Imágenes de páginas

the borrower, becomes a sharer in his slavery,'felt the strength of his arm. profits. This is the opinion of all Ulm, Marengo, Austerlitz witnessed Jewish doctors.

his prowess, nor weak was there the It is evident, that opinions, teeming strite of death. with absurdities, and contrary to all rules of social morality, although ad. Distant bills shook with his warlike vanced by a Rabbi, can no more be thunder : by his strong arm his ene. imputed to the general doctrine of the mies were humbled. The mighty of Jews, than similar notions, if acvanc the earth have bent before him. He ed by Catholic theologians, could be has said to nations, “Let there be attributed to the evangelical doctrine. peace,” and the universe is at rest. The same may be said of the general charge made against the Hebrews, Firmly on wisdom is his throne that they are naturally inclined to fixed on high : justice and truth upusury. It cannot be denied that some

held his crown.

He pours the balmy are to be found, though not so many oil of grace into the wounds of innoas is generally supposed, who follow cence; he beals the galling sores of that nefarious traffic condemned by oppression. The proud and the their religion.

haughty he heeds not ; they stand si, But if there are some not over-nice lent and abashed before him. in this particular, is it just to accuse one hundred thousand individuals of He has placed in justice the delight this vice? Would it not be deemed of his heart : unborn races shall hail an injustice to lay the same imputa. him Father of his people. By him tion on all Christians, because some of the happiness of nations rests on the them are guilty of usury? pp.197--207, tables of the law as on a rock. The

The Sermons, Odes, and the wreaths of victory adorn his brow, the Hymns, composed in Hebrew, forin gracious seat of law-inspiring wis. by no means the least interesting dom. pp. 231, 232. part of the volume.

The following verses will serve as Extract from the Ode composed by specimens of the modest and delicate

M. 7. Mayer. praises lavislied on NAPOLEON THE GREAT!

No mortal eye can look on the Fath:

er of ligbt, when, in mid career, Extract from the Ode composed by A. M. bursting from clouds and mists, dark Collogna.

rolling on each side, he pursues the

brightness of his steps. The green On the deeds of the mighty will i Joilla liti their den v heads, the flowers raise a song; on the deeds of the glitter in the valley, the soit gale hero, chief of men, unmatched in bat. wafts fragrancy around. tles. Near him the glory of kings fades and vanishes: they hide before Such is NAPOLEON in his career of him their diminished heads. Their glory! Weak are the bards of present greatness is a thing of nought. days to raise the song of his fame :

too bigh for them are his mighty Which of his deeds shall first in. deeds. In wonder their voice is lost; spire the baril? Wonders upon won. the untuned lyre drops from their upders are engraved on glory's adaman. lifted bands. Thus the sun of wis. tine tablet! Numberless are his

dom and strength gladdens the world, victories and countless his triumphs. rising above mortal praise. Who to each bright orb in the starry heaven can assign a name, or fix a How great thy destiny, O NAPOLE. stedfast eve on the Father of light, on! Who can be compared with thee blazing forth in his meridian glory? among the glory of nations? Who

among renowned warriors, among Early were his deeds in arms. The

sage law givers, erer raised his fame hills of Montenotte beheld bim victo. near to thine, ( first of mortal rious: Egypt, that ancient land of men - Bright in days of old was

the glory of Athens and of Rome : not over the fallen foe: his mighty dim is their light now before thee. hand raiseth the fallen in the strife. On thee the eyes of nations are fixed; they wonder, and bless thy name. In vain the nations of the earth uni.

ted against him; weak was their Who is like unto thee, O NAPOLE arm, and powerless their blows. In os, in the days of thy glory, when Marengo's and Austerlitz's bloody thou graspest the death-dealing steel, plains he broke the bow of the strong; that thy allies might rest behind its the thickened phalanxes of his enelightning! Like the eagle of the rock mies were scattered before him. was thy flight over Germany's plains. Grateful to humbicd kings was the Thy heroes innumerable crowded olive branch of peace, mildly shining around thee; the thunder of war was in the magnanimous hand of the con. in their hands, carrying destruction queror. among the foe. Thus the cloud, rising from the abyss, borne along by To imperial France he bent his vic. the western wind, dark, vast, terrible, torious steps ; his faithful subjects overspreads the blackened field. greeted his return. Thus a father be.

holds his children, the pride of his The earth trembled, but now rests heart, dutiful and affectionate : they in peace. Far distant nations bent rejoice in the firmness of his throne : before the majesty of thy brow. Ulm, it rests on victory, clemency, virtue, Marengo, Austerlitz, the plains of humanity, justice. Egypt, beheld the feats of Napoleon. **Raise altars to the God of battles," May his fame, like his goodness, he said, and altars arose from their fill the universe ! May our august ruins ; bitterness fled from our hearts Emperor live forever. May our cuat the dawn of his grace. Happy, gust Empress live forever. This is our happy are the children of France. constant prayer, the dearest wish of Nations had but a glimpse of the star our hearts: and may the Eternal pour of our pride, swiftly gliding through his holy blessings on the Imperial the mist tinged with its glory. Family. Amen. pp. 239-242.

Bards of Israel, let your harmonious Among other acts of this assembly, songs thrill in my soul, that, amidst is a letter addressed to all the Syna. the voice of nations, the fame of the gogues of Europe, requesting them to hero may be raised in the ancient send deputies to the Grand Sanhewords of Jacob, the words of the drim. south of our people. The great NAPOLEON looked down on the chil. The following Regulations for the dren of wo, sport of the proud and of religious worship and the internal pothe oppressor: he gathered them lice of the nation are worthy of atten. found him like a tender father: from tive consideration, as partly developthe dust he raised them to stand as a ing the intentions of the French ruler. mark of his might. Just are liis jurigments ; great and big with glad.

PLAN. ness is the propitious light of his wis Art. I. A Synagogue and a Con. dom. Before it the darkening cloud sistory shall be established in every of shame retires, rolling back on the department which contains two thou. foes of our people. pp. 235–238. sand individuals professing the relig

ion of Moses. Exer act frinn the Hymn composed by II. In case a department should M. S. Wittersheim.

not contain two thousand Israelites,

the jurisdiction of the Consistorial Eminent in war is the hero among Synagogue shall extend over as many chiefs. The Nile and the Jordan have of the adjoining departments as shall beheld his deeds, terrible in battles. make up the said number. The seat The lightning of his steel gleams on of the Synagogue shall always be in the proud in arms; but he exulteth the most populous city.


III. In no case can there be more that for canse or under the pre. than one Consistorial Synagogue for tence of religion, no praying as. each department.

sembly be formed without being IV. No particular Synagogue can expressly authorised. be established, but after being propos. 3d. To encourage, by all possible ed by the Consistorial Synagogue to means, the Israelites of the Con. the competent authority. Each par. sistorial district to follow useful ticular Synagogue shall be superin professions, and to report to gov. tended by a Rabbi and two elders, ernment the names of those who who shall be named by the competent cannot render a satisfactory acauthorities.

count of their means of subsistV. There shall be a Grand Rabbi in each Consistorial Synagogue.

5th. To give annually to government VI. The Consistories shall be com the number of Jewish conscripts posed, as much as possible, of a Grand within the district. Rabbi, and three other Israelites, two XIII. There shall be formed in of whom shall be chosen among the Paris a General Consistory, compos. inhabitants of the town which is the ed of three Rabbies and two other seat of the Consistory.

Israelites. VII. The oldest member shall be XIV, The Rabbies of the Central President of the Consistory. He Consistory shall be selected from the shall take the title of Elder of the Con Grand Rabbies, and the rules containsistory.

ed in the tenth article shall apply to VIII. In each Consistorial district all others. the competent authority shall name XV. A member of the Central twenty-five Notables among the Isra. Consistory shall go out every year, elites who pay the largest contribu- but he may always be re-elected. tions.

XVI. The vacant places shall be IX. These Notables shall name the filled by the remaining members. The members of the Consistory, who must member elect shall not take his place be approved by the competent au till bis election is approved by governthority.

ment. X. No one can be a member of the XVII. The functions of the Central Consistory if he is not thirty years of Consistory are, age, if he has been a bankrupt, unless 1st. To correspond with the Consishe honourably paid afterwards, or if tories. he is known to be an usurer.

2nd. To watch over the execution of XI. Every Israelite, wishing to set every article of the present regu. tle in France, or in the kingdom of lations. Italy, shall give notice of his inten 3d. To denounce to the competent tion, within three months after his authority all infractions of these arrival, to the Consistory nearest his said regulations, either through place of residence,

negligence or through design. XII. The functions of the Consis 4th. To confirm the nomination of tory shall be,

Rabbies, and to propose to the 1st. To see that the Rabbies do not, competent authority, when neces.

either in public or in private, give sary, the removal of Rabbies and any instructions or explanations of of members of Consistories. the law, in contradiction to the an XVIII. The Grand Rabbi shall be swers of the assembly, confirmed named by the twenty five Notables, by the decisions of the GREAT mentioned in the eighth article. SANHEDRIM.

XIX. Ihe new Grand Rabbi elect 2nd. To maintain order in the inte shall not enter into his functions till

rior of Synagogues, to inspect the he has been approved by the Central administration of particular Syna. Consistory. gogues, to settle the assessment, XX. No Rabbi can be elected, and to regulate the use of the sums Ist. If he is not a native of France necessary for the maintenance of or of Italy, or if he has not been the Mosaic worship, and to see naturalized.

bies are,

2nd. If he does not produce a certif sent to the competent authority a plan

icate of his abilities, signed by of assessment among the Israelites of three Frenchmen, if he is a French the district for the sums necessary to man, and by three Italians, if he is

pay the stipends of the Rabbies. The an Italian ; and from the year other expenses of worship shall be 1820, if he does not understand fixed and assessed by the competent the French language in France, authority, on the demands of the Conand the Italian in the kingdom of sistories. The salary of the central Italy. The candidate who joins Rabbies shall be proportionally paid some proficiency in Greek or Lat. 'out of the sums levied on the severat in to the knowledge of the Hebrew districts. language, will be preferred, all XXIV. Each Consistory shall name things besides being equal. an Israelite, not a Rabbi, nor memXXI. The functions of the Rab. ber of the Consistory, to receive the

sums which shall be levied in the dis. 1st. To teach religion.

trict. 2d. To inculcate the doctrines con · XXV. This Treasurer shall pay

tained in the decisions of the Great quarterly the salary of the Rabbies, Sanhedrim.

and the other expenses of worship, 3. To preach obedience to the laws, upon orders, signed by at least three

and more particularly lo those members of the Consistory. He shall which relate to the defence of the give his account every year, on a fixe country ; to dwell especially on ed day, in a full Assembly of the this point every year, at the epoch Consistory. of the conscription, from the mo. XXVI. Every Rabbi who, after the ment government shall first call promulgation of the present regula. upon the people till the law is fully tions, shall be unemployed, and will executed.

choose, nevertheless, to remain in 4th. To represent military service France or in Italy, shall be bound to

to the Israelites as a sacred duty, adhere formally, and to sign a declaand to declare to them, that, while

ration of his adherence to the decis. they are engaged in it, the law ex. ions of the Great Sanhedrim. The empts them from the practices copy of this declaration shall be sent which might be found incompati- to the Central Consistory, by the ble with it.

Consistory which shall have receive sth. To preach in the Synagogues, ed it.

anrl to recite the prayers which are XXVII. The Rabbies who are publicly made for the Emperor members of the Great Sanhedrim and the Imperial Family.

shall be, as much as possible, prefer6th. To celebrate marriages and to red to all others, to fill the places of pronounce divorces, without, on

Grand Rabbies. any pretence, acting in either case,

The work also contains an address till the parties who require their from the Israelites of Frankfort on ministry have produced due proofs the Maine, and the answer sent by of the act having been sanctioned the assembly, and concludes by a by the civil authority.

speech of M. Avigdor, one of the secXXII. The salary of the Rabbies, retaries, relative to the persecutions members of the Central Consistory, is sustained by the Jews, the causes fixed at six thousand livres ; that of of these persecutions, the protection the Grand Rabbies of Consistorial

afforded to them by the clergy at difSynagogues at three thousand livres ; ferent times, and a series of resoluthat of the Rabbies of particular Syn- tions thanking the Christian clergy in agogues shall be fixed by the commu

various parts of Europe for the mani. nity of Israelites which shall have re

fold favours confirmed by them in forquired the establishment of such a

mer centuries on the Israelites. Synagogue; it cannot be less than a

Many of the speeches of the deputhousand livres. The Israelites of ties evince very great talents; and the the several districts may vote an aug- whole work is equally valuable for its Thentation of these salaries.

curiosity and interest. XXIII. Each consistory shail pre

3000 copies of the Icelandic New BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE BRITISH Testament bave been printed in CoAND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. penhagen at the Society's expense,

2000 of which have been bound and Tais Society was instituted in the forwarded to Iceland ; and very reyear 1804. Its exclusive object is to cently the sum of 3001. has been grantpromote and assist the circulation of ed by the Society in aid of a fund the scriptures both at home and a now raising in Denmark, for printing broad." The only copies to be circu the whole Bible in the Icelandic lanlated in the languages of the United guage. Kingdom are those of the authorized Two separate sums of 10001, each version without note or comment. have been granted towards the trans

The object of this Society being so lations of the scriptures now going on simple, and the sphere of its proposed in Bengal, into ten Oriental languages, employment so extensive, it has been among which are the shanscrit and judged expedient to engage in its sup- the Chinese. Specimens of these port all denominations of Christians translations have been received : who profess to regard the Holy Scrip- they are in different degrees of for tures as the proper standard of relig- wardness, and some are actually comion.

pleted. Such a constitution of the Society, Arabic types and paper have been while it secures an adherence to the granted by the Society for the purpose authorized version by the mutual of printing 5000 copies of the New jealousies of its members on all mat. Testament in the Turkish language ters of construction and comment, at Karass on the borders of the Casprovides at the same time for employ pian Sea; a favourable opportunity ing in its behalf more zeal and resour- having offered for introducing the ces than could be expected from its scriptures among a people amounting appropriation to any particular de- to nearly 30 millions who speak that scription of Christians.

language, and who inhabit from the Within the short space of three banks of the Wolga to the shores of years the Society has succeeded in the Euxine. accomplishing many important parts 5000 copies of the Spanish Testaof its comprehensive design, This ment have been printed by the Socie. will appear from the following facts. ty; 7000 of the French have been or

It has produced by its aid and en dered at different times ; and prepa. couragement societies similar to its

rations are now making for procuring own, in Germany and Prussia. By

a stereotype edition of ine latter. the former of these, 5000 copies of a Several thousand Welsh Testa. German Protestant New Testament ments have been furnished to Wales ; have been printed; and types have been larger supplies are in a course of prelately set up for the purpose of print- paration, besides 20,000 copies of a ing successively a supply of German We!sh Bible, which will be completed Bibles for many generations : by the with all dispatch. latter, an edition of the Bohemian

English New Testaments have also Bible is in a course of printing for the been supplied to Ireland; and 20,000 use of the Protestants in Bohennia, copies of a neat Gaelic Bible, for the Berlin, and elsewhere.

Highlands of Scotland, are now pass. 2000 copies of St. John, in the Mo- ing through the press. hawk language, have been printed in The English and Welsh Bibles and London at the Society's expense ; New Testaments are all printed by 500 of which have already been dis stereotype, under the direction of the tributed, with great acceptance, a University of Cambridge. mong the Mohawks settled on the To the above series of facts it may Grand River ; and 500 more be added, that the Society has furabout to be sent, for the use of the nished copies of the New Testament, Roman Catholic and other Mohawks and occasionally of the whole Bible, lower down the St. Lawrence, in con AT HOME-to the convicts at Wool. sequence of an application to that ef- wich; the prisoners in Newgate, and fect.

other jails; the German soldiers and


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