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While we are about the account of the antient cathedral, it may be necessary that we entertain our readers with the origin of the proverb
“ DINING WITH DUKE HUMPHREY." Many ignorant persons entertained a notion that Humphrey, duke of Glocester, had been buried in St. Paul's, instead of St. Alban's; and therefore the idlers on St. Andrew's day, had a solemn meeting at the tomb of Sir John Beaumont, which they had mistaken for that of the duke, where they professed to do homage to his memory as bis servants and liege people, and nominally invited themselves to dinner with the good duke, in right of their various supposed offices, “ Likewise, on May-day,” says Munday, “ tankard bearers, watermen, and some other of the like quality besides, would come to the tomb early in the morning, and deliver service. able presentations at the monument, by strewing herbs, and sprinkling fair water on it; as in the duty of servants, and according to their degrees and charges in office. But as Mr. Stow bath discreetly advised such as are so merrily dis. posed, or simply profess themselves to serve duke Humphrey in St. Paul's, if the punishment of losing their dinners daily there be not sufficient for them, they should be sent to St. Alban's, to answer there for their disobedience, and long absence from their so highly well deserving lord and master, because, in their merry disposition, they please so to call bim.”
This was not the only act of profanation, which was transacted in St. Paul's cathedral. It appears to have been a common thoroughfare for porterage, &c. which abuse was carried to such an extent, that the following act of common-council was issued as a restriction, on the first of August, 1 and 2 Philip and Mary:
“ Forasmuch as the material temples of God were first-ordained for the lawful and devout assembly of people, there to lift up their hearts, and to laud and praise Almighty God, and to hear his divine service, and most holy word and gospel, sincerely said, sung, and taught; and not to be used as markets, or other profane places, or thoroughfares, with car
riage of things: And for that, now of late years, many of the inhabitants of the city of London, and other people repairing thither, have, and yet do commonly use and accustom themselves very unseemnly and unreverently, the more the pity, to make their common carriage of great vessels full of ale and beer, great baskets full of bread, fish, flesh, and such other things; fardels of stuff, and other gross wares and things, through the cathedral church of St. Paul's. And some, in leading moyles (mules), horses, and other beasts through the same irreverently, to the great dishonour and displeasure of Almighty God, and the great grief also, and offence of all good people: Be it therefore, for remedy and reformation thereof, ordained, enacted and established, &c. That no person, either free or foreign, of what estate or condition soever, do at any time, froin henceforth, carry, convey, or cause to be carried through the said cathedral, any manner of great vessel or basket with bread, ale, beer, fish, flesh, &c. or any other like thing or things, upon pain of forfeiture or losing, for every such his or their first offence, 35. 4d. for the second, 6s. 8d. for the third, 10s, and for every other offence, after such third time, to forfeit 10s, and to suffer two days and two nights imprisonment, without bail or mainprize. The one moiety of all which pains and penalties shall be to Christ's Hospital within Newgate, and the other half to him that will sue for the same in any court of record within the city, by bill, original plaint, or information, to be commenced or sued in the name of the chamber. lain of the said city, for the time being; wherein no essoine or wager of law for the defendant shall be admitted or allowed.”
It is really curious, at this distance of time and in our more polished age, to reflect on the uses to which St. Paul's was converted even in the reign of queen Elizabeth. It was a common passage for goods, &c. its chantries and chapels were converted to warehouses for lumber; carpenters shops, truok makers, to the disturbance of divine service; a baker's shop, and a play-house ! VOL. III. No. 71,
We turn away from the disgusting retrospect of St. Paul's, as profaned in the times of reformation, and during the civi} wars, when the great fire reduced it to ashes, and the present noble structure rose the wonder and admiration of the aniverse.
THE PRESENT CATHEDRAL. It having been resolved to erect a new cathedral, which should equal, if not exceed, the magnificence and splendor of the old fabric, letters patents were issued under the great seal, in the year 1674, authorising commissioners to manage that great work, and appointing Sir Christopher Wren to prepare a suitable design. King Charles II. was also graciously pleased to give 1000l. per annum, out of his privy purse, towards carrying on the intended structure.*
* The public spirit evinced on this occasion is amply testified by the following names of benefactors, and the sums subscribed, extracted from a vellum roll belonging to the clerk of the works: It should be remembered, that the sums formerly given for repairs, were also appropriated to the present purpose: Sir Thomas Allen of £. $. d. Dr. Bretton, master S. d.
Finchley · 100 00 of Emanuel Col. Dr. Brideok, bishop
lege in Cambridge 100 00 of Chichester 60 0 O Sir Thomas Bridges 10000 Dr. Blandford, bishop
Edward Ball, Esq.
210 00 of Worcester 100 0 O Earl of Burlington 100 00 Dr. I8. Barrow, bi.
Mr. Babington, fellow shop of St. Asaph 60 0 0 of Trinity College
50 00 Dr. Will. Beaw, bi.
Dr. Bathurst, dean of shop of Llandaff 100 00 Bath and Wells. 500Q Dr. Tho. Barlow, bi.
Dr. Beary, archdeashop of Lincoln
93 15 0 con of the East Sir Orlando Bridgman,
Riding in YorkL.C. J. Com. Pleas 60 0 0 shire
50 00 Dr. Barwick, dean of
Mrs. Eliz. Browning St. Paul's - 100 0 0 of Hadham
100 0 0 Dr. Ball, late master
The Rev. Dr. Buck of the Temple 100 U O Mr. Bird of Hackney
Sir Christopher, finding a concurrence among all degrees for magnificence and grandeur, endeavoured to gratify the public taste with a well studied design, conformably to the
best Dr. Crew, bishop of £. d. Dr. Dolben, archbi. £. s. d. Darham 350 0 0 shop of York
100 00 Dr. Cozens, late bi
Dean and Chapter of shop of Durham 100 оо
3526 1 3 Dr. Henry Compton,
Mrs. Jane Duppa 60 0 0 bishop of London 7000 0
Dr. Edm. Davenant 100 0 O Dr. Guy Carleton 40 0 o Dr. Duport, dean of Dr. Croft, bishop of
Peterborough 100 0 0 Hereford
40 0 0 Dean and Chapter of Anonymous, by Mr.
70 00 Lau. Bathurst 100 0 0
Dean and Prebende Anonymous, by Mark
of Worcester 82 10 0 Cottle, Esq. 50 0 0 Dean and Prebend. Anonymous, by the
of Windsor 145 0 0 bishop of London 60 0 0 Dean and Chapter Earl of Clarendon 50 0 0
75 00 Mrs. Editha Chaffin,
Deon and Chapter by Mr. Simms of
of Canterbury 220 0 0 Guildford, her ex
Conyers, lord Darcy 50 00 ecutor, who paid
Dean and Chapter of her legacy very
140 00 carefully, and took
Dr. Duport, late masmore than ordinary
ter of Mag. Col. 50 0 0 pains therein 1253 9 6 Dr. Edmund Diggle, Sir Thomas Chichley 100 0 0 prebendary, &c. William earl of Craven 55. O 0 of York
60 0 0 George Clark of Lam
Dean and Chapter beth, Esq.
• 50 00
of Norwich 50 0 0 Mrs. Elizabeth Clark 40 0 o Sir George Downing, Mark Cottle, Esq. 55 0 0 Bart.
100 0 0 Mrs. Elizabeth Carlyn 50 o Cambridge Univer. Dr. Mark Cook, preb.
100 of York
50 0.0 Mr. William Evat, The Hon. Henry
clerk, his legacy, Coventry, Esq. 200 0 0 by Mr. Whitfield Dr. Duppa, lord bi.
in the Strand, his shop of Winton - 300 0 executor, who paid 3 T2
best style of the Greek and Roman architecture. Of this design he caused a large and accurate model in wood to be made, with all its proper ornaments, and presented it to the
it with a great
d. Sir Robert Hide, lord deal of exactness,
chief justice of the by advice of Sir
King's Bench 500 a Christopher Wren 300 0 0 Dr. Timothy Hall, Sir Thomas Edwards,
lord bishop of Ox. Knight
200 0 0
1000 Dr. Frampton, bishop
Dr. Juxon, late archof Gloucester 100 0 0
bishop of Canter Dr. Fell, bishop of
. 2000 0 Oxford
50 0 o Dr. Jones, sub dean Lord Chancellor
of the K. chapel 100 0 0 Finch
200 0 O Sir Lionel Jenkins, Sir Stephen Fox 100 0 0 Knight
0 0 Mr. Firmin
50 0 0 Dr. Ken, bishop of Dr. Peter Gunning,
Bath and Wells 100 0 0 late bishop of Ely 500 0 o Dr. Laud, late archDr. William Gulston
bishop of Canter. bishop of Bristol 100 0 o bury
800 0 0 Thomas Garsoot, Esq. 40 0 O Dr. Laney, late bi. Dr. Gardner, sub-'
shop of Ely 500 0 0 dean of Lincoln 40 O O Dr. Lamplugh, biDr. Henchman, late
shop of Exeter 100 o 0 bishop of London 767 10 0 Dr. Lloyd, bishop Dr. Henshaw, bishop
of St. A saph 120 0 Q of Peterborough 300 0 o Sir Peter Lely, Dr. Baldwin Hamy 100 0 0 Knight
50 0 0 Mrs. Ann Holbech 500 0 0 Mr. John Lee
100 O o Mr. John Hanson of
Mr. Joseph Loveland
100. O 0
50 0 0 Dr. Thomas Holbech 100 0 O Dr. Morley, late biAnthony Hinton, Esq. 500 O
shop of Winton
1818 14 6 Dr. Hony wood, dean
Dr. Mew, bishop of of Lincoln 100 o 0 Winton
100 0 0 George Humble, Esq. 100 00 Dr. Jasper Main 500 0 0 Mr. William Hall,
Dr. Mapletoft, dean goldsmith 55 00