave way at this vehemence of character, which had exigency. They had perhaps sup- often before exposed the Apostle posed that Jesus would exert his to temptation, now led him unpremiraculous power in self-defence. pared into the midst of danger. But when they see him in the The very uneasiness of such a hands of his enemies, an unresist- mind would paturally betray itself, ing victim, they flee panic-struck. whilst the calmer, but more feeling

57–68. Mark xiv. 53_65. Luke Jobu escaped unobserved. xxii. 54, 55, 63-65. John xviii. 59. All the council. The whole 13-24.

Sanhedrim had prejudged the case, 57. John, xviii. 13, informs us and wished not for a fair trial, but that Jesus was first led to the house for sentence of death against the of Annas, who had formerly been prisoner. Such were the hands high priest. This might have been that held the scales of justice among done as a mark of honor, or to God's chosen people !-Sought false gratify his curiosity. He was fa- witness. They would have preferther-in-law to Caiaphas, who was red true testimony, of course, if it then acting high priest, or, as John was to be found, and would be says, " high priest that same year;" equally favorable to their wishes; for at that period the office frequent- but otherwise they were ready to ly changed hands.—The scribes and resort to false evidence.—John rethe elders. The Jewish Sanhedrim lates more particularly the words met at the house of Caiaphas. Their which passed between the high malignity against Jesus was mani. priest and Jesus, previously to the fested by their being assembled in calling of witnesses, and the indig. the night, contrary to law, to try nities which Jesus suffered. John him, probably in order to guard xviii. 19–23. against a popular tumult, and to 60. Found none, i. e. no testimony forward the inatter so far as to turn of any sort wbich was to their purthe enthusiasm of the people against pose.

Mark says,

" their witness him on the morrow.

agreed not together.” 58. The high priest's palace. Or, 61. Fellow. This is a needless hall or court, which was open and inappropriate addition of the above.-Servants, i. e. the inferior translators.— I am able to destroy the officers attendant upon the occa- temple of God. They put a false sion. The other Evangelists add, construction upon, and inisquoted, that Peter warmed himself with language which Jesus had actually them at a fire they had kindled, for used, John ij. 19, in reference to the night air in Judea was cold at the destruction of bis body, and its that season of the year. The same resurrection from the dead after

62 to build it in three days. And the high priest arose, and said unto

hiin: Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against 63 thee? But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and

said unto him: I adjure thee, by the living God, that thou tell us 64 whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. Jesus saith unto him :

Thou hast said. Nevertheless, I say unto you, hereafter shall ye see the Son of Man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the

three days. They perverted his de ters an oath to which there was no claration so as to involve him in a innocent alternative, but to answer. crime of speaking blasphemy against Lev. v. 1.-The Christ, the Son of the holy temple. But, as Mark, xiv. God. In other words, Art thou the 59, states, their testimony was still Messiah? As Dupin has remarked, contradictory and inconclusive. the adjuration of the high priest

62. It would appear, notwith was a gross infraction of that rule standing the opposite opinion of of morals and jurisprudence which some critics, that the Sanhedrim forbids our placing an accused perwas now in session, and that the son between the danger of perjury high priest was presiding as usual and the fear of inculpating himself, over it.-Answerest thou nothing ? It and thus making his situation more seems to have been his aim to ex hazardous. tort a reply, and to find matter of 64. Thou hast said, i. e. I am the accusation in it against Jesus.— Messiah, Mark xiv. 62. Jesus felt What is it which these witness against under obligation, when put under thee? How great a crime are you oath, to answer the high priest, and charged with in their evidence! It he could only answer in the affirmais observable that the high priest tive, be the consequences what they had arisen from his seat in his state would. His declaration was imof excitement, and was now seem- portant, as he had forborne hitherto ingly trying by threatening words to declare himself the Messiah, to overawe his prisoner.

But now, before the highest assem63. But Jesus maintains a digni- bly of his nation, under oath, and fied silence as to the charges, and in the most public and solemn mangives his reasons, Luke xxii

. 67, 68, ner, he asserts bis great office. He why he did not reply. He saw the puts his foes into the dilemma of futility of their charges, and the freeing him, or condemning one craft of the high priest to torture whom they now know to be the his words into proofs against him. Messiah. Nevertheless. Or, moreBut the ground is now changed; over, in addition.Hereafter. Betwe hear no more of blasphemy ter, henceforth.The Son of Man, against the temple. Nothing could &c. This language was used of the be made of the false and contra- Messiah, Dan. vii. 13, 14, to dedictory witnesses.-I adjure thee, scribe his conspicuous, powerful &c. Unable to effect their guilty corning.The right hand of power. purpose by the testimony of others, Luke xxii. 69. Literally, the right they now resort to the most illegal hand of the power, i. e. of the Almethod of compelling the prisoner mighty. Clothed with Divine auto criminate himself. The high thority. They had been asking for priest in the Jewish form adminis- signs from heaven. They would

clouds of heaven. Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying: He 65 bath spoken blaspheiny; wbat further need have we of witnesses ? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. What think ye? They an- 66 swered and said: He is guilty of death. Then did they spit in his face, 67 and buffeted bim; and others sınote him with the palms of their hands, saying: Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, who is he that sinote 68 thee?

soon, either at the crucifixion or at 66. He is guilty of death. Dethe destruction of Jerusalem, be serves to die. The council but too furnished with such powerful and much resembled their president, in ocular proofs of his Messiahship, their injustice and fury against Jeas might be likened to his coming sus. So overwhelming was the visibly in the clouds of heaven, in- popular feeling, that not one apvested with a divine majesty and pears to bave dared to lift his voice glory. Prisoner as he was, Jesus in behalf of the innocent and grossrises at this time into the grandeur ly injured prisoner, though we have of his office, and awes them by the reason to believe that at least Josublimity of his prophecies. seph of Arimathea and Nicodemus

65. Rent his clothes. This was disapproved of such proceedings. done with affected horror at Jesus' Luke xxiij. 51. John xix. 39. The assertion of his high authority. The Saphedrim could not, however, execustoms of the east tolerate more cute their sentence, for the Romans violent expressions of feeling than had reserved in their hands the are usual among us. Explicit pro- power of life and death. bibitions were made in the Mosaic 67, 68. Spit in his face. An act law, Lev. x. 6, xxi. 10, that the of the grossest abuse. Job xxx. 10. priests should not rend their gar- Isa. I. 6.—Buffeted. Good gramments upon funeral occasions. Fre- mar requires buffet, i. e. struck quent allusions are found, both in with the fist, inflicting heavy blows the Classics and the Scriptures, to such as would cause bruises and this singular usage. Gen. xxxvii

. pain.—Palms of their hands. Rods, 29, 34.2 Kings xviii. 37, xix. 1. according to some.-Prophesy unto Job i. 20. Acts xiv. 14.—Blas- us, thou Christ. This they said in phemy. As that he had spoken derision of his pretensions to the against God by claiming to be the office of prophet and Messiah. Messiah, his Son. It was not that Mark states, that they had blindhe had claimed to be God, or equal folded him, and then required him to God, for this he vever did.-Ye to designate who struck him. What have heard, &c. There was no fur- hideous picture is bere drawn of ther occasion for witnesses, for they the highest Jewish tribunal, that had predetermined to condemn Je- would allow such outrages upon a sus, guilty or not guilty. They prisoner who had not been so inuch wrested what had been illegally ex- as legally convicted or sentenced ! torted from hiin by an oath into When too we consider the spotless grounds of condemnation. In truth, conduct of Jesus, his truth, benevothe whole scene before the Sanbe- lence, meekness, Divine origin and drim was an absolute mockery of office, where shall we find words justice.

to describe the abominations of the

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