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atmosphere of patriotic energy, which for such a sentinel, over the rights and it was impossible to inhale without liberties of man. partaking of their spirit.-Wirt.
As our Miscellany goes into the We doubt whether the enchant- hands of many, who may not find it ing retirement of Mr. Jefferson, convenient to purchase this selec: was ever more felicitously or graph- tion of eulogies, and as Adams and ically sketched, than at page 419 Jefferson will stand together on the by Mr. Wirt.
page of history, in the first rank of
our revolutionary sages, we hope The Mansion House at Monticello was built and furnished in the days of thanks rather than censure, by so was the blissful and honoured retire, thought so, he now found reduced to a ment of the sage of Quincy. Happy familiar garden walk; and all this carthe life which, verging upon a century, ried off so lightly, so playfully, so had met with but one serious political gracefully, so engagingly, that he won disappointment! and even for that, he every heart that approached him, as had lived to receive a golden atone- certainly as he astonished every mind. ment,
entitle ourselves to his prosperity. In its dimensions, its architecture, its arrangements, and far transcending our intended limornaments, it is such a one as became its, as to make room for their porthe character and fortune of the man. traits from the pencil of Mr. Wirt. It stands upon an elliptic plain, formed If, however, we should be mistaken, by cutting down the apex of a mount- we hereby engage to purchase our ain; and, on the West, stretching readers' pardon, by leaving out away to the North and the South, it twice as much of our own inatter, commands a view of the Blue Ridge whenever they shall require it. for a hundred and fifty miles, and brings under the eye one of the boldest and most beautiful horizons in the Of “the chief of the Argonauts," as world: while, on the East, it presents Mr. Jefferson so classically and so hapan extent of prospect, bounded only by pily styled his illustrious friend of the the spherical form of the earth, in North, it is my misfortune to be able to which nature seems to sleep in eternal speak only by report. But every reprepose, as if to form one of her finest resentation concurs, in drawing the contrasts with the rude and rolling same pleasing and affecting picture of grandeur on the West. In the wide the Roman simplicity in which that prospect, and scattered to the North Father of his Country lived; of the and South, are several detached moun- frank, warm, cordial, and elegant retains, which contribute to animate and ception that he gave to all who ap diversify this enchanting landscape: proached him; of the interesting kindand among them, to the South, Wil. ness with which he disbursed the gol. liss' Mountain, which is so interesting. den treasures of his experience, and ly depicted in his Notes. From this shed around him the rays of his desummit, the Philosopher was wont to scending sun. His conversation was enjoy that spectacle, among the sub- rich in anecdote and characters of the limest of Nature's operations, the loom- times that were past; rich in political ing of the distant mountains; and to and moral instruction; full of that best watch the motions of the planets, and of wisdom, which is learnt from real the greater revolution of the celestial life, and lowing from his heart with sphere. From this summit, too, the that warm and honest frankness, that patriot could look down, with uninter. fervor of feeling and force of diction, rupted vision, upon the wide expanse which so strikingly distinguished him of the world around, for which he con. in the meridian of his life. Many of sidered himself born; and upward, to us heard that simple and touching ac. the open and vaulted Heavens which count given of a parting scene with he seemed to approach, as if to keep him, by one of our eloquent divines : him continually in mind of his high re. when he rose up from that little couch sponsibility. It is indeed a prospect behind the door, on which he was wont in which you see and feel, at once, to rest his aged and weary limbs, and that nothing mean or little could live. with his silver locks hanging on each It is a scene fit to nourish those great side of his honest face, stretched forth and high-souled principles which form- that pure hand, which was never soil. ed the elements of his character, and ed even by a suspicion, and gave his was a most noble and appropriate post, kind and parting benediction. Such
even in that quarter in which p. 421.–Wirt. he had garnered up his heart."--p.418. Wirt.
The following remarks of Mr.
Webster upon elocution, are so just, While the visiter was yet lost in the and have so direct a bearing upon contemplation of these treasures of the the pulpit as well as the senate, arts and sciences, he was startled by that we shall offer no apology for the approach of a strong and sprightly giving them a place in this article. step, and turning with instinctive reverence to the door of entrance, he was The eloquence of Mr. Adams remet by the tall, and animated, and sembled his general character, and forstately figure of the patriot himself, med, indeed, a part of it. It was bold, his countenance beaming with intelli- manly, and energetic; and such the gence and benignity, und his out- crisis required. When public bodies stretched hand, with its strong and are to be addressed on momentous oca cordial pressure, confirming the court- casions, when great interests are at eous welcome of his lips. And then stake, and strong passions excited, came that charm of manner and con- nothing is valuable, in speech, farther versation that passes all description, than it is connected with high intellecso cheerful—so unassuming—so free, tual and moral endowments. Clearand easy, and frank, and kind, and ness, force, and earnestness are the gay-that even the young, and over- qualities which produce conviction. awed, and embarrassed visiter at once True, eloquence indeed, does not conforgot his fears, and felt himself by the sist in speech. It cannot be brought side of an old and familiar friend. from far. Labour and learning may There was no effort, no ambition in toil for it, but they will toil in vain. the conversation of the philosopher. Words and phrases may be marshalled It was as simple and unpretending as in every way, but they cannot compass nature itself. And while in this easy it. It must exist in the man, in the manner he was pouring out instruc- subject, and in the occasion. Affecttion, like light from an inexhaustible ed passion, intense expression, the solar fountain, he seemed continually pomp of declamation, all may aspire to be asking, instead of giving informa- after it, they cannot reach it. It tion. The visiter felt himself lifted by comes, if it come at all, like the outthe contact, into a new and nobler re- breaking of a fountain from the earth, gion of thought, and became surprised or the bursting forth of volcanic fires, at his
wn buoyancy and vigor. He with spontaneous, original, native force. could not, indeed, help being astoun. The graces taught in the schools, the ded, now and then, at those transcend- costly ornaments and studied contrivanant leaps of the mind, which he saw ces of speech, shock and disgust men, made without the slightest exertion, when their own lives, and the fate of and the ease with which this won- their wives, their children, and their derful man played with subjects which country, hang on the decision of the he had been in the habit of considering hour. Then words have lost their among the argumenta crucis of the in- power, rhetoric is vain, and all elabotellect. And then there seemed to be rate oratory contemptible. Even genno end to his knowledge. He was a ius itself then feels rebuked, and subthorough master of every subject that dued, as in the presence of higher was touched. From the details of the qualities. Then, patriotism is elohumblest mechanic art, up to the high- quent; then self-devotion is eloquent. est summit of science, he was pertect. The clear conception, out-running the ly at his ease, and, every where at deductions of logic, the high purpose, home. There seemned to be no longer the firm resolve, the dauntless spirit, any terra incognita of the human un- speaking on the tongue, beaming from derstanding: for, what the visiter had the eye, informing every feature, and
urging the whole man onward, right in these remarks, either to the liv.
the long and tranquil evening of
their lives, than Adams and JefferOf the figure hyperbole, we of
And certain it is, that their fer the following specimens. “But demise on the same day, and while when the foremost men of the world the trumpet of the Jubilee was yet are deposited in the dust, and the sounding in the ears of a great and features of immortality itself are happy people, produced emotions obliterated by the fingers of decay, of no ordinary character--more sawhere shall individual grief find cred perhaps than grief itself, but place, how shall the note of private very different from it.
We reason lamentation be heard ? A wailing from the settled principles of hupeople celebrate their obsequies. man nature; and however often A country is clad in the funeral we repeat the process, are brought garb of woe. Over the insensible to the same conclusion. Here were marble which covers their ashes, a two venerable men, who had shoul. nation bows prostrate in the lowly der to shoulder breasted the surges attitude of mourning.”
which had fifty years before relled the deep sense of our bereavement,
in upon their country from the At. be unmingled with consolatory re- lantic. And they had lived not onflections.''
“ But cold is the breast ly to see those surges retire and and poor is the soul, that now, in lash the opposite shore, but to see the greenness of our untented sor. a great nation of freemen rising up row at the catastrophe of their
to inherit the fruit of their daring death, &c.”—“ National joy is now
and their toils. But now they turned into national sorrow.". were far advanced in age. Infirm66 The hand of God was seen by all, ities were gathering about them in and a whole people are now falling their chambers. The generation upon their knees to acknowledge which they had served was gone. Him the wise Ruler of the uni. The decree "unto dust shalt thou verse. All this may pass well
return” could not be reversed ; and enough in the sable "pomp and when ten thousand glad sounds and circumstance” of funeral eulogy,
voices waked the Jubilee, it rebecause it is understood : but who quired but one slight stroke more of all these “twelve millions” of to take the tabernacle down. It mourners, saving their near kindred was struck while the sun of that and particular friends, wept for day was yet rejoicing in his race, grief, when the astonishing tidings and who will say, that the breast of were received, that Adams and Jef- the nation either was, or ought to ferson both expired on the fourth have been stricken with sorrow by of July? How very sorry, on the the event ? contrary, would thousands of their But we have not quite done with warmest encomiasts have been, had hyperbole. “ Neither of these they lingered but one day longer. great men could have died at any The contagion of this hyperbolical time without leaving an immense woe, however, has not spread so void in our American society." far over this selection as might
“ If the moral virtues gave proporhave been expected Most of the tion to the form, here Phidias might writers introduce the “catastro- sculpture perfection, and Stuart phe" with judgment and propriety. know that his models surpassed
We mean nothing disrespectful those of ancient Greece.”. OB
that memorable day, twelve millions women, to join in the chorus of the of people raised their united voices Jubilee. to God.” And again :
" In that We shall now, without hesitation, voice of gratitude which has since or apology, avail ourselves of the burst from twelve millions of people, opportunity which this publication there is a moral sublimity which affords, to comment upon certain overwhelms the mind.”
objectionable words and phrases, If Adams and Jefferson have not because they occur more fregone to a bright reward in Heaven, quently here, than in the popular of which many of these writers ex- harangues of fourth-of-July patriots, press the strongest assurance, it is (for to the credit of the book be it very certain they must have been spoken, they do not occur near so far from believing thomselves per- often ;) but because we think it fect ; for no real Christian can think our duty to bear our humble testithat he has kept the whole law, mony against this abuse of sacred whatever may be the flattering things, in whatever degree it may award of friends, or partizans. The exist. “ Will not,” demands Gov. voice of gratitude bursting at once Tyler, in a rhapsody of adulation, from twelve millions of people, “will not the author" (of the Deco must indeed be overpowering in laration of Independence,] be moral sublimity. But when did hailed," (by emancipated nations) such a chorus, louder than the as the benefactor of the redeemvoice of mighty waters, go up to ed?" Now we seriously object to fill the ear of heaven?
Was it on the use of the word redeemed'in the fourth morning of last July, to this connexion, not as unauthorized usher in a nation's Jubilee? Were by our standard philologists; but not two millions out of the twelve, as consecrated by scripture and the at that very moment slaves ? And best usage to denote a divine and how could they unite in the re- spiritual agency. Surely the occasounding symphony of praise to God sion did not demand this breaking for the blessings of liberty? We in upon a sacred enclosure. The fear, that instead of this, many an phrase "holy cause of the Revoluaccusing discord rose on that day tion" which occurs in the same eufrom the bitterness of hard and logy, though not so ungrateful to hopeless bondage. And what if, our ear, is liable in a degree to perchance, a drove of manacled the same objection. We cannot Africans had been driven past the indeed deny, that the word holy Capitol, or the shrill voice of the is sometimes secularized by seauctioneer, or the deep groan of rious and even pious writers. But the prisoner for the crime of a this only goes to show the excoloured skin, had broken in upon tent of the abuse complained of. the great concourse while Mr. The term belongs exclusively to Wirt was so eloquently portraying the department of theology. The the gratitude of twelve millions of inspired writers use it to designate freemen? We do not mean to re- those persons and things only, that proach our brethren of the South are set apart for sacred purposes, for that national stigma which was or solemnly dedicated to the serbequeathed to them with their vice of God. With this scriptural lands, and which multitudes of and technical use there is no need them would gladly wipe away if of interfering; and we maintain they could; but we do say, that it that an interference is a violation of is bitter mockery to call upon two good taste, no less than of philomillions of bond-men and bond- logical propriety. Vol. I.-No. IV.
A similar but still stronger ob- the reasons which have already jection lies against the following been given. It is a gross perversentence. “The Apostles of lib- sion of sacred terms, to call the erty have fulfilled their mission; most venerable statesman, or paand leaving the scene of their gen- triot in the world— holy patrierous toils below, are gone above arch.” . It is easy to say that in to receive their reward.” p. 22. these strictures we are “righteous With the last clause of this rhetor- over-much,” and we are fully aware ical method of sending men to of the displeasure and contempt heaven, we have nothing to do at which they are calculated to excite present. Our strictures will be in certain quarters. “But none of confined to the first part of the sen- these things move us.” And intence; and we feel constrained to stead of tendering a quaking recanenter our solemn protest against tation of aught we have said, we this abuse of sacred terms. The must needs crave a little further Apostles were men specially cal- indulgence. led and commissioned by the Lord “ They now see as they were Jesus Christ, and by him invested seen, while in the body, and know with extraordinary powers, ade- the nature of the feelings from quate to the exigencies of the which these honours flow. It is the Christian church, in its infant and gratitude of an enlightened nation formning state. But they left no to the noblest order of benefactors. successors. The office itself ex- It is the only glory worth the aspipired at their death, and God has ration of a generous spirit.” p. 381. never since revived it. Elliot, and Yes, these venerated, and as we Swartz, and Brainard, and a few shall presently see, deified men, others, are indeed sometimes cal
as they were seen.' led Apostles to the heathen, on ac- But o how must the dwellers in count of their extraordinary zeal eternity, (if permitted to know what and success in preaching the gos. is passing here,) regard all this pel where Christ had not been roaring of cannon, this extravanamed. But the case before us is gance of panegyric, this out-pourwidely different. Adams and Jef- ing of libations, this offering of inferson were not missionaries but cense ! A day is coming too, we statesmen ; and ardent as their de- believe, in which it will appear, votion was to the civil rights of that, with all their high claims to the mankind, it would not entitle them gratitude of mankind, the most to be called Apostles. This is a illustrious statesmen and heroic sacred distinction, which we are champions of liberty, are not the sure their sense of propriety would *“ noblest order of benefactors.', have rejected while they were liv- Such men as Luther, and Calvin, ing, nor dreamed they, that the and Knox, and Whitfield, and Edlicense of eulogy itself, would claim wards, to say nothing of Paul, and it for them when they were dead. a host of others, “of whom the
We are sorry any longer to con- world was not worthy," have, we tinue this strain of animadversion doubt not, in the sight of God, upon the selection before us; but earned the pre-eminence. And is there are other similar invasions of the glory, we ask, of which Mr. sacred ground, which we think it Wirt so rapturously speaks, in the our bounden duty to repel. Thus above extract, is it the only glory at p. 72, Jefferson and Adams are worth the aspiration of a generous styled, “ Holy Patriarchs of the re- spirit.” What then shall we say volution.” This sort of poetic li- of the “spirit,” and of the glowing cense cannot be justified, and for aspiration of the great Apostle to the