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that a sin?" Antinom. Yes to him was, the labours of Wesley and his that thinks it a sin; but not to those coadjutors, with their errors, prewhose hearts are free. The same vailed, and wrought a mighty change thing, says Wesley, that wretch Roger in the sentiments and practice of Ball affirmed in Dublin. Surely these

the church from which he dissented.

thos are the first-born of Satan."

And it is curious to observe that Who that regards religion, or

while the articles of that church remorals, does not agree with Wesley

tain the same Calvinistic, or rather in his concluding remark ? Genuine evangelical form, which they did antinomianism carried out into all

when Toplady lived and died in its details may justly be considered their defence, yet now a great porthe most pernicious and most des. tion of the Episcopal church have picable of all the isms that ever in- departed from the import of these fested religion. Wesley, and his articles as they were then explained little band of kindred spirits, were

and defended, and are entirely opmore than justified in their zeal to posed to their literal meaning. The rid the church of so monstrous an

defence of these famous and timeincubus. Their exertions, let the

hallowed articles, according to their world say what it will, have confer

true import, as they came from the red imperishable blessings on the

hands of the framers, is now abancause of religion. They gave an

doned for the most part to those impulse to that leaden age of the

denominations who are said to have church which greatly contributed to nothing more than “an unauthori. set in motion the tide of Christian

zed ministry,” and whose only hope benevolence which is now bearing

of salvation depends upon “ the unthe blessings of salvation to the re

covenanted mercy of God.” That motest bounds of the world. Yet

the established church, and the disit must ever be regretted that they senting Congregational, and Preswere not more emancipated from

byterian churches did once agree error, and that their zeal was not in doctrine, is manifest from their characterized by a spirit of mildness adopting the thirty-nine articles more conformable to the gospel. into their confession of faith.* But such is the infirmity of human

Whence then has arisen this docnature, that in the heat of contro

trinal disagreement, and how can versy, all parties are driven to ex

those churches which once pretremes. So it was in that age. The

cisely agreed in doctrine with the defenders of the doctrines which “apostolic church,” as it is termed. prevailed in the established church,

and which have not departed from among whom Toplady stands pre

the same faith-how can they be eminent, verged the more to anti

stigmatized as “heretical,” and nomianism, and their opponents

“unauthorized” ?-How can these

unauth were driven the more to the oppo

things be?--And which is most insite extreme. Had they all, in a

consistent, they that have kept their deliberate moment, come nearer to

early faith, or she that has departed each other, and entrenched them

from it?

CN. selves upon some middle ground, they had all been more correct and

*See the Saybrook and Cambridge

Platforms, and the Confession of Faith judicious defenders of the faith adopted by the Presbyterian Church, once delivered to the saints. As it Vol. L_No IV.

27

REVIEWS.

A selection of Eulogies, pronounced legitimacy of a novel, that the he.

in the several States, in honour of ro should be free from all the infirmthose illustrious Patriots and ities of our common nature on the Statesnen, John ADAMS and one hand, and be adorned with THOMAS JEFFERSON. Hartford. more than every human virtue and D. F. Robinson & Co. and Nor- perfection on the other-if a novel ton & Russell. 1826.

must necessarily bristle with excla

mation points, and call for tears We had just taken up this gen- whether there is any occasion for eral repository of warm and splen- them or not, we do not see how we did panegyric, and touched the could honestly have told our Joseph, margin in a few places with our crit. had he returned and pressed his ical pencil, when an inquisitive lad, question, that a eulogy is not a kind to whom we are rather partial and of novel. Besides, in the case now indulgent in our old age, happening before us, it required little more to cast his eye over our shoulder than a simple narration of facts, to and to notice the word culogies in give an air of romance to the whole the running title, enquired what volume. In what degree these it meant. But seeming to catch a nineteen'eulogies,or any of them, exglimpse of the definition, before we hibit the other features of a novel had time to answer, added with which we have just hinted at, we great simplicity, “ A'nt a eulogy a may find occasion to inquire bekind of novel ?" We read on with fore we are through. our accustomed gravity, and the lit- These laudatory funeral distle querist vanished into the nurse courses are of very unequal length, ry; but we were directly surprised the shortest containing but six pato find, that as we turned over page ges, and the longest extending alafter page, the question would re- most to fifty. In the time allowed turn unbidden,“ А’nt a eulogy a for preparation, there was a still kind of novel ?” This, in spite of greater range. The first, that of all our straight-forward propensi. Governor Tyler, was pronounced ties, turned our musings into a new on the eleventh of July, and the channel, and brought up a new last, that of Mr. Wirt, on the ninequestion, What are some of the teenth of October. The difference leading characteristics of a novel ? in the solid contents of these seyFor how could we answer our lit eral orations, is not less apparent, tle flax-hair, who might return at though the ratio is not uniformly in any moment, till this latter point direct proportion to the superficies. was settled ? Here, as we found our. Some of them were evidently writ. selves not quite so much at home ten in haste, under that thrilling as usdal, we first thought of appealand intense excitement, which the ing to Johnson ; but as such an ap- simultaneous decease of Adams and peal would have betrayed rather Jefferson, on the first jubilee of more ignorance, than our pride American Independence, was cal. seemed just then willing to confess, culated to produce. These for the we most philosophically leaned most part are rather fervid than in back in our elbow chair, and per- good taste. They contain more of mitted the great Lexicographer to declamation and apostrophe, than remain quietly upon the shelf. of principles and their results.

If, however, it is essential to the Others bear the marks of much

thought, and bring together a sur. England, we feel constrained to prising number of the most import- award the palm in this splendid ant incidents of our political history, Olympic contest to Mr. Wirt. for the last fifty years.

Rarely, indeed, have we met with There is in this volume, some so much good taste, with such af. extravagant panegyric, expressed fluence of thought, such a classic as is usual, in high sounding epi- elevation of style, such felicity of thets, and wrought up now and imagery, and beauty of illustrathen to the intensity of bombastic tion, in any similar production. It superlatives. But this is by no ought not to be forgotten however, means a leading characteristic of that Mr. Wirt had the advantage of these eulogies. They are in gen- all his contemporaries in the time eral well written, and they contain which was allowed him for preparsome of the finest strains of elo ation. quence which can be found, we had We should be glad to submit to almost said, in the whole circle of the arbitrement of our readers, in our American literature. There copious extracts, the grounds of the is, as there needs must be, a great critical judgment which we have diversity in the productions of so thus freely pronounced upon the many men of divers gifts, tastes, and literary merits of these admired eupursuits, though all writing upon logies, could we do it without in. the same subject. Thus Cushing, trenching upon space which, as yielding himself up to the impulse Christian Spectators, we feel bound of a glowing imagination, abounds to reserve for graver topics. And in metaphor and ornament to a contracted as our philological limits fault. Knapp is rich and happy in must be, we cannot willingly pass elassical allusions, beyond any of on, without presenting our patrons his associates in the present selec. with a page or two of “elegant ex. tion ; and few of them are happier tracts." in the choice of topics, or in force Before we do this, however, crit. and beauty of illustration. Ser ical justice seems to demand a few geant and Duer are cool, sensible, examples of rhetorical transgressargumentative, patriotic, and impar. ion, and of the common place ore ro. tiai--not so exuberant in blossoms, tundo, which so much abounds in as some others, but richer in fruit- fourth-of-July orations. Let the less dazzling, but safer guides--not following suffice. “ Glorious day''.so sparkling in foam at the brim, " tremendous storm" "star-spanbut having more depth beneath. gled banner”'_“ glorious morn”Webster is strong, philosophic, "blanched by the snows of sevenlogical. He moves among the ty winters"-"tremendous convul. great principles with which every sions”'~" halo of glory." =" That statesman should be familiar, seizes glorious orb which has for so many the very points which ought to be years given light to our footsteps, taken, arranges his topics with ad. has set in death.- “Behold a mirable judgment, and is borne people in tears over the funeral along hy a deep current of good bier of their benefactor.”_Query, sense to the end. Wirt, if not his what other bier could it be ? But equal in strength and originality, is these, to borrow a " pet phrase” of certainly a more polished writer; both ancient and modern encomiand judging from the specimens be- asts, are only " spots upon the fore us, a more finished classical sun," the mere shading of a flood scholar. Indeed, however proud of glory. we may be of several of these eulo- Hyperbole apart, such passagists, as natives of our own New. ges as the following would do no

discredit to the pens of our best and excursive in his views, and kept writers.

at all times such a command over his

temper, that no one could discover the Our country has been sometimes workings of his soul. The deep disreproached for not erecting monuments

cerner of character of ancient days, if and statues to her departed worthies.

he had studied these men, would probBut what avails the monument of brasa

ably have said, the former belonged to and stone? Sink its foundations deep;

the school of Socrates, and the latter raise it as high as human ken; when

to that of Seneca. Their minds were the rolling years press on-it falls

not only different in their elementary they sweep over it, and leave not a

properties, but education had made the

difference still wider. Adams was trace of its gloomy grandeur. Erect the statue of marble; it is cold and

born and educated on the seaboard, lifeless-Time claps it-and it becomes

and practised law in a seaport whose dust in his hands. But the patri

merchants were princes, and whose ot statesmen and philanthropists, like

traffickers were anaong the honourable those whom we this day commemorate,

of the earth.' He entered deeply into who have been the instruments of

the views of this class of men-and Providence in adding to the numbers

commerce, and its protector, a navy, and happiness of the human race; who

were the desire of his heart from the have peopled and gladdened new re

first dawn of the Revolution. Jeffer. gions-their memorials are every where!

son was a planter, the son of a planTheir statues are man; living, feeling,

ter, and his first impressions were of intelligent, adoring man; bearing the

extended lands and literary and philoimage of his maker; having the im

sophical ease. Agricultural pursuits press of divinity. These shall endure,

had more charms for him than comby constant succession, through count.

merce. The productions of their pens less ages and vigorous in the embrace

also mark the difference in their mode of Time, become more and more abun

of thinking and reasoning. Adams dant. Their monuments, are the ever

grasped at facts drawn from practical lasting hills which they have clothed

life, and instantly reasoned upon them. with verdure—their praises, are sounds

Jefferson saw man and his nature of health and joy, in vallies which they

through generalities, and formed his

opinions by philosophical inductions of have made fruitful-to them incense

a more theoretical cast. In the wri. daily rises, in the perfumes of fragrant fields, which they have spread with

tings of Adams, you sometimes find cultivation-fair cities proclaim their

the abruptness and singularity of the glory-gorgeous mansions speak their

langurge of prophecy; in those of piunificence-their names are inscri

Jefferson, the sweet wanderings of the bed on the goodly habitations of men;

descriptive, and the lovely creations of and on those hallowed temples of God,

the inventive muse. When these whose spires ever point to the heaven,

great men first met, the subject was which, we trust, has received them.

so important they were called to conpp. 152, 153.-P. Sprague.

sider, that not only they, but most of

their compeers, seemed made with sim. If ordinary men chance to die in

ilar feelings and dispositions. There high places, the eulogist is constrained

was such a necessity of concert and to cull from the barren heath of their

harmony, that the lights and shades lives, here and there a flower to make

of character could not be minutely disup a garland for their hearse, but when

played. When the great labour was truly great men leave the world, we

finished, there was more leisure to may speak of them before their ashes

compare opinions on subjects which are cold as if they had been dead a

were minor in their nature and effect. century. The men whose decease we

pp. 184, 185.-Knapp. have met to commemorate, were great A superior and commanding human men. Adams was a man of robust in intellect, a truly great man, when heay. tellect and of martial feelings; he had en vouchsafes so rare a gift, is not a in his elements much of the old New- temporary flame, burning bright for a England hardihood, and that quickness while, and then expiring, giving place which they had to feel an insult. Jef. to returning darkness. It is rather a ferson was shrewd, quick, philosophical spark of fervent heat, as well as radi.

ant light, with power to enkindle the The spirit of liberty which had common mass of human mind; so that prompted the pilgrims to bid adieu to when it glimmers, in its own decay, the land and tombs of their fathers, and finally goes out in death, no night and to brave the horrors of an exile follows, but it leaves the world all light to the wilds of America, accompanied all on fire, from the potent contact of them to the forests which they came its own spirit. Bacon died; but the to subdue; and questions of political human understanding, roused, by the right and power, between the parent touch of his miraculous wand, to a per. country and the colony, were continuception of the true philosophy, and the ally arising, to call that spirit into acjust mode of inquiring after truth, has tion, and to keep it bright and strong. kept on its course, successfully and These were a peculiar People, a stern gloriously.-Newton died; yet the and hardy race, the children of the courses of the spheres are still known, storm; inured from the cradle to the and they yet move on, in the orbits most frightful hardships which they which he saw, and described for them, came to regard as their daily pastime, in the infinity of space. pp. 195, 196. their minds, as well as their bodies, -Webster.

gathered new strength from the fearful elements that were warring around

them, and whatever they dared to Death has not surprised us by an unseasonable blow. We have, indeed,

meditate as right, that they dared and seen the tomb close, but it has closed

never failed to accomplish. The ro

bust character of the fathers descendonly over mature years, over long protracted public service, over the weak

ed upon their children, and with it,

also came the same invigorating conness of age, and over life itself, only

tests. when the ends of living had been ful

Violations of their charters, filled. These suns, as they rose, slow

unconstitutional restraints upon their ly and steadily, amidst clouds and

trade, and perpetual collisions with

the royal Governors sent over to storms, in their ascendant, so they

bend or to break them, had converted have not rushed from their meridian, to sink suddenly in the west. Like

that province into an arena, in which

the strength of mind had been tried the mildness, the serenity, the continuing benignity of a summer's day, they

against mind, for a century, before the have gone down with slow descending,

tug of the Revolution came. And grateful, long lingering light; and now

these were no puerile sports. They that they are beyond the visible mar

were the stern struggle of intellectual gin of the world, good omens cheer us

force, for power on the one hand, and from “the bright track of their fiery

liberty on the other. And from that car!" p. 197.-Webster.

discipline there came forth such men as such a struggle only seems capable

of generating ; rough, and strong, and Auspicious omens cheer us. Greathe

bold, and daring; meeting their adexamples are before us. Our own

versaries, foot to foot, on the field of firmament now shines brightly upon

argument, and beating them off that our path. Washington is in the clear

field by the superior vigor of their upper sky. These other stars have

blows. now joined the American constellation; they circle round their centre, and Præcipitemque Daren, ardens agit æquo.. the heavens beam with new light. re toto: Beneath his illumination, let us walk

Nunc dextra ingeminans ictus, nunc ile the course of life, and at its close de

sinistra, voutly commend our beloved country,

Nec mora, nec requies. the common parent of us all, to the From this school issued those men Divine Benignity. p. 233.-Webster. $0 well formed for the sturdy business

of life, and who shine so brightly in At pages 386, and 7, we have

the annals of Massachusetts-Maymarked a discriminating and richly

bew, and Hawley, and Thacher, and

Otis, and Hancock, and a host of othmerited eulogium upon our pilgrim

ers, of the same strong stamp of charfathers, which we cannot withhold

acter: men as stout of heart as of from our readers.

mind, and breathing around them an

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