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belonged to William de Pont le Arch, and by him given to the priory of St. Mary Overy, in Southwark, in the reign of Henry I. Robert de Suffolk also gave to Walter Darford, his taneinent with the appurtenance, in the lane, called Les Arches, in the parish of St. Michael de Pater-noster church, between the wall of the field called Winchester-field on the east, and the same land on the west, &c. He also makes mention of “a stone house, called Stoda de Winton, juxta Stodum Bridge, which in that lake was over Walbrook water." As the word Stodum is probably derived from the Saxon srod, a place for breeding horses, it is not improbable, that this might have been so appropriated as a possession of the an. tient bishops of Winchester.
In this lane is
A neat modern structure, with a double flight of steps to the principal entrance, with an arch for vaults underneath.
Having already mentioned how the company is governed, * we shall add in this place, that, by an act of parliament passed in the 13th year of the reign of George I. all
persons occupying the trade of dyeing woollen manufactures, within the city of London, or ten miles compass, shall be subject to the inspection of the Company of Dyers of London; and the master, wardens, and court of assistants of the said company, may appoint searchers within the said limits; and, out of the said limits, justices at their quarter-sessions, unay appoint such searchers; who, taking to their assistance a constable, or other peace officer (who are required to be assisting) may, at all seasonable times in the day-time, enter the shop, or workbouse of any persons using the trade of dyeiny, to search all cloths, and other woollen goods, to be dyed black or blue; and any person opposing forfeits 101. All forfeitures by this act, within the city of London, and ten miles distance, shall go one moiety to the informer, and the other to the company of Dyers."
We should observe, however, that the art of dyeing is not confined to cloths; it extends to wools for tapestry, silks,
thread, * Vol. II. p. 478.
thread, hats, leather and skins, wood for verieering, bone, horn, ivory, horn in imitation of tortoise-shell, paper, parchment, &c. the various processes of which are amply explained in most treatises on arts and science. Nearly opposite, at the corner of Little Elbow Lane, is
INNHOLDERS HALL; 2 substantial, but not an extensive structure.
This company was incorporated by king Henry VIII. on the twenty-first of December, 1515, by the style of “ The Master, Wardens, and Company, of the Art or Mystery of Innholders of the City of London." It is a livery company, the thirty-second on the city list; and is governed by a master, three wardens, and a court of assistants.
In Thames Street, proceeding westward, is Friars Lane, or Joiners' Buildings, so called from
which is a neat structure, and remarkable for a magnificent screen at the entrance, with carvings of demi sa vages and other ornaments; the great parlour is also coated with cedar. The piers of the gateway are handsomely decorated with leaden statues of river gods. However, the whole is deserted by the company, and the premises are used as a dwelling house and warehouses.
The JOINERS COMPANY were a brotherhood from the time of Henry VII. Their hall was given by a widow, who enjoined them, in consideration of that gift to procure a number of masses for her soul.
They were incorporated by queen Elizabeth in the year 1565, and are governed by a master, two wardens, twentyfour assistants, and a livery of upwards of three hundred members. This induced such as were anxious to form a majority at elections, to become liverymen. Consequently two lord mayors appear upon the books during the present reigo: John Wilkes, Esq. lord mayor, 1775, afterwards cham, berlain ; and Sir WATKIN LEWES, Knight, lord mayor, 1781, now high-bailiff of Southwark, and father of the city. Vol. III. No. 56.
EMPEROR'S HEAD LANE is remarkable for a custom which still prevails. In a book of chantries, among the Harleian manuscripts in the British Museum, it is noted that John Breikelles gave an annual rent of 91. issuing from a tenement called the Emperor's Head, in the parish of St. Martin in the Vintry, to keep an obit.* The annual donation of bread and cheese is given to the poor, who stand on the hearth of the house where it is distributed, and drink to the pious memory of Mr. Brickelles and his wife in a cup of sack, a Latin grace being pronounced at the time.
THREE CRANES LANE. This was so called from three large-cranes of timber antiently placed on the Vintry Wharf to crane up wines. The låne was also called PAINTED TAVERN: LANE, on account of a tavern which was painted, probably with emblematical figures, as early as the reign of Richard II. The original name, from the cranes used in merchandize, has been grossly mistaken; it is now represented by three birds, bearing the same distinction.
At the north end of this jane was THE VINTRIE, whence the whole ward derives its denomination.+ This was a spacious mansion, built of stone and timber; it was first the residence of Sir John Gisors, mayor, and also constable of the Tower, in 1311. Pennant informs us, that in the ture' bulent times of Edward H. he was charged with several harsh and unjust proceedings, and, being summoned to appear before the king's justices to answer the accusation, in 1319, he and other principal citizens fled, and put themselves under the protection of the rebellious barons. It was in this house that Henry Picard, mayor in 1356, afterwards feasted four sovereign princes, in the year 1363. I
CHURCH LANE was formerly called V'anners Lane, from one of its owners. It obtained the present denomination of account of facing the place where stood the church of
* An Obit was an office performed at funerals, when the corpse was in the church, and before it was buried; which afterwards came to be ån anniversary, and then money or lands were given towards the mair.' tenance of a priest who should perform this office every year. + See Vol. 11. pi 93.
I Vol. I. p. 80.
SAINT MARTIN, VINTRY. THIS church was as antient, at least, as the reign of Wil diam I.; for Ralph Peverell, who was living at that period, gave the advowson to the abbey of St. Peter, Gloucester; the abbot and convent of which presented to the living in the year 1388, and till the alteration of the conventual to a cathedral church by Henry VIII. After many inter-changes of the living, which by the above alteration had devolved to the erown, Edward VI. granted the advowson to the bishop of Worcester and his successors, with whom the presentation continues.
The fabric was rebuilt about the year 1399, by the executors of Matthew Columbars, a Bourdeaux merchant in wines, and new roofed by Sir Ralph Astry, mayor, in 1493. This magistrate died next year, and was buried in the choir.
Here was also the place of sepulture for Sir John Gisors, and his family. Sir John founded a chantry for the souls of himself and Isabel his wife. Its first patron was Bartholomew, Lord Burghersh, in 1368, and after him John Cornwalleys, Esq. who presented to it several times.
The church having been burnt in the great fire, the parish was united to St. Michael Royal, and the site appropriated as a burial ground.
Among the eminent clergymen of this parish the following cannot with propriety be passed over: Dr: John LESLEY, descended from an antient family of that name in the north of Scotland. Having been 'matriculated at Aberdeen, 'he afterwards pursued his studies at Oxford, and then travelling into Germany, France, &c. became famous for his erudi tion and his polished manners. He conversed in French, Spanish, and Italian with the facility of the natives; and he had such an extraordinary command of Latin, that he was complimented whilst he resided in Spain, with the expression that “ Lesley alone can speak Latin." It was also said of him and of another divine, bearing the same name, that "No man preached more gracefully than the one, nor with more authority than the other.” These various accomplish
ments recommended him to James I. Charles I. and Charles II. who admitted him of their council for Scotland and Ireland. He vacated this living in 1628, on his promotion to be bishop of the Isles. He was afterwards translated to the see of Rao phoe in Ireland; where by his persevering management he increased the revenue of that diocese above one third ; and built a palace for the use of the bishopric, so contrived for strength as well as beauty, that it served as a fortress during the Irish rebellion and massacre in 1641. From this palace it was, when Sir Ralph Gore at Matchribeg, with other British inhabitants were reduced to great extremity, by a long siege, and the necessity of a sudden and unconditional surrender of their lives to the merciless cruelty of the Irish, that bishop Lesley sallied amidst the flames of the whole country and relieved them, at the moment that they had converted their dishes, &c. into balls. This also, was after the Loggan forces, consisting of three regiments, had refused to hazard the relief. He raised and maintained a regiment of loyalists, besides enduring a siege in his episcopal castle, and held out to the last extremity before he surrendered to Cromwell's forces. The news of the Restoration was so grateful to him that he rode from Chester to London in twenty-four hours, a yast distance at that time. In 1661 he was advanced to the see of Clogher, and might have had higher preferments; but he excused himself, being resolved to end his labours among those with whom he had been a joint sufferer. He died at Castle Lesley in 1671, aged upwards of one hundred years. The oldest bishop then in Europe.
BRUNO RYves, D. D. was a famous and eloquent preacher; besides this living, he had the vicarage of Stanwell, and was chaplain to Charles I. He was also a sufferer by the grand rebellion, seqnestered from his rectory, and driven from his vicarage, he wandered about in danger and poverty. His sovereign conferred on him the deanery of Chichester, wbich, however produced little or no profit, till the Restoration, when being sworn one of the chaplains in ordinary, he had the deanaries of Windsor and Wolverhampton conferred on him. He was also rector of Acton in Middlesex, and Registrar of