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Mark; Christ was not only to die, and fo offer up a facrifice of atonement, but he was also to make reconciliation by it ever afterwards for his children (in case of transgreffion) whenever occasion should be. So faith John, If any man fin, we have an advocate with the Father (to plead for the forgiving and blotting out of the sin); and he is the propitiation (or reconciliation) for our fins; as the old translation renders it, 1 John ii. 1, 2.
Obferv. 5. Christ, our apostle and high-priest, is as faithful over all kis house as Moses was over his. There is not one of the children, not one of his family, but he will teach : not one foul belonging to him, but he will succour, being tempted; nor any one, but he will be an advocate and reconciliation for (in case of fin), in and according to the way that God hath appointed, Heb. iii. 2.
Observ. 6. Who are Christ's house? over whom is he an apostle and highpriest? It is over his own house; whose house are all such as are called by him, if they receive and hold fact that which gives a right to him, and interest in him, chap, iii. 6. and ver. 14. For as under the law, the high-priest was priest only over the outward Israel, the Jews natural; so under the gospel, Christ is appointed of God high-priest over the inward Jews, the Jews spiritual.
Obferv. 7. How this apostle or high-priest of our profession doth work in the hearts of his family or houshold? which is by the Word of Life, by the Word of his own eternal power, which pierceth deep, and divideth between foul and spirit, joints and marrow, discerning and judging every thought and intent, and bringing every high reasoning and imagination into captiyity, that the heart, soul, mind and spirit, with all the thoughts and intents thereof, may become subject to his Spirit and power, chap. iv. 12. · Obferv. 8. What an advantage we have, by having such an high-priest (as was tempted like us, and touched with the sense of our infirmities of coming boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need! For he who experimentally knew what the weakness of our flesh is, and what it was to be tempted therein, and how needful and seasonable help from his Father then was; surely he cannot but be ready to give out, and multiply grace and mercy to his in the time of their need, chop.iv. 15, 16.
Obferv. 9. How Christ came to be an high-priest? which was not by his own taking the honour to himself, but by God's glorifying him with the call thereto, chap. v. 4, 501
Obferv. 10. How God fitted Christ, and made him a perfect high-priest? which was by preparing for him a body of Aesh, and exercising him in the days of his flesh with many trials and temptacions; and at last with a bitter baptism, and cup of death, in which he felt and bare the griefs and sorrows of his people, and cried mightily to his father, and was heard in that he feared: and so having himself perfectly learned obedience to his Father, he knows how to become the author of eternal salvation to all that obey him. For Christ, who was heard and saved from death in his obedience to his Father, is appointed to be the leader and Saviour of his people, to save and
redeem them in their obedience unto him, the leader into, and in the way and paths of life, chap. v. 7, 8, 9.
Obferv. 11. Where Christ mediates for his people ? which is within the veil, in the heavenly place, in the holiest of all, where the anchor of our hope reachech to him and falteneth upon him, and there remains sure and stedfast; so that we are stayed upon him, the rock of life and power, against all the storms and tempests cf the powers of darkness, both inward and outward, chap. vi. 19, 20.
Obseru. 12. After what order Christ was made an high-priest, which was after the order of Melchizedeck, who was king of righteousness, and king of peace, even after an holy and heavenly order: not after the order of the earthly priesthood, the high-prieits whereof were taken from amongst men, but after his order who was made mention of; without father, without mother, without descent (for who can declare his generation ?) without beginning of days or end of life, chap. vii. 1, 2, 3. and 15.
Observ. 13. That this priest put an end to and changed the laws of the other earthly, shadowy priesthood of Levi, by which perfection was not, that he might bring in that priesthood of his own, by which perfection was to be, chap. vii. ver. 11, &c. · Obferv. 14. How Christ was made priest after a different manner from the priests of the law: for they were made priests after the law of a carnal commandment; but Chrift was not made priest so, but after the power of an endless life, chap. vii, 16. . Obferv. 15. That the work of Christ's priesthood continueth until it be finished ; that is, till this high-priest hath saved all whom he is to save, which is thus: as in all ages the Father draweth fouls to him, so he is to fave them; to destroy their enemies, to blot out their fins, to break down what stands between God and them, and so to bring them into the true oneness; for God will never be reconciled to his enemy the devil, nor to man while in union with him, chap. vii. 24, 25.
Obferv. 16. That this high-priest needeth not to offer many sacrifices to atone by, as the priests under the law needed to do often : for he was a perfect priest, and offered up one perfect, spotless sacrifice ; and is a propitiation for the sins of the whole world, chap. vii, 27, 28. . Obferu. 17. What fanctuary is Christ the high-priest and minister of? which is, of that sanctuary and true tabernacle which the Lord pitcheth, and not man, chap. viii. 2. : · Obferv. 18. What he hath to offer? for every high-priest was ordained to offer both gifts and sacrifices. He hath the heavenly gifts and sacrifices to offer; even all the gifts and spiritual facrifices that are revived and brought forth by him in the holy place, even in his temple or spiritual house within the veil; he is to offer them all up to his Father, ver. 3, &c.
Obferv. 19. What covenant he is mediator of? even a better covenant than the priests under the law were mediators of, which is established upon better,promises : a covenant, wherein there is no defectiveness or imperfection,
wherein wherein all shall certainly be redeemed and saved by him, who come to him in the drawing of the Father, and abide with him. For in such God will put his laws into their minds, and write them in their hearts; and will be their God, and they fall be his people; and will so teach them, that they shall need no other teacher; but shall all know him from the least to the greatest. For as men come into this covenant, God will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their fins and their iniquities will he remember no more, ver, 6. to the end.
Obferv. 20, Thac Christ is not an high-priest of the figures of things, but of the good things themselves (which came in the time of reformation), even of the perfect covenant, the perfect tabernacle, and of the worship and fervice in Spirit and truth; where the perfect refiner (by his Spirit of judg. ment and burning) purifieth the sons of Levi, that they may offer to God an offering in righteousness, chap. ix. 9, 10, 11, and Mal. iii. 3.
So that there is a different state witnessed by the people of God in this covenant, from what was witnessed by the Jews in the other covenant: for what was amiss there, is reformed here by the Spirit and power of our God, in all those that abide and walk in this covenant; who live in the Spirit and walk in the Spirit, and do not fulfill the lusts of the flesh, which grieve and provoke God's Holy Spirit.
Obferv. 21. How Chrift came to obtain eternal redemption for all his ? which was by his blood. For as the high-priest under the law entered into the holy place of that tabernacle made with hands, by the blood of goats and calves, and so obtained remiffion for the sins of that outward people the Jews; fo Christ entered into the truly holy place, into the greater and more perfect tabernacle, and there by his blood obtained remission for all that should receive repentance from him, and believe in him, ver. II, 12.
Obferv. 22. How Christ purifieth, purgeth, and sanctifieth the people with his blood ? which is, by sprinkling it upon them. For under the law, in that outward covenant, the unclean were sprinkled with the blood of the facrifice, that they might be sanctified to the purifying of the flesh; and under the gospel, in this inward covenant, believers are sprinkled with the blood of the Lamb, that their consciences might be purged from dead works to serve the living God, as his cleansed, holy, renewed people, ver. 13, 14.
Obferv. 23. For what cause Christ was mediator of the New Testament? which was, that by means of death for the redemption of the transgressors under the first Testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance, ver. 15. For God hath made Christ a propitiation for all men, both Jews and Gentiles, that through faith in his blood, his righteousness might be declared for the remission of fins that are past, through the forbearance of God, that he might be just, and a justifier of him who is of the faith of Jesus, Rom. iii. 15, 16. So that they that were under the first covenant, hearkening unto him, and believing in him, were justified from all things, from which they could not be justified by the law of Moses, Aets xiji, 39.
Observ. Obferv. 24. The necessity of Chrift's death, which was, because he was to make way by his own blood into the holieft, to appear before God for us; and to sprinkle the heavenly things with the blood of a facrifice, of an higher and better nature than the blood of bulls and goats was ; for that was the blood of the covenant, which was to pass away, but he was to sprinkle his with the blood of the everlasting covenant; and by this his death and blood (sprinkled upon the hearts of his) his covenant comes to be of force, ver. 16. to 25. and chap. xiii. 20, 21.
Obferv, 25: That this high-priest need not often offer facrifices, to put away sin, as the priests of the law did; because this one offering is sufficient, and the blood thereof sprinkled upon the conscience, is able to purge away dead works, wherever it is sprinkled. There needeth not any other offer. ing, 'nor any other blood to do it; but all that is now further needed, or to be expected by bis, is his appearing the second time, without fin, unto falvation, in the pure virtue, power, and life of his own Spirit, ver. 25. 10 the end.
Obferv. 26. What it was, that was the thing of great value with the Father, in Chrift giving up himself to death? It was his obedience. He did obey his Father in all things, not doing his own will, but the will of him that sent him. He was obedient to death, even the death of the cross : and so, as by one man's disobedience, death came upon all; so by the obedience of one, the free gift came upon all, which free gift is unto life ; for life comes upon all that come to him, and believe in him, through the free gift, which is freely tendered to, and come upon all; chap. x. 7. Rom. v. 18, 19.
Observ, 27. That God took away sacrifices, and burnt-offerings, which were appointed by the old covenant, that he might establish this obedience among all his children.. Christ led the way, and all are to follow him in the new obedience, and to walk in newness of Spirit before the Lord, ver. 9.' '.
Obferv. 28. That we are fanctified by the same will, by which Christ was sanctified, or fanctifieth himself. In subjection to the same will, which the head obeyed (even in denying themfelves, taking up the cross to their own wills, and submitting to God's) are the members fanctified. The Spirit of God works them into holiness by this will of God, and through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once, ver. 10. John xvii. 19.
So mark : there is the will of God, the offering up the body of Jesus, the pouring out the Spirit of grace, the new covenant, and faith in Chrift, &c. All these tend to work out one and the same thing, and they all concur thereto, in their several orders and places.
Observ. 29. That as this high-priest sanctifies men, fo he perfects them; . and when they are fully fanctified, then they are for-ever perfected; but till then, Christ, the high-priest of our profesion, hath fomewhat to do upon them towards the perfecting of them, that he may present them spotless, and blameless to his Father, ver. 14, 15.
Chrilleru. 31. Thla. lii. 15. be fall hy more faci
Obferv. 30. How the apostle proves, That by this one offering, Christ barb for-ever perfekted them that are fanctified. He proves it thus: by this offering the covenant is established, wherein is the putting and writing God's law in the heart and mind, the remiffion of sins.
So, come into this covenant, come under this high-priest; there is no more remembering of fin there, but perfect forgiveness through this one offering, and so no more need of any more facrificing or offering for sins to such, ver. 15.-19. For be ball sprinkle many nations with the blood of this one offering, Ifa. lii. 15.
Obferv. 31. The great privilege of those, who do indeed believe in Christ, and are sprinkled with the blood, and how they are to improve and make use of that privilege.
First, They have liberty, confidence, or boldness, to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, ver. 19. What is more holy than God's Spirit ? Is not that the most holy place? Why, there they are to worship; for they that worship the Father in the new covenant, or according to the new covenant, must worship him in the Spirit, and in the truth; yea, and must also live in the Spirit, and walk in the Spirit, which is the place of everlasting rest, and land of the living.
Secondly, Take notice how they come into the holiest, which is by the new and living way, which Christ hath prepared, or consecrated through his feth, ver. 20.
Thirdly, They have an high-priest there over the house of God, who appears before God in the holiest, and stands ready there to perform all the offices of priest-hood for his houshold, ver. 21.
Fourthly, There is an orderly way of drawing nigh to God, and worshipping him in the holiest? There is a certain manner, after which believers are to approach, and draw nigh co God: which is; 1. With a true heart. 2. In fullness of faith, or in full assurance of faith; not waveringly, but as those that are called of God, and shall be helped by him, and accepted of him through their high-priest. 3. In purity of conscience and conversation, having their hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and their bodies washed with pure water, ver. 22, 23. and Psal. xxvi. 6. Christ came by water and blood; so here is both the water and the blood, according to the figures thereof, under the law.
Observ. 32. Whither they came in the apostles days, who knew Christ as their high-priest and mediator, and who partook of the blood of sprinkling? They came to spiritual Mount Sion, and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, Heb. xii. 22.
Observe likewise where they walked, who felt the virtue of Christ's. blood cleansing them; which was in the light, as God is in the light, i John, i. 7.
Now, what light is that which the redeemed are to walk in? Is it not the light of the Lamb's city, the new Jerufalem ?. Is it not the light thereof,