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him; that though all who hear him which, finding every avenue to the may not have the advantage of ed- heart laid open, allowed the orator ucation, yet all of them have a to approach without effort, and heart at which the preacher should made him conqueror even before aim ; that in the pulpit man should he had engaged.His action perbe exhibited to himself not to fright. fectly corresponded with the kind en him by the horror of the picture of eloquence he had cultivated. but to afflict him by its resemblance; The moment he entered the pulpit, and that if it is sometimes useful he seemed deeply impressed with to terrify and alarm him, it is often the great truths he was about to er profitable to draw forth those ex- declare; with eyes cast down, a static tears, that are more efficacious modest and collected air, without than those of despair. Such was any violent motions, with few or the plan that Massillon proposed to no gestures, but animating all by follow, and which he executed like an affecting and impressive voice, a man who had conceived it, that is, he communicated to his hearers like a man of genius. He excels the religious sentiment which his in that property of an orator which external appearance announced. can alone supply all the rest ; in He commanded that profound sithat eloquence which goes directly lence, which is a higher complito the soul, which agitates without ment to eloquence than the most convulsing; which alarms without tumultuous plaudits."--In looking appalling ; which penetrates with at this delineation one might, inout rending the heart. He search- deed very naturally doubt whether es out the hidden folds in which the artist had drawn more from the the passions lie enveloped, those real subject, or from his own beau secret sophisms, which blind and ideal of pulpit eloquence. Yet if seduce. To combat and to destroy we allow for the high French col. these sophisms, he has in general ouring which it so obviously car. only to unfold them : this he does ries, we have, I am persuaded, a with an unction so affectionate and true portrait of Massillon. so tender, that he allures us rather I intended, when I began, to of. than compels. His diction, always fer a few remarks of a practical na. smooth, and elegant, and pure, is ture on some topics connected with every where marked with that no this subject; but have judged it ble simplicity, without which there better that they should give place is neither good taste nor true, 'elo to passages like these of d'Alem quence.—Massillon reaped anoth bert.--I only add that among the er advantage from that heart-affec- most eloquent and perfect of Mas. ting eloquence which he made so sillon's sermons are ranked those happy a use of. As he spoke the 'on the Forgiveness of Enemies ;' language of all conditions, because 'on the Death of a Sinner ;' 'on he spoke to the heart, all discrid. Confession ;' on the Divinity of tions of men flocked to his ser. Jesus Christ ;' on the Mixture of mons; even infidels were eager to the Righteous and the Wicked ; hear him; they often found in.

im: they often found in and his homily of the Prodigal struction, when they expected only Son.' amusement, and returned some times convinced, when they thought To the Editor of the Christian Spectator. they were only bestowing or with. holding their praise. Massillon SUBJOINED are a few extracts could decend to the language which from the common-place book of a alone they would listen to, that of deceased friend. They are, as you a philosophy apparently human, but will perceive, unstudied thoughts,

of a practical character, written for tendency of both moral and politic. his own perusal. They are the ef- al arrangements ; he will recognise fusions of a heart habitually pious; the hand of God, also, even in the and if you think them adapted to hum of business, and in the complipromote the piety of others, you are cated machinery of civilized life. A requested to lay them before your state of civilization is a state of nareaders.

ture-in other words Providence

designed man should advance to a “ Perhaps almost every man liv. civilized state and there are laws of ing has a particular train of thought nature, according to which this adinto which his mind falls when at vancement is most successfully to leisure from the impressions and take place, which are as much orideas that occasionally excite it; dinances of heaven, as the laws that perhaps also the train of thought obtainin the material world. When here spoken of, more than any oth- therefore a person has acquired the er thing, determines the character. devotional frame of mind, mention... In a moral view, I shall not ed above, he can find something to be contradicted when I say, that if nourish his piety, and lift his soul one train of thinking be more de- in silent musings to heaven, in the sirable than another, it is that which busiest scenes of human life ; and regards the phenomena of nature to him the man who honestly and with a constant reference to a su- industriously labours for his daily preme intelligent Author.”-Dr. bread, exhibits as unequivocal a Paley.

mark of divine wisdom and good. It is impossible to measure the ness, as the busy bee which blind. value of the habit of mind here re- ly erects a fabric of the most cucommended. It is at the same time rious and exact mechanism. a most efficacious, I had almost said indispensable means, of ad- Lord Chatham, in his letters to vancement in piety, and a source his son, remarks, that“ politeness is of the purest enjoyment. It ex. a species of benevolence, or someerts also a most benign influence thing to that amount.” Undoubton our whole character.- Where- edly it is, since it consists in a conever we go, we meet with some- stant endeavour to render those in thing which may remind us of the our company, and others who have goodness of God. From the vast a claim, happy-whether it is done luminaries of heaven, down to the by the acts, the language, and the simplest forms of vegetable and an- look of kindness, or by abstaining imal life, every thing proclaims a from whatever would tend to dispresent Deity. A person who has please them. If this is so, is not acquired the above-mentioned hab- true politeness a humble sort of virit, perceives ten thousand eviden- tue ; and are we not under a moral ces of the Deity, which others pass obligation, as well as under the ob. over without any notice, and with ligation imposed upon us by the out feeling any sentiment rise in rules of decorum and propriety, to the bosom. To such a person not imbibe its spirit, and practice aca rivulet winds its way amid the cording to its requisitions. We twisted roots of a thicket, nor a may, it is true, be polite from other gleam of sunshine spreads over the motives than a desire to make othfield, nor a bird pours forth its mel. ers happy; and so may we relieve ody in the grove, without raising the distressed, and instruct the ig. his thoughts to God. Nay if he has norant,from other motives than such reflected muchon the ways ofthis bu- as are sanctioned by the spirit of sy world, and learned the scope and true religion ; nevertheless our mo. tives may be good. It often re- be the cause, the fact is remarkaquires no small degree of self-deni- ble, and deserves the serious attenal, and no small effort of kindness, tion of every one who imagines bimto conform to all the rules of po- self far advanced in moral excelliteness, in every variety of com- lence, so that while he “thinketh pany, and in every situation into he standeth he may take heed lest which we may be thrown. Hence he fall.” The magnanimous and the propriety and force of the ap. virtuous resolutions on which you pellation Christian gentlemen. rely for safety, and the strength of

moral principle which may seem to “The armour which the Christ. you to elevate you above the snares tian puts on in solitude, he will not of an alluring world, may be dissilay aside in the field of battle.”-- pated when the heart grows warm Mrs. More.

with the feelings of some rare oc“ Such, and so permanent, is the casion; and an opportunity will be effect of first impressions on the given for the enemy in the rear to character, that although the phi- advance--an enemy who are ever losopher may succeed in freeing ready to volunteer their services, his reason from prejudices with nay, who push themselves into the which he was entangled, they will battle, and take you captive ere you still retain some hold of his imagin are aware of it. The erroneous im. ation and his affections : and there pressions of an early education, confore, however enlarged his under- spiring with the suggested feelings standing may be in his hours of of the moment, may, in a moment, speculation, his philosophical opin- gain predominance in your soul, ions will frequently lose their influ- and wake themselves into action, ence over his mind in the very sit- while reason, and conscience, and uations in which their practical as- religion, are turning their eyes ansistance is most required ;-—when other way, or suffering them to his temper is soured by misfortune; grow drowsy, amid the din of a or when he engages in the pursuits worldly scene. It is the part of true of life, and exposes himself to the wisdom and of true religion, then, contagion of popular errors."— before we leave our quiet homes Stewart.

for extraordinary occasions, to pass Every one who has made any ad. in review the scenes which will vancement in virtue, knows by present themselves, and having aspainful experience, how easily we certained, as nearly as may be, the are overcome by temptation. He predominant temptations likely to forms his virtuous resolutions at prevail and beset the soul, when home-he goes abroad, falls into other things will engross its atten. temptation, and returns with bit- tion and feelings, to fix the steady ter reflections on his want of moral eye upon them—to sink them deep vigilance and firmness. His good in the memory, and at the same resolutions may not have occurred time to look about for a monitor to him when they were needed, or who will accompany us, and, as we if they did, they did not present lift the poisoned bowl, will dash it themselves in that light in which from our hands, and save us from they formerly did. They may ap- the “sins which," on such occa. pear to have been adopted in too sions, “most easily beset us." scrupulons a frame of mind--or from Some passage of scripture, or some a narrow view of the circumstances weighty remark of a pious moralist, in which it was supposed they dwelt upon before liand, and hummight be needed. Whatever may med over, as it were, in the mind,

and made to adhere to our famil- land, as the reader probably knows. iar thoughts, may be useful on such That the practice is not very scanoccasions, by rising spontaneously dalous, might be inferred from the to view, and staring us in the face. admission of a notice like the fol

lowing to the covers of such a work

as the Christian Observer; and yet ENGLISH ADVERTISEMENTS. that it is somewhat so, would ap

pear from the fact, that advertiseMuch may be known of the man- ments of the kind are anonymous, ners of a people from their adver- and their import concealed from the tisements, and I sometimes amuse million under the cloak of a learned myself with looking over these ar- language. What need, too, if the ticles on the crowded covers of the practice be decent and right, of a English Magazines.--In our coun- « lithographic impression ?An try, we sometimes hear of a politic- honest roman type is as easily read, al aspirant, at the south or west, and sounds as well to the hearers, publicly proposing himself for of as a sprawlino imitation of manu fice, but we never hear, I believe, script. But the hearers have eyes of an American clergyman adver- as well as ears; and their eyes tising !or a parish. This is com- must be “caught with guile," or mon in England. Among all sorts their ears will be “dull of hearof " situations wanted,” applica- ing.” The preacher must carry a tions like the following, are as con- deception "in his right hand,” into spicuous as any.

the pulpit, or what were his preach“CURACY WANTED.-A Married ing better than the reading of a Clergyman, in Full Orders, M. A. chapel-clerk to a slumbering conof Oxford, wants a Curacy in gregation. Devonshire, in any neighbourhood The advertisement, referred to where he can rent a good house, above, follows. with garden, coach-house, and sta

AD CLEROS. ble. The Advertiser would under In Sets (of Ten,) price 1l. each. take two full services on Sunday, ConcioNES Orthodoxæ, Lithoand the weekly duty. The most graphice impressæ, ac M.S.S. fidelsatisfactory references can be giv- iter imitantes, in lucem jam prien. Address X. Y. Z. &c."

mum prolatæ, atque in usum pubAnother proposes to exchange licum Clerorum,-præsertim juvehis cure, for one which is more to num, illorumque quibus, propter his mind; and another, a recent curæ suæ amplitudinem, sermonum graduate, is in want of a Curacy, scribendorum sæpe deest opportuthat he may obtain a title to or- nitas, accommodatæ. ders.

Quibus accedunt aliæ, ex operiOur American clergymen, not bus Tillotson, Stillingfieet, Seed, uncommonly, read their discourses, Rogers, Brady, cæterorumque vetbut I am not aware that they buy erum Theologorum Ecclesiæ Anthem. No doubt, often, they would glicanæ clarissimorum excerptæ, think it a cheap preparation for the contracta, et ad genus orationis pulpit, while they are burning their hodiernum haud levi cura redactæ, lamps till midnight, and writing a quodam Presbytero. their nerves into sleepless excite- Singulis Concionibus auctoris noment, if they might purchase their men adjungitur. sermons at two shillings sterling Quisque fasciculus Sermones deapiece, or in lots of ten for a pound. cem, viz. tres novos, veteresque But their American notions forbid. septem renovatos, in se complectiThis however is practised in Eng. tur; cui porro adduntur sententie, Vol. I.--No. III.

18

quas de Concionibus ejusdem auc. To which others are added, taken toris publicatis Critici quidem jam from Tillotson, Stillingfleet, Roantea ediderunt.

gers, &c. and so metamorphosed, To be had of Messrs. Hatchard and modernized, that the authors and Son, Piccadilly, London ; [and themselves should never suspect a string of others]; or, by applica- their origin. By a certain Pres. tion to the Author, (inclosing Re. byter. mittance,) addressed to the Rev. Ten sermons in a parcel, three M. N. (care of the Post Master,) new ones and seven old ones newFerrybridge, Yorkshire.

vamped; and [lest heretical or

puritanical productions should be Liberally done into English thus: palmed upon the purchaser for

In sets of ten for a pound. orthodox, and also because it is not UNMETHODISTICAL pulpit discour- to be supposed that his professional ses; exactly executed like manu- reading has led him to an acquaintscript, by means of the lithographic ance with those old and by-gone art, and designed to be privily used authors mentioned above] the opinin public, by those gentlemen of ions of critics are added respecting the clerical profession who, from their several merits.” the extent of their engagements, The learned reader will perceive . in the chase and the circles of fash- that several passages of the above ion, (literally, the extent of their version are rather hermeneutical cures, curæ amplitudinem) cannot than literal, but they seemed neredeem time for the tedium of cessary to the spirit of the original. writing sermons.

A CERTAIN LAYMAN.

THEOLOGICAL COLLECTIONS.

Extract from Muensher's Dogmatic His- this history. Others were more

tory, (Introduct. Pt. II. vol. I. pp. 13— general; which it may be useful 34.) translated for the Christian Specta

here to place together in one gentor.

eral view, as they must often be reTHE GENERAL CAUSES OF CHANGE ferred to in the examination of par

IN THE DOCTRINAL VIEWS OF ticular doctrines.
CHRISTIANS.

The general causes of change in WHOEVER has but glanced an eye doctrines may be reduced to these over the history of Christian the- four : (1) the nature of the human ology, and observed the great mind generally ; (2) the external changes of opinion among Chris circumstances in which Christians tians—the advances and retroceslived ; (3) the varying necessities of sions of enlightened and correct the times ; (4) the different helps views, will find himself pressed by used by Christians in the explanathe question: Whence these innu- tion and defence of their religion. merable changes ? Why this con- The FIRST CAUSE lies in the charstant fluctuation between light and acter of the human mind. The mind darkness, between truth and error ? of man, when it has not lost its tone The causes indeed are numerous by inaction, and is not restrained and diversified. Some affected by force, has a propensity to anonly single doctrines : and these alyze its conceptions, and to comwe shall notice in the progress of bine and systematize its ideas.

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